The craft of manufacturing linoleum has evolved over the last 150 years.
Forbo has been driving this development through its Marmoleum brand.
In our eyes making Marmoleum is an art, which is not learned at any trade or school.
In fact, only a handful of people have the skill to make Marmoleum.
Lets have a look together.
At the start of the process linseed oil and natural pine rosin are mixed together in large
boilers . The linseed oil absorbs oxygen and together with the rosin creates a flexible
binder, the result of which is called linoleum cement.
The linoleum cement is collected in containers and stored in a heated storage room.
The containers remained stored for 10 to 14 days until the linoleum cement has reached
the right level of consistency and elasticity.
Wood flour is added to the linoleum cement creating a firm dry mixture.
Next, finally, grained lime stone is added.
Together with colour pigments they are blended to archive a firm homogenous mass.
The coloured linoleum mixture is now shredded in various stages as it is being transported
to storage lofts in preparation for the final mixing stage.
And creating beds of different colours of linoleum granules.
One bed produces approximately 15 rolls of linoleum.
Every bed has a composition of 2 till 8 colours.
The linoleum granules are now ready for their final mixing process.
The mixed material is coming down by conveyer belts.
The granules mixture of several colours is calendared into a 1 metre wide sheet.
A rotating knife with a special blade cuts the sheet into two metre wide slaps, each
with a special curved edge.
The linoleum slaps than picked up, turned and layed down on a conveyer belt overlapping
like roofing tiles.
At the other end of the line are large roll of jute material is prepared.
The fine jute mesh is guided through the line to meet up with the linoleum where it will
serve as a backing material.
The jute mesh and the linoleum slaps merge in front of a large calander.
Two cylinders each of a different temperature and speed, press the linoleum sheet onto the
jute backing to its correct thickness.
In the calandering process Linoleum gets its visual marble structure.
The sheet is then transported to the drying chambers which are located directly behind
Every drying chamber has a capacity of 18 up to 36 kilometres of linoleum.
After a drying period of 14 to 20 days the linoleum is pulled out the rear of chamber.
The linoleum is now in its final stage of production as its receives its finishing treatment.
Especially developed finish is applied in two layers.
A primer and finishing layers.
Both are UV cured and provide lifelong protection to the linoleum sheet.
After the finish layers are applied every linear meter is inspected and released for
A label with all information around weight, length, colour, production number and more
is adhered to every single roll.
The roll is placed on the conveyer belt system, which brings each linoleum roll to a central
In the warehouse they are ready to be picked.
Ready to meet new feet in all kind of indoor environments like schools, offices, shops,
hospitals, public buildings.
And everywhere where durable beautiful sustainable and environmentally friendly flooring solutions,
Forbo Marmoleum for better indoor environments.