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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Toyota Land Cruiser - Everything You Need to Know | Up to Speed

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(crashing metal)

- From the scorching plains

of sub Saharan Africa,

to the brutal cold of the Arctic Circle,

this vehicle has driven everywhere

on our green Earth.

It's a shining beacon

of utilitarian belief

in perfected practicality.

So lower your tire pressure,

lock up them diffs

and put 'er in low.

It's time to go off-road!

This is everything you need to know

to get up to speed

on the Toyota

Land Cruiser!

(8-bit style music)

And we're goin' on a field trip!

(magical chiming)

I'm at the Land Cruiser heritage museum

in Salt Lake City, Utah,

surrounded by the most strategic collection

of Land Cruisers

in the world.

In the world!

With nearly every single model represented,

it is clear

that the Land Cruiser is one of the most diverse

and influential vehicles

in the entire history of the automobile.

You ever heard of it?

The Land Cruiser

is Toyota's longest running nameplate.

Starting production in 1951 with the BJ model.

It was a military vehicle

produced in Japan

for American use

in the Korean War.

After the armistice agreement in 1953,

the "war" was "over,"

but Toyota wanted to keep making the BJ because

it made 'em a lotta money.

But they couldn't just send a

bare-bones war fighter out into the world

and expect to sell big numbers,


Toyota gave the workhorse a redesign,

with comfier seats and softer suspension.

This "new model," called the Model 20,

encompassed both the gasoline-powered FJ20

and the diesel-powered BJ20.

This Land Cruiser

was extremely important to Toyota.

In fact, it's possible that without it,

they might not be around today.

That means

No Supra!

No MR2!

No Hachiroku!

Toyota had been building cars in Japan since 1936,

but weren't selling them outside of the country.

After the war, Toyota started looking abroad,

but there was a problem.

The biggest markets

already had their own passenger cars.


the FJ was just as good, if not better than,

America's Jeep.

So, what they did was send the FJ and the BJ

to oversea markets,

then put their new passenger car, the Crown,

next to it.

The reliability and capability

of the Land Cruiser

gave the Crown credibility.

Within Toyota, this was called the

Land Cruiser Strategy

and Toyota implemented it all over the world.

Thanks to the Land Cruiser, the Toyota lineup

was seen as a credible option.

Okay, quick time-out.

I'm gonna be sayin'

a lot of numbers and letters in this episode,

and it might seem confusing,

but it's not.

Here's what they mean.

The first letter is the engine.

F means it has a straight six gasoline engine,

B is a four-cylinder diesel engine,

and H means your Cruiser has a six-cylinder diesel.

J is Toyota-Talk for Land Cruiser.

Most people say it stands for Jeep,

but it's never been officially confirmed

by Toyota.

The number after the J is the body style.

40 through 42 is short wheel based,

43, 44, and 46 are medium wheel based,

45s and 47s, are long wheel bases,

both available in troopy and truck.


when you hear someone say FJ44,

that means it's a

six-cylinder gas Land Cruiser, in the 40 series,

with a medium wheelbase.

See? Easy!

1960 saw the first refresh of the FJ line,

the Model 40.

Yeah, it looked pretty similar to the Model 20,

but the 40 was better in every way.

Toyota had refined their construction techniques,

so the frame and body were stronger.

The FJ40 also had a low range gear

that made off-roading way easier.

And, the Model 40 had more horsepower, 125.

You might be sayin, "Gee whiz James, that doesn't

sound like a lot," and, you're right,

but horsepower isn't that important

for off-roading, dum-dum.

It's all about the torque!

The next FJ update was in 1967.

The Model 55 FJ.

It was basically a station wagon for the Outback.

Some versions had seating for up to nine people.

That's more people

than were in my eighth grade graduating class!

The Model 55 is probably the funkiest looking

of all of the Land Cruisers,

earning the nickname Iron Pig.

Because some people thought it looked like a pig

that was made out of metal.

The Model 55 marked the transition in thinking

around utility vehicles.

Yes, they can be used to do work in remote places,

but they can also carry people!

Just like the pickup truck,

people were starting to see

that the Land Cruiser wasn't just meant for work.

It was also meant for life.

The paradigm shift was complete

when Toyota dropped

the Land Cruiser Model 60

in 1980.

It was still the unstoppable off-roader

people came to know and love,

but now there was a luxury model.

The GX had a moon-roof,

powered mirrors,

a more comfortable interior.

Toyota knew that customers

were shopping the Land Cruiser

against the Land Rover,

and that it needed to be better

if they were going to compete.

The most critical component

was the Land Cruiser's solid front axle.

It's a solid front axle.

On heavy-duty vehicles, the wheels are connected

with a solid beam.

This is stronger than independent suspension,

and perfect for hauling stuff around.

The simple nature of solid axles

made them more reliable.

Which is exactly what you want

when you're out in the bush!

There are less components to break,

so if something goes wrong, it's easier to fix.

Plus, a solid axle

lets you get sweet flex, bro!

However, solid axles aren't great for handling,

and aren't as comfortable on the road.

To solve this,

Toyota put softer springs on the Land Cruiser,

which allowed them even more


Which made them even better off road.

Good job, Toyota.

The Land Cruiser continued to modernize

with the Model 70 released in 1984.

Small adjustments were made to make the now

legendary off-roader even better.

The body panels were thickened by a millimeter

to make them more durable.

And the styling was updated for a more

domesticated look.

If the Model 60 in 1980 marked the Land Cruiser's

transition from utilitarian focus to comfort,

1989's Model 80 was a full commitment to luxury.

Toyota knew that most people weren't going to

take the latest Cruiser off-road.

That for most people in the U.S.,

the Land Cruiser was a family car.

- ♪ And I can sing high

- But the Land Cruiser didn't mind,

because it was still a




It didn't matter if the Model 80

eventually got safer features,

like anti-lock brakes and airbags,

because in 1996,

the Land Cruiser earned the ultimate

in off-road


The Dakar rally is one of the most

demanding races on Earth.

Spanning from Granada, Spain,

to Dakar, Senegal.

Navigating city streets,

sand dunes,

and some of the most treacherous terrain

on Earth.

Toyota entered two Model 80 Land Cruisers

in the unmodified diesel class.

That means they didn't modify them.

And guess what?

They won!

Toyota would return in 2001,

and win again!

And if that wasn't enough,

they won


in 2005.

Oh, that's still not enough?

They came back in 2014

and won again!

It goes without saying,

but you can't stop

a Land Cruiser.

In 1998, however,

the 80 series was replaced

by the Land Cruiser 100.

By now, everyone knew that

Land Cruiser was the best.

We all knew this.

It rode like a cloud over roads

that were impassible to lesser vehicles.

It could maneuver itself

over the most unforgiving terrain,

and it would not die.

- Hashtag, invincible!

- It is so reliable,

as a durable four by four,

that the United Nations passed a resolution

to use it as their field vehicle of choice.

Toyota made the best



They developed a new 32-valve V8

that made more horsepower,

got better mileage,

and reduced emissions.

And while in some markets they released

a 105 series that carried over most of its guts

from the 80 series, including

solid front and rear axles,

the 100 series that we got

had quite a few game-changing

bells and whistles.

The front suspension was

a double wishbone type independent suspension,

and the steering was now rack and pinion.

This Land Cruiser

was designed to feel more like a passenger car

than its heavy-duty, rough and tumble predecessors.

To further improve riding comfort

and steering stability,

it had hydraulic vehicle height adjustment,

and Toyota Electronic Modulated Suspension,

or, skyhook,


Which made it perform better if for some reason

you were driving on paved roads.

In '99 it got traction control,

and in 2002 the Land Cruiser

featured new technology

that enabled drivers to see in the dark.

Just like a cay-ett!

Night view uses headlight projectors

to emit near-infrared light

then, a camera

captures that reflected radiation,

a computer processes it,

and it projects a black and white image

on the windshield.

I'm serious!

They made this!

This is Bruce Wayne stuff!

Though the Land Cruiser 100

continues to evolve on the path

of luxury passenger car,

there are still users overseas

who must drive it off-road.

To meet the needs of Australia,


and other rugged environments,

Toyota is still cranking out the Land Cruiser 105 series.

No matter how much it takes on the aura of luxury

the Land Cruiser is never far from its roots

as an off-road vehicle.

The latest version is no different.

The 200 series is one of the most

capable off-roaders,

let alone luxury off-roaders,

that you can buy today.

It is a beautiful


Introduced in 2007,

the 200 series pioneered features like

downhill assist control,

off road anti-lock brakes,

and CRAWL.


Which is basically cruise control for the trail,

using weird computer science

it basically drives itself.

Despite the openly luxurious appearance,

the 200 series is still

one of the best overland vehicles

in the friggin' world!

From its start,

the Land Cruiser dominated the harsh landscapes

of untouched countries,

but the landscape has changed.

Today, the Land Cruiser dominates

the automotive landscape.

Looking down from its lofty, luxury perch,

as king of the mountain.

And those harsh, unexplored environments?

Well, it still dominates there, too.

Hail to the king, baby.

Thanks for watching Up To Speed,

what's your favorite off-road story?

Share it in the comments below.

I wanna say a huge thank you

to Greg Miller and everyone

at the Land Cruiser heritage museum

for having us out and letting us look around,

this place is amazing,

and if you're in the Salt Lake area,

you should definitely check it out!

If you're lucky, then he'll be here,

and you can learn a ton just like I did.

Come here, take a picture,

tag me and Jonah in it,

and I'll send you somethin'.


Don't forget to like, comment, subscribe,

and share.

I love you.

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