Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Fragments, RecyclerView, Adapter

Difficulty: 0

Hello so we will continue our lecture on developing a larger size application using fragments

which uses many other concepts So far in the code you have only seen what we had already

discussed in the lectures that is fragments etc Today you will see something which is

new it is called RecyclerView RecyclerView is used when you want to display lots of items

on a smaller screen so let us get a started with our recycler

So just to remind this is our previous code We have got multiple files ready here one

is the ReportListActivity one is ReportFragment one is ReportListFragment which is currently

doing nothing And then one is our SimpleReportFile then a ReportStore and then we also have a

abstract class for SingleFragmentActivity We also did few layouts so our first layout

was this activity fragment layout which is nothing but just a container And our second

layout was the layout of the individual report item So now let us move forward and start

developing something new So now essentially what we want is that on our main display we

want to show a list of items So we so I would like to report here report number 1 report

2 report 3 report 4 report 5 and things like this

Now we want now we can do that uhh for example we can just replicate this all over the place

Uhh let us say just a title of it However the problem in that approach is that if we

have 100 element and we will have to display 100 patterns Uhh which basically means that

we are making memory for 100 text views while actually the user can only view the tittles

which are currently visible on the screen that is that fit the screen size and they

may be 12 20 uhh but definitely not 100 So the recycle uhh view solve this problem by

reusing what has been created earlier So let us get started with our RecyclerView and we

will also create an adaptor and we will also create a view holder So yes first things first

let us do the program and then we will come back again we have a fragment and a SQL report

Now we let us create a Fragment Report now go to the text and

first let us remove this part hmm and I will add some of my code here android dot support

support dot V7 dot widget dot RecyclerView then we can have actually we no its going

back the previous code The only thing I am going to change is that the LinearLayout I

will make it android dot support dot v7 dot widget dot RecyclerView and then we can simply

simply simply write Now xmlns uhh http schemas android dot com slash apk slash resandroid

we leave it as it is layout width match parent layout height match parent we leave it as

it is We will just remove this line and instead we will add id because we are going to make

use of it so we need to create and id for it plusid slash slash report underscore Recycler

underscore View yeah so

now our uhh now our layout file is there we will now write the code file

So we created a ReportListFragment earlier used to extend fragment Today we are going

to add some code into it so private RecyclerView and RecyclerView and we have to only override

one method which is PublicView onCreate view layout inflator inflator view group container

bundle saved instance state that is it we have to press Alt Enter Now what kind of view

uhh do you think we will uhh we will call later here Well uhh the one which uhh we just

created so let us say View view inflator inflator dot inflate R dot layout dot fragment report

list container false like last line And let me solve it mreportRecyclerView equal to RecyclerViewview

dot findview by idr dot id dot report RecyclerView then mreportRecyclerView dot setLayoutManager

new LinearLayoutManager getActivity

After that we return view which we just created Now as you will see that the moment we created

a RecyclerView we gave it a linear layout manager so the RecyclerView always requires

a linear LayoutManager If we do not pass a linear LayoutManager into it will crash Now

let us move forward so here in our case the RecyclerView responsibility is to recycle

the text view that is the title of the report and to position them on the screen but the

RecyclerView does not do the job of positioning items on the screen itself that is uhh passed

down to the LayoutManager that So this LayoutManager over here will handle the positioning of the

items and as well as will define what happens if you scroll So if the LayoutManager is not

there as you can see that RecyclerView will simply crash

Now there are many built in LayoutManagers in android uhh but we are using here linear

LayoutManager which will position our list vertically because that is how we want we

want our list to go vertically Uhh if you want it into a grid then possibly you can

use that grid layout or if you want So it depends on the requirements that you have

and based on those requirements which use the LayoutManager that you are going to use

Now let us uhh start defining the viewholder and we will do this as a inner class of our

ReportListFragment So we continue adding code so as you know from your java knowledge that

we can define inner classes and that is what we are doing here So report holder will be

an inner class which extends RecyclerView dot viewholder and we just do some basic development

which is declaring a basic text view that we want so we give the name mTitleTextView

and then we develop public ReportHolder View itemView super itemView mTitleTextView equal

to TextView itemView Now we have created a uhh viewholder a very simple viewholder as

an inner class So currently our viewholder is only working with a TextView which will

be equal to the title of the report that we uhh wanted to display so this was This is

the title that we are capturing to correct

Now after doing the ViewHolder the next item is to build the adaptor So we will keep working

in the same file and we will build the adaptor as another inner class So if you remember

in the earlier chapter I had asked to read about inner classes and today you can see

the use of that in android programming So this is our adaptor and this will be this

will hold to the ReportHolder so to the ReportHolder so you will have a list

list of report to pic from Reports then we will have a ReportAdaptor reports mReports

equal to let us say whatever we are passing Class must either we declared abstract or

implement abstract method on point ViewHolder

Ok so let us hold on right now So uhh as you see there is an error so this the code will

not compile uhh this is nothing to worry we will add some code more some more code here

But let us try to understand that what we are doing So now our RecyclerView will communicate

with this adaptor uhh when a ViewHolder needs to be created or connected with the report

object The RecyclerView will not know anything about the report object but that adaptor will

know about the reports object and the details of the report Now let us implement few more

methods in the report adaptor So add override public ReportHolder onCreateViewHolder ViewGroup

parent int viewType LayoutInflator layoutInfaltor is equal to LayoutInflator getAactivity View

view layoutInflator or view equal to layoutInflator dot inflate (and) android dot R dot layout

dot simple list item one parent false and we will return the new ReportHolder View

The second method which we are going to implement is the on bind ViewHolder that is a this is

a mandatory method Public void onBindViewHolder ReportHolder holder int position Report report

equal to mReports dot get position Holder dot mTitleTextView dot setText report dot

getTitle And the third method which we are going to implement is a simple get item count

at Override public int getItemCount return mReports dot size so now our adaptor is a

almost complete ok now our implementation of the ReportAdaptor class is almost complete

and we have done a lot of work in this class so let us quickly go through that what we

have been doing

So let us come first to the method called onCreateView as you can understand that this

method will be called when we create the view So this uhh so it will inflate the view that

we have uhh created recently the fragment report list this view

and that is the job of it it creates a view it does the find view id and then it uses

the LayoutManager as I explained earlier The next uhh important work that we did was in

the class private class the inner class report adaptor So in report adaptor we are first

using this method called onCreateViewHolder So onCreateViewHolder will be called by the

RecyclerView uhh it is usually called by the RecyclerView when it needs in new view to

display an item And just as you can see that we are using some called simple list item

one so this is an android layout to display list and that is what we are using because

this is something which we find as useful in our scenario

Then the then the on view onBindViewHolder uhh this method will bind a ViewHolders view

to our model object ok it receives the ViewHolder so it is receiving the ViewHolder here and

it is receiving the position and then it binds that So basically we are in this we are doing

nothing but whatever we want to show and because we want to show the title that is why we are

using this and then the last one is simply to get the count or the size of the report

And now that we have created our adaptor uhh we will try to connect it our RecyclerView

and for that we will be implementing few more methods So let us start with the coding again

so let us go to our file ReportListFragment which is this file and in this file we will

like to first access the adaptor that we have just created

So private ReportAdaptor and I will just call it mAdaptor ok and then in the onCreateView

method we will actually in the last line we will just call another method let us call

it update UI we will soon be implementing update UI so for there is no update UI that

is why we are getting an error but we will soon uhh update we will soon implement this

method so that we can update the UI So let us start with updating the method uhh with

implementing the method So I do private void update UI and in this basically we are doing

report so we are taking our report and what we are doing is we are doing reportStore dot

Get getActivity And then we are doing list report reports equal to reportStore dot Get

reports then our adaptor we initialize it new ReportAdaptor reports sorry uhh

And we will simply do a call our RecyclerView and we will setAdaptor as our

So that is the update UI method which will now we called in the onCreateViews format

Now first let us try to run our program and see how does it look like We are still using

it in X6P API 23 letter is here and yes

Now you see that we are seeing a very nice list of reports that we will be creating we

can scroll through it Now let us add some more detail to what we are already seeing

So what we are already seeing is simply the title and we may want to see more information

for example we may want to see a date and in some cases we want to see a sub title some

cases we may want to see some additional information So what we will do is we will uhh now learn

that how to customize this view the view of an individual item

So this is called the item layout and we will be customizing it So uhh as usual we will

create a layout file in the layout so I go to new create layout resource file let us

give it a name list underscore report uhh list underscore item underscore report Let

us choose uhh linear layout as its root element directory name layout we press ok And we have

got our layout file or basic layput file which says nothing but simply a linear layout Uhh

we will be modifying it so that we can put this layout over there

So uhh first let us change it to RelativeLayout because we want to put elements side by side

not always in the vertical We could have chosen in the RelativeLayout when we were creating

the layout file Uhh but it does not matter we can just change the layout here and it

will be fine And now we will be adding 2 3 items to this layout file 2 3 view items ok

So first thing that we will be adding is a checkBox so let us add a checkBox here uhh

checkBox the width is good enough to wrap content and the height is also good enough

to the wrap content We will be doing an android layout alignParentRight and

I will set it to true I will very quickly show you why I am doing it and then we do

small amount of padding android padding equal to let us say 4dp And because we will be making

use of it that is when we do a check or uncheck we will have to assign it an id equal to atplusid

slash list report resolved check box

So let us see now we have got a checkbox we will have to add also two more elements one

is a TextView to show the title TextView again we will do the width we would like to have

it as matchParent the height is good enough to the wrap content Then we will add so we

would like to add it to the left of our checkbox and that is the reason why we are choosing

a RelativeLayout Android layout underscore toLeftOf and here we will simply give the

id of the item we want our current item to be left off And we also want that is text

is bold so text style equal to let us say bold We could have chosen italic as you can

see and another option and we will also do some padding here may be of same amount so

that it looks good and I will just say in case well this is not really essential so

we can delete Report Title we can remove that it is not necessary

So let us have this uhh the important item is also again the id we will do id Android

id equal to again atplusid slash list slash item underscore report underscore title because

this is the title and this is the textview So this is complete let us see the design

as you can see that here our title will come and here our checkBox will come So that is

all right we need to also add one more textview just underneath so we will copy it and just

changed the required values

So first is that we want it to be the date so we do a date now first error is gone match

parent wrap content is fine Id again we do list item uhh report so the uhh to laptop

So this is not this is to the left of the solved checkbox but it is also going to be

below the well let us just type it It is also going to be below the title so layout uhh

below and atid slash list TitleTextView so it is to the left of the checkbox and below

the title Uhh the padding is fine we can remove the text style and this is ok

As you can see here you can see the title here the title will come here the date will

come here the checkbox will come So that seems to make our layout complete now need now we

need to go back into our code and use this layout instead of the default android layout

that we were using So we were using a simple list layout now we will just change that uhh

we will just change that to our layout so this was a layout that we were using we need

not to use it anymore

We can just remove it and we can say R dot layout dot listitemreport now this is fine

So let us go to the file ReportHolder which was the part of the code list fragment yes

so this was our private ReportHolder Now we are going to make some changes into it Number

one thing is that because we have changed our layout the program will not run as it

is so we will have to make some more changes so let me remove this line and we will be

adding few more

Private TextView so now we have p textview mTitleTextView we have another private TextView

for the date mDate mDateTextView and we have one CheckBox private checkbox m mResolvedCheckBox

Public uhh ReportHolder so for itemview and that is fine but we will have to now remove

this line and put mTitleTextView equal to TextView but we will have to now do it in

a proper manner so R dot id dot listtitletextview And the same thing for and actually it would

be good if we put an android here that makes more clear mDateTextView equal to similar

line of code and then it will list of itemView dot findViewbyidR dot id dot listdatetextview

and then further CheckBox mResolvedCheckBox equal to CheckBox itemView dot findViewbyIdR

dot id dot listreportresolvedcheckbox

So now our uhh ReportHolder has uhh what we have recently created Now let us make some

more changes into our code especially in the uhh in the ReportHolder class the same class

that we have been changing And we will just implement few more methods into it so this

is our point I will just make sure that have a private Report mreport Then I add

a method private void bind Report takes a Report report and so it is few things mTitleTextView

dot setText dot mReport dot getTitle mDateTextView dot setText dot mReport dot getDate dot toString

and then mResolvedCheckBox dot setCheckedmReport dot isResolved

Ok so uhh we have taken a report and then set our viewItems accordingly now let us go

to our adaptor and try to use this new method that we have just created So we will go to

our adaptor and in this onBindViewHolder earlier we were simply using our mTitleTextView which

is no longer valid because now we are displaying lot more then we will just simply go to bindReport

report that is it So uhh we have changed a substantial amount of code from just starting

just by displaying title to now just playing lot more than the title And now let us run

our program to see that how it works

As you can see that now we see more information but we would like to see where the other reports

have gone So if you run the if you scroll down then you will see that we have all the

other reports somehow each report is occupying one string So let us try to see that why it

is doing that and why we are not able to see the list that we were (ear) earlier seeing

So let us stop our program so what is your guess where do you think we may have made

an error so that we are now seeing the reports multiple reports but each report is occupying

one string which is not correct So my guess is that we made an error when we created the

new layout So let us look into our xml file to check whether we indeed made an error So

the layout that we are currently using is the list item report

The list item report is here we described it using a RelativeLayout and that here we

added the TextView TextView and CheckBox uhh ok So here is our error we are setting the

height to match parent and that is why each item is occupying the whole screen Let us

change it to wrap content so currently you are seeing one report occupying whole whole

screen let us change it to wrap content and see what happens so let us restart our program

after changing to wrap content and see what happens

Yes so now we can see our list again uhh each this is the title this is the date this is

the CheckBox corresponding to each report Currently uhh nothing is happening if we are

doing the CheckBox so let us add some more code so that when we do a CheckBox then we

can see something happening in our code so all we have to do is write a listener that

is it Let us stop our program and go back to coding so uhh let us go back to our same

file where we have been making most of our changes that is the ReportHolder ReportHolder

because here we would like to set a listener to this

So we did the ItemView and then we will do as we will just make that itemView dot setOnClickListener

this and in order to make it work we will have to implement view dot OnClickListener

this is giving me an error because I have not implemented method oh sorry so that method

is called the OnClick So I will soon override that method and everything will be fine Let

us see public void onClick v and we will do nothing but we will just display our toast

as we usually do when we want to just do a small activity So mReport dot getTitleplus

let us say clicked and then this is a Toast of obviously short length Toast of short length

And then we show so yes So now we have created a listener as well so now let us run our program

again and see what happens

You see that we are seeing that the report clicked report by clicked our listener was

uhh general listener to the reports so it is corresponding to checkbox to the report

because we added the listener here to the itemView so it is referring to the case So

that is all sounds very good what we did in this what we did in the in the program so

far is that we have been able to add a lot of code And that code has helped us to show

a better view that what we were earlier having In this class we learned about something new

something called a RecyclerView and we also learned about how these adaptors and ViewHolder

in RecyclerView to create a view that is very useful for displaying a list of item

Earlier we were using uhh LinearLayouts RelativeLayouts etc which are very good where we know that

how many items we are going to display uhh but RecyclerView is very good that we want

to uhh display a lot many items and we do not know their number either in advance or

they are just too many for example here we had 100 items and we may have had 1000 Now

earlier uhh android used to have something called his list view and grid view and these

were uhh these are still there these are the list view and grid view are still present

But earlier till the android 5 point 0 these were the preferred based create list on grids

of items

And the API of those is also very similar to what is RecyclerView but now in the never

implementation of android especially after android 5 point 0 RecyclerView is used by

default instead of the list view or grid view because the listview and gridview were much

more complex and RecyclerView is much simpler As you saw that uhh RecyclerView beyond the

view in ViewHolder and an adaptor and then we could define even a custom layout for each

of the item that we were displayingsSo this was all very easy to do in the RecyclerView

Uhh another thing is that the RecyclerView also provides an animation of items in the


Uhh so you can uhh do that later on in the programs uhh this was something just very

difficult in list view and grid view uhh but android but RecyclerView makes it very easy

So it has some few built in animations which uhh make pattern So that is all for this line

of lectures so in this uhh series of lectures we have learned about RecyclerView single

terms and some other things We will continue modifying our program uhh to add more functionality

to this

So one thing which I did not show very clearly was how to include the support library for

RecyclerView Uhh we included just the same way we included library for the fragment So

the procedure is same you click on file go to project structure go to your app go to

your dependencies go to the plus sign go to library dependency and here you can type in

the search bar Recycler and hopefully it will give you the right so it will give you the

right recycler the library that will be (ex) include and you can just press ok and get

included because I have already included it

It will show up here I can show you in the more detail view So that is what you need

in order to compile this project So that is it uhh we will continue developing

this work but in this series of lecture by now you have learned about Recycler thank


The Description of Fragments, RecyclerView, Adapter