Good morning, Vav
To the canoe!
My father used to fish
And my grandfather
And all of those who came before them
Whom I have not met.
It is a life of patience
And patience comes with time
No one knows how this all started
And how it's been kept alive during all these years
All we can do is wait
Until the watchman signals
To put the canoes in the water to encircle the fish
It can happen any time
Maybe even now!
Come on, let's go!
Look, ever since I can remember
At my age
Since I started wandering around
When I was a young boy, I used to come here
People were already fishing tainha.
Because this goes back to my great-grandparents
Before my great-grandparents
It's always been with tainha nets.
Their fishing here was...
The fishing of tainha.
The first time I worked fishing tainha
I was already 14 years old.
But always together with my dad
Learning from him.
We used to catch lots of fish
And it didn't pay much.
At that time nobody had money
to make a boat like that.
It was easy to buy a canoe.
They bartered for canoes.
But nobody made boats.
I was a little boy here
My father used to catch tainha with a cast net, close to the rocks
My grandma used to scold him saying she didn't Have space to store the fish! It was all cured.
I had to use both hands to carry One tainha, because I was little.
When they arrived it was a big party.
Both for us and for them!
Because we felt that joy to see it.
Oh my god! What's-his-face...
Oh! They caught it! "Shut up, be silent!"
Oh that's beautiful! look what is coming there.
And those little canoes came.
Because at that time, there were those canoes, you know?
What are you doing Joo?
Tallow for the boat.
Is it the grease?
Then you spread them on the logs
And on the keel of the boat
So that it slides.
So that it slides more smoothly, right?
Every year I make this.
Then it melts. Now it is watery.
Later it becomes... Do you understand? In paste.
How does that work? Does it have to cool down for two days?
Six hours and it's ready.
In 6 hours you can already cut it into pieces...
Nobody is born a fisherman.
I joined the group this year.
It is an honor to be fishing.
Every night I go to bed thinking of The day I will get on the canoe
And grab the paddle.
I wake up early
I go to the beach
I meet the group
We take the canoes down. And we wait.
Everything seems calm.
All of a sudden, the watchman points to the sea
And lets the boss know.
You can see from far that piece of cloth waving.
Everyone looks for the fish.
The canoe goes into the water
The cable goes to the shore
The paddlers row very hard
Everything happens very fast.
When we finish bringing the net around
We don't always know what's inside.
A lot of people help to pull the net
Because they know that if there is fish They can take a tainha home.
Is it good there?
So I realized that there are two important Moments in fishing tainha.
The first is that euphoria
When everybody runs.
And the other is pulling the net
When you actually see how many Fish are in there.
Inside the net
There can be many or few.
And each person feels it differently.
But what I really like Is the euphoria
Which is always the same for everyone!
There's no night or day
During these 60 days that we wait for the tainha
When we see them, we get excited!
And when we put them inside The net, even better
And that's how we fish tainha.
Oh, to wake up early almost everyday
Go to school, eat, and come straight to the beach.
The most beautiful thing, the one that Marks us the most, is when they encircle them.
They leave to encircle the fish
The group is at the beach... We arrive...
It's a celebration for us.
I came to this beach here
When I was 3 months old.
When I was 10 I gave the signal to encircle my first tainha.
My father came to talk here
With the group
And I stayed up there, he told me to stay there.
"Son, if they come, tell them to encircle."
But it was a bad catch
It had been about 8 days That we hadn't caught anything.
So I was up there
And I saw the fish coming.
From there to here.
I told them to encircle. My father ran all the way up there.
When he got halfway up the hill it was too late
And I was telling them to encircle.
When he got to the rocks The fish were there
Inside the net.
It was an afternoon like this
So he asked: "son, will we catch many?"
I said: "at least 300, dad"
We caught 313
13 more than I had calculated.
And from there I started...
I had started that thing so they trusted me.
It wasn't necessary anymore To have my father watching
Having only me was enough.
It's a great pleasure.
A great pleasure
To see my friends
Nowadays doing something I used to do.
Because I used to wait for what might come.
And now you
Are waiting for what might come
Because they leave from Rio Grande
But don't tell anyone if they are coming.
I came here once again!
We encircled here, 3 nets
Nilo Pinheiro's net, from Outside Beach
And two nets from the late Benjamim.
We caught 20 thousand.
We encircled them at Sepultura Beach In the same year, 1949
The year of the Great Catch, we call it.
30 plus thousand.
At the end of Bombas beach, 40 plus thousand
And it was counted in thousands.
It was the year of the great tainha catch.
We encircled them there on the corner
We caught 54 thousand, that we could count.
And at that time there was no
Refrigerator truck to carry the fish.
There was almost no buyer.
We were lucky that a big boat from Santos
Bought all that fish.
They were there pulling the net
And came here, bought the fish and took it to Santos.
And so it was 54 tonnes.
But they encircled fish to catch about 500 thousand.
The sea was heavy...
It was a rough sea.
And they encircled with 13 nets.
At that time fish was abundant, you know?
We were little, 8, 9, 10 years old
We escaped from our mothers and fathers to go there.
We used to make boats from leaves of banana trees far down the river.
We came paddling. The river ran up to the health center over there.
The width of the river was like from here to that house over there.
You would look underwater and find little shells
There was so much fish
Sole, croaker, "tainha", "tainhota", "parati".
It was a lot of fish.
There was a scallop, as we call it
It is a type of scallop that is found here in this river
You had to know how to remove it.
They danced to soften the bottom of the river to be able to remove it.
Many people got 30 dozens, 40 dozens.
The women took them home
Cooked them and then made a stew with them.
It was so strong that it made people sweat when they ate it.
This is how strong it was.
That was here.
Nowadays when you look... Calamity!
Everything is destroyed.
There are no more fish breeding here.
There isn't anything left there.
That river mouth, we used to go swim there
When the sea came, in the waves...
We would see "parati"...
There were all sorts of fish.
Nowadays you go there, what is left? Nothing. Pollution.
What put an end to tainha fishing here
Wasn't so much the fishing vessels
It wasn't so much the industrial nets
It wasn't so much the handcrafted nets
You know what it was? Pollution.
If people continue to pollute the river
Our fishing will end.
I'm not going to see that, Based on my age.
But the youth will.
It is going to end
day by day.
So the way we fish tainha
Doesn't come from the portuguese.
This comes from the generations of brazilians who lived here
Because this comes from the old times.
Tainha fishing is very very old
Those who are gone, those who died
They haven't even met who started it
Maybe tainha fishing, like they say,
Was started by the portuguese
It's even possible that this type of fishing
was invented by the indigenous people.
What our ancestors had,
they passed on to us
and my intention is to pass it on only when I die.
This is something we are very proud of.
The tainha comes from the Uruguay river
Comes from Rio Grande...
And these big fish that come...
These last fish that come in the winter
They grow in these wider rivers that you see
Having space, they grow.
When you catch a shoaling of fish
in order for it not to fool you too much
There are tricks... When it comes
It signals, it comes jumping, turning around
It moves the water.
Sometimes all you see is yellow at the bottom of the sea.
One must have experience with tainha.
Because 100, 200 fish pass by here...
From the beach one can't see.
If you don't have a watchman there...
To tell the guys to encircle
You don't... From the beach one can't see the tainha.
We stay there, in reality, waiting
for an alert from the watchman.
When they come in a shoaling like this
And you see purple there in the water
You look, you keep looking!
When they jump, Those who know say
"It's tainha, it's a shoaling of tainha"
You can tell them to encircle.
And the moment that we get more excited
is when the fish is encircled.
Jumping... Flopping inside the net.
But I really like fishing tainha.
The most beautiful thing is to see a big shoaling be encircled
And see the tainhas jumping.
Look, I live here.
But if I know that they are encircling there, I run.
I go there.
It's beautiful... And it's a delicious fish, right?
It only comes once a year. It's not much.
There are so many things the eyes don't see.
The wonders of God are for everyone.
But few realize that.
Maybe some still remember
those late afternoons
with many cast netting
in those cold waters of May.
In those days
We still had traditional healers
People did their laundry in the fountain
Children played in the mounds.
But that's how it is.
We are born revealing what
We ourselves forget.
That being alive
is our greatest gift.
Nature still has many mysteries.
But nothing ends without starting again.
Oh, look at that big yellow there. It is coming here...
I think they are going, Roberto.
There, it jumped again.
Did you see it?
Go, go, go!
If this still exists
It is only to keep the tradition.
We are fishing to have something to...
Keep the nostalgia away.
We sometimes, I think to myself...
God forgive me if I'm wrong
Years are passing and we don't get a decent amount of fish
This is due to greed.
Everything has changed.
They are working, but it seems that there are some...
that don't make an effort saying others don't make it either.
This is it.
They don't all work as hard.
I feel that it is something that we ask God to send
for everyone to fish and for everyone to eat!
And it is something that is a tradition, that we have always faced this phase.
The best celebration for me is catching the tainha.
It's not because of the...
because I like it
It's only because...
I like it just because...
The way it jumps in the net...
It is beautiful.
Our time is coming to an end.
And we all know that.
The nostalgia stays.
I pray to God that our story never ends.
And that our strength and our courage
Inspire the youth
And that they continue this art.
We are still the same.
Inside of us nothing has changed.
And we were made from the lives of those who came before us.
And our story will be told
by our children
And from everything we have lived
the only thing we are sure about
is what we are today
and what we can do now.
"Last night I had a dream,
I dreamt of my love.
He was at the window
waiting for the sunset."
The Artisanal Fishing of Tainha has been declared HISTORICAL, ARTISTIC AND CULTURAL HERITAGE
Of the Bombinhas Municipality according to Law Number 1285 of July 4th, 2012.
A documentary about Traditional Fishing of Grey Mullet in Bombinhas (Brasil)
Currently in the Bombinhas Municipality There are approximately 55 canoes.
We thank the traditional fishing community for their participation
and all of those who have collaborated and who believed in this project.
"We are still the same, Inside of us nothing has changed."