Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Has China surpassed USA in education?

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nowadays multiple countries compete all around the world and more aspects than

just the export and import of goods and services the world has never been so

accessible and thanks to this millions of people all around the world have

obtained the opportunity to visit other nations the two biggest super powers in

the world today the United States and China compete in practically all areas

this includes economics military technology diplomacy and also an

education China's economic transformation from being an exporting

country to an economic superpower has also made strides in the education of

its population back in the 80s China only had a literacy rate of about

79% now their literacy rate is at an astonishing 99 percent the Chinese

educational revolution has been one of the largest educational projects in

history since 1998 China has invested massively in education nearly tripling

the share of GDP devoted to it in the previous decade the number of

universities in China has doubled and the number of students has increased

fivefold this revolution has caused the great change in the distribution of the

world population of university graduates for decades the US had the highest

proportion of people attending university they had been dominating the

graduate market reflecting this old supremacy among people aged 55 to 64

years old almost 1/3 of all graduates in the world's major economies are American

but that is rapidly changing among the younger generations in terms of Graduate

production China has outperformed the u.s. and the combined university systems

of the European Union nations today we will see the extent of Chinese education

in the world and we will also address the question whether the United States

could eventually give up its position as the main educational power in the world

today the student debt problem in the u.s. is so great that has reached a

whopping trillion dollars that equates to the entire GDP of Argentina Colombia

Ecuador and Peru combined most universities in the u.s. can easily cost

around 25 to 30 thousand US dollars per year and private universities can cost

much more so for most Americans in order to pursue their careers it's almost an

obligation to take loans or use their family fortune in order to afford their

education even for many American students it has been impossible to

attend university but curiously there have been many foreign students who are

willing in fact the majority of foreign students who study in the u.s. pay much

more than the average American student a foreign student could easily pay about

45 or 60 thousand dollars for just one year of education not even including the

living costs who could pay such high sums of money without the possibility of

working as the US doesn't allow it the answer is that the majority of foreign

students in the u.s. do not come from traditionally rich nations such as the

UK France or Japan the u.s. in fact has the largest population of foreign

students in the world exceeding more than a million the vast majority of

foreign students in the US comes from China which currently has 360,000

students followed by India with nearly 200,000 students these two countries

make up over half of foreign students in the United States with China taking up

more than 32% of the cake China has already become one of the largest

exporters of students in the world in France the Chinese are already the third

largest group of foreign students just after the Algerians and Moroccans the

same situation is reflected in many other European countries where China

already contributes the largest group of foreign students and this trend is not a

coincidence the enrichment of the Chinese population has motivated

families to send their children abroad especially recognized educational powers

such as the u.s. France Germany England and Australia it is not surprising that

the Chinese elite send their children to these countries and to their most elite

universities for example the only daughter of the Chinese President Xi

Jinping that at Harvard while Chinese students

represent 36 percent of foreign students in the US they only represent 1.2 4

percent of all students in the country an article this year declared that

foreign students contribute to more than 22 billion dollars to the economy of the

US universities with financial difficulties are actively recruiting

students from abroad and the number of first-year students in the US has almost

tripled since the recession of 2008 the increase in income seems to be a key

factor in hiring Chinese students which sometimes causes universities to choose

the financial benefits over academic integrity other countries such as France

have already taken steps to obtain some economic benefit from the vast amount of

Chinese students higher education in France is in fact free for both the

French and foreigners at least it was up until last year's education reform this

reform required new foreign students from outside the European Union to pay

between 3000 and 4000 euros per year this measure is practically designed to

do two things the first is to increase the income of French universities with

an increasing number of Chinese students with greater purchasing power but also

to reduce the number of students coming from the African continent that

currently represents 45 percent of foreign students in the country the

massive influx of Chinese students has filled public and private universities

in the US and this has motivated Ivy League American universities to open up

several campuses in mainland China China has also done the same but not with its

universities but with its Confucius Institutes all around the world

expanding and making known the Chinese language and culture this educational

and cultural exchange has been typically seen as a good thing during the last

decade however in recent years due to the rising tensions between DC and

Beijing between the two countries tech giants Apple and Huawei the expansion of

Chinese technology has taken its toll on the relations and sentiments of Chinese

students in the u.s. DC suspects that the Chinese government is using its

sponsorship of the Confucius Institutes to promote pro Chinese propaganda on US

campuses it would also be believed that there is spying being done on Chinese

students in the US with limiting effects on academic

freedom in the US Australia and other countries concerns have been raised

about whether Chinese students and researchers some of who apparently hide

close ties with the Chinese military and the Communist Party are using their

access to laboratories and research centers steal intellectual property or

patents in June of last year the u.s. shortened the duration of five-year

visas to one year for Chinese graduate students studying aviation robotics and

advanced manufacturing officials in the United States said that the goal was to

reduce the risk of espionage and theft of intellectual property in areas vital

to national security but now the Trump administration is considering whether to

subject Chinese students to further investigation before attending a school

in the US the Chinese government has repeatedly insisted that DC has

exaggerated the problems for political reasons the ambassador of China in the

u.s. states that their accusations to her China were unfounded and indecent

one of the attacked objectives of the government of the US where the Confucius

Institutes Chinese linguistic and cultural centers financed by the Chinese

government in some 100 American campuses the US government has accused the

centers of being spying centers and propaganda weapons of the Chinese

government and they have been pressured to register as foreign agents a defense

spending bill was enacted last summer which banned universities with Confucius

Institutes to use federal funds for training and the Chinese language in the

last year more than half a dozen universities have announced that they

will close their Confucius Institutes one of the most recent have been the

University of Rhode Island which decided to close the Institute due to the lack

of federal funds in 2006 there were about 10,000 Chinese students that

graduated from American universities at the graduate level by 2016 there were

more than 140,000 Chinese undergraduate students in the US however by the start

of 2017 a negative trend began and the number of

Chinese students began to decline for the first time in more than two decades

the reason for this is very clear in obvious the attitude of the white house

and the anti Chinese rhetoric has caused many Chinese to return to their country

after theirs studies or in some cases they have even

interrupted their studies student environment for foreign nationals in the

US has degraded some universities in Oregon and Illinois has seen a

significant decrease in the enrollment of Chinese students this year the

wealthy Chinese families looked to the US as a place where an academic degree

guarantees a good working future either in the US or China however more and more

Chinese students are beginning to stay in the States after their studies China

is a country with 40 universities within the best 500 universities in the world

thus China has already exceeded France last year which has only about 35

universities within the top 100 China is a country with 40 universities within

the best 500 universities in the world thus China has already exceeded France

last year which only has about 35 universities within the top 500 the only

countries that are currently above China is the US the UK and Germany in fact it

could even be said that China would have an academic level higher than that of

the US this is verified last year by the PISA report which are a result of

academic tests based on the students mathematical reading and analysis skills

the latest visa report was made in 2015 and the new report will be revealed by

the end of this year but for the moment using the last reports we can see that

China is in 10th place in terms of the maximum score above countries such as

Germany the Netherlands or even Australia the territory of Hong Kong is

not yet fully incorporated into China and it is the country with the second

highest score in the reports only surpassed by Singapore neither the u.s.

nor the UK nor France or even Sweden obtained a score higher than 500 which

would place them within the yellow range of countries that can be observed

education has become something so primordial in China that for example the

entrance exam the entire university is so difficult the adolescents prepare

almost their entire life for the exam especially from the age of 13 the exam

lasts two full days for more than 12 consecutive hours this is the exam that

will define the University and faculty in which students will go to and in the

end marked their future 2014 75% of Chinese students passed but

only 3% went to the best universities in the country and this exam is so serious

that if you are caught cheating you'll be sent to prison for seven years in

2014 it was estimated that 90% of adolescent suicide had to do with the

anxiety generated by this test known to be the most difficult in the world for

the most brilliant in the country China gives the opportunity to go abroad and

study either in a graduate or doctorate program especially in the Natural

Sciences one of the conditions however is that they are required to return to

the country and apply wha has been learned in order to avoid brain drain

spi the intelligence unit for The Economist's Nix that channel will have

the largest amount of graduates in areas of science technology engineering and

mathematics by 2030 surpassing the United States the first time ever

meanwhile and it continues to send more students abroad than any other country

in the world according to UNESCO there are as many as 1 million Chinese

students studying outside of the country Speight recent claims that recent

graduates are having trouble reintegrating act into the country after

their studies number is still continued to grow every year for many in China

having Western education and professional experience a good addition

to their CV avoid unemployment or what is clear that China is taking more and

more prominence on the u.s. in the area of education it has already surpassed

the u.s. in terms of academic performance as the PISA report shows has

also overtaken France as the fourth country in the world the best

universities and soon it is expected that they will overtake Germany as well

the rivalry between the two greatest superpowers in the world and not only in

politics economics but also in education as well and in the coming years

we'll see how far trynna can overtake the u.s. in this aspect and if they will

overtake the US and other aspects as well and their attempts to be the

superpower of the world so what do you think about the educational system that

china is implementing do you think that the u.s. suspicions are correct that

china is using its graduates to spy on American technology leave your comments

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