Are you looking to improve your English pronunciation?
Would you like to sound more natural and like a native speaker when you talk?
Well this video will help you to do exactly that. In this lesson, I'm going to
teach you 10 English words that are used very commonly in everyday
conversation. These are key to both speaking fluently and sounding like a
native speaker when you talk. So what are these ten words? They are gonna, wanna,
hafta and gotta, kinda, gimme, lemme, cuz, shoulda coulda and woulda. I'll
show you how to say all of these correctly. There are important grammar
notes and bonus words at the end so make sure to watch the full video. Now, a quick
note before we start: just remember that these spellings are only for
understanding the pronunciation. When you write, please do not write these
spellings. Write the full forms (like going to). Alright so let's start with the
first word - gonna. Gonna is a reduction of going to and it's used when we talk
about the future. Notice that it's not /'go.nə/. It's pronounced /'gə.nə/. Here are
some sentences. Practice saying them after me. I'm gonna buy a car. What are
you gonna eat? I think it's gonna rain soon. OK, let's move on to number two -
'wanna;. This is a reduction of want to. I wanna see a movie tonight. Do you wanna
come with us? The children wanna play outside. If the subject of a
sentence is he/she/it or any singular noun, we add 's' to the verb want and it
becomes wants to. This can be reduced to wantsta. He wants to leave. She wants to
see you. Number three is hafta. This is a
reduction of have to. We say hafta because it's easier to say that way. I
hafta go now. You hafta wait for me.
We hafta pay for the meal. If the subject is he/she/it or a singular noun,
we use has to which is reduced to hasta. He hasta do his homework. She hasta
work tomorrow. In English, have to and has to can also be expressed as have got to
or has got to and they mean the same thing. Got to can be reduced to gotta so
you can say I've gotta go now. You've gotta wait for me. We've gotta pay for
the meal. He's gotta do his homework.
She's gotta work tomorrow. Let's move on to number four - kinda. This is kind of and
it means type of. There's some kinda problem with my phone. But it can also be
used to express something negative politely. This movie is kinda boring.
She's kinda rude. This room is kinda dirty.
Number five is gimme. This is a reduction of give me. Could you gimme a ride home?
Gimme a second. I'll be right with you.
Can you gimme change for 10 dollars?
A related word is lemme which is a reduction of let me. Lemme help you with
that. Lemme know if you need anything.
Lemme get back to you on that. Let's move on to number seven - cuz. This is a
reduction of the word because. We missed the train cuz we were late. Ben got
fired cuz he yelled at his boss. I'm not gonna eat anything cuz I'm not
Next up is shoulda. This is basically should have. You shoulda studied more
for your exam. I shoulda brought more money. i shouldna quit my job. You
shouldna eaten that pizza.
Number nine is coulda which is a reduction of could have. He coulda bought Jane
a birthday present. They coulda called us before coming. I couldna
done it without your help.
She couldna called me because she doesn't have my number. And finally
number ten is woulda which is a reduction of would have. If I had known it was
going to rain I woulda brought my umbrella.
Liz woulda gotten the promotion if she had worked harder.
I wouldna gotten so angry if you had told me the truth. If you had been
driving more carefully you wouldna had the accident. OK now that you've
practiced saying the words let's look at a couple of important grammar notes
relating to them. All of the forms that you just learned are informal
expressions meaning that it's not a good idea to use them in formal situations
for example when you talk to your boss at work or when you're giving a speech
In those cases use the full forms. Also you should never use these in writing
When you write use the correct spelling going to, want to etc. But the good
news is that you can use these reductions in all other speaking
situations and they will help you to sound more like a native speaker of
English. Grammar point number two relates to gonna. In the sentence I'm gonna buy a
car notice that there is a main verb - that is an action - buy. So going to or
gonna just acts as a helping verb to show that we are talking about the
future. But have a look at these sentences - I'm going to California next
week. Are you going to the party on Saturday? In both of these sentences
going is the main verb. Notice that there is no other verb after going to. So in
these situations we do not say gonna, we say the full form - going to. Remember: only
say gonna if going to is used as a helping verb. OK in this lesson you
learned the 10 most important reductions in English but there are others so here
are six more: musta, oughta, outta, sorta, lotsa and dunno.
Musta is must have. For example I musta left the keys in the car.
He musta gone home early. Oughta is ought to. You oughta come to meetings
on time. I oughta visit my parents more often. Outta means out of. We're going outta
town tomorrow. It looks like we're outta sugar. Sorta is sort of and means the
same thing as kind of but sort of is more common in British English. I'm sorta
tired right now.
This tomato smells sorta rotten.
Lotsa means lots of. We had lotsa fun at the amusement park. She has lotsa
friends at school. Dunno is a reduction of don't know. It's used most commonly in
the phrase I dunno. Where's George? I dunno. Could you tell me how to get
to the library? I dunno, sorry. Finally before we
close this lesson I have some extra practice sentences for you. These are all
commonly found in conversation and you can use them in daily speaking
situations. I will say each one, you practice saying it after me. What are you
gonna do? I'm gonna go home and watch TV.
What do you want to do this weekend? I
wanna go to the beach. What time do you hafta leave? I hafta leave at 5.
It's kinda late. I've gotta go. Can you gimme your phone number. You shoulda
said hi to Mark.
I didn't cuz we had an argument.
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