Hi, I'm Vanessa from gonaturalenglish.com
How have you been I hope you have been doing well and practicing your English
Did you notice that I just used have been in my question to you?
Hmm. When do we use have been and this has been the same thing?
The answer is yes - and has been are both part of the present
Perfect tense to better understand this let's look at the conjugation of the verb to be in the present
Perfect tense. So let's see here. We have I
You have been he she it has been
we have been and
They have been do you notice anything different about this tense?
I hope the answer is yes, as you can see the present perfect is formed by
having a subject
Then adding have or has and then adding the past
Participle of the verb it is never correct to say I've been you've been leaving
Haven and so on you always need to have have or has in between
Sometimes you will hear some native speakers say I've been doing this a lot lately
Keep in mind it is not correct
You will hear it sometimes but we are teaching you the correct way to say it in this video
Let me try to help you more by providing a couple of examples in the first example I have here I wrote
Gabi has been practicing her Portuguese with her friends
Okay, so it says Gabi has been not Gabi have been do you understand? Why?
Well, we just looked at the conjugation of the verb to be in the present perfect
Right, and we see that Gabi or she right can only take has
Because we see it here. Those are the rules. We just have to remember that if we're talking about he she or it
we always have to use has and for I and
We and they we use have so
Gabby has been practicing her Portuguese with her friends because she actually lived in Brazil
Did you know that now she lives in the US but she still practices her Portuguese and she has been
Practicing it a lot lately. She
Continues to practice it Gabby
Wants to make sure that she practices it on a weekly basis or daily basis actually
Because she wants to make sure that she doesn't lose her
Fluency and I think that she has been doing a great job
She has been practicing a lot and it shows
now, let's look at my second example I have been
traveling a lot lately
This is actually true
okay, I'm giving you real examples here and
I love my job because it allows me to work from anywhere
That I want so I take full advantage of that and I travel a lot
So I have been traveling a lot lately. I am a frequent flyer. I
Have always loved to travel and I have been
Discovering new places since I was young and I don't plan on stopping anytime
Soon, so if you have any recommendations for where I should go
Tell me in the comments and actually now that we're talking about traveling a little bit
I want to tell you that this is very common to use have been when you ask a question related to travel for example
I asked a lot of people. Have you been to Mexico before because I am
Mexican-american I am also from Los Angeles. So I say have you been to Los Angeles?
the sunniest city in the United States before
so remember when you ask a question you want to know where somebody has been you can say have you been to
B4 so what have you been doing lately? Have you been to the United States?
Recently, if you have let us know in the comments below and let us know what you think
So let's take a look at the structure one more time. Gabi is a subject we use has because Gabi
when we talk about her it's in the third person and
bin is the past participle of the verb to be I hope that's clear and
The same goes for the second example. I am the subject have is correct now
right because I am talking about myself first person and bin is the past participle of the verb to be and
a quick note the
B EE n is
Very often we hear students say bean
This is not correct. So practice it say bin I
Very tired lately
So now that you understand the structure and the difference between have and has your next question might be
When do I use this? Don't worry?
I'm going to tell you when right now the present perfect is used to describe an action
that happened in the past that
Continues in the present or that is still true to this day
For example, I have been teaching English for over five years
Have not quit. I have not stopped teaching English. I
Continue to do that and I love it. So I have to use the present perfect
For this situation. I have been teaching English for over five years
keep in mind that we can say I've
Instead of I have Gabby and I will go more into detail in a few minutes with that
but very quickly I just want to let you know that I've is called a
Contraction it is when two words
Right are put together with an apostrophe
So I have becomes I've and I think you should get used to using more
Contractions when you speak because they are much more common in
Communication native speakers love to use contractions
So you'll hear them say I've been instead of I have been much more
so now we have a skip for you because we want to not just
Explain all this grammar to you and give you some examples
We want to show you a situation where you can actually you know
Imagine how it can be used in real life. So first we will pronounce
Everything very slowly and then we will speak the natural way. Are you ready?
Hey Vanessa, hi Gabby, long time no, see I know
Have you been hiding under a rock?
It has been impossible to find you
I know I'm so sorry. I have been so busy with work lately
That's okay. I completely understand
Hey last time we talked you told me that your mom wasn't feeling well, how has she been? Oh
I'm so happy that you remembered that. She says hi, by the way
She has been feeling much better lately. I can't believe it. She was sick for so long
No, I'm glad she's feeling better. I have been thinking about both of you a lot
Oh, let's catch up soon and have dinner at Islands
I would love to I have never been to islands and I have been wanting to go for
Long time. I think I have been wanting to go since it opened. So thanks for the invite
I will contact you soon. I just need things to settle down at work
Perfect. That sounds great. It was really great seeing you. You too
Hey Minnis a long time no see have you been hiding under a rock?
It's been impossible to find you. I know I'm so sorry. I've been so busy with work lately. Please forgive
Oh, no, I totally understand. Hey the last time we talked you mentioned that your mom wasn't feeling well. How's she been?
Oh, she's been doing really well. Thanks for asking. She actually mentioned you earlier and she says hi
Oh, I'm glad to hear she's doing better. I've been thinking a lot about the both of you. Let's catch up soon
Let's have dinner at Island
Definitely. I've never been there and I've been wanting to go for so long. So thanks for the invite. I will definitely contact you
I just need things to settle down at work. Perfect. That sounds great
Well, it was really great seeing you you too, as you may have noticed. There was a question
Asking about Vanessa's mom
I asked how has she been or in faster more natural English?
How's she been so we want to take a moment to show you how to ask questions
Using the present perfect
more naturally linking words together because the sound or the
Pronunciation completely changes when you start talking more like a native speaker
So for example when I asked this question very clearly you hear how has she been?
But when I linked the sounds together you hear how has she been or has she been?
Let's take a look at some other
Subjects you he or they they also change
So how about if we're asking about he if I want to know for example about your dad?
How would you ask that question? We would say the natural way. How's he been? How's he been?
How's he been? How's he been? That's fast, right? So it's much different than how has he been?
I don't think many native English speakers would ask the question like that
No, and it's also good not only to train your ears for this kind of linking
Pronunciation but also train your speaking. So try repeating after me. How's e been?
How's he been?
How about if I'm asking about both of your parents though?
That one is fun. Yeah, how have they been how have they been how have they been?
How I like that?
Okay, and last what if I just want to ask about you?
Have you been how have you been or even how yeah, yes. Have you been how have you been?
So this is great. I love these little tricks these little secrets to speaking more like a native speaker
And we hope you do too. So now I'm gonna handle lesson back to Vanessa and I'll see you later
now that you know, the difference between have been and has been let's move on and talk about
Had been had you been feeling confused about this topic before I started explaining it to you
Did you notice that I just used had been in my question to you had been is?
Actually part of the past perfect tense
Let's take a look at the conjugation of the verb to be in the past perfect tense
So here we see I had been
You had been
He she it had been
we had been and
They had been
So what's different about this tense? Well, it's easy
I think it's easy because look you see had is
Used for everybody whether you're talking about me
They we you're always going to use had but let me be more specific about the structure
The past perfect is formed by having a subject
Plus the past participle of the verb
Simple right now. Let me give you a couple of examples
the first example says
Gaby had been a poor Portuguese speaker before she moved to Brazil
Before she moved to Brazil
Gaby had very little knowledge of Portuguese
She could barely understand the language and she had trouble communicating
But that all completely changed when she moved to Brazil
Now she is completely fluent in the language and we are also proud of her for that go, Gaby
But do you understand why I'm using had been to describe her situation?
Let me explain the past perfect tense is used
When we talk about a situation
That is no longer happening in the present because something else is happening
In the present the past perfect tense is used when something happened in the past
But then something new happened in the past to change it
So once again with the example that I first gave you think about it
Gaby used to be a beginner
Portuguese speaker she is no longer a beginner student
Now she is fluent. She is advanced in the language. So
Something changed and something new happened
What happened? That was new?
Well, she moved to Brazil and she became an advanced Portuguese speaker
now, let's look at this second example, I
Had been traveling a lot with my brother before he got married
again, true story I
Had been traveling all over the world with my brother
It was so fun, but then he fell in love and he got married
So I no longer travel with him
I travel alone or with my friends and family
But he doesn't have time to travel anymore because he's a newlywed. Do you know what that is?
That means he was recently married. So he has no time for me anymore. So
You understand? What changed? Well, I had been traveling with my brother, right?
I don't do that anymore
the thing that's different is that now he's married and
Now I am traveling by myself. I hope that that's clear for you if you're still confused
Don't worry. Let's keep practicing
we're going to show you another skit where first we speak slowly and
Then we speak naturally. Are you ready?
Hey Vanessa, I had just been thinking about you when you called
Hey, Gabi, I love your jacket. Where did you buy it? Oh
This old thing. I bought it at a boutique in downtown Los Angeles
But I had been thinking about getting rid of it. In fact, you can have it if you want
Thank you. Of course thank you for taking it off my hands
I am glad I mentioned it. Thank you. Yeah, of course
Hey, I'm having a snack right now. Have you tried these chips?
Oh, I love those they are my favorite
You know, I had been thinking about buying potato chips
But then I saw these broccoli chips, and I wanted to try them. They're so good
They are my favorite. I know they are
Hey Vanessa, I just been thinking about you when you call them. Hey girl. I love your jacket. Where'd you get it?
Oh this old thing. I got it at a boutique in downtown LA. But I've been thinking about throwing it out
Do you want it you can have it? Well, I'm glad I mentioned it Thanks. Yeah, of course
Hey, I'm having a snack right now. Have you ever tried these broccoli chips? Yes. They're my fave
Yeah, so at the store, I'd been thinking about buying potato chips, but then I saw these broccoli ships
And I thought I have to try them. They're so good. They're my fave. I know they're delish
Now it's time for a quiz so
Gabi and I are going to
Read four sentences to you and you are going to decide whether they are right or wrong
If they are wrong, then you must think about the correct answer. Are you ready? Number one?
I have been teaching English for several years. Is that correct?
Think about it
The answer is no I has been is
Incorrect. I need to say I have been teaching English for several years or we can contract I an have
To say I've been teaching English for several years
That is the correct way to talk about your experience
Number two, you have been watching this video for over five minutes
Is this correct or incorrect?
And you said correct you are right
It is correct to say
you have been there isn't another way and
I hope that this is true that you have been watching this video for over five minutes
And that makes really happy keep watching number three
We have been sleeping before we woke up to get ready for work. Is this correct?
The answer is
no, this is not correct because we have one option in the past before another action in the past that
Changed so the that changed the situation
So the correct way to express this is we had been
Sleeping before we woke up to get ready for work
What have you been doing before you started to watch this video?
you can say I had been sleeping before I
Started watching this video many native speakers will also use the simple past tense
I was sleeping before I started watching this video and that's okay, too
But what we're teaching you is the most correct grammar number four
He had been unemployed before he got hired at his new job
Correct or incorrect
If you think it's correct then you are correct
So remember the past perfect is used when we talk about something that happened in the past
That is no longer happening in the future that person he can be Carlos has been unemployed
Before he got hired at his new job
Carlos is no longer unemployed. He has a new job. So how did you do?
Let us know how you did in the comments below and also let us know if you have any more questions about this subject
We hope that you enjoyed this video and also let us know what you've been doing lately now
Remember, it's important to understand the grammar, but it's also important to practice it
That's why we want you to leave comments below so you can practice it and tell us how you've been doing
We don't just want you to understand by watching our video. Just writing it down memorizing
This doesn't mean that you'll know how to use the past perfect or the present perfect in a natural
So, how about you start by leaving a comment below using one of these tenses telling us how have you been?
What have you been up to lately?
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