Practice English Speaking&Listening with: How To Take Better Lecture Notes | LBCC Study Skills

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todays workshop is called taking better lecture notes in just a quick uh... word

about the one next week it's called how to predict test questions

this is the first one of five workshops in a row i think it is that all have


terrible "T" word in it which is test or tests

so it's kind of a long series in how to become a great test taker which always

helps so that's uh... what's coming up next week

now i wanted to ask everybody a question before we start and uh... again

participation is welcome in these workshops

we're talking about taking notes while teachers are lecturing today so my

question is

kind of a simple one but i don't know if you've ever thought of this

why is it important or helpful for you to take notes

while a teacher is talking

what's the whole point of even doing that

to remember

yeah uh... one of the things that is the simplist way i can describe it is

you wanna take notes so that you don't have to rely on your memory

later on

you could be a fantastic listener and you can concentrate really well on the

teacher but unless you have an amazing ability to remember that

two or three or four weeks later when you're studying for a test on that


uh... it's almost impossible to remember what a teacher said

that's why you want to rely on your notes and if your notes are good and

they're complete and you can

study a lot from them

you should do better as a result

uh... the class that i teach

which is learn eleven a study skills course

my students are required on every test among other things

to do a

short writing probably less than a page where they describe in detail

something that i've taught them in class kind of like their teaching it back to


and very often amazingly often especially early in the semester

i get a student who writes as their answer

i don't remember

and how many points do they get for that


the big zero right and so what they're basically saying is

i was there that day it's like three weeks ago i remember

what you were talking about even remember what you were wearing

but i can't quite remember what you said and they're trying to actually go back

and remember

that's dangerous

so that's why you write it in your notes so that you can go over it and over it and

when the test comes it's still fresh in your mind that's the goal okay

so uh... as i mentioned a few minutes ago i'm gonna give you a handout that

uh... is sort of a a outline of what i'm gonna talk about hopefully i'll be able

to get all the way through this

today there's always a lot that i would love to share

never enough time so

i'll just go ahead and sort of give you a

but you can kind of pass that back

if there are extras back there you can just hold on to them and i'll get 'em at

the end and actually let me put some here

case people show up late

okay so in order to take better lecture notes uh... there are seven things

listed here uh... couple of little sub points so this will hopefully be easy for

you to follow uh...

people who are really good note takers

and there aren't that many of them actually because that's a skill uh...

end up doing almost all or all of these things regularly it's just a habit people

who are not good note takers

don't do any of these or maybe they just do one so if you can learn to do them

you'll be better at note-taking than most people

the first one on the list

has nothing to do with taking notes in class

it just has to do with preparing for lectures

there are two suggestions there

and i don't know if anybody here does

these already or not but

they're actually very simple but very hopeful when the

uh... lecture starts

the first one of these so this is the little sub point under number one

is to review the notes

and what notes are we talking about here


right the previous notes from the last time you were in class

most teachers when they lecture when that's their main way of teaching

when they come into the classroom they put everything down they might take role

and then usually they don't review alot they just sort of

hit the ground running right where they left off the time before

if it's been five days if it's been a week since you were in there last time

it's really hard to remember what the teacher was talking about at the end of

class and as a result

it's there's hard to focus at the beginning so if you were to spend five

to ten minutes

before class

right before

or earlier that morning or even the night before just kind of remembering

that it helps and then the other one that's part of that is uh...

previewing the textbook

and so if you have a teacher

who lectures basically from

the textbook

so every time you go there's a chapter covered for you to spend fifteen minutes

before you go to class

and become familiar with the main terms the


all of that

it helps you when the teacher talks to start following them right from the

beginning kind of warming up your brain and so these again

might take a total of twenty or thirty minutes to do number one

but it actually helps alot when the lecture begins

so this is a very basic one

and uh... there's a lot more that i can say about that but i'm gonna go ahead

and move on

the second one

on the list is something that i always explain to my

students early in this semester very early

and that is when in doubt write it down that's my rule for note-taking


are you able to write down everything the teacher says

no unless you are the fastest writer ever so that means all the time while

you're listening to the teacher you have to make choices

should i write that

do i not need to write that and sometimes it's really hard to tell

whether you should write something or not is that important or not

some teachers are really good about telling you

this is really important write it down that's nice

but most teachers don't do that they just talk and so one of the reasons that

you want to do these things

is so that when you get the class

and you listen to the teacher

you already have an idea of what's important in the book or what was made

important last time and then you can make good choices

but the other part of this is

uh... if you're ever in a class and the teachers talking fast and you're trying

to write things down and you're trying to decide

if you get to a point where they're saying something and you hesitated you


should i write that or not

what's the best thing to do

write it down

ok uh... it's much better to make a mistake on the side of writing too much

in your notes

rather than not enough and often times in my class i see


looking at me

and paying attention to me

and so that's nice to see

but then i make several points in a row

and i look and they just

are sitting there

just like it's a conversation and they're listening to me but they're not writing

any of it down

and that makes me always very nervous because there may be a test

two weeks or three weeks later

and i know that most of them are'nt going to remember anything of what i said

if you write it down and as as i said before you get to go back and review it

later so if you're ever wondering

it's like fifty-fifty should i write that or not go ahead and write it if you're

pretty much sure it's not important go ahead and skip it

but it's better write too much than not at all

okay so that's very simple principle number two

okay now for these next couple gonna slow down a little take a little more

time number three is my my main

uh... advice that i give students about note-taking

and that's to go on a diet

which sounds like a very strange uh... suggestion

anyone want to guess what i mean by that


yeah that's right we'll uh... when somebody goes on a diet and they lose a

lot of weight what happens to their body

it shrinks right

that's what you're trying to do now i just got through telling you that the

number one mistake that most people make is that they don't write enough

they sit and listen but they don't write enough that's a problem

the second most common problem is this and that is once their hand starts

moving and they start writing

they write way

too many

words and every time you're writing these words the teachers always talking

faster than your writing which means you're falling

further and further behind it is very frustrating especially if your teacher

really is fast like a lot of them are and so

uh... what you should do is learn to go on a diet

there are actually several ways

to do that but i'm gonna show you one and kind of illustrate it and then

give you another one two ideas

the first one so again this is under number three

is to learn how

to use abbreviations a lot when you take notes

most of you who take notes now probably use

a few of those

but i want you to learn how to use even

more and so uh... i want to ask a question before i show you what i have in mind here

uh... some people i ask do you use abbreviations when you take notes and

they say oh no

no no i would never do that

and i ask them why and what do you think there

reason is

yeah they they're they're terrified

and this is a good fear

they're terrified that they're gonna forget what that's an abbreviation of

and then when they go back to their notes they don't even understand them so

that's a problem okay but

i have something in mind for you so let me show you this

um... if you were in


history class

and you walked in on the day of the lecture and your teacher said

today in class we're going to talk about the period of history

in our country after

the civil war which was called reconstruction

so that's the whole subject of the lecture

well you're gonna have to write that word reconstruction

a lot

you don't want to write that a lot it's a very very long word

and also and some of you who are

taking more technical classes

if you don't know how to spell the word

that slows you down even more because you're trying to get it right so i wanna

write the word reconstruction here and i know how to spell it so that makes it


but just look you don't have to time it on your watch or anything but look how

long it takes me even if i write fast

to write that word

what is the teacher doing while i'm writing that

yeah talking if you ever get a teacher who says that's a long word i'll wait

while you all write it down

you should almost have a heart attack they never do that they're just talking

ok so while you're writing

they're getting further

and further away from you and so this is a mistake

well one abbreviation that people sometimes think of for this would be

something like this

and that's a lot shorter and even though it doesn't seem like it matters that


every second is kind of important when you're racing to stay up with the


so this would be good

uh... what's wrong with

this abbreviation

yeah this could stand for

lots of things

right and that's what we were talking about before you don't want to get

confused about that

but i'm gonna give you a suggestion and i know this is going to sound like a bad

idea but you just have to sort of hang with me for a minute

my favorite abbreviation of this word is not

this or this

it's this

and that's a real abbreviation that's like a diet down to one letter

now what i'm not saying is that when you abbreviate things that it should always be

one letter

anything you do to make it shorter is good but

this looks like a terrible idea why because that could stand for

thousands of words right and can you imagine

if you wrote notes and you thought of this really good abbreviation

and you used it all over the page and then you looked at it like three weeks

later before the test that you have no idea what r is

thats bad thats really bad


this brings me back to the first point that i made

on the uh... outline and that is

to prepare for lectures

one of the things a lot of people do which doesn't take very long and very


is that when they're looking through their notes or their textbook especially

their book

and they happen to notice that there are certain words that keep coming up over

and over again in the book because that's the main subject of the chapter

they realize

when i go to class tomorrow or later today i'm gonna have to write that word

a lot and i don't want to write it

so what they do is they find a sheet of paper

write the word abbreviations at the top and they abbreviate that

and then in this example they would write r equals

and then write the word reconstruction

and then they look in that same chapter and they notice

the president of the united states during most of that time was a man named

andrew johnson

what is a good abbreviation for andrew johnson

yeah a_j_

but all of you have had history classes you know that there are hundreds of

names in there

and so there could be another a_j_ you want to get that mixed up so you go back

to your little page and you write a j equals andrew johnson and maybe just write two

or three more

when you get to class

and you're ready to take notes and i'm

sitting next to you and i haven't even looked at the book i don't even know

what the lectures about at all

as soon as the teacher comes in and says

today we're going to talk about andrew johnson and reconstruction and then they

just are talking really fast

i'm sitting there

re cons

st st struc

tion and i'm going really

slowly and you're writing your abbreviation down and then going fast

and then when you go back later to review your notes

you don't have to remember now what was a

uh... j what was r

because it's on your little key so it takes your memory out of it which is

good so especially when a teacher of yours lectures from the book

you can look ahead of time and try to make a little strategy like this and again it

doesn't take very long

but it helps when the time comes so that's what i mean by abbreviations

and i'm gonna show you a couple more examples in just a little while and then

the other part of this

uh.. number three talking about going on a diet with your notes

is this and i'm going to say this two different ways one is

leave out




when you're writing notes in class are your notes supposed to be usually

beautiful full sentences

no and what some people do is they write beautiful sentences all the way


and that slows them down because again you're trying to shrink what you do

so what you want to do is make you're no notes

uh... something that an english teacher would have a heart attack

looking at because it's terrible english and all that terrible grammar

and as a result its all choppy

all kinds of words are taken out

and it's just the basic

words that you need again i'm gonna show you how this works in a few minutes

people find this sometimes hard to do at first

because they're thinking all right you want me to use abbreviations

and you want me to leave out un important words

so they're trying to listen to the teacher and write good notes and

remember to use abbreviations and remember what words to take out

it just seems like it's too hard

but if you practice it enough

you start getting really good and really fast at it and again i'm gonna show you

what it looks like

actually in writing in just a little while

so these are the two uh... parts of going on a diet okay now the next one on

the list is number four which is know your instructor

and this could mean a lot of different things

but i have one

uh... specific idea and then a follow up to it

um... the first one

is to


your teachers lecture style

so this is the first part of that

their lecture style

uh... you know that uh... from your experience as a student whether that's a

lot of experience or a little you know that every teacher has a different way

that they

get their material across

how many of you have a teacher this semester who uses the

screen and shows power point or something similar to that

got any

only a few only a few

how about uh... teachers who write on the board

got some of those

okay uh some people uh...

give handouts go off of that ok and then other people other teachers just

stand there and


you have nothing to look at it's just talk talk talk for two or three hours ok

that makes it hard

so what i mean by the lecture style is

what does your teacher want you to write in the notes

ok some teachers are very good about telling you ahead of time

this is what you should write but quick question for you when you see something

on a board that somebody wrote or it's on the screen like on a power point

um... should you

write those things down in your notes

yet the answer to that uh... officially is

uh... not sure it depends on the teacher ok some teachers if you ask them

i noticed that you use the board a lot or that you have the power point am i

supposed to be writing all that down

some teachers you know what they'll say

yes that's why i'm writing it up there

and so you need to write it but there are other teachers who say

you don't have to write all that down

it's all in your book

i'm just giving you

all of that as a visual aid so you can follow me better when i teach

and you can write a little of it but you don't have to sit there writing like


those of you who have teachers who use power point if you ever had this

teachers don't understand how long it takes for people to write things down

and so they're clicking clicking click into the next one and you almost get a

sore neck trying to write all that down ann sometimes you need to write it but

sometimes you don't

um... so you're trying to understand early in the semester for every teacher

'cause they're all different

what do you want me to write how do you want me to write the notes

and then the other part of this

is this uh...

i'm gonna uh... sort of introduce this first before i write it on the board

there is a habit

that you can get into doing

that i bet nobody here has ever done in your life

that will take you less than five minutes

and it'll help your notes to be much better

after that

and should help you get better grades

so that should sound pretty good it just takes a few minutes of your time

and it helps everything get better and here's what it is

when you show up to most college classes the very first day

what does the teacher usually do the first day

talks about the class so they

they usually give you a syllabus

they explaine what you're gonna be doing the rules usually they don't

lecture very much unless it's a like a three hour class and so they just

kind of introduce the class right then the second time you go

that's usually

the start right so this is the first lecture and unless you've had that

teacher before

which you probably haven't

this is the first experience you've ever had

watching this person teach and listening to them so all new to you right

so here's the little habit

when the first lecture of the semester is over

and the teacher says i'll see you next week

and everybody starts walking out the door

what i want you to do


not walk out the door but instead walk up to your teacher and show the teacher


what are you gonna show them

yeah your notes

have you ever shown a teacher your notes before

most people say

are you kidding

you know i would never do that because there's sort of embarrassed about them

but this

is one of the best things that you can ever do

um... the reason for that

going to start that with you

the reason for that is this um...

there are a few teachers a few who will not react very well to this but most

teachers will really react well

if you walk up after the first lecture your teacher doesn't really know who you

are yet they're still learning the names

so you would go up to them as they're getting ready to leave the room and

you'd say uh... you'd introduce yourself

and then you'd say i wonder if you could do me a really big favor if you've got

i took notes today

i don't have any idea if these notes are good for what i need in this class or


so could you just take a minute or two and look at the notes

and just give me an idea of if whether

i'm on the right track or whether they're way off

every once in awhile a teacher won't help you

but most teachers will be so excited

that you actually care that much

to ask them to look at your notes that they'll be very happy to

and so

here's what will happen the teacher says oh sure that's fine and so you

you give them your notes and they put it on the podium right in front of them i

know that that's a little bit um... scary for you to stand there watching

the teacher

evaluate your notes

but here's what will happen sometimes not very often but sometimes the teacher

will look at your notes

and then they'll say

yeah these are good these are good

and you say really

okay that's good and then how if that's the case if that happens

how are you gonna take notes every time you go to class after that

yeah same way

but is that usually going to happen no

instead here's what's gonna happen you give your notes to the teacher

yeah sure let me look at 'em

and then while you're standing there the teacher starts looking through your


and starts making this sound that only teachers can make

it's like this

tch, tch, tch

and they'll look at you and say

no no these really are not very good

now if they say that to you i know what you want to say back

you want to look at them and say

well if you just talk slower than i can and this is not time to get into

an argument that's bad but what you do is this

and a lot of students have

taken me up on this and have done it they say oh these notes really

aren't that good for this class and they say no they're not

can you show me an example of where i messed up

and so here's what the teacher might do they might look on your notes

and they might say

see right here

you wrote this little

phrase in your notes

and you look at it and say yeah here it is

looks good and i wrote that

and they said i'm glad you wrote that

because i put it on the board

but they'll say i talked about that subject for over ten minutes

and that's all i see on your paper there are no notes about it at all

and so you might say well

the reason i didn't write anything down is that you were just giving examples

and i didn't really think it was that important to write the examples down

and so the teacher might say

in this class whenever i

say the words for example

write the next thing that i say so in other words they're teaching you

how to take notes for them and every teachers different for this

and so if you show them bad notes

and they point out how to make them better

then your notes after that should be better and then your grade should go up

here's what people do all the time which is kind of sad

the go to the first lecture of the semester they take notes and the notes are really bad

they don't know their bad

but they're just bad the next time they come how do they take notes

the same way

same way

bad bad bad bad bad bad and then they gather all their notes they're bad notes

to study for their first test


how do they do on the test

bad but if they take notes

bad notes once

and then they fix them from then on because they know what the teacher said

then their notes are better better better and then their grades usually are

better also so the uh... the little section there under know your instructor

would be you can see it this way show the notes

to teacher

uh... early in the semester

for evaluation

is probably the best way to say it

you could do that even now

i know it's the seventh week and it would've been good to do it like the

first or second week

but if you're taking a lot of notes in your class now

and you're not even sure if you're even close to being what you're supposed to

be as a note taker

it wouldn't hurt even now to go up to the teacher afterward and say this is

how i've been taking notes all semester

should i change something or do these look good and then just let the teacher

tell you

and it'll help a lot ok so that's a concept of know your instructor

any questions on any of these four so far we're gonna get to the last couple

which are

important but i wanna

make sure your all ok before i move

we're good ok so um... the number five on the list is use a good note-taking system or


uh... there are actually a lot of ways to take notes

and when i ask students this question i almost always get the same answer i say

when you take notes what method do you use

and most people look at me

what method and i say yeah they say well mine

in other words they just sort of write

stuff i kinda made it up

in order to be a good note taker

because every teachers different you need to have more than one way of taking

notes if you have like

three or four different ways that would be good

one of those ways would probably be your favorite one

and it would usually work

but you're gonna get into a class where that just doesn't work and it's good to

have plan b and plan c

well the one that i want to show you some of you may be already familiar with


this method of note taking actually works very well for a lot of students it's

not perfect and it doesn't work for everyone equally but

it's always has a good track record so i want to go through this with you for a

couple minutes and teach it to you

and then i'm gonna show you an example of this so that you could really get a

good idea of uh how it uh... looks in practice ok

so this is called the cornell note-taking system and you can always

read the information

these steps later on

but for right now to make this easier

i want you to go ahead and turn to the back side

and look at the little diagram there ok and so what i want to do this is just

uh... kind of a visual aid for you

i want to show you how notes are taken this way and then i'm going to give you

an example and show you why they're helpful for a lot of students ok

so here's what you do

to take notes in the cornell method uh... normally unless you have very

strange notebook paper

your paper has a little margin on the left side right and so what you do to do


is you go up to the very top line and you do this ahead of time

and you have to prepare your paper

and it takes five seconds to prepare it so it's about as easy as it gets

you go to the top-line right at the margin you go in about one more inch

and then you draw a line down

you stop about five six lines from the bottom and you draw another line across

and you just do that on every piece of paper that you're going to use so that's

pretty easy

when you do a when you've drawn these two lines

you've divided your notes into three parts

this big part right here which is where you're going to take notes during class

and then this wide margin and this bottom part and you're not going to do

anything with these during the lecture

this is for afterward

and so then when the teacher starts teaching

you're gonna be writing notes in this section and the one difference between

the way you may take notes now and the way this asks you to

is that you're going to be writing some things right here at the margin

and you're gonna be writing other things in further on the page

and so what goes here at the margin

is what is listed

right here and by the way

when you do this with your notes you're not supposed to write the words

main idea and supporting details on the paper it just shows where they go again

it's kind of a diagram

but here's the way this looks

the teacher is going to be a history teacher again and they're gonna teach

you today about the many causes of the civil war so that's the subject of the

the um...the lecture

first thing they say is

the first cause of the civil war in this country was the economic problems in the

country at the time

so that's the first main idea the first subject

you write that here

then they give you details probably more details then you want

all those details get written here

then they say let's go on to the second cause of the civil war which was


and you go back here write that

you write the details about it

and that's basically the way you take notes during the class again nothing

over here

nothing down here just the notes

and one quick question about this and that is uh...

we talked about um...

the idea of um... try to go on a diet with your notes as much as possible

on which part of these

would you need to go on a diet more

the main ideas or the details

yeah the details and the reason is cuz you wanna make sure you get the main

ideas really clearly down

it's the details that most teachers

fire at you way too fast and that's where you have to abbreviate and leave out

unimportant words

i'll show you an example of this in a little bit

now if you're still taking notes when you get down here near the end of the

uh... class

uh... the bottom of this page is not here

because you're saving this for later it's right there

then you would go to another piece of paper or the back side

and just keep doing what you're doing with those two lines written and that's

how you take notes during the class

k when the class is over

then it's time to


and part of the way you review is to fill this out and the other one is to

fill this out and i'm gonna show you examples of that as we go

when you look here at the... diagram

you see that often this left margin it talks about keywords or titles

and then at the bottom it's a summary

so what is that exactly look like

well if we take this as an example let's say that you wrote in your notes

one cause of civil war was economic problems in the country

right across from it after class you would write the same thing that you

wrote here except just

shorter just a few words like a title

so you might write economic problems

and then you'd slide down and read second cause of civil war was


and you'd write the word slavery here

and then you do that all the way down so that's what these titles look like

and then the last thing you do

is to write a short summary just a couple of sentences

where you name the main ideas again maybe give a couple of details and then

when you're done

that's it it's kind of a package deal

alright now i want to show you an example of how this works

and then i gonna

give you uh... sort of an explanation of why this tends to help a lot

uh... so let me go ahead and

give you the this

this should look at least sort of familiar to you

okay because it's the same form as what i just explained but this is what it

looks like again actually having been taken

take it

so uh... this is a these are notes from a lecture in a biology class they

all deal with poisonous animals as you can see there

and so uh...the person who took these notes


uh... the main ideas which were the animals that were being discussed and

then all kinds of details about each one

went back out to the margin details back out et cetera same form all of

this on the left all of this on the bottom again was not touched during

class at all

um... i want to have you take a look at all of this and i know that you haven't

actually heard this lecture but i just want to show you a few things

um... i talked about uh... leaving out unimportant words abbreviating if

you look at the very top of the page where it says arrow poison frog

the very first fact listed there

even though you've never heard this before i bet you can figure out what it

says what does it say


and whats the other part

see this is hard going backwards from not having heard it right

what this first uh...

phrase was

in the lecture was

the this animal the aero poison frog lives in the rain forests of south and central


that's what that means

and there are forty types

they're all less than two inches long

et cetera et cetera okay

so rather than writing they live in the rainforest of south and central america

which would take you forever you try to figure out a way to shorten words to


and just right at like a skeleton without any meat on it that's the way i

describe the notes

and again if you gave this to an english teacher they would have a heart attack looking

at it cause it's all terrible

no correct spelling grammar it doesn't matter ok as long as you understand what it

means that's the important thing also you remember i said a little while ago that

doing a little research ahead of time

and figuring out some abbreviations you're going to use is very helpful well

if you look in the upper corner of the page you see where it says p equals


this person knew that this lecture was going to be about poisonous animals and

they thought

i'm gonna have to write the word poison poisonous poisoned all the time i don't

wanna right that it takes too long

so they came up with a little key

that every time they have to write any of those words they're going to just put

a capital p_ and if you look down the list you see a lot of capital p's and

that saved precious seconds that they could use them to keep up with the

teacher again it's like a race that you are trying to keep up um... so this is the way

that notes actually look and then there's a summary at the bottom

which mentions the names of the three animals again and gives a few little

details about each one ok now uh... everything that you see here should look

familiar based on what i taught you about this and even though i went

through it quickly

there's one thing though on here that should not look familiar

because i didn't say anything about it

what is that

yeah besides the summary yeah is the numbers

okay i didn't say anything about number so what is that well i'm gonna show you that in a

second turn to the back side if you would

these notes are exactly the same as these everything is the same front and back

except one big thing

which is

all these little words out to the side

so if you take a quick look back at your outline for this workshop you

see number six there which says review your notes interactively

now how do you think most people review their notes

when they go back to study them what do you think they do with them

or what do you do with your notes

yeah how do you review 'em

yeah what most people do is they try

to read 'em figure out what they wrote and then if they have time after that

what do they do

read 'em again

and then if they have time to read 'em again

and they just hope that if they look at it enough that somehow it'll get in

their brain and they'll remember it for the test

well that's studying your notes reviewing 'em but it's not the best way to do it

the best way to do it is interactively and what that means is

this i'll show you this example

uh... we take this that's already been taken in the cornell method and take a

blank sheet of paper or your hand or a book or whatever

and you cover up the entire page except for that left column

and then you read the first title out loud to yourself and then what's the

next thing you do

yeah you

test yourself right so you say okay

and that's what these numbers are i'm supposed to know seven things about

the a arrow poison frog what are they

and you actually test

yourself and then when you're done you go back and say okay i got that one i

got that one i got that one wrong so you make a little note i

forgot that one completely and so that's what interactive means it's that your

testing yourself not just staring at them

but testing yourself and when you cover up the majority of the page

what is this page

more like now as a study tool

what do you have what what do you use as a study tool that has two sides to it

yeah flashcards right so you test yourself and learn what's on the back well

you don't even have to do that with these because they're actually

already in that form you have one side and the second side

and then even better than that even though it's not necessary or required

when we go to the other side

uh... it's a lot easier to test yourself when you have these little words that

prompt your memory

because if you're on the front side you're just saying okay

i know i'm supposed to know seven things about the arrow poison frog what

are they and you're trying to remember here you're actually able to say okay where

where do they live

how many types are there what's the size and it makes you learn the

material faster

and so you always know if your notes are good

if you're able to go back to them later and test yourself from them

to get ready for the test

and if you can't really test yourself on them at all all you can do is just look

at 'em they're not very helpful so this format the reason i like this format a


is because then you're able to fill things out on the left and then cover up

and test yourself

and see what you know and what you don't know

and then keep testing yourself till you know it all and then when the test comes

the real one

you should do very well okay so that's the meaning behind

uh... and studying the notes or reviewing it interactively ok and then

of the last thing

that i wanted to share with you just for a couple minutes

uh... has to do with number seven which is type or rewrite your notes and by

the way i should say one more thing about this uh cornell method that's kind of

important and that is uh...

this method of note-taking does not work equally well with every teacher

the kind of teacher that this works the best with is a very organized teacher

who seems to be following some kind of an outline when they teach

all of you i think have had teachers like that where everything is just step

to step to step

but all of you have probably also had at least a few teachers

they didn't teach that way at all it seemed like they were making it up as

they went along and they are just all over the place

it's really hard to take notes in this method

when the teacher talks about one thing

and then a second thing

and then they say more things about the first thing and they are just all over

so if you have an organized teacher

this works great if your teachers not like that at all

then you may need to figure out another way to do it but this is a something

that's kind of important for you to know so as far as number seven goes

and uh... by the way is this did the sign-in sheet make it back

ok just want to make sure that's right somebody brought it up

i want to take a look at these before i

have you go um...

type or rewrite your notes

uh... do you think if you took time to type up your notes

on your computer or rewrite them on paper that they would be better than the

notes you took originally

you know the chances are really good the answer is yes okay but

and so everybody kind of understands that but then i say okay so why don't you do that

with your notes

and everybody says

you want me to rewrite it

you want me to type 'em up you know it's seems like i don't have time for

that it takes a lot of effort and i understand that

uh... i've even had a few people say so you think it's important to

type up your notes or rewrite and i said yes it's very helpful and they actually

handed me their notes and they say could you do that for me

and i said

no first of all i'm really busy but second of all

that misses the whole point and so what i wanted you to be aware of for this is

when your

sitting there at your computer

and you're reading your notes

and you're trying to figure out how to

say them better

or you have paper and you're trying to rewrite them you're not just copying

everything that you tried to re-do them

what are you doing

basically while you're re writing or typing 'em

yeah you're reading 'em over and you're thinking about'em which means you're

reviewing 'em

which is really good and so the act of doing that of typing or re-writing your

notes is review its study

and then when you're done you have notes that are better than the ones who took

in class and so you may not be able to do this with every class you have

but if you have one class in particular

where the teacher talks really fast or gives a huge amount of information one

of the best things you could do later that day or that night while it's

still sort of fresh

is to go back over your notes and type them up or rewrite on and then the notes

are better

you've studied while you were doing it

it's all good so i know it seems like a hassle like it takes time

but there's a lot of benefit to doing it so i would definitely recommend that


uh... let me take a quick look here and always want to make sure i can read

these uh... michelle

michelle okay

just wanna make sure i got uh... the names right okay good

alright so i'll email all these teachers later today

uh... remember next week is the workshop on how to predict test questions i think

that's kind of a helpful things so i'd love to see you back for that one and

thanks for coming today

The Description of How To Take Better Lecture Notes | LBCC Study Skills