- [Narrator] All serious players dream about
the day they can lift the world cup trophy
above their head as champions.
But what they don't know, is the interesting history
that this important symbol of success has to tell.
From its conception, to dark history,
here are some secret facts about
the coveted world cup trophy.
- [Narrator] Number 10.
The Jules Rimet Trophy.
The trophy we know and love today
isn't the original design of the world cup trophy.
The original trophy was used from 1930 to 1970
and was named Victory as it depicted Nike,
the Greek goddess of victory,
based on the incomplete Nike of Samothrace sculpture,
which remains on display at the Louvre.
It was later renamed in 1946 to the Jules Rimet Trophy
in honor of the third and longest serving FIFA president,
Jules Rimet, who passed a vote to initiate the competition.
It was designed by a french sculptor named Abel Lafleur,
and was made of gold plated sterling silver
and lapis lazuli at the base;
which is a semi-precious stone.
As stipulated by Jules Rimet
when the tournament was conceived,
the country that won the cup 3 times would get to keep it.
This occurred when Brazil won for the third time in 1970,
prompting the commissioning of a replacement,
the current one in use today.
The FIFA World Cup Trophy.
This is the trophy used today,
called the FIFA World Cup Trophy.
Introduced in 1974 it stands at 36.8 Cm's high
and weighs 6.1 Kg's.
Made of 18 carat gold with a malachite base,
it depicts two human figures holding up the Earth,
as if to represent fair competition.
It was designed by Italian artist Silvio Gazzaniga
after FIFA received 53 submissions
from sculptors in seven countries.
A mysterious past.
Believe it or not, despite the trophy being such
an important item, it's had a rough history.
On the 20th of March, 1966, four months before
the 1966 FIFA World Cup in England,
the original Jules Rimet trophy was stolen
during a public exhibition.
Seven days later, pickles the dog saved the day
by finding it wrapped in newspaper at the bottom
of a suburban garden hedge in south London.
Finding the missing trophy not only won Pickles
national fame, but a years supply of premium dog food
and appearances in several films
at twice the normal pay rate for dogs.
To prevent such an embarrassment from happening again,
as a security measure, The Football Association
secretly manufactured a replica of the trophy
for use in exhibitions rather than the original.
However, FIFA never gave permission for the FA
to create a replica, so it had to disappear
from public view.
But nobody was quite sure which trophy was the real one,
so it was eventually purchased by FIFA
at an auction in 1997 for 254,500 pounds,
ten times the reserve price.
Subsequent testing by FIFA, however,
confirmed the auctioned trophy was indeed a replica
and it now resides at the English National Football Museum.
The original Trophy's fate.
When the Brazilian team won the tournament
for the third time in 1970, they put it on display
at the Brazilian Football Confederation headquarters
in Rio de Janeiro in a cabinet
that was made of bullet-proof glass.
However, it seems the English aren't the only ones
who had trouble keeping it safe.
On the 19th of December 1983 some thieves thought, hmm,
the glass may be bulletproof,
but what about the wooden cabinet?
So, they pried it open with a crowbar
and stole the cup for the last time.
The trophy has never been recovered,
and it is widely believed to have been melted down and sold.
A tradition is born.
Have you ever wondered why the trophy is held up high
when it has been won?
Yes, it's partly because they're ecstatic about winning it,
but this tradition was born for a more practical reason.
Back in 1958 the Jules Rimet Trophy was held up
by Brazilian captain Hilderaldo Bellini
after he heard photographers' requests
for a better view of the trophy.
That's why every Cup-winning captain ever since
has repeated the gesture,
to help photographers get that perfect shot.
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Most prestigious awards are engraved
after each historic milestone,
and the world cup trophies are no different.
On the four sides of the Jules Rimet Trophy base
there were four gold plates,
onto which would be written the names
of the winners of the trophy.
Whilst they could be seen when the trophy
is standing upright, the same can't be said
about the current trophy.
After the 1994 FIFA World Cup a plate was added
to the bottom side of the trophy
on which the names of winning countries are engraved.
The inscriptions state the year in figures
and the name of the winning nation in its national language.
Embarrassingly, Spain was written in English in 2010.
However, it has been fixed since,
and following the 2014 world cup,
the names of the trophy winners have been rearranged
into a spiral to accommodate future winners.
You Can't Keep it.
Unlike its predecessor, the current trophy
cannot be won outright.
Instead, the winners of the tournament receive
a bronze replica which is gold-plated
rather than solid gold.
Had the same rules as last time applied,
Germany would be in possession of the cup,
having become the first nation to win the new trophy
for the third time when they won the 2014 tournament.
It's probably hollow.
The internet claims that the world cup
has 5 Kg's of gold in it.
So, with a few simple calculations,
Chemistry professor Martyn Poliakoff,
of Nottingham University,
calculated that a solid gold World Cup trophy
would weigh around 70 to 80 kilograms.
That's about the same as a heavy adult,
making it too heavy for footballers to lift
over their heads.
Therefore it must be hollow.
Poliakoff reckons the ball at the top must be hollow,
partly to be light enough to lift,
and partly because if it wasn't it would be
a big waste of gold.
So, for all we know, it could be filled with polystyrene!
Also, it's not even pure gold.
Because gold is such a soft metal,
the trophy would start deforming after being handled
if it was made out of pure hold.
That's why its approximately 75% gold, and not pure gold.
These other metals have been added
to the gold to make it tougher.
In general, the more of these other metals
that are added, the tougher it gets.
Trophies by country.
Here's a list of countries that have won the trophy,
with the respective trophies and year they won them.
As you can see, some nations like England and Uruguay
are yet to win the FIFA World Cup Trophy
while other countries like Spain, France and Argentina
only won the current trophy.
Meanwhile Italy, Brazil and Germany
have had the pleasure of holding both.
How Much it's Worth.
In terms of raw materials, with its malachite base
and 5 Kg's of 18 carat gold, at current prices,
the trophy will net you about $200,000.
However, you'd be mad to scrap it.
Its sentimental and historic value is far higher than that.
In fact, USA Today values it at an estimated $20 million.
Even so, I'm sure there are billionaire football fanatics
out there that would pay many more millions
than that for it!
How much do you think it would go for
if it went up for public auction?
Now, if you wondered what the purpose
of the green malachite base at the bottom of the trophy is,
you should click the video on screen now.
Or, if you like interesting answers
to some intriguing questions,
check out the video I just made over on Question King
by clicking the video on screen now.
The answer will truly surprise you.
Till next time, thanks for watching!