Practice English Speaking&Listening with: MOOC - UC - El Futuro Depende de Ti - Módulo 3.4

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[THE FUTURE DEPENDS ON YOU] [Module 3. Stress and the female brain]

Now we're going to look at some differences between the male brain and the female brain.

Yes, yes! Because even though it may sound surprising, there are differences. Just like we are physically different,

neuroscience tells us that our brains are also different. The female brain

starts to mature two years before the male brain. In girls, at twelve years of age,

the brain starts to develop towards the frontal area of the prefrontal cortex and in boys

it takes a bit longer to move forward in this maturing process, which

normally begins at the age of fourteen. The frontal cortex starts to mature

first in girls, with everything that this implies, concerning,

in this case, language, with their ability to control risk, control

impulses, control aggressiveness maturing faster and from puberty onwards,

the part of the female brain concerning sensitivity towards emotional nuances becomes more enhanced, turning into a brain which is

much more sensitive to those nuances than the male brain. All nuances

concerning acceptance, approval, possible rejection, a gesture, a tone,

or whatever. The female brain is incredible at picking up any emotional nuance in

verbal and non-verbal communication. That makes this brain more

sensitive when it comes to activating the stress mechanism, of course for any risk,

like any male or female brain, any risk for physical survival

and for relational and interpersonal conflicts. This is the most powerful stress factor

for the female brain. The female brain is mainly geared towards

two things in its basic design. One, interacting with others and two, being liked and pleasing.

With the female brain, it's also important to realise that it's subjected

to variable tides of oestrogen over four-week cycles and

it's also important to bear in mind that these tides of oestrogen significantly

affect girls' perception of confidence in themselves and

their sensitivity to psychological and social stress. Because of this, in the first two weeks

of the oestrogen tide, the female brain is less sensitive, but during

the following two weeks, the female brain is more sensitive to psychological and

social stress and to any threat to their self-confidence, therefore, in those weeks it is likely

for the stress mechanism to be more easily triggered.

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