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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: 16. Indirect Objects and Objective Complements. Grammar

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I'm going to talk about two things one

the indirect object and the other is the

objective compliment and you'll see why

I'm grooming these two things together

by the end now first the indirect object

as its name suggests is related to the

direct object it is contrasted to it but

they're in the same family of things the

direct object you will recall is the

thing that is on the receiving end of

the action named by the verb let's take

a look at a sentence he faked her a cake

he baked her a cake now the way we find

direct objects is we look at the main

verb baked and we asked baked what and

the answer here is a cake he baked a

cake

so okay is the direct object in case is

really the direct object this is a

nominal phrase okay is the head cake is

the direct object of faith but we have

this her in here now her is not the

direct object if you ask what did he

bake the answer isn't her I hope so

her is what we call the indirect object

and the indirect object is a word either

a name or a pronoun

pronoun for whom or to the direct object

was made or given it doesn't have that

those aren't the only verbs obviously

make him give that they can take

indirect objects here's they he faked a

cake for but we with the indirect object

you don't have to have the prepositional

phrase for or you just put the herb he

baked her a cake that means the same

thing as he baked a cake for her but her

here is an indirect object it's as if

there's an invisible and there's it says

if there's an invisible for or two in

front of every indirect object similarly

she gave him a black eye

maybe the cake was no good she gave him

a black eye

well game what a black eye that's what

so this phrase here is the direct object

him is the indirect object gave a black

eye to him so that's the indirect object

it's it's pretty straightforward

I want to impair this discussion with

the discussion of of less famous

grammatical structure see I got far less

publicity for some reason which is the

objective compliment now look at a

sentence like this he made me a man

that's something you might say that

about your coach or your father or your

your drill sergeant or something like

that he he made a man he made me a man

well what did he make well he made me

but not really me he didn't make me and

so we said we see that and he and this

is not an indirect object

he didn't make a man for me he didn't

make a man to me whatever that would

mean we see that there's there needs to

be something else to complete this

object because he didn't simply make me

he made me something

he made me into something and what he

made me into is a man so a man is the

structure we would call the object of

compliment because the direct object is

me but in a case like this there needs

to be something else added to it to make

sense of the direct object is because he

didn't make me now he did in fact bake a

cake end of story

there is no objective compliment what

did he bake a cake what did he make me

hmm he made me a man so here this phrase

here a man is the objective compliment

the object of compliment is a noun or an

adjective that is needed to complete the

object the direct object so he made me a

man so me is the direct object and a man

is the objective compliment let's look

at a few more of these to see how they

work they elected Carter president they

elected Carter president well who did

they elect they elected Carter but we

have this noun hanging off the end here

and if you don't have some way of the

county board it's just hanging off in

space

they didn't just elect Carter they

elected him president so once again

president is the object of compliment

here Carter is the direct object and

president is the object of compliment

Sandor made me sad

now here's another made Sandor made what

but he didn't really make me period end

of story the way he baked the cake end

of story

he didn't make me he made me sad sad

here is of course an adjective president

in the elected Carter president that's a

noun that's a nominal object of

compliment here we have an adjective as

the object of compliment Sandor made me

sad didn't just make me flat-out he made

me sad sad is the one word object and

compliment me is the direct object now

here this is sort of but something you

can use to maybe astound your friends

this is sort of a for a party trick or

something

he made me sing now once again you

should be thinking we're in object of

compliment territory because he didn't

you know he didn't really make me again

period end of story

he made me sing so sing is an object of

compliment but you might be saying well

what what is this object of compliments

are either nouns or adjectives and sing

just hanging off along there that looks

like a verb well what it in fact is is

an infinitive whose two

has been wiped away but it's there in

theory and you can see this if you think

of a similar sentence he for what made

were forced well you would say he forced

me to sing right you would not say he

forced me sing you would say he forced

me to sing as it happens this is just

one of these idioms in English just

these things that we do there's no real

rhyme or reason but it's just how we say

it when you say made me too mean

compelled me or forced me the two in the

infinitive phrase that is functioning as

the object of complement gets dropped so

he made me sing really means he made me

to sing and in fact in old-fashioned

English you can you can find that he

made me to sing he made me to cry and

people learning English as a second

language will often insert this to hear

and native speakers may sort of laugh at

that but in fact there's really a point

there and people learning English as a

second language ever remembered

something that we forgotten so saying is

the object of compliment and because

objective compliments and indirect

objects can produce similar looking

sentences a lot of sentences can be read

two ways so for example he made me a man

if we read a man as the object of

compliment that means he turned me into

a man but supposing you you're talking

about dr. Frankenstein and somebody says

well what didn't you know what did dr.

Frankenstein make for you he made me a

man now a man is the direct object and

me is the indirect object so indirect

objects plus direct objects can often

look a lot like direct objects and

objective compliments

The Description of 16. Indirect Objects and Objective Complements. Grammar