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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: 101 Facts about Spies & Secret Agents

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greetings mother factors my name is Sam and today I'm going to be talking to you

all about the fascinating world of spies and secret agents good spies are able to

sneakily steal state secrets and sabotage their enemy

all while convincing people they are perfectly ordinary members of society

for all you know I could be a spy ah I'm not I'm not but then I would say that

wouldn't I no seriously I'm not I don't have the cheekbones for it but which

American author may have been an agent for the KGB what happened to em I 1 2 3

& 4 let us know your guests in the pollak above and how do you know if

you're being followed by secret agents because I don't know you may have spent

in ridiculous amount of time researching the CIA for a YouTube video and now you

keep noticing men in suits everywhere wearing sunglasses staring at you when

you go out to get lunch from Pratt I really would appreciate some help on

this one guys anyway to answer through those questions are going to be answered

so sharpen your grappling hook dodge that deadly flying hat and remember to

pack your trusty cyanide pail as we count up through 101 facts about spies

and secret agents number one let's start with the basics spying or espionage is

the practice of procuring secret or confidential information without the

permission of the holder of said information individuals involved in

espionage are called spies and usually work to support the national security of

a particular state number two espionage is a subset of intelligence gathering

which includes other forms of information gathering which may be from

public sources that are not particularly secret basically don't bother to send a

spy in unless you've had a quick google first your answers may lay on there

number three counterintelligence however is the practice of thwarting enemy

espionage and intelligence gathering by various means it doesn't just mean the

opposite of intelligent ie dumb essentially most countries spy on

everyone else while also attempting to stop these countries from spying on them

it's a bit hypocritical really is like trying to ruin someone else's pie and

while baking your own well it's not ready like that but I'm hungry number

four though books films and TV understandably present espionage is an

intense and action filled profession most spies don't tend to spend much time

betting supermodels and sitting on high stakes card games with evil geniuses and

arm stealers that's just us youtubers real spies spend most of their time

gathering human intelligence which essentially just means talking to people

and trying to obtain useful information there wouldn't be readily available for

official channels number five the history of spying goes back thousands of

years the book of numbers in the Old Testament of the Bible for example speak

is about the 12 spies that Moses sent to scout the land of Canaan yet that's

right even Moses had spies what's your Excuse number 6 the ancient writings of

Chinese military strategist son zu emphasized the importance of military

intelligence which can be obtained through deception and subversion his

famous work the art of war contains an entire chapter devoted to the use of

espionage entitled the use of spies number seven prominent individuals in

feudal Japan often utilized ninjas to gather intelligence for spies and ninjas

how cool ninjutsu training laid out three main categories of espionage

Tillery no jutsu involve strategies for sneaking into the enemy premises to

carry no jutsu concerns a practice of infiltrating enemy lines during battle

and ano Jitsu which referred to ruses of escape number eight in the 12th century

King David the fourth of Georgia created an intelligent service made up of spies

called Mustapha race who had two undercover conspiracies conduct

counterintelligence and infiltrate a fortresses and palaces these highly

effective individuals are said to revolutionize medieval espionage number

nine many modern methods of espionage were

established in Elizabethan England by Francis Walsingham often known as the

Queen's spy master Walsingham was instrumental in uncovering the

Babbington plots a plan to assassinate Queen Elizabeth the first supported by

Mary Queen of Scots no one knows for sure but some historians believe that

this led directly to the execution of Mary who no doubt screamed wall soon as

she was killed number 10 james Armistead was a black

American slave who also worked as a double agent spy during the

Revolutionary War on estate gained the trust of the British by posing as a spy

for them while gathering military information that was instrumental in

securing an American victory at the Battle of Yorktown

number 11

Chevalier de Am was a French spy diplomat and lady-in-waiting who died in

1810 only at this point was it discovered that Dilma was not a woman at

all but a fully formed penis having man now that's what I call undercover that

sounded more sexy than I wanted it to sorry

number 12 when a ship ran aground in Hartlepool in the early 1800s the only

survivor was a small monkey either because people were very stupid back

then or just an elaborate high junk the monkey was interrogated subjected to a

lengthy trial conducted on the beach and then hanged as a French spy God econo

hopes the first once if it's a high Cinque that's not the highly kind of

high jinks that I like I should say it's disputed about whether or not this

actually happened but the people of Hartlepool are weirdly proud of it

number 13 Sara Edmunds was a white woman from Canada who at the age of 21 began

working as a spy for the Union Army during the American Civil War Edmunds I

assume no relation to Knohl infiltrated Confederate territory in Virginia by

adopting various disguises one of which involved dyeing her skin with silver

nitrate and wearing a black wig to pose as a black man called calf it was a

different time it was a very different and very racist time number fourteen

Robert baden-powell who is best known for founding the Boy Scouts also

happened to be a British intelligence agent stationed in Malta in the late

19th century where he posed as a butterfly collector baden-powell hid his

plans for military installations in drawings have leaves and butterfly wings

or as I just hide my secret agent plans in my top Oh almost spilled the beans

there ah don't think anyone noticed number 15 in order to spy on enemy

forces during the first world war both allied and Central Powers created fake

trees with a hollow Center allowing a soldier to sit inside it one German

built fake tree was so well made that even after taking the German position

and light soldiers didn't realize it was fake for seven months number sixteen

during the first world war it was discovered and I tried to think how that

seaman could be used as an effective invisible ink

when this monumental breakthrough brought the intention of the very first

lead of the organization that would become mi6 whose name just happened to

be Mansfield Smith coming he declared that every man is his own stylo

however seaman message is ultimately proved ineffective due to the

distinctive and obvious scent that each letter carried had to be a postman back

in those days number 17 mata Hari was a Dutch exotic

dancer who famously spied for the Germans during the first world war a

crime for which he was convicted found guilty and sentenced to death and her

execution she refused a blindfold and reportedly blew a kiss to the firing

squad before being filled full of French lead on the 15th of October 1917 number

18 Josephine Baker was a black American dancer and singer who became wildly

popular in France during the 1920s when the Second World War rolled around Baker

thought to herself I'm having none of this Nazi bollocks and joined the French

Resistance Baker passed on information on troop locations that she picked up

while schmoozing with high-ranking Japanese officials and Italian

bureaucrats at parties like an absolute boss number 19 in 1943 a Soviet Armenian

spy but the name of giveaw party nyan led a team that fooled a Nazi plot to

simultaneously assassinate Franklin D Roosevelt Winston Churchill and Joseph

Stalin who are meeting in Tehran party nyan was just 19 at the time number 20

Murray's a Lange bean was a German spy sent to Canada during the Second World

War fairly soon after he arrived he decided

he didn't really feel like spying for the Nazis and use the funds had been

given to move to Ottawa surrendering to the Canadian authorities a couple of

years later a jury ultimately found that Lange bean was not guilty of espionage

since he had never carried out any hostile act against Canada during the

war number 21 during the Second World War the British Secret Service created

special copies of the board game Monopoly for prisoners of war in Germany

the board games actually contained compasses maps metal files as well as

French German and Italian money these tools of irony helped thousands of

Allies escape from prisoner of war camps number 22 during the Second World War

British forces use a female agent codenamed ancient Fifi

to test how well the trainee male agents could be trusted to keep their mouths

shut under the false identity of a French

journalist called Christine collage agent Fifi would flirt with prospective

agents and attempt to get them to divulge their secrets any that did and

many of them did were then promptly sacked number 23 the wide lollapalooza

was a Shibboleth used by American soldiers in the Pacific to intent by

Japanese spies a shipper worth of other ways a particular speech pattern that

distinguishes one group of people from another and in this case it was nearly

impossible for Japanese spies to correctly

pronounce Lollapalooza like Americans instead of producing a word that it

would be quite a frankly racist for me a white man to say number 24 SMERSH was

the evil Soviet intelligence agency that employed Goldfinger and dr. no in Ian

Fleming's James Bond novels with a name like SMERSH you may assume that the

organization was fictional but SMERSH was in fact a real counterintelligence

agency within the Russian Red Army during the Second World War

SMERSH was short for Smerch pyonium which means death to spies in russian

number 25 George Koval was an American who spied

for the Soviets throughout the Second World War

naughty naughty Global infiltrated the Manhattan Project and obtained

information that considerably sped up the development of Russia's nuclear

arsenal then the FBI had basically figured out that COBOL was a spy in the

1950s it was kept secret for over 50 years due to up being super embarrassing

number 26 in 1945 the Soviet Union gave W Averell Harriman the US ambassador to

the USSR a large wooden replica of the Great Seal of the United States and

saying gesture of friendship following the Second World War

can you guess what happened next when it turns out the u.s. couldn't because it

wasn't until eight years later that it was discovered the Russians had planted

a bug inside the seal number 27 the children's author Roald Dahl once worked

as a British spy in America during the Second World War

yeah but owning the Chocolate Factory guy yeah I know he's surprising right in

the course of his work he engaged in a number of sexual encounters with

numerous women in the American high society earning him a reputation as and

I can't believe I'm about to say this one of the biggest cocksman in North

America great number 28 before making a name for herself as the woman who

brought French cuisine to the American people

chef Julia Child worked as a research analyst for the US Office of Strategic

Services aka the OSS which was the u.s. intelligence agency in the Second World

War for her work she earned herself the emblem of meritorious civilian service

number 29 in 2009 it was discovered that the American novelist Ernest Hemingway

had been involved in work for a number of US intelligence agencies including

the FBI in the State Department however evidence was also uncovered in the 1940s

that Hemingway made find for the nkvd the predecessor to the

KGB he was allegedly involved enough with the Russians that he was given a

codename Argo but he didn't provide them with any useful information and contact

it ceased by the end of the decade number 30 Moe Berg was a Princeton

graduate and Speaker of 8 languages who happened to have spent 15 seasons

playing a major league baseball as part of an all-star baseball exhibition tall

he traveled to Japan where he took home movies of Tokyo skyline and shipyards

these were them reportedly used to help the US bombing raids during the Second

World War in fact Berg later joined the OSS where

his work included parachuting into Yugoslavia to evacuate resistance groups

and track Nazi progress towards the creation of the nuclear weapon Wow no

biggie number 31 kim Philby was a british spy who served as the head of

the anti-soviet division in mi6 it later turned out that actually he was a member

of the Cambridge 5 which isn't the world's worst pop group but a spy ring

that provided information to the Soviet Union in World War 2 and entered the

early 50s he credited his lack of detection to being upper-class claiming

it was inconceivable to his peers that one of their own could be a traitor

number 32 in the late 50s mi6 in the CIA worked together to ensure the widespread

distribution of dr. Zhivago by boris pasternak this is because the novel

criticized Stalin the great purge and the Ghul acts and generally depicted

Russia in not a particularly flattering light the book eventually went on to win

the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1958 but Pasternak was forced to decline the

award after being told that if he traveled to Sweden to accept it he would

not be able to return number 33 during the time of the American Civil Rights

Movement which secured precious rights for African Americans the Soviet Union

deliberately inflamed racial tensions by sending forged threats from the KKK to

black neighborhoods all those pesky Soviets trying to inflame racial

tensions in a foreign countries of destabilization tactic what are they

like number 34 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

were American communists who have found guilty of transmitting nuclear weapon

designs to the Soviet Union generally not a good idea guys as a result they

were both executed by electric chair on the 19th of June 1953

their children Michael Meeropol and Robert Tamara Paul who were both 10 and

6 at the time of the parents execution were orphaned but continued to advocate

for a posthumous acceleration of them mother and they both argued that neither

of their parents deserve the death penalty number 35 in the 1960s which the

historians among you all know is before the development of digital cameras film

from spy satellites had to be physically ejecta dove them retrieved by specially

designed aircraft to preventive are being discovered by other powers they

literally had airplanes that caught parachuting buckets of photographic film

in midair we've got a boots much easier number 36

between 1968 and 1994 british undercover police seeking to infiltrate protest

groups subsume the identities of rooks about the 80 dead children which were

used as cover identities for officers this allowed them to easily obtain

driver's licenses and passports and also granted each one of them a one-way

ticket straight to hell number 37 in 1973 Israeli Mossad agents murdered an

innocent winter named Achmed boo jockey in Lillehammer Norway by shooting him

four times in front of his pregnant wife they incorrectly identified him as Ali

Hassan Salameh the mastermind of the 1972 Munich Massacre of several Israeli

athletes at the 1972 Olympics number 38 what are the most successful

KGB agents during the Cold War bore the distinctive codename fedora he managed

to infiltrate the UN and sabotage the u.s. by claiming that a KGB mole was

working with the FBI this led to a decades-long manhunt that seriously

disrupted the agency number 39 in 1977 the US Embassy in Moscow caught fire hmm

several of the firefighters who arrived attack with the blades were in fact KGB

agents who proceeded to seal large amounts of sensitive information sneaky

and good use for fire fighters outfit I've got one spare actually men don't do

that with it next time number 40 between 1978 and 1995 the CIA also ran the

so-called Stargate project which isn't as cool as it sounds but essentially

attempted to prove the existence of and development of a military application

for remote viewing this essentially involved having clairvoyance and

psychics attempt to visualize the identities of KGB agents and the designs

of Soviet weapons now did this work what do you think the CIA eventually canceled

the project having spent roughly 20 million dollars a year for 17 years only

to find other psychic powers our complete and utter

number 41 in Battuta their attempts to utilize psychic power is the CIA also

developed an ESP test which looked the psychic talent among employees

this essentially sought out individuals with certain odd proclivities such as an

interest in music or art or an aptitude in foreign languages because of irony

being cultured is weird and might mean you're one of the x-men the meaning of

life the CIA and the KGB also experimented with various kinds of drugs

as a method of mind-control as part of this research known as project MKULTRA

the CIA gave LSD to unwitting human guinea pigs at colleges hospitals and

prisons which if you didn't know is super illegal and ethically not nice the

project ran for 20 years between 1953 and 1973 and led to several deaths

number 43 both the United States and the Soviet

Union carried out research into extrasensory perception ESP and other

psychic phenomena with a view to using it within the realm of military

intelligence in fact for an entire decade a small group of people than the

CIA studied hypnosis and telepathy but somehow managed to come to the shocking

conclusion that such methods are super unreliable number 44 in the past the KGB

has been fond of using the so called Romeo method of extracting intelligence

very simply the Soviets would send particularly handsome men to the West to

seduce women who often clark's for secretaries who had access to

information that the Communists wanted number 45 one of the strangest ways that

Russian authorities have managed to identify American agents is simply by

looking at the staples on their fake documents a visual Russian documents

were often stapled together with poor quality staples that rust it

leaving behind distinctive rust marks on the pages whereas the fake papers

carried by Americans used fancy highfalutin on rusting staples that were

a dead giveaway to Russians in fact hundreds of American spies were caught

in this very way number forty-six similarly a psychological effect known

as the Stroop effect was used to help detect Russian spies during the Cold War

suspected spies are shown a list of colors written in Russian language with

each word itself colored differently to the color it described they were then

asked to quickly name the color of the word not the color of the letters

spelling up the color see what I mean that doesn't sound like a make sense but

it does make sense right seeing a series of meaningless symbols those who didn't

speak Russian were able to correctly list the colors relatively quickly

whereas Russian speakers could not help but be distracted by the meaning of the

word itself leading to a significantly slower

response number 47 when British intelligence was busy infiltrating the

IRA during the Troubles it was alleged that Franny's Kapiti she was a British

agent who managed to work his way up to the head of IRAs internal security force

that's a role that can't be performed properly without killing like tons of

people including several of his fellow British agents yes that's right British

intelligence allowed a number of their employees to be killed in order to get

the identity of their main mole believable it's worth pointing out that

this kappa TG has always denied claims that he was a mole at all but you would

wouldn't you number 48 in the mid-1980s the KGB carried out operation infection

except with a cane at of a C a disinformation campaign which sought to

convince people that the United States had manufactured the HIV virus as part

of a biological weapons research project it's thought that this was done to

distract attention away from Russia's own extensive biological warfare program

number 49 in the early two-thousands it was revealed that in the early 80s the

united states had created software for managing natural gas pipelines that was

deliberately buggy knowing that the russians would steal it as planned the

russian stole the software and put its use which eventually led to a huge

explosion at a siberian natural gas pipeline in the summer of 1982 haha

espionage number 50 similarly the CIA also funded

creative writing programs during the Cold War to promote notions of American

exceptionalism and disparage communist ideals who knows how many aspiring

writers were unwitting agents in a battle tip for tat Cold War one

upmanship s-- number 51 during the Cold War mi5 considered using journals at

airports to help detect spies and terrorists the plan must eaves the

gerbils acute sense of smell to detect a rise in adrenaline in the sweat of those

who are under stress however mi5 was forced to drop the plans

due to the inability of the gerbils to distinguish between terrorists and

innocent passengers who was simply scared of flying

come on Gerald get it together number 52 in the early 80s both mi6 in the US

State Department was spooked when an audio recording emerged that appeared to

contain a fairly contentious phone conversation between Margaret Thatcher

and Ronald Reagan it was expected to be a fake tape created by the KGB until

they realized that recording app in Colombia put together by the English

punk band crass number 53 after he published a damning expose of Russian

intelligence former Russian spy and eggs and ur Litvinenko fled to the UK in 2000

where he was granted asylum and became a

naturalized British citizen however in 2006 he suddenly fell ill and died after

roughly three weeks in hospital Litvinenko had been poisoned with

radioactive polonium and a public inquiry in concluded that the

assassination had likely been personally approved by Vladimir Putin himself

number fifty-four in 2006 Russia accused the British of spying by hiding

recording equipment and a transmitter inside a fake rock on a street in Moscow

this was denied at the time but later turned out to be completely true

espionage rocks ah move number 55 in 2010 it was revealed that two average

Canadian parents Donald Heathfield and Tracy Foley ran to the Andre bezrukov

and Elena bevel over both of them Russia sleeper agent and part of a spy ring

dubbed the illegals program thing is Best Rock Album pavlova had two sons

Alex and Tim who was 16 and 20 at the time their parents were arrested neither

of them knew anything about the true identities of their parents which must

have been an awkward family reunion number 56 in 2011 mi6 hacked into al

Qaeda's online magazine which featured instructions on how to create explosives

which was in an article entitled to make a bomb in the kitchen of your mom

operatives who are mi6 replace the bomb-making instructions with a recipe

for a cupcake that have been featured on Ellen I wonder how many confuse

terrorists were halfway through baking the recipe before they realized what

they were making I'd be happier if anything number 57 using children under

15 to support Armed Forces and groups in any capacity is against international

law but sadly children are sometimes still use despised children have been

used by the Somali government as informants on the identities of

insurgents and the Taliban is known to views messengers and spies who are

children in Afghanistan number 58 you may be surprised to learn that humans

aren't the only animal species that have been used as spies in 1907 a German by

the name of Julius knew Bronner experimented with attaching lightweight

cameras to homing pigeons allowing photos to be taken during flight this

technique was later used in the first and second world wars and the CIA were

also rumored to have made use of spy pigeons

number 59 pigeons aren't the only species who have been recruited as spies

in the 1960s the CIA spent approximately 20 million dollars on a project called

acoustic Kitty this project implanted surveillance equipment on cats equipped

to spy on the Soviets the first acoustic Kitty mission

involved in attempt to spy on employees and the Russian embassy but the cap they

release was almost immediately hit by a taxi and killed the project was

ultimately deemed not practical and was cancelled in 1967 number 60 very often

when spies need cover they simply maintain their existing identities but

disguise their real professions operating under what is known as

official cover essentially such agents are given fake jobs and US agencies or

embassies that offer diplomatic immunity meaning that they are given some degree

of protection during their work number 61 likewise agents who do not work under

these rules are given entirely fake identities outside of agencies that work

grant them protection this is known as non official cover and lacks the safety

net to diplomatic immunity meaning that if they get caught they will likely face

criminal charges which can incur severe punishments including execution which is

probably the most severe of all number 62 another common query regarding the

world of intrigue in espionage concerns the existence of snazzy spy gadgets

former employees have mi6 have stated that the organization does indeed create

some interesting tech for its agents but it's also been stated that these devices

frequently fail to work upon arrival at our destination not ideal come on cue

get it together number 63 at one point mi6 developed an

exploding safe which could be used to destroy secret documents quickly they

also created a delightful little oxymoron with the words exploding and

safe next to each other Nintendo 64 during the Cold War the Naval

Intelligence office in 22 small gun that was securely mounted to the back of a

cowhide glove with which spies were typically wear a long sleeve garment to

keep hidden the weapon is activated by making a fist and punching a target

which fires a bullet at point-blank range probably killing the target

depending on the placement of the hint talk about a iron fist number 65 but

that isn't the only adorably tiny firearm that intelligence organizations

have created during the Cold War the KGB created a four point five millimeter gun

mounted on the tube of a lipstick twisting the bottom of a device would

fire a single bullet giving it the nickname the kiss of death although

seriously that's an accident waiting to happen you could blow your lips off

number 66 another classic spy weapon is created using a simple innocuous

umbrella the devices point features a hidden pneumatic device

check the target with a deadly nerve agent known as ricin if you've seen

Breaking Bad he'll know all about Bryson this method of assassination was

famously utilized on the 7th of September 1978 when the Bulgarian

journalist Georgi Markov was stabbed in the leg with the tip of such an umbrella

he died in hospital four days later number 67 another secret agent gadget

that was probably less well received and others was a handy portable tool kit

created by the CIA during the Cold War the kit was designed to be inserted well

how I put this anally to be squeezed right out in the event of the agents

capture number 68 during the Cold War the KGB again created a specially

designed shoe that contained a microphone in the heel which could then

be used to record a monitor top-secret conversations

number 16:9 we all rise only not every spy gadget ever created was a weapon or

for surveillance in the 1970s for example the CIA created a pair of

glasses with a pellet of cyanide hidden in the end of the arms agents could

casually chew on the glasses and release the poison in order to avoid

interrogation torture or execution in the event of being captured number 70

the KGB also created a jacket with a camera concealed inside a buttonhole a

wire then runs down to a pocket within which the agent can press a button to

take a photo such camera devices we used a public

event such as political rallies as well as a pond to take photos of particularly

suspicious Ducks I imagine number 71 though a significant

amount of modern-day information gathering is carried out online there is

at least one way to extract information from a computer that isn't connected to

the Internet some brainy so-and-so had figured out how to log keystrokes from a

computer's keyboard acoustically meaning they only have to hear you typing to

know what's been written number 72 throughout its history North Korea has

abducted almost 500 South Koreans Japanese Chinese Malaysians French

Italians and others principally to force them to teach languages at their spy

schools number 73 North Korea wastes no time

dilly-dallying with whether or not its citizens want to be spies one former

North Korean agent explained that she was literally selected to be a spy while

she was a student one day government agents showed up at

her school in a black sedan told her she had been chosen and that she needed to

pack her bags although shortly after telling that

story she's not such a great spy number 74 prior to becoming the prime

minister than the president and the Prime Minister and then the president of

Russia Vladimir Putin spent 16 years working as a foreign intelligence

officer for the KGB number 75 the years there is existed a rift between the KGB

and the GRU which isn't that guy from Despicable Me but it's actually an

organization which deals with Russia's military intelligence the tianyu has

repeatedly accused the KGB of having treated its agents and officers on its

staff whereas the KGB claims that the GRU is lacking in vigilance someone's

gonna have a fight in the cafeteria number 76 interestingly a similar rift

exists between the FBI and the CIA owing to differing personalities missions and

corporate cultures within each organization some have argued that the

feud is so extreme that it literally damaged national security let us know

which intelligence organization you prefer in our delightful youtube poll

although be warned they probably are watching which one you choose number 77

if you're wondering why there is only mi5 and mi6 and what happened to MI one

two three and four you're not alone a total of 19 British military

intelligence divisions have existed but all of those have since been canceled or

subsumed into mi5 or mi6 which deal with counterintelligence and intelligence

respectively number 78 shockingly the existence of mi6 wasn't officially

acknowledged by the British government until 1994 there had been a few sheepish

references to the organization's existence prior to that but it was until

the mid 90s that the government officially admitted that mi6 existed

number 79 there are some degree of ambiguity regarding whether or not real

mi6 agents are actually given the fabled license to kill some former mi6

employees have stated that the agents don't need such a license because

everything they do outside the UK is already illegal in some way or another

which isn't exactly reassuring is it number 80 however some people do

described a similar clearance use deadly force if necessary

apparently the British Secret Service can read the issue what's called a class

7 authorisation which grants agents the right to kill someone

this must be approved by the agent superiors all the way up to the Foreign

Minister number 81 in 2013 mi6 banned their employees from using computers

made by Lenovo the largest computer manufacturer in the

world this is because the company is partially owned by the Chinese

government and as such all their computers come

preloaded with secret backdoor access number 82 though you may be under the

impression that the head of mi6 is called M the letter code for the boss is

actually see this is not an abbreviation of the word chief as some have suggested

nor is it that other word that you're thinking of but actually it's the

initials the very first leader of the organization so Mansfield coming who

signed everything with the initials C number 83 one former head of mi6 John

saws almost lost this job when his wife posted holiday snaps and various other

personal details about his family on Facebook it was so bad that the post

even included his home address although maybe it was just a big double bluff

number 84 alarmingly a relatively large number of people quit working for the

GCHQ after roughly five years because the pay was not competitive

David pepper the former director of the GCHQ once sated that though entry-level

salaries are generally competitive net attractive wages for mid-level employees

have led to a rise of resignations from the organization number 85 since 2006 at

least a dozen mi5 employees have been to see an ethical counselor who is there to

support staff who have moral concerns about their work I could do with an

ethical counselor nope not for work just for life in general number 86

mi5 overstated in job listings that candidates must not have any visible

tattoos on their body while this may sound like run-of-the-mill prejudice

against the artistically skinned the prohibition is simply because tattooed

people are far easier to identify number 87 mi5 estimates that right now there

are as many Russian agents in London as there were at the height of the Cold War

that was mi5 saying that by the way not me number 88 mi5 is reaching the opened

and northern Operations Center however its location has not been revealed but

my guess is it's somewhere in this general region number 89 the

headquarters of mi6 is located at Boxhall cross and was completed in 1994

for a cost rumoured to exceeded 130 million pounds Owings of the nature of

mi6 operations large parts of the building allocated below street level

all the windows are also triple glazed the walls are bomb and bulletproof and

the structure is even protected by two moats the building is rumored to have an

underground corridor which leads directly to Whitehall number 90 internet

Li the GCHQ headquarters is called the DOE

not owing to its round design that I suppose one could call don't up like it

looks more like a party ring to me but hey what the hell do I know GCHQ I'm

number 91 for the Senate the president's privacy the American Secret Service

isn't allowed in the Oval Office in order to maintain their awareness of the

commander-in-chief's comings and goings a giant digital scale has been fitted

underneath the Oval Office floor so that the location of the president can be

monitored at all times number 92 the National Security Agency

known as the NSA you know the American intelligence agency had all his dirty

laundry aired by Edward Snowden operates a 560 acre complex of satellite dishes

on Menwith Hill England the facility's thought to be the largest electronic

monitoring station in the world and is involved in intercepting - that phone

and computer transmissions from all around the world number 93 the British

SAS which carries out a range of specialist military tasks including but

not limited to intelligence gathering and covert reconnaissance is infamous

for its grueling training process though there is value in harsh training that

toughen up recruits and identifies the best of the best the process came under

fire when three recruits collapsed and died in 2013 after being made to march

in heavy gear during the hottest day of the year number 94 interestingly it

isn't just government's who engage in spying industrial espionage for example

refers to spying carried out by businesses for commercial purposes

rather than the interest of national security

like espionage espionage industrial espionage has been around for centuries

with private organizations using covert agents to uncover information on how to

produce high-quality porcelain and even steel tea plants from China number 95

clearly the topic was spying espionage and general secret agent Singh continues

to captivate people across the globe the world's most famous fictional spy is

undoubtedly Cody Banks just kidding no not really it's the British mi6 by James

Bond known via suave demeanor crisp suits in the ability to change physical

form but as often as a Time Lord does since the release of the first James

Bond Doctor know back in 1962 the James Bond

movie franchise has raked in over seven billion dollars you know who else has

played a spy in a film Jennifer Lawrence yep that's right I knew I'd get her in

this video somehow and I've just done it number 96 in Fleming's books James Bond

has a drink roughly every 7 pages most people will be aware that Bond's

signature drink is a vodka martini which he famously enjoys shaken not

stern he only gets through 19 of them in the books though whereas he drinks

whiskey 101 times nice number also before you complain the title of the

video is 101 facts about spies and secret agents I didn't say that all be

real people number 97 numerous real life people are rumoured to have inspired the

famous fictional spy James Bond one such person is Wilfrid Biffy dunder Dale an

mi6 agent based in Patty or Paris dunder Dale was good friends with Ian Fleming

and us such several have done to Dale's stories from his exciting life of

scaling walls in hand-to-hand combat with unknown assailants have ended up in

Fleming's novels number 98 another man sort of inspired James Bond vs. British

spy called Sidney Riley Reilly's alleged to aspired for four separate countries

in the early 20th century earning him the nickname ace of spies

you know spies have really sound like superheats does it eventually Riley was

captured and executed by the Russians in 1925 number 99 John le carré the author

who wrote the book Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy in Smiley's people was an mi6 agent

who quit his job after the success of his third novel entitled the spy who

came in from the cold all the way back in 1963 he continues his work as a

full-time author having released his 19th novel in 2017 entitled and legacy

of spies secret mess with Corrigan she could message in time hundred the Penn

Quarter neighborhood of Washington DC is home to the International Spy Museum and

is the only public museum in the US solely dedicated to spying in espionage

the museum welcomes approximately 600,000 annual visitors and an unknown

number of Russian sleeper agents were there unsuspecting children

said museums oldest artifact is an invisible ink letter written by none

other than George Washington the first u.s. president in the letter Washington

enlist the help of a capable spy catcher coordinate annual Sackett to whom

Washington offers a monthly wage of $50 as well as an additional $500 to set up

a spy network and look we all know how that turned out

that was 101 facts about spies and secret agents which do you find the most

fascinating let me know in the comments down below also you can just type in

there straight up or in a riddle if you want to test me what do you want to see

next on one-on-one facts I always want to know so I put it down on my little

notebook and I look at it and think yeah let's do that I don't know where I'm

going with this anyway and there are two videos on screen now that you're bound

to enjoy let me know if you do goodbye

The Description of 101 Facts about Spies & Secret Agents