Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Depression & Low Mood (T-TiME Season 1 Episode 1)

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Hello, and welcome to T-TiME. I am James Mitchell and this is the first episode

of a series of videos that we're going to be making with regards to mental health

so I'm going to ask stupid questions while we're given great information by

the fabulous Clare. -Hi! Give us a little intro. Who are you? Where are you from?

so my name is Clare O'Brien, I am a psychotherapist and I'm also the Mental

Health Coordinator for a suicide prevention charity called 3Ts.

You should be enjoying this video while having a cup of tea. So, pause the video, pop the kettle

on, sit down, relax, and get ready to learn a little bit about yourself and the

people around you.

Today we are going to be talking about depression and low mood. When I first met

with 3Ts to talk about making these videos, low mood - that was like the

first time I had heard that phrase being used. Depression can be used as a bit of

a blanket term sometimes, right?

Yeah, it can be bandied around a lot

instead of saying things like, "low mood" and "feelings sad" people tend to say, "oh

I'm so depressed" But there is actually a market

difference between feeling low, and feeling sad, and feeling depressed. So low

mood you might feel sad, you might cry, you might withdraw a little bit, you

might take the bed and watch that movie. But it would only last a day or two,

and you'd be quite vocal about it.

Adele albums? - Yeah, a lot of Adele.

Adele albums. Oh my God, ok.

But, with depression you tend to be slightly more secretive about it.

The feelings are different - they're a lot more intense, so along with feeling sad

and hurt and angry, you'd also feel helpless and hopeless. They last

for a lot longer. You would take to the bed for three or four days in a row

instead of maybe just one.

Everyone gets low mood. Who gets depression?

People more likely to get depression are those who suffer from from trauma or abuses in

their life, people who have had losses, like a job loss, a relationship break down,

people who have suffered griefs, who have lost someone close to them, and then

people who were being bullied or feel isolated. But, it also just appears

sometimes. It doesn't always have a source.

People kind of think, "Oh you can just get over it, why don't you just buy something?

Why don't you just do something fun?" That's not the case, right?

Unfortunately, it's not. Depression affects the four main parts of who we are as people, so

it affects your thoughts, your feelings, your behaviours, and also your physical

body. So you might feel really low, and I feel really helpless, and hopeless. You'd

also have thoughts around that, so you think, "Well, I'm worthless, there's no point in me

going out, nobody loves me, nobody wants to be around me." You might have thoughts of

hurting yourself. Then, also your behaviours are then changed because

of those thoughts. You will start staying in more. Maybe you'll use drugs and alcohol

as a way of dealing with those thoughts, and then finally, your physical body will

see some side effects as well. So you may get more headaches, you may need to sleep

more, or you're sleeping less because you're sitting up all night worrying

about these things. Depression isn't something you can just get over.

If you break a leg, there are certain things that you do to help yourself.

So, you wear a cast, you don't walk on it for a couple of weeks, maybe you get physio.

Depression is the exact same thing. You've got to do small incremental things that will help

you get better over time. Maybe encourage them to go to their GP

There are loads of supports out there. It's important to note though, that people who

have depression may not be suicidal. People often put the two of them in the same basket.

While there is a likelihood that somebody with depression will also

suffer from other mental health illnesses, and possibly suicide,

they don't always come hand-in-hand, so it's important to make that distinction.

Yeah, absolutely. I think though, it's important that people know the signs right?

What are they?

So, one of the things that 3Ts are trying to do is to teach people

about loads of different mental health issues, so we have a program called

'Know the Signs', and there are three parts to it. So, you know the signs of what's going

on for that person, or in yourself. You know the words to use to talk to

somebody about it, and you also know the supports. So, some of the signs can be

similar to what we talked about, depression - the thoughts, the feelings,

the behaviours, in the physical body. What do you see? What has changed?

Are they isolating themselves more? Have they stopped replying to your phone calls?

Have they stopped going out? Do they talk about feeling more pessimistic than usual?

And then you can talk to them about it.

It's a very sensitive subject. How do you approach that sort of thing with a conversation?

It's very important to not be judgmental, and not

be critical at the person. This is something they haven't asked to deal

with, this is just something they have to deal with. So knowing what to say to them

is really important. Knowing how to say is important. So, use 'I statements'.

You talk about the concerns that you have for them. So, something like, "I have

noticed that you're not coming out with us as much", "You're not coming into

college as much", "I'm just wondering is there something going on?" "Is there anything I

can help you with?" and then maybe, if they talk to you about how they're feeling

that's when you want to involve somebody else, so you could ask them who they're

conscious of talking to. Is there a family member they could talk to?

Would they consider going to their GP? Do you need to help them get a councillor?

There are also loads of helplines, and websites out there as well.

It's really sad, because suicide continues to be the biggest killer of young people in Ireland

In fact, about three times as many people die by suicide, than on our roads

here in Ireland, and unfortunately, 10 times the amount of money goes into Road

Safety than into a suicide prevention program.

And 3Ts are working to try and make this happen, right?

They're trying to make a Suicide Prevention Authority happen?

Yeah, we're trying to lobby for one, so it would be similar to the Road Safety Authority

If you would like information on the suicide prevention

authority that 3Ts are trying to make happen, or if you'd like any

information on what we've talked about today, as well as an array of other

topics available in the Self Help Library, on the 3Ts website, go

ahead and take a look at www.3Ts.ie

Make sure you tune in every week for one of these lovely videos,

And, we have a little competition going on with these fabulous T-TiME mugs

T-TiME right here, thanks to 3Ts, and JamesMitchellTV, who's he? Sounds attractive.

You can win one of these, all you have to do is

comment and tag one of your friends in the comments - someone you love, someone

you'd like to give a hug in a mug to, and you could win, they win you could

both win, or you can share the mug, I guess.

I'm James, she's Clare, and until next time, Bye!

Cheers! Thanks for being here.

The Description of Depression & Low Mood (T-TiME Season 1 Episode 1)