Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Internet Research

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CC & translation by : Yanni Karina

Doing online research: Online database and internet resources

A very important thing in writing scientific article is

Getting the data and information that support our argumentation

Information can be earned by various sources, places, and methods

We are living in the 21 century which are called "The information era"

Where information are everywhere and very easy to be accessed

Because of that, we need skill to choose the valid information that suit our need

In writing an academic work, using internet as a mean of information gathering is the last choice

As a priority, we need to use books, journals, and other more validated sources

To search those sources, we can start from the information sources that are possessed and subscribed by the library

The library website provide a lot of benefit for the students to access various needed information sources

The methods of accessing the library's information resources is

First, go to the library website that is

Then, log in using your NIM

And the password, which you can get by asking the circulation desk or ext. 1384/1385 by mentioning your NIM

Third, look at the menu on the left side and click the recommended links.

This page provide a lot of links from various sources that provides full-text articles of journal, skripsi, and theses

From a lot of major/discipline

On the most bottom, there is a link that will make you go to another page that provides links from the full-text local journal

Fourth, if you go back to the main page and click the "E-Journal and E-book" link

You be directed to a page which provide access to the online databases that the library subscribe

On the page, we are given the list of databases that we subscribed,

and which discipline it covers

Fifth, to continue click the "Here" in Click Here on the bottom

Then, there will be a list of database to choose from

For example, we choose EBSCO for all discipline. So we will be directed to the EBSCO website

How to access EBSCO

First, click EBSCO research databases, and then choose the database that suits our need

Or if it is not there, choose "Academic Search Complete" for all subjects

Then click continue

Third, in the search page, make sure the search methods is advanced search

Fourth, use the search field to enter the keywords that can be modified according to the information that we already knew

For example, we can submit the subject, author, title of journal and article, etc.

You can choose it from "Select a Field"

Fifth, limit the search by using search options

And sixth,

After all is set, click search

How to access E-book from Ebrary

First, from the list of databases, choose "Ebrary"

Second, in the search page, click advanced to activate the advanced search

Third, there are two boxes available

The first box is to deciding and changing the type of the keyword,

And the second box is to enter the keywords

For example, we can pick the subject for the type of the keyword

And then type in the subject we need

For example, management

Fourth, to add the search field, we can click the + button


For example we want to add another keywords like enterprise

Sixth, click search

Seventh, after the list of result has been generated, click at one of the titles.

And eight, after the table of contents has shown up, click "Read Online"

In the left side to read it on the computer

How to use Boolean operator

Boolean is used to strengthen the search we are doing with electronic search tools

It can be used to narrowing down the search result,

Or widening it

There are 3 types of Boolean,

First, the "AND"

Used to narrowing down the search with combining the keywords,

To gain information which has all the keywords we wanted

For example, we want to narrow down the search to "Early Childhood Education"

So, we can input "Education" AND "Early childhood"

Second, Boolean OR

Used to broaden the search result on two or more keywords

Usually the use of OR take place when we want to search keywords from different languages,

or synonyms

For example,

Searching for "behaviour" OR "behavior"


"Soto Makasar" OR "Coto Makasar"

Thrid, the "NOT"

Used to limit or extracting a group of keyword from it's bigger group/category

For example,

We want to extract the "Toyota" keywords from the big group of "Car Brands"

So, we can use Car NOT Toyota

Using internet resources

After doing the search using the journal and library resources,

You still need to search from the internet

So, it is recommended that you are doing the following steps

First, decide on the keywords that you will use to search on the search engine

You can use or other online thesaurus that are available on the net

Thesaurus have differences with dictionary because thesaurus can show you equivalent words or synonyms


and related words

Second, use the 3 types of Boolean that have been explained before

Use Boolean to do search in the search engine like Google, Bing, Yahoo, etc.

For some of the search engines, there are usually symbols representing the Boolean operators

For example, the symbol for AND is +

The symbol for OR is |

The symbol for NOT is -

All of this function is actually present in the advanced search mode in search engines

But, with using these symbols, you search the information from the simple search without having to use advanced search

If we want to use Boolean, you can use it like the following example :

To search the information about internet AND websites OR situs, but NOT portal,

We can use the Boolean like this:


Various search engines in the internet

Third, some other search engines beside Google are :


That is list of websites that has been grouped according to the subjects

For example,

meta search engine

That is search engines that can search from two or more different search engines

For example,

Semantic Search Engine

That is a search engine that can group together search result according to the meaning and context of the keywords

For example,

Deep Web search engine

That is a search engine that can search various information and websites that cannot be searched by a normal search engine like Google, Bing, and Yahoo

Fourth, the most sophisticated search engine on these days is Google

Because it has a lot of better features compared to other search engines, like Google Book

For books

Google Scholars, for journals

Google translate, a translation software,


Other than that, there are various command to search from the simple search page

or basic search page

So you could use the advanced search without going to go to advanced search option

How to search on Google

Here are some ways to use Google to do information searching

using the Boolean techniques to widening, narrowing, or sharpening so that you can conduct a more effective information searching

Use the symbol AND or +, OR or | and NOT or -

use the intext: or allintext:

to search specific website using the keyword or certain text

use intitle: or allintitle:

to search the websites that the title of the website contains a certain word

Use inurl: or allinurl:

to search for a website that the address or url contains specific word

use site: to limit the website domain from the needed information and accessing the information of the web without going to the said website

use filetype: to get documents with a specific format

Website Evaluation

After we get various websites as our sources of information,

So the next important step is that we have to be able to consider and evaluate which website we can use and which we can't

If we can use it, what's the reason? And if not, why?

There are some principle that can be used as a list to check and evaluate a website

First, check the domain

This can certificate how valid and formal a website is

Website with a .com domain, or commercial

.net, or general,

.biz, or for business,

are usually will have a lower validation form education domain like .edu

.org for organization,

or .gov for government

Second, check the author and who is in charge for the website

This is related to the authoritative of the domain

As clear and transparent the competencies of the author,

And who and what is the purpose of the website,

So the website will be more valid to use

We can check the "about us" sections

vision and mission of the organization or the writer,

to make sure of this

Third, check whether the website is constantly updated?

This is very important, because on some discipline, they need a very up to date information with the most current condition

For example, medicine, pharmacy, science, etc.

Fourth, check whether the website objectives are scientific or not

A lot of website that in an instant give a very accurate information, but actually it is advertisement for trading

or jokes, or hoax, etc.

read not only one article

but read some of the articles to give a better picture of the website objective for us

I hope this explanation about internet research is useful for you

See you again on other Johannes Oentoro Literacy Training Program Videos

The Description of Internet Research