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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: How To Make CLAY from DIRT

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Hey, what's up guys! welcome back to the lab!

I've got a very exciting DIY project for you today,

Because I'm going to show you how to dig down into the depths of the earth and make your own clay.

Now this project here was inspired a couple of years ago when I stumbled across a channel called Primitive

Technology. all about a guy in Australia who goes out into the woods and uses nothing

But the materials around him to build cool things like houses

Looms and even metal foundries and the basis for all of his experiments involved clay so a couple years ago

This really got me thinking if we were stranded out in the middle of nowhere. What exactly would it

Take to make some good clay that's exactly what we're exploring in this video today

Now to gather up the materials for this experiment today

I just went down to the local River and walk down beside the riverbed

I found a nice little place under the bridge where there's a lot of traffic

Took a second to enjoy the scenery and then started digging down into the dirt as close to the water as I felt comfortable

now the reason I went for dirt by the Riverbed is because clay is sedimentary which means it flows down to the lowest point and

Well, I actually have extracted clay from dirt from my backyard

I find

It's much better down by the river so take a trip down your local river grab some dirt

And you want to be looking for the dirt that when you squish it kind of has that plastic you feel it sticks together

Into one big clump, you can find something like that. You're well on your way to making clay so here

We are guys we've got a nice little amount of dirt here and the first thing we notice about it

Is it's not very clean. There's all kinds of rocks

There's sand there's little sticks and twigs this stuff is very very dirty and even though you can squish it and turn it into different


It's not super clean you can see all the organics and those large chunks of rocks sticking through

So to actually extract the clay out of this dirty mixture

we're going to need to put it through a very very simple process and the only thing is we're going to make that happen or

A couple of different containers and a little bit of water

So quick update guys you can see that

I just added a little bit of water to this mixture

And I use my glove just reach down there and stir it around

What we're actually doing is we're breaking up all the different pieces in the dirt itself. We've got rocks

We've got sand we've got clay we've got organic materials and what happens is as we mix it with water they separate their different layers

Now over time the clay and send all settle to the bottom so we want to do is stir this vigorously

I'll get everything suspended and then give it about five

Seconds to settle and then transfer all the liquid into a separate container watch what happens when I do

Sweet now if we stop pouring right here

You can see most of the heavy stuff is left. Behind if we look down the bucket. You can see gravel rocks everything

That's heavy you can even see a bit of sand left here on the bottom of the bucket so we can essentially take this stuff and we

Can throw it away because we're not going to need these big rocks for after now is all the stuff

That's contained in this liquid here now the second pass is Gonna be a little bit different

We need something like a strainer you could use your shirt you can use your socks or in this case

I'm just going to use a strainer for convenience

We're going to go ahead and clean out this container

Then we're gonna pour all this liquid through the strainer back into it and hopefully that will remove most of the organic material

Almost looks like concrete gravel

very cool

So I've washed and clean out this way bucket

We got our little strainer here as I said you can use your shirt or any kind of cloth material

We're just trying to strain out those organics, but remember that before we pour this solution through the strainer

It's very important to stir it up and agitate it so all those clay particles resuspend in the water once again

So you can see once we strained everything out

We've got quite a bit of organic material left behind we've got sticks leaves twigs anything that what's floating to the surface

and if you want to be extra cautious

You can go ahead and clean out your strainer and filter it one more time to catch anything you might miss


Starting to look a little like chocolate milk

What's interesting about this is every time we pour it back and forth you notice

there's some kind of a

standing residue left behind that's because the sand is actually heavier than the clay and sinks down to the bottom is reporting it, so

theoretically now if we take two containers

And we simply transfer it back and forth and clean the stand out every time

Eventually most of that sand is going to be reduced. We're going to have a very fine clay. So here. We are guys

What we've got now is a bucket full of clay water essentially they had a little bit of sand we have

Used gravity and density of the materials inside to filter out the rocks

We've used a strainer to filter off most of the organic materials and so now we just have a solution of clay suspended in water

And the longer we let this sit the more of that sand and clay will drop down to the bottom now

We don't want the clay to actually settle down yet

We want to extract that first so I'm going to do now is use these two containers to cycle them back and forth and extract

the layers of Sand each time we do and

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back to making our clay

there we have a guys I poured this back and forth about four times taking out a little bit of fine sand each time we

Do now we can continue this process almost indefinitely

We're just at this point getting out some of that really fine silt, but right here

We have relatively clear relatively fine

Clay water and the only thing we really need to do with this now is set it down on a counter where it won't be

Disturbed for about an hour to give the layers a chance to separate just for fun

We had some leftover water, so I transfer that into another container

I'm just going to set these down right here, so we can watch them over a period of time and see how they settle

Quick update guys we've let this sit for about five hours now. You can see the clay is so fine

That's actually taking quite a bit of time for the water to rise up even to this level now if we let this sit for

Maybe a day or so, I'm sure that clay would compact even more we have more water on top however

There's a quicker way to extract water than that now the first thing

We need to do is get this water that we have on top off of the top and there's a few ways we can do

That we can simply tip it over and pour it out or we can use something like a siphon to try and suck it out

Now either option is going to have its pros and it's cons

But ultimately all we want to do is make sure we get this clay here without any of this stuff here

So first things first, I'm just going to take this tall glass here

We're going to just tip this over very slowly very carefully to get as much of that water off the top as we can

I'm just going to pour off the top layer that clay as well just to extract most of that water

And we'll call that right there pretty good

Most of that is going to be really fine clay. We can see it's very very moist

So we need to clean that up with a towel

Now the second method of extracting this water is siphoning it we can use this to suck the fluid up over here

But before it hits our mouth we can dump it over here and gravity will suck it everything out very similar to a vacuum cleaner

now to get even more of the moisture out of our clay we want to use something like a towel or a shirt something that's

Very tight-knit and has a lot of fibers in this case. I'm going to take this towel

I'm going to double it over on itself

we almost want to make a piece of fabric that the clay will not go through we want all of it to stay inside if

Possible so got a little makeshift filter here

We're going to pour these in hopefully

It's tight enough that will hold the clay inside so we can tie it up into a little ball

we can hang it up and let the

Atmosphere suck the moisture out of it for a few hours until we're just left with the clay itself

You can see this towel once

It's sucked down

but we don't want it to and hopefully this is thick enough that it's not actually going to

Go through the towel itself. We want to be able to pick this up and to be very little if anything

Coming through the bottom of the bucket

we want it to all stand side so it's looking pretty good so far might even want to clamp that down obviously in the

Wild in nature you wouldn't have clamps, but you can improvise us something else

We just don't want the towel to actually suck down into the bucket here. We go with the round two

Starting to get heavy now

Beautiful there we go. There's all our clay in our towel

And we're just going to fold this up tie it off and hang it for a bit

Now if everything goes well, we want to take all the edges of this towel fold them all together

And make a nice little ball of liquid look. I just fill in. It's okay. We can save it

There we go. It's looking very good very good

All right, so we got our slipknot set and now all I have to do is shake it. Shake it. Shake. Shake it shake it

Doesn't have to be clean this has to be functional

There, what do you think?

All right, so this is pretty much what we're going for guys

We got our clay wrapped up inside the towel, and you can see some moisture dripping off

But a lot of that is relatively clean water

It doesn't have the clay in it because the clay is being trapped by the fibers on the inside of cloth

Now if we just let this hang out for a couple of hours most that moisture is going to come out

We should be left with a nice ball of clay

Alright guys. We are back

It's been about an hour now since we took our bag outside and let it hang off of the railing

now in the interest of time

I actually did squeeze the bag a little bit to help encourage a little bit of that moisture to come out a little bit quicker

In doing so I sacrificed a little bit of the clay itself, but I don't think that's going to jeopardize the proof-of-concept

so here we are with our towel with most of the water squeezed out of it if we open up something now and take a

Look inside

You can see a lot of the clay on the upper Edges has started to harden up

And it's very plastic the stuff on the inside though is still really liquidy. It's kind of like runny

Diarrhea if we left this out exposed to the air eventually that moisture would evaporate and the clay would become hard

However, there is a way. We can speed things up

There's a way we can cheat and all we need is a little bit of paper towel

All we're going to do is rip off a few sheets of paper towel fold it in half I'm going to stick it down on

The table like this then we're going to scoop up our clay put it down the center of our paper towel

And we're basically just going to flatten it out

The paper towel is going to absorb a lot of the moisture out of the clay and as soon as it reaches the consistency

We're looking for we can peel off the paper towel and wrap our clay in Saran wrap or plastic bag for later use

now again

If you don't have a paper towel all you have to do is just let this sit out in the open air a little bit

Longer and let it evaporate on its own, but we're just using this technique to speed the process up a bit

I'm just going to take a couple more sheets of paper towel

Lay them over top and help flatten it out from the top side

To help absorb the moisture a little bit quicker from up here as well, and now as easy as that

Oh, wow. I love this part peel this back and take a look at this we have some very nice


ready-to-Use clay it just sealed off and

Mold in the palm of your hand that

Is amazing this stuff is very moldable. It's very easy to work with very plastic

You could use this to make a little bowl a little pot a little dish pretty much anything you want if you have a countertop

With a smooth surface you can go ahead and throw it down in the countertop and just work it around a little bit

Help work out any of the bubbles the cracks the crevices and things of that nature

Now if your clay gets a little bit, too

dry you can add a little bit more water in to work it around to make a little more plastic in the other hand if

it's too wet you can just let it stand out in the open air for a couple hours to let it evaporate and

Harden up by itself now before we did this experiment today?

I went down to the river and I got a lot more of this river mud

And I let it stand in Five-gallon buckets over a period of three days

And I turned it into this now this piece of clay

I worked back and forth a little bit more

I got more of the sand out and I let it sit overnight

Until all the water had come to the top made a little bit easier to work with and you can feel

If you just run your finger along the side of this it almost feels rubbery

It's got a very plastic texture to it if we carve into it with something like a fork or a spoon

You can see how it just peels away now

You can work this you can roll it you can use it to make pottery

dishes pretty much anything you want if you were to fire this in an oven or a kiln the right temperature you turn it into

Pottery like a Terracotta planter pot and possibly even ceramic

So here you have it guys we have successfully turned river mud into blocks of clay that we can now use turn into pottery

Earthenware and possibly fire into ceramic all things we're going to try to do in future project videos

Let's quickly Recap. How we got here

We started this project this morning by going down to the river and pulling dirt and rocks straight out of the Riverbank?

We brought the dirt home

We stuck it in a bucket of water, and we swirled it around until everything was broken up

Then we let it sit for a few seconds and poured all that dirty water into a second container our first

Observation was that everything heavy was left behind all the rocks the pebbles and most of the heavy sand next we grabbed a strainer

We poured all the water through that to help pull off any organic materials like leaves sticks or anything floating on the top

Which in a survival situation would also work with a piece of clothing like your shirt?

We transferred the water back and forth a few times

Trying to get out as much of the sentence we could and we're left with a very dirty grey water, which we eventually

Transferred into a towel

Pulled up at all four ends to form a ball then tied off with a piece of string and let hang on the railing we

Let it sit outside for about an hour then we squeeze the bag to help get rid of any excess moisture where we brought inside

Open up the towel and saw that we had a very slushy clay

We transferred that clay to a paper towel to absorb even more moisture

Scraped it off and ended up with this a nice ball of clay that we can turn into anything we want

So there you have it guys that is how you go down to the river take the mud and turn it into a fairly

Processed clay at home what we end up doing with this stuff is completely up to you

So let me know what you want to see down in the comments below. Thanks for joining us for this experiment today

We'll be looking for you the next one Doc you then?

Okay, guys a quick reminder. There's a link down in the description right now to get yourself a casper mattress

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Remember use the promo code the king of random to get $50 off the mattress of your choice. Good night sleep tight

You can see right out of towel. Oh there

It makes a pretty nice moldable clay as easy as that it really does look like chocolate milk

And clay is not really that bad for your diet. No. It's really really bad. Don't drink it you can put it on your face

The Description of How To Make CLAY from DIRT