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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Sentence Diagramming 13. Participial Phrases and Standalone Participles

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let's look at how to diagram participial

phrases and participles while we're at

it participles at standalone and

participles that start off participial

phrases so here we have a sentence to

work with thinking about orbits the man

watching falling apples had an idea

destined for greatness so we start out

with the subject here which is man okay

and this man we have here a participle

phrase thinking about or it's separated

by a comma from the main clause and when

that happens the parts of your phrase

modifies the subject so thinking about

orbits modifies man and the way we

diagram parts of new phrases is to make

something like this make it a little

angle here this diagonal here shows that

we're dealing with modification and what

we do with a participle is we write the

participle diagonally so that it looks

like that thinking and thinking is here

modified itself by a prepositional

phrase about orbits so here we have

about and orbits the object of the

preposition about so thinking about

orbits the man we can stick with out of

here needs to go somewhere now the man

watching falling apples while watching

falling apples is answering the question

which man the one watching falling

apples that's which man so that too is a

participial phrase modifying man so we

would end

thing watching now what he is watching

what so in a farcical threat his part

simples can have direct objects just as

verbs can so he's watching apples and

what kind of apples are that well they

are falling apples and falling there as

they stand alone participle modifying

apples which apples the falling apples

people don't always do that you could

just put the falling on a regular old

modifying line to show it's an adjective

or you could do it this way to show that

you know that it's a participle so what

we have so far is the man thinking about

orbits should be thinking about orbits

the man watching falling apples

well what so now we have our verb what

did he do he had and what was had an

idea that's what so we have the direct

object idea the direct object of had and

what kind of idea was it well it was an

idea destined for greatness of destined

for greatness

likewise as a participle phrase it's

modifying idea here this time it's

beginning with the past participle as

opposed to a present participle so an

idea and we'll just write destined and

how is it destined it was destined for

greatness so we have for greatness

prepositional phrase and modifying

destined modifying the adjective

destined

the indefinite article rife had an idea

destined for greatness so there there

you have the diagram for thinking about

orbits the man watching falling apples

had an idea destined for greatness of

this this sentence has three parts of

leo phrases in it thinking about orbits

watching apples falling and destined for

greatness and it has one standalone

participle that's just functioning as an

adjective all its own falling so this is

how we diagram participial phrases and

participles

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