On July 20, 1969, millions of viewers saw Neil Armstrong come down the ladder
of the lunar module and, while touching the ground of the sea of tranquility
they heard him say, "'That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind”.
Or perhaps ... didn't it happen like that? Today we present to you ...
Was the moon landing a montage? 7 questions about the lunar conspiracy
A few years after the Apollo 11 mission, in 1976, a writer named Bill Kaysing,
who had written about how to live in harmony with nature and had worked as
copywriter in a company that made engines for rockets I wanted to inspire people
to question the government. Kaysing wrote "We never went to the moon", in which he made
several observations that, according to him, indicated that the landing had been a fraud.
1. Why are the stars not visible in the photos? In none of the photos of the moonwalk
the stars can be seen. Although there is light from the sun, on the moon there is no atmosphere and
stars should be visible. Instead, all photos show a sky completely
black does this show that the photos were not taken on the moon but on some movie set?
Actually the explanation is very simple, you can do the experiment: in one day
sunny, take the picture of a friend who is in a lighted area, while there is something else
in a shady area. If you adjust the exposure so that the object in the dark can be seen
Well, surely your friend will be "overexposed": Too clear and we won't see its details.
If you adjust the exposure so that your friend look good, the object that is in the shade
It will look very dark, maybe even disappear! It is underexposed. That's exactly what
What about the stars in the photos? So much Films like photographs have a
limited light collection range: cameras, set to photograph correctly
to strongly enlightened astronauts, they do not capture the faint light of the stars.
2. Why is the flag flying? Hey, there is no wind on the moon! Why
the American flag is seen waving? The flag moves for a few moments due to inertia,
responding to the movement they print astronauts when placing the flagpole. In fact,
As there is no air to resist, the flag fabric can move for more
weather. By the way: the flag traveled rolled in a tube and it was all wrinkled at the moment
to place it. The low gravity of the Moon it was not enough to fully stretch it.
3. Should those shadows not be parallel? As the sun is such a distant source, the shadows
projected should be parallel and not convergent, like in this photo. This is taken as evidence
that surely several reflectors were used, like in a movie studio. Well, no. The shadows
they are actually parallel. But they are seen in perspective. And you don't need to go to the moon
To prove it: Take the photo of two people during a sunset when the shadows are seen
long, and you will see that they obey the laws of the perspective. This effect is accentuated because
the original photo was taken with a lens and a panoramic camera that exaggerates the angles.
In addition to the fact that the surface of the Moon does not It is completely flat, but irregular.
4. Why is there no crater on site of the moon landing?
Once the Eagle Lunar Module was decoupled of the Columbia module, Insertion began
to the descent orbit to reduce altitude and start the descent initiation phase
with Power, which has three stages. The first is braking, the Propulsion System
Downhill starts working to lower speed.
The second stage is the approach: the pilot It has a visualization of the landing area,
the module is placed vertically and approaches up to about 120 meters high
from the surface: as high as a building 46 stories.
The third stage is properly the "landing". The pilot takes manual control. Like ya
has slowed down a lot and the moon's gravity it's only one sixth of Earth's gravity,
the motors only exerted a force of 13,300 newtons: 1,356 kilograms-force.
More or less the same as the force it would exert the weight of a small car on the ground.
As there was no air, the thrust was not concentrated at a single point, but scattered.
Finally, the engine was turned off for a few moments before making contact. So although
if some dust was scattered under the Eagle, the force was never enough to leave
a crater. 5. How did you withstand extreme temperatures
the photographic film? In some previous missions astronauts
they had used ordinary cameras ... and indeed: they did not work well. The favorite camera of
the Apollo missions was the Hasselblad 500EL, a camera produced in Sweden designed
specifically to operate in temperatures extreme: from 65 degrees below zero to
a fiery 120 degrees centigrade. For To do this, the camera was covered in a
silver cape, in addition to not wearing the lubricants that could evaporate and damage
the result. It was also designed to be lighter, so it had no viewfinder: the
astronauts received training to be able to photograph without seeing the exact frame.
BTW: Aldrin and Armstrong brought the film exposed but they left the cameras
on the moon. And there they continue! 6. How did the deadly Belt survive
by Van Allen? First What is the Van Allen Belt?
In 1958 Doctor Jame sVan Allen discovered two "donuts" around the Earth: they were
clouds 40 thousand kilometers from the earth, charged with high energy particles. The radiation
of these "Van Allen belts" causes negative effects on the satellites of
telecommunications and can be deadly to Who dares to cross them: each zone can
emit radiation from 0.0001 rads per second up to 0.5 rads per second. Is considered
that a fatal dose is about 300 rads. Columbia passed through all areas ... but
he did it at a speed of 25 thousand kilometers per hour: that is, it went through the belt
in just 52 minutes. The dose you received the ship was only 11.4 rads. But also,
as the astronauts went inside of the ship, its total dose on the outward journey
and back, measured by its dosimeters, it was of only 2 rads. More or less the same as
if three abdominal x-rays were taken. 7. Did Stanley Kubrik mount the moon landing?
This hypothesis states that the director of 2001 A Space Odyssey received a commission
from Richard Nixon, President of the United States, to film in the Nevada desert the fake
landing, and thus avoid being the laughing stock of its Soviet competitors. It is counted
that Kubrik agreed in exchange for NASA will make you a special lens to film
his ambitious movie Barry Lyndon. Well, apart from mere guesswork and an alleged
confession that turned out to be a fraud, no there is the slightest evidence that Kubrik
filmed the moon landing.
So yes: the incredible feat of the trip to the moon is a reality. In fact astronauts
of the Apollo 11 mission installed a laser reflector that still works and that
scientists on Earth use to measure accurately the distance from our satellite
natural. And in another aspect, if we take in account the political context of the time
Don't you think the Soviets quickly would have denounced the deception perpetrated
for its capitalist competitors? Also, Apollo 11 was not the first trip to the Moon:
missions like Apollo 8, commanded by James Lovell Jr. had already arrived there and performed
an orbit around the beautiful Selene, and it was he who took the famous photo of the promotion
of the Earth on the lunar surface. Apollo 9 and 10 performed coupling maneuvers.
More than 400 thousand scientists, engineers, technicians and office workers worked in
Apollo missions: whether to try that one person keep a secret is already difficult do you
Can you imagine silencing all this staff? And, paraphrasing Neil Degrasse Tyson: Have they
really thought what it would cost to fake the moon landing? Lots of planes, hundreds
hours of work in the logs of each one of the engineers, stacks of designs for
Saturn 5. The rocket itself! You would have have to fake all those images and all those
documents. It is cheaper to send someone to the moon. Curiously!
With Platzi you can access more than 300 courses on programming, marketing, design, production
and entrepreneurship. Learn with experts from every industry and make that idea come true
you have or dedicate yourself to what you are most passionate about. Enter platzi.com/ curiously and receive a
free month so you never stop learning.
While it is a fact that the feat of the first moon landing in 1969, is a
reality. In fact the Apollo astronauts 11 installed a laser reflector that even
it works and it serves to calculate accurately centimeters, the distance from Earth
to the moon. Also, taking into account the context socio-political of the time of the War
Cold, the Soviets would have easily discovered the "capitalist" deception.
Or not? Apollo 11 was not the first trip to the moon. Missions like Apollo 8 launched
December 21, 1968 at 7:51 am time del Este, commanded by James A. Lovell jr.
was the first manned trip to the Moon, the first to orbit around
de la Luna, the first to take the famous photo of the rise of the Earth on the surface
lunar and return on December 27, 1968, Apollo 9 followed (March 2, 1969
at 11:00 am EST) and Apollo 10 (May 18 1969 12:49 pm EST) who performed maneuvers
docking with your Moon Modules and Columbia ships in orbit with the Moon.
More than 400,000 scientists, engineers, technicians and office workers worked on the Apollo missions,
several allied countries of the time supported in telecommunications and telemetry in
Apollo 11 missions. Try to make one person keep a secret, it is unlikely;
imagine that thousands of people involved keep the biggest secret, it's more than
impossible. As Neil deGrasse has said Tyson: "Have you really thought what it would cost
fake a moon landing? Well the rocket launched. We all saw it! There is Hardware there. There are lots
of plans, designs of the Saturn rocket 5, hundreds of hours of engineers in the logs
of said designs. If you wanted to falsify the moon landing, you would have to falsify all
documents and I find it easier send someone to the moon.