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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: FCE (B2 First) Reading and Use of English Exam (Part One) - How to Do Parts 1-4

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Hello, I'm Olivier.

Welcome to Oxford Online English.

In this lesson, you can learn how to do the Cambridge FCE reading and use of English exam.

The FCE Reading and Use of English exam takes 75 minutes and has seven parts.

The questions are worth one or two marks each.

This will be a two-part video on the exam, explaining everything you need to know.

Lets get started!

Part one of the test is a short text with eight gaps that you have to fill.

This is called a cloze test.

This one is multiple choice, so for each gap, you need to choose the correct answer from

four options.

Have a look at this sample question:

Biology is a branch of science.

It concerns the natural world, _____ than chemicals or matter and energy.

Now look at the multiple choices for this question:

Which answer do you think is correct?

Before I tell you, its a good idea to look at the question and see if it gives you any

clues.

You can see that you need a word which goes with than.

Only one of these answers will fit.

If you dont know the answer immediately, then what should you do?

If youre not sure, then look carefully at the answers and eliminate the options that

are definitely not right.

For example, we know the answer cant be instead.

Instead of, not instead than.

What about except?

Can you say except than?

No, you cant.

You can say except that, except when, except if and except for, but you cant say except

than.

What about sooner than?

Is it possible?

Yes: you can say sooner than and rather than.

So how do you know which answer is correct?

If both answers are grammatically correct, then you need to read through the sentence

with both words to see which one makes logical sense.

We use sooner than as a comparison to say that something is earlier or faster than something

else.

That meaning doesnt fit here, and so rather than must be the correct answer.

Did you get it right?

With this part of the test, its important to do a few things:

Firstly, look at the words surrounding the gap to see if they fit with the answer.

Are they part of a phrasal verb, idiom or collocation?

Is there a preposition that will only fit with certain words?

If youre not sure of the answer, eliminate ones you know are incorrect to narrow it down

and give you a better chance.

Finally, read through the sentence with the answer to make sure it makes sense!

Sometimes things are grammatically correct, but they dont make sense.

Lets move on to part two!

Part two is similar to part one.

In this part of the FCE use of English test, youll get a short text with eight gaps.

But, to make it harder, there arent any multiple choices in this part.

Instead, you have to think of the correct word and write it in the gap.

For example:

I have a degree _____ international relations.

In this part of the test, the missing word is also likely to be an article, a preposition,

a pronoun, or what I like to call the building blocks of language.

A common mistake that students make in this part of the test is using lots of nouns.

While its true that some answers may be nouns, its more likely youll need to

use abuilding blockword: something which is needed to make the sentence grammatically

complete, rather than something which adds meaning to the sentence.

When you read through your questions, pay attention to the structure of the sentence and think

about whats missing.

It can also be helpful to make notes while youre reading the text.

For example, if you notice that you need a preposition in a specific gap, but you arent

sure which one yet, make a note next to the gap.

Are you ready to have a go?

Look at your question:

Do you know what kind of word we need here?

We need a preposition, of course. But do you know which preposition?

With subjects, like history, English or international relations, we use the preposition in.

So, the correct answer is:

I have a degree in international relations.

Lets look at another example:

People often think my work is very boring, but ______ from some paperwork, it isnt

at all!

If you read this sentence carefully, its saying that the paperwork is the only boring

thing in the job.

The paperwork is the exception.

What are some words or phrases that mean that somethings an exception?

You could say except for, apart from, other than.

These are the most obvious answers, although there are other possibilities, too.

Do you know the answer yet?

Thats right, its apart.

Apart from means something is an exception, and apart fits with the preposition from in

the sentence.

Now lets move on to part three!

Part three of the FCE reading and use of English exam is about word formation.

Like parts one and two, you need to fill a gap.

However, in part three, you have a stem word which you need to change to fill the gap.

For example, you might see the word LONG as your stem word.

You might need to change the word to length or longer or longest, depending on the question.

Lets look at your sample question:

What most people find difficult with this curry is how strong and _____ it is.

The stem word with this question is SPICE.

Its a good idea to read through the question to see what kind of word you need first.

Spice can be a noun or a verbbut what do you need in this question?

Do you need a verb?

If so, what tense?

Do you need an adjective?

If so, do you need a regular adjective, or a comparative or a superlative?

Lets look.

It refers to the curry, and you can see that the adjective strong is used to describe it.

The gap comes after the words strong and ____, which suggests that you need another adjective

here.

Do you know what the adjective from spice is?

The correct answer is spicy.

Lets do one more example:

Unfortunately, these farmers are _____ to sell their produce.

The stem word is LIKE.

Look at the grammatical structure of this sentencecan you see whats missing?

The gap is between the verb to be and the infinitive verb with to, which means that

you need an adjective here.

How can you make an adjective from like which fits this sentence?

Likely is an adjective, although it looks like an adverb, and the meaning fits here:

Unfortunately, these farmers are likely to sell their produce.

But, theres a problem.

Can you see?

Unfortunately refers to something bad, but farmers selling their produce is not a bad

thing!

Heres the correct answer:

Unfortunately, these farmers are unlikely to sell their produce.

This answer needed a negative prefix for the sentence to make sense.

In the exam, check all of your answers and make sure the meanings are all correct, as

well as the grammar!

Lets move on to part four of the exam.

Part four of the FCE reading and use of English exam has six questions and is calledkey

word transformation'.

Let's look at an example.

This is what your question will look like.

Youll be given a sentence, a key word in capital letters, and then another sentence.

The second sentence will only have the beginning and the end, and you have to complete it.

When you complete the sentence, you need to use between two and five words, including

the key word.

You cannot change the key word in any way.

Lets get back to our sample question.

Do you know how to answer it?

If youre not sure, heres a clue: you need to make a phrasal verb which can be used

with the word instructions.

Any ideas?

You can carry out instructions.

This has a similar meaning to follow instructions.

So, the answer to this question would be:

You must carry out the teachers instructions exactly.

Now, its time for you to try one:

There are a few clues here to help you.

Can you think of a phrase with point that means the same as not worth it?

What other important words are missing in the gap?

Pause the video and try to work out the answer!

Ill be here to tell you when you press play again.

Got it?

The answer is:

There is no point in inviting her to the cinema.

She will never come.

Theres no point has a very similar meaning to its not worth

Theres no point in doing something is a fixed phrase, which you need to know to answer

this question.

Theres no other way to use the word point.

Theres only one possible answer.

These questions can be worth two points, so even if you only get half of the answer right,

you can still get one point for that.

So, even if you dont know the full answer, try to write something.

Now that weve reached the end of this video, you should have a good understanding of the

FCE reading and use of English exam parts one to four, and some ideas on how to prepare

yourself for it.

You can see more of our free lessons, including FCE preparation lessons, on our website: Oxford

Online English.com.

See you next time!

The Description of FCE (B2 First) Reading and Use of English Exam (Part One) - How to Do Parts 1-4