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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: How to Turn Shredded Paper into Compost Garden Plant Food

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G'day I'm mark from self-sufficient me and in this video I'm gonna show you

guys how to turn this shredded paper into this fantastic fertile beautiful

organic plant food that's right turn your awful overcharging council rates

bill into wonderful composted worm and plant food let's get into it! [Intro Music]

It's often said that we're moving into a paperless society and whilst it might be true that

yeah we are in a digital age and we're using less paper the fact is that there

is still a lot of paper in the world today but there's no reason why this

paper can't be repurposed and put to good use back into the garden all this

takes is a little preparation small amount of effort and the rest is done by

bacteria other small animals and time. Homemade compost like this is far

superior to anything you're gonna buy commercially because it's made at home

organically it's fresh it's not high heat treated or radiated and it contains

microbes that continue to improve your soil and also help plants grow once you

put this into your regular garden beds so in fact you're not only lowering your

own environmental footprint by recycling and creating compost this way you're

also saving money and helping your plants to grow better by using your own

premium soil additive turning shredded paper into compost is a pretty easy

process but I'm going to break it down for you get it break it down into four

easy steps now to help with this process all you really need is a couple of

storage containers some large ones would be good a paper shredding machine of

course which I don't have here because we do it inside in the home office some

secateurs helps and a tumbler now if you haven't got a compost tumbler like this

you can use the old pile method it's just going to

take a little bit longer for you to break down the paper and make the

compost. Step number one, collect your paper and shred it use a large container

I like these plastic bins they're perfect and they're not very expensive

they hold a lot and they look pretty tidy collect all your waste paper things

like bills speeding fines old lotto tickets

junk mail from your local council or letters from your local parliamentary

members all those types of materials are great to be composited down because

manufacturers aren't allowed to produce paper or ink that's toxic anymore and by

the time it's composted down it's perfectly fine to use in your garden

however what you shouldn't shred and use in your compost is plastics of course

things like contact covered textbooks, packaging, credit cards or even those

business envelopes with the clear plastic window. I've been guilty in the

past of shredding them and all that happens is you end up with some slivers

of that plastic in your final composting and you have to pick it out doesn't do

it any harm or anything it's just that it's not ideal is it? Step number two

fill the tumbler chamber. When I'm composting in one of these things I like

to use a two-thirds to one ratio meaning filling the tumbler chamber with about

two thirds paper and one third wet or green waste such as kitchen scraps and

green garden waste nice lush plants like galangal stems are

great for this simply cut into small pieces and throw them in. In this batch I

also added some used bedding from our guinea pig tractor as the extra poop and

urea adds a little more nutrient to the mix manures from guinea pigs sheep

chickens cows horses and that type of thing are completely fine to use in one

of these tumblers or in composting in general, however, I probably don't need to

mention this but I will for those who are new to composting

what I wouldn't add is leftover meats dog cat or human poop as these materials

can breed dangerous pathogens that can create diseases and you don't want to

add this to your vegetable garden I mean I certainly wouldn't be touching with my

hands if it had that stuff in there now I know there's some tumblr companies and

people say that you can compost you know cat and dog manures and human poop and

all that... if, yeah, you know, it's not for me you can if you want but I would recommend you

didn't. Step number three - turn your tumbler. [Laughing] I told you these steps

were easy didn't I. You want to try to turn your tumbler every day if you can

and it helps if you put it in a nice convenient place like somewhere where

you're walking past so that you can remember to just give it a bit of a

turn... Turning your tumbler like this what it does is it aerates the mixing side

and that helps to break down faster and also if it's sitting in one spot if you

can imagine just sitting there sort of pooling in its juices it can rot and

get all stinky and smelly and not perform and not mix with the other dry

ingredients so yeah turning it like that helps a great deal in a matter of days

you'll start to see the mixed discolouring and breaking down it will

literally change structure before your eyes and don't worry about seeing bugs

or fermentation flies invading your tumbler as these all help the process

your compost should be ready between six weeks and six months and the reason why I

give such a long time frame or window is because every composting situation is

different and I know some companies and tumbler companies will say you can make

compost in under two weeks or our composter will make fast compost in four

weeks or six weeks max and whilst that can happen it's not always that fast

some materials break down slower than others some

mixes of ingredients breakdown better than others composting at a warmer time

of year will make the breakdown faster then if done in winter even here in the

subtropics I've noticed our first batch started in autumn has taken much longer

than our second started in spring. Step number four - use the final product use

this shredded paper compost in the garden like as a top dressing or dig it

into the soil as a soil improver it'll add nutrients it'll help your plants

grow nice and healthy because as well as nutrients compost has great water

holding qualities and will improve the overall structure of your medium if you

don't have an immediate useful your compost store it somewhere to use it

later like in a bucket or in a bin like this or even underneath a tarp somewhere

out of the way. So, those were the four easy steps on how to turn shredded paper

into compost like this so now let's bring you over here and let's go through

the compost and just have a quick look at it okay so I wanted you to have a

close look at this so that you can see exactly how this paper turned out really

does look beautiful doesn't it but you will see bits of egg see that eggshell

there's bit of eggshell there there's little bits of... you can still see bits of

paper you will get the odd little piece of paper this will all break down in the

soil anyway and look here there's a little bit of plastic that's what I mean

well you know you're going to get these little shards of plastic if you are like

me and forgot to blooming-well like there's one here's a good example that's

from the envelope but anyway like I said you can pick them out it's not a big

deal but you've got bits of stick that's still a bit of galangal root there and

you know you're going to get the odd pieces of bark or debris that hasn't

broken down that's all fine you can sift this and use that for seedlings if you

wanted or I like to just whack it straight in

to the garden like this and it will continue to break down over time and

just add good structure to your soil. One thing I wanted to share with you was

just how good this compost smells now it's a little bit weird but when you

smell it like that it smells really earthy soily and nice you know like a

like a rainy morning you know in the forest it's got that beautiful smell

about it and that is another way you can tell that your compost is done but let's

go over just some more points about making this don't stress too much about

the quantities and the mix that you put in there it's amazing isn't it that this

was the majority of it was shredded paper but when you're making this mix

you might find that you know you've put in a lot of shredded paper and you're

turning it and it's too dry if it's too dry simply just add a little bit more

wet ingredients to it add some more kitchen scraps scraps to it or green

waste whatever it is and that will add moisture to it and it'll make it break

down better likewise if you find the mix is too wet and sloppy well then add some

more paper to it and that will dry it out a little bit more you can

continually add materials over time as your compost is being made but if you're

adding you know your materials constantly because you want to grow that

compost the end result into a much bigger one and fill that chamber up

that's fine it might get a bit heavy in the composter you can do that but just

remember it's gonna take a long time then if you're continually adding raw

materials to compost that's nearly completed if you've got a dual chamber

like this what I do is I pack one full let it break down and the other one I

use as like an overflow chamber where I can just stick all the overflow compost

and kitchen scraps in there when that first one is done and made well then I

pack the second one that's already got this overflow in there a packet full of

paper and then turn that into the one that I

don't touch and I'll use the other one as the overflow chamber again if you

know what I mean... I just swap it around if you find that the final mix is

still too heavy and gluggy and say a bit like clay what you can do is use some

clay breaker some Gypsum mix it in with your compost and that'll break it up

nicely and I'm sure you're wondering what's my opinion on the tumbler system

versus the bay system and to be honest I like both and I'm using both I used to

use old plastic containers and not a tumbler it was a sort of similar method

except it doesn't get tumbled around both can be used in conjunction with

each other I like the bay system because you can

put more in it and because it's in the ground it allows other types of animals

like worms to access the compost but it does take longer for the compost to

break down a tumbler composter like that does a great job because it's faster

it's convenient because you can just sort of stick it in and just turn it

every now and again so I like both systems and I recommend both types

if you're wondering do I recommend that particular brand the Maze brand of

tumbler jury is out at the moment I'll be doing a review on it in a couple of

weeks and I'll let you guys know exactly what I think of this tumbler now that

I've had some time to use it and that's how you turn shredded paper into

beautiful compost you know there's something really satisfying about

turning your paper bills into plant and worm food if you liked this video make

sure you give it a big brown or green thumbs up and share it around because

that helps a lot as well thanks a lot for watching if you've got any comments

whack'em down below and if you've got any of your own tips on how to make compost

whack'em down below as well bye for now [Outro music - birds chirping ]

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