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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Is My Participle a Verb or an Adjective?

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I want to talk about a problem that may

seem rather technical but does help

clarify certain issues in English

grammar and the problem is this when

you've got a form of the verb to be like

was and that form is followed by a

participle how can you tell whether that

participle is functioning as a verb or

as an adjective or to put it a little

differently with values of diagramming

how do you know if you've got the three

words I was taken in a row whether the

taken ought to be a subjective

compliment and put on a pedestal to show

that it's functioning as a participle

that's an adjective or whether it ought

to be diagram like this and take and

take and should be construed as a verb I

was taken how do you tell these two

things apart well if we consider two

sentences we'll see that there can be a

difference I was taken with the idea now

in this usage of tanken what taken means

is inspired or attractive I was

attracted by the idea I was enthusiastic

about the idea I was taken with the idea

and that would mean actually that it

should be diagrammed this way I was

enthusiastic

I was taken it's it is functioning as an

adjective whereas in this sentence odd

was taken by car here actually what you

got is an

of the passive voice and taken here is

in fact a verb while I'm saying that but

how can you tell that you may look at

these sentences and say I don't know I

think they look quite similar to me I

don't know how you tell the difference

well there is a very simple test that

one can do to see whether participles

that follow forms of the verb to be

ought to be considered as verbs or as an

act or as adjectives and that test is to

try to insert the adverb very in front

of the participle you're wondering about

so in this case it would be I was very

taken with the idea and that would mean

I was very enthusiastic about the idea

and that makes perfect sense

I was very taken with the idea so if we

were to diagram that you can stick our

very right there I was very taken with

the idea so that in fact tells us that

taken here is an adjective

but the thing about vary is it's an

interesting adverb it can modify any old

adjective but it can't modify verbs and

you can tell that by looking at this

sentence I was taken by car well try to

insert very here and well you'll get I

don't want to do it because you'll get

to nonsense I was very taken by car

youyou can't be very taken by car either

you're taken by car a hundred percent or

you're not taken by car

zero percent you can't be very taken by

car you can be slowly taken by car

quickly taken by car but you can't be

very taken by car very will not modify

verbs so that tells us that taken is

indeed a verb so there you have

it should be there for diagram this way

so there you've got very simple test to

tell whether participles that follow

forms of the verb to be are adjectives

or verbs

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