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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Literary Theory 1: Introduction & New Criticism, English Literature UGC NET/JRF, MA/BA

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hello and welcome to miracle I'm

reloading all my literary theories

videos one by one for the sake of the

new subscribers and the people who had

missed them because I posted all of them

in the year thousand sixteen and

seventeen when I started posting my

videos even if you have seen them do

watch them again so that you are

prepared thoroughly for your UGC net

exam and also for various literature

exams because they are important

theories and I have tried to make them

very very simple for you the language

also have made very simple because I

have been requested by the students that

they find it very difficult to

understand these theories so I have

taken up this task to make you

understand through various examples my

Institute's motto is read literature in

its true spirit so I usually relate all

the same literary items whether they are

dramas or novels theories or any term as

figures of speech all to our daily life

to make you people understand in an easy

manner so stay connected watch all of

them and of course you have to like and

subscribe the channel

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hello and welcome to Medical Institute

English language and literature

I'm professor Robert Sharma and this

session is dedicated to the discussion

of modern literary theory literary

theory is very complex it is chaotic it

is absurd it is weird it cannot be seen

it is different to the critical

approaches which was discussed but

discussed by Plato Aristotle harness

China's then Dryden Wordsworth Arnold

etc no this is not that critical

approaches were just you know evaluation

of a text interpretation of vortex

looking for some literary terms or

literary devices and on but then critic

this literary theory is based on

philosophy you need to be a philosopher

to understand a literary theory you need

to know the philosophers again like

Plateau Aristotle disc artis and many

others and the modern linguist and the

literary figures like Mikhail Bakhtin

ronald pods dead enough cause he may be

called as the father of deconstruction

he is the one who has given the theory

of deconstruction so it is so chaotic

that you cannot form a chronology so

with the involvement of the science and

technology the man's brain has also

evolved a lot and with that the writer

has evolved and also the reader who is

the critic so the brain does not look

for simpler things now it won't some

complexity it gets she did invent some

complex some puzzles are there and it

loves solving them out so literary

theories have devolved you know since 50

to 80 years back the new critics came

and they began

with the very different kind of

criticism the new critics were led by TS

Eliot and they were also called this

whole bunch of new critics was also

called as the Chicago School of critics

because they were usually from the

University of Chicago they will use me

from America and they were also known as

new it's to trillions because you know

they looked back they took out the

theories and form the structure in a

very different manner so they were

called as new Aristotelian or even

they're called as the lemon squeezer

school they just you know they studied

the text so well and took out whatever

inner meaning was there so the new

critics do not depend on any external

entities governing it takes like

biography or social structure or the

psychology of the author no they say

that the text is autonomous when you

just read the text and you try to

generate meaning from the text itself

you'll find that there are various

interpretations coming out again and

again the more you read the more meaning

is extracted from the same text so the

new critics they say that when

evaluating a text or when reading a text

one should free themselves from the

intentional fallacy what is intentional

fallacy the fallacy where your reader

tries to look for the intention of the

author no you don't need to look at

because you may get the wrong intention

and this thing there were two linguist

whim set and Beardsley they have

mentioned two fallacies one intentional

the other affective affective fallacy in

the book the verbal icon in 1954 so they

say this is totally regardless the

intentional fallacy and what is

effective fallacy effective fallacy is

that Oh

the poem wants to do or and what it does

you know the result it's different than

what was expected from a poem I will be

saying for him

many people call it Foom but then I'm

used to poem so their mind this is the

infant way of pronouncing something okay

so effective as well as intentional

fallacies they are totally regardless

they are not necessary or they are not

considered while studying literary

theory no as I said that the author has

given so what he does to make a state

complaints he leaves some black points

for the reader to recognize and the

reader finds it very interesting to

locate those missing Ling's

and you know what the reader now is

expected to find the central unity of

the text he needs to know he needs to

come up with the different of the

different points contributing to the

unity the central unity the new critics

or the literary theory the disregard

Impressionism or relativism you know

what Oh reader does it have to come out

with the meaning with the help of the

impression she already has in his brains

no that is wrong because you know his

impressions made it for with the

pressures of the others so so sometimes

what happened the comedy generates out

of affective fallacy it happens with the

filmmakers also when they try to make a

comedy people cry if you don't

understand what to laugh and when they

make tragedies no I said when they make

huh when they make tragedies people love

when they make color

you don't feel afraid so they are

some lapses so in the understanding and

also the making so the literary theory

has gone deeper it gives you the deeper

meaning it has left the surface already

surface is for the general people who do

not you want to use their brain but the

deeper is dealt more with creamy people

that's why there is a kind of a snobbish

snobbery related to literary theory if

you put too much into it then the

effects of very very dangerous so never

might we have started doing our

discussion on this we will take it

gradually to different points like

structuralism post-structuralism post

colonialism modernism post-modernism

deconstruction and many others so that

will be doing one by one later on in the

same video thank you so much

wait for the next one it will be soon

here

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