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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: through

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hello everyone I'm Nick Shepherd welcome

today we are looking at the word through

we use through in several different ways

through can be about real space about

imaginary space about time and about a

mixture of space and time here are the

five ways which I think are the most

important first way often it's about

real space the plane flew through the

cloud it is inside the cloud the cloud

is on all sides with through we're

talking about three dimensions if we're

talking two dimensions we say on or

across here are two more examples he

walked through the wood he went through

the house if you think of something

outside going inside for a while then

coming out again you have the central

meaning of through and now here's the

second way sometimes it's about

completion from beginning to end I look

through the drawers but couldn't find my

other sock I looked in the drawer is

quick I looked through the drawer he's

looking at everything in the drawer from

beginning to end here are two more

examples she went through all the files

with great care she checked them from

beginning to end

he had typhus but he came through it and

now he is well he got to the end of the

illness you can see that central meaning

of through from the outside into the

middle and out the other side

and now for the third way sometimes

through is by means of or via supplying

a link between two things here's an

example the two precedents communicated

through an interpreter and she's a very

important person too and here are two

more examples we built the village hall

through the generosity of our donors

chefs used to learn to cook through long

apprenticeships this is when we use

something a person a system a thing to

achieve what we want to do again you can

see that central meaning of through from

one side into the middle and out the

other side and now the fourth way we can

use through to talk about time but time

from start to finish from beginning to

end she enjoyed herself on the beach

through the summer

and here are two more examples we can

work on this project through the coming

week they stayed with us through the

weekend there are two other phrases

which we regularly use meaning the same

all through and throughout so look at

those three sentences again she enjoyed

herself on the beach throughout the

summer we can work on this project all

through the coming week they stayed with

us all through the weekend again we can

see that the central meaning of through

is transferred to time from the

beginning through the middle to the end

and now the fifth and last way in

American English we sometimes use

through to mean up to and including the

contract runs from 1st of March through

30th of September now that to me is very

clear the British English version is

sometimes not what does first March to

30th september mean does it include the

30th of September in order to clarify

this English arrangements often use the

phrase up to and including the contract

runs from 1st March up to and including

Saturday September 30th I think American

English does this job better than

British English and in the UK some

people use it right that's the end of my

presentations now it's your turn here

are five sentences each one contains

through or throughout and each one uses

through in one of the five ways I have

talked about here they are real space

via or by means of and completion in

space looking at everything and now to

on time from the beginning to the end of

something and up to and including a date

or a time I'll give you ten seconds to

think about it you can pause the video

if you like

you

okay number one we walk through the

doorway

that's real physical space - I went

through all his letters

that's completion looking at everything

three the minister spoke through an

interpreter that's via by means of four

we stayed indoors through the week or

throughout the week that's from start to

finish in time and number five you will

work Monday through Thursday that's up

to and including Thursday okay that's

all for today please make a comment

below if you would like to and you can

subscribe thank you to Caroline for the

illustrations to huger for technical

support and thanks for watching

you

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