Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Illustrator (CS versions) making a coffee cup

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Ok in this video I'm gonna walk us through making something in Illustrator instead of just talking about menus and stuff I'm using CS4 here.

So if you've been watching some of the other videos on using CS2 or CS3 you'll notice that theres some differences. Like

we can pop these menus around, I'm using the Essentials workspace, so if open up Illustrator and it looks different than this

go to that or maybe we should pop over to like Photoshop that's kinda nice it's similar in the way it's set up but any

case. Just let me show you one cool thing here when it's set up with these guys minimized notice that if I hover over them it shows us what the

panel is and if I click on it the panel pops out so that's kind of nice. Lets switch over to Like Photoshop here and again

if your panel is a single your Tool panel is a single column you can flip it back and forth between these as I'v mentioned before.

Theres a couple different areas here are your selection tools and then you've got creation tools modification or transformation, I should really call

these tools and today we are gonna use these three areas quite a bit. Plus we'll use the Gradiant tool a little and also deal with color. So I'm gonna just make

a new document and I'm gonna make it for print and just always double check that it's letter

size. Obviously there are times when you're gonna make Tabloid size as well but it's a good habit to check down here to see what it's set up to be.

I'v changed this over to inches sometimes that makes it easier too. Alright opens up and you get this standard artboard area one of the different

things about CS4 was this idea of artboards you can make multiple artboards and you can scale em up and scale em down but the artboard defines

the page area and again by default CS4 has one artboard but you can make multiples. This a fairly new thing with Illustrator

back in the old days you only had one page. Ok so anyway we've got the document and what were gonna do is build a coffee cup and in fact I wonder

if I do a quick find here I'm gonna go over to the Finder and

find that .jpg image that we'll be referencing there it is.

It does an ok job of looking like a coffee cup we're not gonna make something look super realistic but it's gonna have a gradiant in here and

have some wavey lines and round lines we're gonna insert some text. So it's gonna do a pretty good job and we're gonna do this all

with just a few tools so back here in Illustrator. The first tool we're gonna use I'm gonna click and hold on the Rectangle tool and just pop over to the Elipse tool

just drag out an Elipse and it's gonna be a little more wide than it is tall. Now the next thing we're gonna do is I'm gonna

get the Direct Selection Arrow or the white arrow. Sometimes I'll just tell you to get the white arrow. Again the difference between the white arrow and the black arrow is the black arrow allows you

to move stuff around on the stage but it does'nt let you manipulate a particular point. Notice that if I try to highlight a point nothing happens so I get

the white arrow instead. Heres' the trick when I say drag a marque over a point start outside the shape if you try to start inside the shape you just drag the shape around if

it's got a Fill so start outside the shape and drag a marque over one of the anchor points and when you do that you'll notice it highlights the other anchor points

are what are called hollow points. There showing up because we have the object selected but they're not selected. Now I'm gonna

drag this down so that we end up with something that looks sort of like a pinto bean and then the next thing we're gonna want to do is just build another shape

another Elipse on top of this one. There are a couple of ways you can do this notice that I'm getting kind of these little guides showing up

go under View that's because Smart Guides are turned on so if you don't have those on turned on you can turn em on it's another good keyboard shortcut to learn Command "U"

I'v talked about using Command "Y" for switching between Preview and Outline so Command "U" for Smart Guides on or off the reason why

I left them on in this case is I wanna aline with this edge of the first shape I'm just gonna click and drag a shape across and notice the Smart

Guide pops up and shows the edge of the other side so this is a real easy way to know that I'v got a shape thats the same width. Don't worry if it's a little too tall

if it's not perfectly aligned a lot of times with Illustrator you have to do is start with making the shape and move it into position so I'v got it here

I'm gonna just click and drag it down and if you have trouble getting it aligned you can hold down Shift or with Smart Guides on notice it gives us this nice little alignment it shows

that it's in line as I bring it down. So just go ahead and bring it down here ok so now we kind of have the idea

of a melon maybe half of a melon. By the way if you're seeing

the background show through like here it's cause your forground shape does'nt have a default Fill and Stroke. The default Fill is white the default Stroke is

black if you just click on the effected shapes notice down here it says default Fill and Stroke. If I just click on it it fills it white with a stroke of black.

Ok next thing we're gonna do I'm gonna scale this down and theres a number of ways we can do this. I mean I could just grab this and scale it down.

I don't want to do that though. What I'm gona do is called an Option Transformation so I'm gonna get out a Scale tool and it's just one of our

Transform tools this is Rotate this is Scale and by default you'll notice that theres a little pointer here or pivot point thats right

in the middle of the shape. That's where the things gonna scale around and a lot of people make the mistake when they first try to use this they get there mouse really close or they even try to click in the middle of the shape

and drag on this. Don't do that. Notice that if I click and drag really close it's really hard to control that thing. So instead if you start at about a 45 degree

angle from that pivot point and click and drag you'll notice that you have much better control dragging up and down scales verticly dragging left and right scales

horizontaly. So if you drag from that 5 degree incriment and the further away you are the slower the transformation will be you'll find that you have

better control. So I'm gonna just drag in a little so if I just let go it just scales the shape in and thats not what I want what I want to do is make a copy of this shape

and scale it down at the same time. So what I'm gonna do is click and drag so I'm just clicking and dragging with the mouse just normally the mouse is still down and I'm gonna hold down

Option or Alt on the PC. Notice that the cursor changes there at this point it's gonna make a copy of this now keep your modifier key down,

if ever your working with modifier keys just keep your midifier key down let go of the mouse button first and then you can let go of the modifier key, when I do that

notice that I'v made a second shape it's a little smaller than the first and it's perfectly centered inside the first shape. That's a lot easier than trying to make

a copy and paste it and all of that kind of stuff or draw another shape. So whenever possible do Option Transformations. I'm gonna do a quick asside.

Theres all kinds of Options Transformations you can make and I talk about this in I think the shape tricks movie. If I have a rectangle and I click and drag

it I can hold down Option it makes a copy and then if I press Command "D" or Control "D" on the PC it repeats that transformation

and we're gonna do that as part of what we're building today. So we've built this basicly with three ovals so far

and we need to paint this interior and we're gonna paint it that kind of gradiant color so to do that theres a couple ways

we can go. We can come in and apply a gradient theres swatches in here and I wanna click on one of these swatches notice that there's some

default gradients and you can actually just pick the radial gradient we'll start with that. You can pick that out and that starts us now

that being said you can modify it. If I click on the little Gradient tool here notice that is says Radial if I choose Linear what it does is goes from one edge

and while we're at it how do you apply color so Radial it radiates out from one to the other what it's doing is it's radiating out from

it's center point and that's white and the outer point is black this little diamond here determins it's

white. Notice that the thing gets smaller and as I drag it towards black it gets bigger I'm just gonna put it right about around 50%. If I wanna

change the color of a gradient theres a couple ways I can do this I can drag a swatch down and drop it on top of a color and it will change that color I can drag and drop

swatch just on the gratient bar and it adds a color. If I don't want a color I can click and drag it off the bar it removes it and notice since this shape is highlighted

while I'm doing this it just keeps modifying the shape we can pick a color to choose from so if I highlight this. Notice that there is a little black triangle on top

of this. I can come in and pick a different color in there and that effects the gradient as well so thats how you color a gradient I'm just gonna do boring old black

and white. Theres also transformations I could do If I come over to the Tool palette notice theres a gradient tool here and theres things

you can do you can effect this. If I pull this out I can make the gradient larger or smaller so that it's tighter.

If I come up along the top I can effect the gradient so it's no longer a perfect circle it's now kind of radiating out in an oval instead

so theres all kinds of fun things you can do again we can scale the whole gradient up or down and I think. Yeah notice

that you can also adjust where the colors are on the gradient and move the little mid point around and all of that

stuff. So you can effect this all in here this was new with CS4 so you won't find this kind of functionality with CS3 if your using CS3. I can

also drag this thing around and effect where the gradient starts and stops notice that it's compressed on this side so anyway fun things.

I'm just gonna go back and use that default gradient so if I wanna set it back to it's default there it is in the swatches I'll just use the plain gradient here

it's pretty close anyway. Ok so now we have this radiating out from a center point if we want it to radiate out a little bit more which I think

I do that looks awefully pointed there lets just make this just a little larger. Ok

I'm gonna save this before too much goes on here. By the way when ever you save

an Illustrator file make sure "Make PDF Compatible File" is checked if that is. What's great about this is if you take this to print somewhere and they don't have Illustrator, which

is often the case, they can still open this file in Acrobat. So they can just have Acrobat Reader if they right click on the file or control click on the file

and choose "Open With" and they choose Acrobat it will open up and print as long as this is checked. Your file size is doubled because it makes a PDF file as well as the normal

file but I think it's well worth it. Ok so next thing we need to do we need to make the little cresent on the side of the coffee cup.

If we had to draw those little cresents out it would be more of a pain in the neck so what I'm gonna do is come back and get the Elipse tool again

and I'm gonna just drag out a circle or an oval and I'm gonna give it the default Fill and Stroke.

I'm just gonna kind of align it here notice that it wants to automaticly wants to snap to the center point of the larger oval which is great.

Let's zoom in here a little bit so I can see what I'm doing I'm gonna drag this to the right and hold Option

and if I'm not getting the nice little Smart Guild control which I am I could hold down Shift so the first thing I'm doing is just dragging with the mouse I'v got the mouse button held

down hold down Option notice the Cursor changes and then Shift will keep it constrained. Ok so we get two ovals big deal now what we're gonna use

is one of the coolest tools available with Illustrator I'm gonna hold down Shift and I'm gonna click on this background oval so that there both selected

I'm gonna go under Window slide down and choose Pathfinder. Pathfinder came out with Illustrator 5 and it was just

this it might have been Illustrator 6 but anyway it's just a great tool befor pathfinder if you needed to make a complex shape you used the Pen. The Pen is an awesome tool and I'm gonna

talk about it a lot but many times like all I wanna do is make a cresent here. Many times you can do that just by taking two simple shapes and either combining

them together. That's what the first one is Unite or use the front shape to cut out the background shape I always call it cookie cutter.

Theres Intersection so where they intersect here leaves that or theres Exclusions where theres an intersections thats left out.

Which is cool when you have lettering over lapping for example but right now I'm just gonna wanna chop out the front or use the front to chop out part of the back do that and bingo

I'v got this nice little cresent moon all ready to go. Now I need to make another copy of it on the other side now I could Option drag it and rotate it over but I wanna

introduce another tool cause I think it's a lot faster. If you go under the Rotate tool and I'm just clicking and holding and choose Reflect notice

again theres a pivot point all your transformation tools you'll see a pivot point appear. Now if I click and drag this pivot around the center which is'nt very helpfull

and Reflect tool with this cresent I could probably just use the Rotate tool since the top and the bottom

of the cresent are pretty semetrical it's not that big of a deal but what Reflect does is mirror this copy. So as I bring this over on the other side

it's just gonna be an opposite again with a cresent you probablly wouldnt notice it much but when ever you need to mirror something that's what the Reflect tool is for.

So what I need to do is move this pivot point right in the middle of the larger oval now it's kind of hard to see that in Preview mode

I'm gonna go under View and choose Outline and notice Outline conveniently shows us this nice little center point and I'm gonna just click and let go

and that's all I did. I did'nt click and drag I did'nt do anything right now my mouse button is up I'm not holding it or anything notice that it repositions the pivot

point so it's now over this location now again when your doing transformations. Move away from the object and as I click and drag this notice that

it brings it around to the other side if you hold down Shift it constrains it so it constrains it in this case 90 degree incriments and again Options to make a copy.

I'm gonna let go of the mouse key before I let go of the modifier key remember just do that makes your life easy now I'm gonna go back to Preview Command "Y"

or Control "Y" there you go. So now we've got that little guy in the mix next thing we need to do is a little

wavey steam so I'm gonna quick save this Command "S". For steam I'm just gonna use a Pencil

and I'm gonna make one side of this I'm gonna just click and drag out kind of an "S" shape and there's some cool stuff.

If you ever fiddle around with the Pencil tool there's a Smooth tool so I can come over the Pencil here and it will take out some of the anchor points

and try to smooth it out there's a Modify tool on the Pencil so that if I get close to an existing line notice that right now it has a little "X" by it that means I'm gonna try and

make a new line but if I get close to an existing selected line that "X" goes away and I dont know yeah it's only with selected lines.

so as I get close to this line what I can do now is click and drag and it modifies now you might say now wait a minute it redid it the

way the Pencil operates is if you have more than a 90degree turn on it it's gonna assume that you wanna redraw that line so if I just continue this

without that sharp 90degree turn it apens the original line. Anyways I'm digressing I wanna just make

this little shape so by the way I just pressed Delete to get rid of those extra shapes now I made this shape what I wanna do is duplicate this shape. So I'm gonna get out the Black Arrow.

I'm selecting the whole shape I'm just gonna click and drag this to the right and I'm gonna off set it a little bit so I'm gonna drag it up a little as well hold down Option

and it makes a copy. Now if I try to fill these you'r gonna get something that looks really wacky and this is what people hate about Illustrator.

If I Fill it I get these little slashes happening here that's because when you Fill an open shape these are open shapes it Fills from the

two open points it just draws a straight line between them and Fills in white. So when I first started using Illustrator it was very confusing to me because I could'nt figure out why it was

doing this. So what we really need to do is we need to have that Fill go inside this steam shape rather than doing this crazy stuff to do that I'm gonna get the White Arrow.

I'm gonna click and drag a Marque over just the top two points so don't select any of the other points so notice that the other points just show up as white.

So with just those two top points selected I'm gonna go under Object and slide down to Path and just choose Join

when you do that, let me zoom in here, what Illustrator does is it makes a little segment just between those two shapes.

Now I'm gonna Undo this and show you another one. If you hold down Command "J" is Join if you hold down Command Option Shift "J"

it averages them to one location and joins them together. Now we don't want that but I just wanted to show you that's kind of the difference. So if you ever need if you have two open shapes

and you need them to go to one spot and join together press Command Option "J" I'm sorry Command Option Shift "J" or if you'r on the PC that's Control Alt Shift "J".

Ok so I'm gonna just again select these two points here Command "J" and by the way this lets me talk about something that

you might see in the Stroke panel this thing called Miter Limit I'm sure you'r kind of wondering about that I pop that open notice that the Miter Limit is here at four what Miter Limit does

is it determins weather this is gonna have an angle a little point on it or it's gonna be a bevel if I crank this up a bit at some point.

There you can see it makes a sharp point instead so in some cases when you're designing you might want to have a Miter limit.

You might want to raise the Miter limit just so that you get some sharp points or lower it so that you go back to just having this blunt edge again I can hide this

little panel just by clicking the double arrows. Ok so we've made the steam and now what I wanna do is I just wanna have two copies

of the steam. You might say, "why arnt you joining the bottom?". I could join the bottom the key thing is it's still an open path but now it's filling between these two open

points and that's not as distracting and in fact since it's steam coming out of the coffee. For me I don't mind having no stroke there it kind of joins it with the coffee

but it's up to you. First of all I'm going to position it so it's a little lower down and what I wanna have is three equal little shapes of steam

coming up. So to do this notice I'v got my White Arrow you could use the Black Arrow too if you click on the Fill area with the White Arrow it treats it just like the Black Arrow.

So often I just use the White Arrow for all of my work because then I could just select parts of the shape or I can select the entire shape alright anyway we've got it filled.

I'm gonna just drag it over to the right I'm gonna hold down Shift, Shift keeps it nice and straight as it comes across, I'm gonna just kind of possition

right over the center there hold down Option to make the duplicate notice that my cursor changes let go. Again let go of the mouse key first

and I get a copy of steam then I'm gonna press Command "D" one more time and I get a third little copy of steam. Alright so

far so good gonna save the document. What about the handle the handle is pretty easy it's actually just a variation of what we did here

just gonna drag out an elipse this time it's a little taller than it is wide I'm gonna get out the Scale tool.

Notice the pivot point in the middle click and drag into the middle I'm just gonna drag it down till I have something that looks like a handle

hold down Option to make the copy and then I'm gonna make a copy of this and I'm gonna just off set this a little bit. You're gonna

go, "well why is he doing this ?" don't worry I'll explain in a second. I'm just dragging it up and to the right a little and holding down Option to make a copy what I wanna

do here is fill this in black and not have a stroke easy way to do this is there's this nice little reverse arrow here that swaps the Fill and Stroke so that

the black strokes it white to remove the white stroke I click on the Stroke and click the little red slash and that gets rid of the stroke. So now I just have an object

with a fill now what I need to do is it needs to be actually behind this shape and you'll see here in a minute why.

You could do this a couple of ways as I talked about in class you can go under Arrange and you could choose just Send Backward and that's handy since it only needs

to go back one or the other trick I like is Edit and choose Cut and you just select the object you want

to go in front of or behind and just choose Edit Paste in Back or Paste in Front. It keeps it's position on the page the same it just changes

the layer order the reason I like that one instead and it's just Command "X" to cut and Command "B" for back or Command "F" for front

or Control for all of those if your on a PC the reason I like that is maybe you need to move a shape 200 spaces back in the layer order and doing Send to Back

200 times gets really tedious so it's a lot easier just Command "X" click on the shape you need it behind Command "B". Ok so anyway

we've got this all set here it still doesnt look like the coffee cup you saw because we need to rotate it so I'm just gonna select this whole group and this is a good time to talk about

Groups. I'm gonna go under Object Command "G" to group what a group does is if I click on one object it selects all the objects.

I'm gonna assume that you don't have the bounding box turned on if you have the bounding box notice that if you hover around a corner you can get a rotation

angle here and it has a pivot point if I wanna move that pivot point and adjust it's rotation in a different way you get a little bit more control and you can also Option Rotate

that way. So if I drag this and hold down Option I can make a copy. So anyway it's up to you but don't forget that you can do those transformations and Option transformations.

So anyway I just wanna rotate this guy so that it's slightly at an angle and I'm rotating all of em.

Now you might notice this little line here when I click away you won't see that line so now it looks like it has a little shadow on the handle gonna drag this over into position

so I just need to go under Object... Arrange and i could just send this all the way to the back and that takes care of it I might do a little more adjustment

and notice I could either scale these down just with the Bounding Box if you hold down Shift it maintains

aspect ratio or you could use the Scale tool does'nt matter. So we've got this all set up last thing we need to do is put in the text that says

COFFEE just gonna get the Type tool what I wanna do is just eyeball this I'm gonna just put it right down under nieth the center of the cup

type in COFFEE in all caps and an exclimation point now it looks really goofy here. Notice that if I

click on it with the Black Arrow it shows that it's Myraid Pro up in the Options bar 12pt I wanna pick a sarif typeface lets pop this open and come down to

I'll just choose Times and I want it to be bold so I wonder if do we need to...

open up the Character palette here go under Window over to Type and I'm just gonna open up

Character. Notice that it says Regular I can choose Bold from here so that changes it's style

but you could scale it up, we could just pop this open and choose 72 and that actually looks pretty good but if you wanted it to be bigger or smaller.

There are a couple of other tricks with it selected if I press Command Shift and do ">" or "<" I can scale it up and it goes

in 2pt incriments if I do Command Option Shift it pops up in 10pt incriments so this is a real fast way to scale.

You can do that with the type if you drag over it and select it as well this just does all the point type now right now it's positioned over...

it's left aligned essentially this is called Point Type. Point Type aligns to the point where you clicked if I come over here and click the Align Center button

now it's undernieth the shape there we go last thing I'll do is put my name on it scale that down and that could also

scale it down just using the bounding box here just click and drag it down holding down Shift agian constrains it notice when I scale it down it now shows the new

point value put it in postion. There we're done we've now built a coffee cup I hope that

this video is helpful for you it should walk you through the complete exersise in Illustrator for drawing a coffee cup and I think it introduces you to this idea that you can

use... I mean basicly we just used the Pencil tool a whole lot of the Elipse we Joined some stuff we did some Gradients we did a lot

of Option Transformation and put in just a little Type and we made something that looks fairly good so let me

know if you have any questions Thanks.

The Description of Illustrator (CS versions) making a coffee cup