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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Very Important FACTS: Rhetorical Devices,for UGC NET/JRF Exam July 2018, English Literature

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hello and welcome to miracle English

language and literature Institute

I'm professor Robert Sharma and these

days I'm giving you some important facts

of English literature which would be

very useful to you for your forthcoming

net exam

I think you must have watched all my

important questions videos also and

literally theories to these go and watch

if you have not because your exam is

very near and they will be very useful

to you just believe me and start

watching them today I am going to take

up another important topic and I'm going

to give you important facts about it and

that is rhetorical devices what is a

rhetorical device it's a resource of

language it is a stylistic device it is

a technique which is used by the author

or the speaker in order to convey to the

listener or the reader the meaning of

whatever he's saying he uses such

technique such pattern such words that

he draws the attention of the reader or

the listener his sentences are designed

to encourage or to provoke an emotional

display of a given perspective or action

rhetorical devices they can be used to

evoke any emotional response in the

audience they may become very angry they

may become sad

you can draw tears out of their eyes by

your this device so today we are going

to take up rhetorical device that means

I'm going to give you

some terms here with important examples

let's take the very first example I'll

read out some lines lines from A Tale of

Two Cities which was written by Charles

Dickens it was the best of times it was

the worst of times it was the age of

wisdom it was the age of foolishness it

was the epoch of belief it was the epoch

of incredulity it was the season of

light it was the season of darkness it

was the spring of hope it was the winter

of despair so there is a repetition of

it was in all these lines you must have

already noticed this so this repetitive

structure which is used in this line in

the above lines it makes the most

memorable and remarkable start of a

narrative and it has become very famous

because this would it

it was draws the attention of the reader

because it is repeated all the way

through the passage

it makes the reader focus more on the

traits of the age which are read here so

this repetition is an example of a very

famous rhetorical term called anaphora

anaphora is used in both speech and

writing and it is the deliberate

repetition of the first part of the

sentence in order to achieve an artistic

effect which is known as anaphora I

think you must have understood now what

is anaphora anaphora is

the repetition of some words which are

in the beginning of the sentence so

every clause or a sentence has the same

words repeated and these words they draw

the attention of the reader or listener

let's take the next example veni vidi

winching I came I saw I conquered this

has been taken from life of Caesar by

pre talk these are very famous lines

very very famous I and their cliched

lines and so many parody lines are also

made on veni vidi vici so there are no

conjunctions or joining words here the

phrases are used equally this just

mirror phrases the words I used one

after the other there are no

conjunctions there are no joining words

and all the three words have got the

equal status so this is an example of

Bennett exes which is derived from the

Greek word to place side by side it is a

rhetorical term in which phrases clauses

or even words they placed one after the

other and they're independent they are

not coordinated or sub coordinated by

conjunctions they are also called

additive styles so paradoxes you must

have understood now the worlds clauses

or the sentences they are placed side by

side without any conjunctions next some

rise by sin and some by virtue for again

from William Shakespeare's measure for

measure now

here he is using some unexpected word

order like he's in the beginning he says

some rise by sin so the second phrase

should be some fall by virtue but then

he has inverted the order and he says

and some by virtue fall okay now this is

inverting or the order is changed so

this this ordering is used in order to

emphasize the phrase some rise by sin

and some by virtue fall and this is an

example of hyper but again this is also

taken from the Greek word means which

means transposition and it means the

inversion or changing the arrangement of

the common words it can be defined as a

rhetorical device in which the writers

play with the normal position of words

phrases and clauses we have you know a

pattern sentence pattern in grammar but

then this pattern is violated here that

means changed inverted for this Audrey

so hypo baton is transposition or

changing the order of the words in a

particular pattern of sentence in order

to emphasize a particular phrase for the

readers or for the listeners next and

being no stranger to the art of war I

have him a description of canons

colorants muskets carabine pistols

bullets about those swords bayonets

battles sieges retreats acts undermines

counter minds

embodiments sea-fight - - and this is

taken from Gulliver's Travels which is

written by Jonathan Swift know here in

order to describe the descrip

destructive consequences of wall surfed

he has chosen some words and he has

arranged them in such an order which

this order which is producing an effect

that is an melodious that is harsh

that is jaring that corresponds which

the subject matter he wants to just

narrate the bad destructive disgusting

effect of the war just by using the

words so the rhetorical speech device

which is used here is cacophony and it

is pointing a situation in which there

is a mixture of harsh in harmonious

sounds in literature however the term

refers to the use of words with sharp

harsh hissing and melodious sounds

primarily those of consonants to achieve

desired results if you're angry you are

you become cacophonous you use bad words

which are hurting which do not sound

good to the year so this is also

deliberately used by the writer in order

to convey his meanings his disgust

towards the subject next success is

counted sweetest by those who never

succeed to comprehend the nectar

requires Saurus need not one of all the

purple hosts who took the flag today can

tell the definition so clear of faith

this is taken from the American poet

Emily Dickinson for the first line is

the title of the poem success is counted

sweetest now here she has used very soft

and harmonious consonants to create

harmony do it you feel nice hearing it

the sounds of s or V or if they run

throughout the poem and the melodic in

nature they produce pleasing sounds so

here the rhetorical devices euphony

it is also taken from the Greek word

youthfulness which means sweet moist so

it can be defined as the use of words

and phrases that are distinguished as

having a wide range of noteworthy melody

or loveliness and the sounds they create

it gives pleasing and soothing with

effects to the year due to repeated

vowels and smooth consonants so this is

just the opposite of cacophony cacophony

hush in harmonious euphony

melodious sweet voice pleasing soothing

effects so through this video you have

learned five important rhetorical terms

there are many terms literary terms

history of English literature authors

modern literature postmodern

contemporary American African Caribbean

Canadian Australian along with the

British one so all the topics cannot be

covered through these videos still I try

my best to convey the best of knowledge

to those students who are very far off

still you can make up and join us in

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also I'll be back soon with another

video till then take care bye bye

thank you so much


The Description of Very Important FACTS: Rhetorical Devices,for UGC NET/JRF Exam July 2018, English Literature