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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Gypsies: Wanderers No More - ROBERT SEPEHR

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Transylvania

is a region in Central Romania

known for mediaeval towns

and mysterious castles

like the Gothic fortress associated with the Legend of Dracula

which translates to "Dragon"

and in modern times has become interpreted to mean "Devil"

The city of Brazov

is in the Transylvania region of Romania

and features colorful Baroque buildings

a towering, Gothic black church

and lots of warm people

and festive cafés

Let's have a look, shall we?

The Roma, or Romani

are traditionally defined as a nomadic ethnic group

but, that hardly says anything

Nomadic simply implies that they wander

and they're disbursed into several countries, that's true

but, for a more appropriate answer, we need to dig a bit deeper

They are widely known by the sometimes derogatory Term "Gypsies"

who culturally and genetically

can trace their ancestry back to Mesopotamia

and Northern regions of the Indian subcontinent

where several population waves are believed to have left

sometime between the sixth and elevehnt century

dispersing into the Middle East

parts of Asia, and of course, into Europe

and this is from where we get the term "Romania"

a word stemming from "Rom"

Not everyone left, however

and the ones that stayed behind are called "Dom"

So, we have one group that's "Rom" and another "Dom"

Rom became the modern Romanian group

and both speak versions of Indo-European languages

just like English, Spanish

German, even Farsi and Sanskrit

none of which originated in India

but, is where the Romanian Gypsy part of this story starts

Now, before leaving North India

The Gypsies, or Roma were

part of a population called Domian-Arabic

appearing in kashmiri Sanskrit texts

as the descendants of Domba

who were performers in the Persian Imperial Dynasty

at the peak of the ancient Iranian civilisation

and by performer, I mean renowned musicians and poets

and probably servants as well

as Doma or Domba

is also extensively used in Hindu and Buddhist literature

for a segregated and enslaved population

The famous Iranian singer Googoosh

wrota a song called Koli in which she mentions the Dom people

the Gypsies of Iran

The Indian snake charmers pretend to hypnotize the snake with music

and since snakes are deaf

maybe it's the mesmerizing movement that has the serpent so entranced

Kalbelia is one of the most sensuous dance forms

of Rajasthan, India

performed by an exotic tribe

famous for their serpentine movements

an integral part of their culture

a celebration of life

as well as death

by the Cobra Gypsies

Despite ongoing persecution

they can still be found dancing the Sapara

or, Snake Dance

that features twirling around with richly embroidered robes

beautifully flaying out in a colorful display

Sapara is also the name given to the snake charmers of India

but, what was in the thousands is now limited to only a few hundred

their profession and ancient religion being phased out by law

Their traditional occupation

has always been, and you'll love this

to catch snakes

and then trade their valuable snake venom

and they don't harm the snakes in any way that I'm aware of

but, this practice may be in conflict

with the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972

contributing to the stigma that some hold against them

They are also scorned for their form of Goddess worship

In particular, the Goddess Kali

or, Sara, as they call her

Also known as the Black Virgin

Sharing a symbolic link to the Black Madonna statues

brought back into Europe and erected in cathedrals by the Templars

as I cover in a prior video, and in one of my books

There are about five hundred shrine images or statues

of the Black Virgin in various churches across Europe

with many having claimed that the blackening effect

is due to the centuries of smoke

from candles and incense burners

but to the un-gullable

the symbolic link points back to the Indian Kali

the Anatolian Sibyl

the Sumerian Inanna

or Ishtar of Babylon

the Syrian Anat

the Hebrew Lillith

the Greek Diana

of course, Egyptian Isis, (_____) and others

black was the color of fertility and abundance

The rich, black soil of the Nile, for example

reflected in the word Khemet, which means black

and did not refer to skin color

With monotheism the Goddess religions of the archaic world were suppressed

their symbols demonised

the sacred sexuality and activities associated with the cult of Inanna and Ishtar

were condemned as prostitution and outlawed

Diana became the Goddess of the witches

and witches became the vilified term for

what became the successors to the female Shamans

The wise women of the woods

Their serpent symbol then changed from one of wisdom

as Jesus himself is reported to have said, "Be wise as serpents..."

the use of plants, stones, chants, dances and rituals

went underground. In many cases, literally

with the term occult, which means "secret"

applied to their activities

which became disguised and disseminated as alchemy

hidden in poetry and mythology

concealed in art, and even architecture

and covertly masked in mysterious traditional folk music and dance

Flamenco dance was formed over the centuries

from a combination of Iberian, like for example the Bask

Celtic

Gothic

Byzantine

Islamic

Sephardic

Christian

Phoenecian

and, of course, Gypsy culture

The precise origins of Flamenco dance, are therefore, unclear

but, the North African influence, for example, the Burburs

around Morocco and other influences from the regions around the Mediterranean

are very aparent

Ole'!

Interesting correlations have been observed between the BurBur percussions and drums

and the Flamenco rhythms

as historians search for the origins of Flamenco

seeking out a direct connection

to Gypsies coming from Northern India

where the term Flamines

could be used for Brahman priests

the nobility of the Aryan caste system

who, through their performance of Flamenco in Spain

may have started as sacred rites and chants

similar to what one might expect among the Islamic Sufis, for examle

That said, the ancient Book of Manu

a sacred text in Hinduism

suggest that Spain's Gitano communities Romani ancestors

are described as belonging to an untouchable caste

associated with music and dance, which are not Aryans

but people conquered, and subjugated by them

so, to gain some context and clarity on thes

let's turn to genetics and linguistics for some better insight

Iran is a nation of roughly eighty million citizens

and, unlike other parts of the world that have forgotten their racial identity

due to things like globalization and now, forced immigration

and forced multicultural assimilation

Iranians, despite having been converted to Islam, en masse

are still very well aware

that "Aryan" implies Nobility

as it is etched in Cuneiform on ancient Aryan tombs

Iranian tribes living along the Northern side of the Alborz Mountains

tend to raise livestock

and share genetic affinities with people around the Caspian Sea area

for example, Armenians

MTDNA sequences, meaning the maternal genetic lineage

matches that of their neighbors

but their Y chromosomes, meaning the male lineage

most closely resembles those found in groups from the South Caucuses on the border of Eastern Europe

and Western Asia

It's interesting that, in addition to massive pyramids

many tall, blonde four thousand year old mummies

have been found along the Silk Road in China

and they were wearing beautifully woven clothing

which reminded people of a Celtic style

so much, that many assumed they were European (Western European)

some insisting they were Irish

but in fact, these Aryan mummies turned out to be haplogroup R1a1a

and R1b is the most common haplogroup in Western Europe

reaching about 80% of the population in Ireland

the Scottish Highlands, Western Wales

the Atlantic fringe of France

and you can see this on this map

however, these Aryan mummies

like all Aryans of the holocene, meaning the last ten thousand years, or so

come from places like Northern Iran

and those who are still pushing for an Irish origin

do so out of sheer ignorance

or, possibly a sense of nationalism, perhaps

but, like with the Caucasian mummies of Egypt

DNA trumps emotional arguments

and political agendas

The mummies from China

don't look like they should be in China

They look like they should be in Denmark, or Ireland, or Northern Germany

because they look like people from over there

so, what are these guys doing so many hundreds / thousands of miles

to the east?

DNA steps up to the plate, and they can tell us where they came from

Archaeology steps up to the plare and says when they may have come over

Combine the two, they've got the family history

and the kit-n-caboodle that they lived in

What are these people doing there?

So long ago,

well before the opening of the Sulk Road which is dated to 138 BC

these mummies date back, some of them, to 2000 BC

We are, in our bodies, the carrier of an archive

a genetic archive. It tells, if you were to study me, where I'm from and if I studied you, where you're from

and there's no lying about it

In your books you might say you're from another place, but your genetics will tell us exactly where you're from.

We all carry in us, males and females, DNA that comes from our maternal line, through our mothers and grandmothers

So, why is that important? For starters, it allows people who studied that aspect of genetics in any individual, to retrace the history of that particular person

through the mother's lineage, the female mummies

who were mostly of local origin

However, there's another type of testing, the Y chromosome testing, which is the male line

The males came from parts further West

Not necessarily Ireland, but places like Iran, maybe towards parts of Turkey

The mom's side and the grandmother's side is from the Tarim Basin

and the father's and grandfather's side were moving in

with their sheep, with their herds, slowly but surely

and having families

Living their daily lives, so that is an additional aspect that the archaeological part...

...to some extent corroborates, but doesn't tell in that great of detail, and that's the wonderful thing about DNA tenting

The Punjabi Snake Goddess worshippers of the Indus Valley is where we can trace back

the flamboyant dresses and alluring dance of the proud and fearless wandering Gypsies

The Gilaki people are one of the main ethnic groups residing in the Northern parts of Iran and Southern coastal regions of the Caspian Sea

In case you're wondering why the dance involves such small, careful steps

take a look at what she's balancing on her head

A lit flame in a lamp

Fire

Zoroastrianism, as a philosophy, and then as a religion, in attributed to Zarathustra

but, he only reformed an existing, more Pagan religion of Mitraism

The popular modern image of Zarathustra, the Zoroastrian Prophet

are based largely on an Iranian rock relief near Kermanshah, Iran

from 363 AD, showing the God Mitra

Zoroastrian fire temples are considered by followers to be symbolic gateways to Mitra

an ancient Persian Sun Goddess before being turned male by the Roman Empire

who had a crown of light, later symbolically portrayed as a flame lit torch

and the perpetually lit flame found in all fire temples

represent light, in the spiritual context of light, not literally

and that's why it's worshipped

Zoroastrians are also Sun worshippers

and rather than perceive it as a giant God flying in the sky

they likely chose the Sun as the greatest, brightest physical representation of a concept that, to them, is spiritual in nature

It's merely a symbol in the sky

As AboveSo Below

The science of the stars was established through thousands of years

of careful observation by Philosophers of the highest order

who, according to Cicero, and I quote, "The Chaldeans had records of the stars for a space of 370,000 years," end quote

an astounding length of time

all of which, they claim to have documented each child's birthday, or horoscope

and from that huge mass of accumulated data

they calculated the effects on man during cycles of time

represented by the various planets of the Zodiac

and so, from there we can better relate to one interpretation, or context

of the ancient Hermetic saying, the astrological doctrine of the ascending macrocosm, and the descending microcosm

Mitra originally had twelve followers

which stood for the twelve months and corresponding signs of the zodiac

as a solar deity, and there have been many to follow this archetype

Mitra had to pass through these twelve months

or zodiac houses much in the same way that Hercules must face twelve laborers

who, incidentally, St. Augustine said, was one in the same with the Biblical Samson

in terms of astral theology

a term meaning, the influence of the stars on religion

Shah, was the title given to emperors, kings, princes and lords of Iran

Shahanshah is a title meaning Shah of Shahs

that is, Supreme Shah, similar to the title King of Kings

Mithra was one of the principal Gods of the proto-Indo-Iranian or photo-Indo-European tribes

"Proto" just means "before"

So, what I am trying to say is, at one time prior to the splitting up of the Aryans of India, Iran, Central Asia

they were one tribe, one race

Archaeologist Lü Enguo suggests they try to locate a mysterious site dating from the time of the ancient Nomads

The nomads are thought to have Iranian origins

Here, their Western roots are literally carved in stone.

They say that they had red hair, bluish-green eyes

These swift riders became masters of archery

ready to trade in violence when it suited their interests (very powerful)

Before long, the threat for their powerful serpentine bows would profoundly affect the course of Chinese history

One of the most important discoveries is a fully clothed woman wearing a conical hat

Symbolic of a high priestess of the Nomads, it would one day become the hallmark of witches in Europe

but, how long did they survive here?

Were the Tocharians, in fact, their descendants?

There's no way to be sure without seeing an authentic likeness of the Tocharians

The guide knows an isolated cave with portraits of the individuals who sponsored the cave building

...you see the red there?

and, ah, red hair

parted in the middle, it's a distinctive style that... Tocharians

He's wearing a coat with wide lapels

on both sides that folded over

It's a shame that these figures have all been defaced by people of other faiths, at some time in the past

but it's (ah) still, it's very easy to see

what they looked like, and we can tell who they were

The Tocharian figures are strikingly similar to the mummies that lived in these parts a thousand years earlier

This daughter has blonde hair and a long nose and an Indian caste mark which we call a Tikka

So, he's a local person, a Tocharian, but wearing elements of costume

uh, very Sicillian or Persian influenced

and has an Indian caste mark, so we see it's a combination of various traits

A people, long dead and neglected, have emerged to reclaim their place in history

Mitra's first appearance in a Historical record is in an inscription found at _________ in Anatolia, Modern Turkey

Dated from the fourteenth century BC

and commemorating the treaty with two Indo-European, or Aryan peoples

In the Rig Veda, sacred Aryan texts of India

Mitra and Varuna are always mentioned together

Often as the double, or twin God Mitra Varuna

The appearance of the Rose Cross in Christian art and poetry is often taken as a secret communication of the worship of the Goddess

or even secret Tantric sex practices

a symbol that was carried unbroken by the shamans to the priesthood

an ancient symbol of kingship as expressed through Inanna

This image is a rose window in the Rosslyn Chapel in Scotland

The solar cross is probably the oldest religious symbol in the world

Composed of an equal armed cross within a circle

It represents the solar calendar, the movement of the sun marked by the Solstices and Equinoxes

and this sometimes gives it an eight armed wheel

Thewastikaalso represents a form of solar cross

and here we see Phoenician swastikas

The ancient ruling race of Asia Minor including Syria and Phoenicia called themselves Arri, meaning Noble Ones

and the identical racial title was used by the Hittites

who called themselves "Arya"

That's what the entire nation of Iran is named after

Aryans

The same ones who invaded and civilized India

Aryanizing it, giving it Sanskrit, swastikas, giving it Kali

and none of those things existed in India before the Aryans invaded on horse and chariot

and there are no horses or chariots in the Indian fossil record either

despite horses described in the ancient texts

central to the Vedic rituals

and is prominent in the earliest Hindu scriptures, the Rig Veda

but it's never shown in any of the bronze age Indus Valley artifacts

from 3300 to 1500 BC

but those same horses are buried in the North, North of India

for thousands of years with the Aryan Kings who were entertained by their Gypsy subjects

who retained much of the ancient knowledge of the Magi

from where we get the term, "Magicians"

and interwove into their songs, poems, dances and what has come down to us today as religion

which, if properly deciphered, reveals these quite nicely

kept hidden and monopolized by the secret societies that covertly govern the ignorant masses

who are kept ignorant of the deeper occult meanings contained in these universal symbols

in, what we are told, are cultures that have developed independently over the millennia

The ancient statues of nobility and deities, with their piercing blue eyes, as blue as those found in ancient Sumer

and ancient Anatolia

and ancient China

Which brings us to the Amulet

Most commonly used for protection against the evil eye, for thousands of years

It's most closely associated with the Goddess Anat

sometimes a consumer of blood and flesh

with archaeological evidence supporting what is contained within ancient written sources

pointing towards child sacrifice forming part of the worship

Of course, I can't say this was universal, maybe just one sect, and not Goddess worship in general

so, I want to be clear about that

That said, Anat can be a very violent Semitic war Goddess

and by Semitic, I mean she was know to the Hebrews, the Phoenicians, the Egyptians, the Greeks

and revered around the ancient Mediterranean and Middle East

Particularly the Northwestern part

Anat first appears in Egypt in the sixteenth dynasty

That would be the Hyksos period

a term which refers to foreign rulers

as they introduced the horse to Egypt

around the same time it was introduced to India

so there should be no surprise that this Goddess has also been associated with Kali

Anat appears as the daughter of Ra, so she has the eight petal lotus symbol

as Inanna has the eight pointed star

and Kali has her eight extra arms

completing the symbology

The Hamsa is popular in North Africa

and in Arabic, the word translates to "five"

like the amount of fingers on the hand

but it's also an occult reference

the five pointed star, or pentagram

an important symbol, five being associated with the planet Venus

It also refers to the Eye of Horus

In Jewish culture, the Hamsa is called the hand of Miriam

in Muslim culture, the hand of Fatima

The Canaanites knew her as Resheph

In Biblical Hebrew it's a noun interpreted as flame or firebolt

and in some esoteric versions, one might even come across the term Light Bringer

which, in Latin, is Lucifer

From Aristotle we derive our knowledge of the Pythagorean doctrine of the number five

and I quote, "It is an eminently spherical and circular number because in every multiplication it restores itself and is found terminating the number

it is change of quality, because it changes what has three dimensions into the sameness of a sphere, by moving circularly, and producing light

and hence, light is referred to the number five

Also known as the Pentagrammaton, and Venus, because the male three triad, and the female two, or dual, odd and even, are conjoined in it

Venus was sometimes considered hermaphrodite

and bearded, as well as full bosomed." end quote

Now, this can help us better understand

why it is that when we look at this Roman statue

of what appears to be a female Venus laying down in the nude

but when we walk around to the other side, we are confronted with the fact that this is a hermaphrodite

a symbol that embodies both male and female

a visual and artistic representation of a mathematical concept

that, if taken literally, especially in a religious context

can possibly result in the sorts of aberrated and sexual deviant behavior we hear about involving things like, what goes on, for example, at the Bohemian Grove

Now, according to Manley Hall, honorary 33rd degree Freemason

and I quote, "Five is the union of odd and even numbers three and two

Among the Greeks, the pentagram was a sacred symbol of light, health and vitality

It also symbolized the fifth element, aether

because it was free from the disturbances of the four lower elements

It is called Equilibrium, because it divides the perfect number ten into two parts." end quote

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Our story is not quite over, but let's wrap this one up, as it's gone a bit long

Thank you so much for listening with an open mind

My name is Robert Sepehr, and I will see you next time

The Description of Gypsies: Wanderers No More - ROBERT SEPEHR