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technical fundamentals No. 6


mobility in tennis

Tennis is a sport of motion and therefore all groundstrokes

as the network are influenced by footwork

which it is the controller and determined the ideal placement distance

body for impact

although it is a sport of emergency in terms of displacement when a

bad player hits usually the fault is usually in the weight placement

of the body

good players are those who manage to repeat the coup

this would mean that the balance weight body fully exploits

in Beatings

the player with the best performance in today's tennis is that you can

get to the ball in a better position

it is important to spend time training the footwork as

also dedicated to blows

the reaction time is the amount of time elapsed since

It produces a stroke of a player stimulus until the movement is completed

response to the same beat the other player

ie is the time it takes a player to respond and restore

ball that arrives

Players can work to reduce the response time

training exercises paths with game situations


development and improvement in response time is essential in tennis

where the ball moves so quickly

especially when returning the service or net game

Agility is the ability of a player to exit stop and change

quickly and efficiently addresses

These responses are the key to success in tennis

Agility is a quality that combines speed reaction equilibrium

muscle strength and elasticity


Static and dynamic

of the two dynamic balance it is the most important for tennis

allowing recovery

reaction speed

the ability to react with time a player on the court will determine its



most careers are short in tennis

between two and a half meters to six meters

This means that the output power and acceleration are very

important for a tennis player

muscle elasticity

absolutely necessary for the recovery displacement


motion cycle

phases are six footwork

first waiting position

second explains this

third rotation of the body

fourth shift

fifth hit

sixth recovery

This cycle is repeated whenever we hit

ie on every shot but it is done near the six phases will be

These six components of the movement cycle are the basis for mobility

on track

any omission or error in any of these components will affect the

effectiveness of player movement

ready position

Also call waiting

It is positioned in front of the net with feet apart more than the

shoulder width for balance

the will do while we're waiting for the opponent strikes the

ball to prepare the next shot

the racket is held with both hands by the dominant fist and

Key around the neck of the racket

so that the output faster we will be making small jumps

while we wait for the next ball

if we supported the entire foot with the heel including the exit to the next

blow would be slower and more expensive to do it

This position allows rapid movement in any direction

We can appreciate the differences in position on the bottom and on the net

slight bending at the bottom of the body with the projection center

Gravity on the front foot

three supports

flexion of the body center of gravity projection almost

outside the base of support

foot placement on the serve

the line formed by the toes pointing to where it is desired


there are at least four types of footwork to get

It is used in the initiation

It is to conduct a balanced balance being the heel

rear raised


He jumped on stepladder

the back foot passes aunmentar getting power


jumped from static force position is achieved by bending



approach happened

This technique is for advanced players

nadal and many other players make getting more competition



t step splip

when the opponent starts moving his racket at the ball the player must

jump and fall to the ground at the moment of impact between the ball and racket


this jump is called split step and helps the player to establish good

starting position

forcing him to bend the knees and lower the center of gravity

while the air is in the direction of the ball is determined

the farthest foot before the ball falls

unconscious movement


rotation of the body

as the player falls to the ground after the split step needed

turn your shoulders and take the first step on the foot to the side of the coup

Exit to the ball if it comes to our right is always with

right foot doing shoulder turn simultaneously

armed coup


the race is the essence of mobility on the track

It is a sequence of steps that should be automated to move


every good player follows the same sequence every time he hits the


ready position

Also call waiting

second split step

rotation of the body and shoulders



long career steps are becoming shorter as we approach the


stop the race with the back foot


adjust gap with front foot

Most careers in tennis are short between two and a half meters and

six meters

maximum distance 14 meters

and an average

five meters

the most common movement in tennis is diagonally forward

phase of scrimmage

once near the area hit the player must continue to adjust their steps

looking for an ideal position

this movement to seek an ideal position struck him call

adjustment steps

at this stage the body position depends on the handle that


open position

west grip

semi open

handgrips semi west

opposition side

handle this

the closed position should be avoided because it could not transfer the

body weight

achieve a dynamic balance as at the end hit or hit us

will allow the transfer of body weight correctly

the key is to keep the center of gravity within the base


not being the center of gravity within the support base player

enter loss of stability need to bring a lot of energy

the body to a state of equilibrium

in the steps it shows how is done the transfer of body weight

darker area footprint

the red circle would be the center of gravity

although the angular movement is more common in the human body in the

initiation is recommended where the linear balance weight transfer

the carry from one leg to another

moves in a straight line and all parts which run through equal distance

It helps to have more control and direction



finally the player needs to curb his career as quickly as possible and

back to the center of the track again start with the cycle

movement to answer the next blow


hit and then retrieve try to recover before the opponent hit

always recover to the specific area depending on where you

hit the adversary

the player will recover the center of the track or the straight line that divides the

angle of the possible trajectories of the ball


with side steps or steps between crossed


It is a rather slow moving so used in movements

adjustment or short distances

steps between crossed

faster displacement involves crossing legs

They are used for longer trips

we can see how federer takes step between crossed when Nadal

moves out of the sidelines

and sidesteps when closer to the ball


in perception and decision making it included the recognition

future position and status of the ball according to information

received and the game situation

will depend on the player's ability to respond to stimuli received

visual stimulation leads to a physical activation

the split step

to produce displacement in search of optimum striking position


the ball goes

Once the player is approaching the hitting zone placement starts

around the ball looking for a setting that is as optimal

possible to achieve maximum performance when hitting the ball

achieved its target player makes a quick recovery that will make

be in an optimal position for the next shot

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