Hello, I'm David Beckham.
No, I'm not. I'm James. This is engVid. This is David Beckham.
But you might be thinking right now some interesting questions, as to: Why did I say I was David
Beckham instead of James as normal? Well, I wanted to get your attention, I wanted to
start a conversation. And a lot of times we do this through asking questions. This lesson
is about how to change your questions, because many people learning English like to ask questions
with the answer "Yes" and "No", and frankly, it's quite boring. It puts me to sleep. Okay?
So I'm going to teach you in this lesson how to use W5 questions in order to make a conversation
much more interesting, to learn more about the person, and they can learn about you.
And when I'm done with you, you're going to be an excellent conversationalist. That's
a person who is good at making people like them. Are you ready? Let's go to the board.
Here's E. "Boring. Blah, blah, blah, blah, blah. Yes and no." Do you think the weather
is nice? Yes/no. Do you like your food? Yes/no. Blah, blah, blah. These lead to questions
in which people answer "Yes", and you are forced to continually ask questions, and it
sounds more like you're being interviewed, like a police interview:
-"Where were you at last dah-dah-dah?" -"Oh my gosh!" And then there's these colourful ones. See these nice
little balls, all happy and nice? These are W5 questions, because not only are you asking
a question, you're asking about me and asking for my opinion and I want to give it to you,
which means I'll talk to you longer and you'll get the opportunity to become a better listener
and speaker. All right? Let's go to the board.
Okay, first things first: "W5 Questions for More Interesting Conversations". What is W5?
Because I've said it about five times, and some of you will know right off, and some
of you are going: "I don't understand." W5 are information questions. They... These are
the things that we use in English to get information, so you cannot say "Yes" or "No" to these things,
you actually have to explain. And by explaining, you give more information which makes it much
more interesting for me, the listener, and for you, as the speaker, because you get to
W5, we start off with: "Who?" These are the people. Who are you speaking to? Who are you
speaking about? People and persons. Okay? "When?" This is the time. What time did it
happen? 12 o'clock, February, 2001. September 11th, ring a bell, anyone? Makes a difference.
Okay? "Where?" This is the location. Where did it take place? In my house, at work, in
Ireland, in Jamaica, in Japan. "Where?" changes everything. Right?
"Why?" What is the reason
that we're having this conversation? Why did you do it? People have reasons, and if you
ask them, it's amazing what they'll tell you. Most of the times we look for "Yes" or "No"
because we want information, but the reason behind somebody did it might explain why the
"Yes" or the "No" much clearer to you, and sometimes to them, actually. And: "What?"
What are we talking about? What is the subject of the conversation? It's not always about
people. It could be about money, health, politics. "What?" is important to us. All right? The
subject of the conversation.
And here's one in orange, because it's not really "W"; w, w, w, w. Maybe at the end,
but: "How?" "How?" is really useful. I put there is W5, because it's the method. How
did you get there? Like, tell me the steps that you got there. Not your reason, but the
way that you did it. Okay? So, why did I go to Japan? Because I love the country, I love
the people. How did I get there? By airplane, and then by boat because I wanted to go to
Okinawa. That changes the story. Okay?
So, if we put these together... And you're going to ask in a second: "What do you mean?"
because I've told you we're going to be great conversationalists, we'll go through a sample
conversation in a second. Here's this. Okay? These are often used in English writing. That's
why I'm giving it to you now, because we use it in writing because, in writing, you're
speaking when you write, but there's... You don't know your audience. So, a lot of people
use these things in their writing to actually get to know who their audience is and maybe
make it much more interesting for a person that they don't know who's going to read their
work later on.
So, why don't we take this idea-okay?-and use it? Because it will help make our topic
clear-okay?-when we're speaking to somebody. It will help finding out who our audience
will be, not just who we're speaking to, but who it might be in the future or who we should
be speaking to. Okay? And what method we should use in speaking to someone that will get the
best result, because by using these questions, people give us the information we need to
make the conversation for them. And once it's interesting for them, trust me, it'll be interesting
for you. You'll get a lot of conversations.
Okay, so as I said here: "Do this in conversation and it will be amazing!" So, why don't we
have a sample conversation now to give you an example of how to use W5, because I know
you've heard many people say it before, but why don't we show you how to use it and see
how you can actually change dull, boring, mundane-these all were words that say non-interesting,
okay?-conversation into one that's exciting and interesting. Are you ready? Let's go.
Okay, so we talk about colour, making conversation colourful through W5 questions. You noticed
here, it was black and white and boring, you don't even know, it's just: "blah, blah, blah",
and all of this colourful stuff here brings your eye, just like it brings the attention.
It's not that conversation is all about you, but when you need to practice it, you do need
people to speak to you so you can work on your listening skills and your ability to
get your information to other people. Right? Let's go to the board. Actually, I'll go on this side.
Now, if you notice, soon as I moved away, you probably saw this here, but then your
eye went down there because it was so much colour. Let's look at the type of questions
that we're asking, and you'll understand why this is in colour and more interesting to
you than this. Let's change the conversation.
Here's a simple conversation of three sentences. I walk up and say to you:
"Hey. Do you celebrate Christmas?" You're going to say: "Yes" or "No".
Conversation is done. So, I have to
say again: "Okay. Well, do you celebrate it, if you do, on December 25th?"
because there's actually an Orthodox Christmas that's in January or February, I can't remember, but it's a
different time, so you might have to say: "Yes" or "No". Once again, the conversation
is dead. And to bring it alive, I'm going to say: "Hey. Do you buy present"-[laughs]-"presents
at Christmas?" You know, do you provide presents for your family and friends? Some people do
and some people don't, depending on their religion. And so, once again, the answer is:
"Yes" or "No". This is a terribly boring conversation, and I don't want to keep asking 50 questions
just to have you go: "Yeah. No. Maybe. Yeah."
Let's make it interesting. The same type of question with a W5:
"How do you celebrate Christmas?" What?
Maybe I go: "Well, I don't cele..." Now, notice I didn't say: "Yes" or
"No", I go: "Well, no, I don't celebrate Christmas." I actually have to answer your:
"Do you celebrate Christmas?" I go: "No, I don't celebrate it." And I might say: -"No? Why is that?"
-"Well, in my country, we don't have Christianity. We have a Shinto religion, and", dah-dah-dah.
Now I'm learning about you through asking a question, and within one simple question,
I've got you giving me maybe five, six, seven sentences which will help me to find out other
questions to ask to get more information. Because once I'm talking to you and I have
some knowledge on you, we can have an exchange, and that's what we want. Remember, we talked
at the beginning? The whole point of learning this is that, at the end, you'll be able to
learn to listen better to people, and actually be able to give information, but to exchange
it so we can learn and make you a very good conversationalist. And within this one question,
we can see the difference, because this leads down to these quite quickly, here.
But we can even go further. Right? "What kind of things do you celebrate?" Because maybe
we're here... Remember, here, they said: "We don't celebrate Christmas." Then you say:
-"Hey. What kind of things do you celebrate?" -"Huh? Well, you know, like birthdays, weddings,
anniversaries. I don't know. What do you celebrate? Easter." Wow, now they get to tell you about
their culture, their history, and you could say:
"And why do you celebrate them? Is it for religious reasons? Is it a national holiday? Is it just your family likes doing it? Why?"
Now you got people kind of like: "Well..." and you're talking about something personal.
Look, it's the same three questions. The difference is: This is going to take two minutes, this
is going to take an hour, and you get to practice that which you want, which is get better at
your English. Okay? Hey, you might also make a new friend. I forgot that part. Okay. [Laughs]
And finally: "When do you get together with others?" Because maybe someone says:
"Look, this celebration thing, you're driving me crazy. I don't celebrate." Then you can easily
say: "So, when do you get together with your family or your friends?" And they might say:
"Well, you know what? Once a week we get together and we play a board game just so we can talk
and find out what's going on with ourselves, you know, each other." And:
-"What do you do?" -"Maybe we play games or we go to a park and have a picnic."
When I was a kid, my father would take us at least once every two weeks to the park
and we'd have a picnic, and we'd just play. So we all got to know each other because we
could ask each other about the week, what had happened during the week in a nice, casual
situation. Or, you know, yeah, situation. The best thing about it was that it was every
week, so I kind of started looking forward to it, and I got to know people who I lived
with even better.
And guess what? You can do the same with English strangers, practicing your English, working
on your conversation, which is a skill you're going to learn to need... Learn and need for
work, social situations, dating, it goes on and on. Just think about how you live your
world now in your country speaking your own language, and how you're going to have to
use that same kind of skillset or those same skills in an English-speaking environment.
If you can learn how to use W5, you're going to find that not only can you do the situations
in life that you need to, (you know, go to the doctors, go on a date, get a job) you'll
have fun doing it, and maybe make extra friends while doing so.
Anyway, that's my speech on it. I hope you enjoyed it. You should learn now, here is
an example speech, how to change everyday conversation. And you notice in sometimes,
you can just put the "How" in front of the "do", like: "How do you buy presents at Christmas?",
"How do you celebrate?" Right? Just even something as simple as that can change the whole way
you ask a question and the response you get back. Did you like that? Glad you did it.
So you're probably wondering: How can you learn more English? See, I just gave you information
question. And I'll give you the answer, because I can't say: "Yes" or "No", I'm going to say:
Go to www, "eng" as in English, "vid" as in video.com (www.engvid.com)
where you can go over this lesson again, go over other lessons on conversation skills, and master your English.
I look forward to seeing you there. And once again, thank you for supporting engVid.
Have a good day. And before I forget: Don't forget to subscribe. That button might be here, here,
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whenever it's ready. All right? Take care.