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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Toni Morrison, The Bluest Eye, summary, Critical Appreciation, UGC NET English Literature

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how do you feel not you Charlie Rose but

don't you understand that the people who

do this thing who practice racism are

bereft there is something distorted

about the psyche it's a huge waste and

it's a corruption and distortion it's

like it's a profound roses that nobody

examines for what it is it feels crazy

it is crazy



little Pecola thought that if she had

blue eyes she would look beautiful she

would be accepted by the society her

parents will fight no more people will

not ignore her and she will live a

better life she prayed every single day

to God to give her the new eyes somebody

said does God exist and I could get an

answer yes or no I did that when I was

11 and the girl that I was talking to

said he does exist no she said doesn't


I say yes he does she said no he doesn't

answer I do you know and she said

because I had been praying so what do I

get to get a hundred years later to

break down the barriers of racism and to

engage the American public in

conversation Toni Morrison the Pulitzer

and Nobel Prize winner raised the issues

in her most challenging work the lowest

I which was published in 1970 it is

sexually explicit written an offensive

language the controversial topics of

racism incest and the theme of child

molestation had attempts to ban the book

several times

the very first book I wrote called the

blue sky was what I was not really

thinking about publishing or or

reviewers or other readers it was a book

I wanted to read and I couldn't find it

anywhere so I began to write it

and it took forever because it had no

real reason for being done except my own

reading pleasure it was like a long

reading exercise it took five years Toni

Morrison was born in Lorain Ohio United

States and she had read a lot of stories

of afro-american Society in her

childhood she had studied in several

universities and worked as an editor in

a publishing house her work revolves

around afro-american history and their

situation revealing the most difficult

circumstances and the dark side of

humanity the lynchings the beatings the

hangings the burnings in the past due to

racism made the blacks terrified a

terror that meets needs tremble a terror

that takes all notions of mind but

terror that emulates all notions of

morality and dignity just because of our

colon doesn't mean anything to me

I believe that goes wrong we do this

because we need to The Bluest Eye is her

debut novel which he started writing in

1962 as a story and she finally

published it as a novel in 1970 the

novel is split into an untitled collude

and for larger units are named after the

seasons like autumn winter spring and

summer there are two narrators the first

one is Claudia as an adult who's

recalling all the events when she was

just nine years of age she is the

younger daughter of mcdeere family the

black family

she gives her innocent perspective the

second one is an omniscient narrator who

seems to know everything when Claudia is

not narrating a third-person narrator

takes her place the narrative style even

in third person is of a great

psychological intimacy the third-person

narrator of The Bluest Eye is also a

passionate observer he observes every

little thing and gives insights into the

thoughts of characters and occasionally

interprets even in a very explicit

manner the sections which are narrated

in the third-person are all focused on

some aspect of McCullough's life the

sections explore either a family member

or a specific significant event the

first section is a version of a classic

Dick and Jane story there is a pretty

house mom dad Dick and Jane a cat a dog

and a friend for Jane to play know this

story appears three times in the first

version the capitals and when to Asians

are as normal in the second version they

are missing and in the third version

this there is no space so it all looks

gibberish now why the writer has given

this story she has to put into a mind

the background the white middle-class

society as presented where white skinned

people with blond hair and blue eyes are

considered beautiful now whatever she

will say next would be so different will

be in contrast through this white family

there's no chronology in the novel it is

based on the narration of the two

narrators the story is of two black

families very different from each other

so the background is of 1939 when the

Second World War was going on the German

Nazis had taken over the world the first

family is met your family there is mom

dad and two sisters a loving and caring

family the two sisters are Frieda the

elder one who's 10 is fate and Claudia

who's 9 years of age they have a pretty

confident and loved the affection the

protection is all revealed through the

interaction and the dialogues between

them the other is a family of

Breedlove's Breedlove's home is sad

devoid of Pleasant associations there is

no love no care and the family no warmth

the storehouse of only ugliness and

poverty so this is the novel all about

the teenage daughter of Breedlove's

Pecola who's black the society and the

situations forced her to feel ignored

ugly and unwanted the social

constructions have shaped the belief of

ugliness in them as if the cloak of

ugliness is given to them and the blacks

seem to accept it Pecola is ignored by

her teachers despised by her friends

classmates and neglected by her parents

therefore she had prayed for blue eyes

every night believing that if her eyes

turn blue and beautiful she would be

noticed by her friends and cared by her

parents and society Claudia

one of the narrator talks about when she

was small she used to hate the sight of

the white dolls with blonde hair and

blue eyes

she used to dismantle them

break them into pieces just to find out

what was there in them which made them

so beautiful her frustration her

disagreement of the perception of beauty

is revealed in her this kind of act when

she used to bring the dolls Claudia is

frustrated by the society that cherishes

pink skin and blue eyes and thus can

never consider her a black girl to be

truly beautiful her dissection of the

dolls is strangely scientific she tries

to see how they are put together what

makes their voices work and what they

looked like inside the investigation of

the dolls parallel to the investigative

work done by the novel which in its own

words attempts to discover how social

forces have combined to produce the

colas tragedy when Pecola goes to buy

candies the shopkeeper cannot see her to

see her would be to see her as a person

to encounter her subjectivity to him

Pecola is nothing even she can see in

his eyes that she meant nothing to him

such moments reinforced by colas

convictions that she is hideous

she feels invisible therefore here one

is dependent on others for feelings of

self-worth love and even one's identity

even the group of boys on the way would

torment Pecola

by chanting about her blackness and a

father supposedly bad habits these are

the insults of choice even though the

fathers of these boys had the same

habits and they all came from black


the Mackey family girls had the guts to

stand up against the boys to rescue

Pakula Pecola had come to live with them

because her father had burnt the house

making all of them homeless


what makes a person feel ugly and

vulnerable the societal forces play

eminent role to make a person feel less

than all the billboards advertisements

movies and TV shows prefer white skinned

blond hair beautiful blue-eyed models

and actors the perception of beauty is

made by putting a standard in front of

our eyes always every billboard every

movie every glance in a contrast make

the blacks feel more and more ugly the

descriptions from general to the

specific focusing on a woman named Trudy

she lives in Lorraine with a husband

Louie and has a cat and a son named

junior the cat is the object of a

greatest affection a trained and quite

animal that leaves no messes the family

lives in a nice house next to the

playground of Washington Irving school

which is also the school attended by

Pecola and mcteer's Geraldine has

explained to her son that there is a

difference between colored people and

niggers and that the family belongs to

the first category that is the colored

people who have standards of behavior

more in line with white sensibilities or

as Geraldine would put in colored people

are clean and quiet and niggers are

dirty any love she had always encouraged

her son to play with white children

sitting alone on the school playground

jr. sees piccola taking a shortcut

through the yard he gives her a hard


and then convinces her to come into his

house where he promises to show her

kittens lured by the promise of a new

kitten piccola follows him Nicola is

mystified by the size and beauty of the

house between furniture the bits of

decoration and evidence of care Jr

shouts out to get her tension and throws

his mother's large black cat into the

colas face the cat scratches her and

Pecola begins to cry and tries to leave

but junior pushes her down and runs to

the other side of the door keeping her

in the room the cat rubs up against

Bakula's lake and Pecola in turn is

fascinated by the cat which has a black

face but blue eyes she begins to pet the

animal junior comes back in because he

can no longer hear Pecola crying he

grabs the cat and swing it around the

cola tries desperately to get junior to

let the animal go but in the struggle

junior let's go of the cat and the

animal is flung against the window the

cat falls onto the radiator and is dead

Geraldine comes home and junior blames

the cat's death on the cola Geraldine

looks into the colas eyes and feels a

revulsion and unease she calls

Pecola a little black pitch and tells

her to get out of the house the cat's

face foreshadows bacala's future tragedy

the black face with blue eyes

coupled with the creatures destruction

once again Pecola is the victim of other

blacks cruelty indicating that hatred of

blackness often comes from other blacks

Geraldine still does not see Paula the

individual Geraldine instead sees an

abstracted representative of a social

old social class a social class she

hates and consequently she's merciless

and cruel Nicola Bakula faces

discrimination even by her own mother

Holly Breedlove she works at a house of

white where she gives most of her

attention and love in contrast to her

own house which is miserable and in

despair the house of the white people

for whom she works is spotless the pie

that should become a pleasant memory for


will only be a pleasant

for the little white girl Paulie exerts

all her efforts in trying to make the

house of the white folks feel like a

home her own daughter doesn't matter to

her at all

this little white girl is more important

as seen in her assurance that this

little girl is advised not to trouble

herself over the identity between black

children the saddest part of the novel

is that Nicola is tormented by her own

father she is physically abused raped by

him and her mother doesn't give


instead she beats her to death the

gossip of her pregnancy is all around

and the true girls pray for the safe

delivery by expecting the blooming of

marigold flowers which they have soared

and believed that if the flowers bloom

the baby will be born alive but to their

dismay the plants wilt no flowers and

baby is stillborn all this represents

hostile conditions that have conspired

against Pecola her baby like the seeds

in the backyard dies before it has a

chance to live

the narrator's switching back to the

past tense the narrative describes three

prostitutes who live in the apartment

above the Breedlove storefront China

Marie and Poland are three black

prostitutes who let Pecola visit them

and run errands for them all three are

past their prime and hate men

with a vengeance they are crass and

unapologetic survivors despised by the

community at large then turn despise the

community right back these three wards

round out the colas family they are not

cruel to her but they don't fuss over

her or provide an adequate substitute

for the family life piccola is missing

their names bring world war two back to

the readers consciousness Poland and

China are both countries which in 1939

are occupied or being invaded by fascist

armies black women are instrumental in

holding families together in enduring

the worst part of prejudice and in

running both their own households and

the households of white employers but

they're in many ways society's most

vulnerable members there is a connection

between these three outcast and Pecola

and a reason why they do not despise her

between their fallen status and because

belief in her own of leanness there is

some common ground

Pecola has inherited a legacy of shame a


she is the end-of-line after losing a

baby and then she loses her mind cold

she possibly inherited her insanity from

her parents she invents a new friend and

wonders why can't everyone notice her

and also the colas newly achieved blue

eyes the friend is from her split

personality manufactured in mad

her friend assures her all the time that

Pecola has The Bluest Eye Pecola talks

to the imaginary friend about the pains

humiliation social forces and gets a

vent through sharing to a friend

although imaginary

that they were inferior to me morally I

always thought that then my parents

always thought that you said your father

was racist cuz he always felt like he

always hurry that's how he always

thoughts appearing and that was a form

you know of a defendant of defensive

racism but if if the racist white person

I don't mean the person who was

examining his consciousness is doesn't

understand that he or she is also a race

it's also constructive it's also made

and it also has some kind of

serviceability but when you take it away

I kick your ass and there you are all

strung out and all you got is your

little self and what and what is that

what are you


I still strong still smart

you still like yourself I mean these are

the questions it's part of it is yes the

victim of terrible will provide me wrong

I'm not a victim

I wish used to be one





The Description of Toni Morrison, The Bluest Eye, summary, Critical Appreciation, UGC NET English Literature