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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: How to pronounce HURT, HEARD & HARD Can you tell the difference? 英会話 Listening Test tesl ielts

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Can you tell the difference?

Today, we are going to learn about the differences in American pronunciation between the words

hurt,” “heard,” andhard.”

The first wordhurtcan be a verb, an adjective, or a noun.

As a verb, it means to cause mental or physical pain to someone.

The second wordheardis the past tense of the verbhearwhich means to perceive

by the ear.

And the third wordhardcan be an adjective or an adverb.

As an adjective, it means solid or not soft.

It can also mean difficult to do.

To understand the differences between these words, lets compare the first two words,

hurt,” andheard.”

Both words start with an h likehuh, huh”, followed by the same

“ɜr.” sound like hur-t and hear-d.

Your lips should be slightly rounded and the tip of your tongue is curled as you sayhɚ.”

The difference between these words lies in the last sounds of the wordstandd.”

While thetsound is unvoiced, thedsound is voiced.

When you make a voiced sound such as thedsound, your throat vibrates.

You can make thetsound by pushing air through the opening of your mouth without

causing the throat to vibrate.

Next, we are going to compare the wordshardandheard.”

To sayhard,” you need to open your mouth bigger and drop your jaw little more, compared

to the pronunciation ofhurtandheard.”

And theHARsound like /hɑɚd/ should be coming from the back of your mouth.

Thats the only difference between these words and both words end with the same soft d sound.

Let me demonstrate how to pronounce these words.

Please pay close attention to the shape of my lips and the position of my jaw and tongue.

hur-, hur-, hurt

hear-, hear-, heard

har-, har-, hard

hur-, hur-, hurt

hear-, hear-, heard

har-, har-, hard

Now, I am going to give you a quiz.

I will pick one of the three words and say it three times.

Please listen carefully and tell me which word I am pronouncing next.

I hope you could tell the differences and picked the wordhardfor your answer.

We have another question for you.

I am going to read a sentence twice that contains one of the three words.

Your job is to tell me which word I am using in the sentence.

The answer ishurt.”

I hope this was an easy question for you because, grammatically, the wordhurtis the

only correct choice for this sentence out of the three words.

If somebody said, “I didnt want to heard him.”

orI didnt want to hard him,” these sentences would be grammatically incorrect.

So, in most cases, knowing the correct English grammar can help your listening comprehension.

Okay?

I have one more question.

This time, I will read a sentence that contains two of the three words.

Ill say the sentence three times and give you a little hint each time.

Id like you to tell me which words are used in what parts of the sentence.

Okay, lets begin.

And the answer is, I heard her say, “Im hard of hearing.”

The phrasehard of hearingmeans having a partial loss of hearing.

In other words, it is difficult for the woman to hear what people are saying because she

has partially lost her ability to hear sounds.

Well, thats it for today.

If you didnt answer all of the questions correctly, watch this video over and over

until you can tell the differences between these words.

Thank you for watching and see you next time.

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