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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Храм Айраватешвара. Музыкальная лестница и другие загадки. [№ A-008. 2015-2019 год.]

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Hi guys.

In this issue we will visit the Ayravateshvara temple in the city of Darasuram, in India,

and try to figure out what is depicted on its bas-reliefs.

The Indian investigator Pravin Mohan will help us with this.

This temple, according to the official version,

was built by King Raja Raja Chola the second in the 12th century AD

and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

And we begin with a seemingly minor problem.

Tourists who visit this temple complain about the lack of entry and exit signs in the temple.

So they get confused and dont know where to go,

because there are so many different rooms in the temple.

This is a very interesting fact,

as archaeologists and religious experts will tell you

that in the ancient temples no signs were found marking any doorways.

This is at least strange.

Because Indians write in languages ​​such as Tamil and Sanskrit for at least 2,000 years.

You can even see such inscriptions in the same temple.

But now you will see how smart the ancient builders were.

Suppose you are inside a temple and want to go out.

Focus on the pillars and you will see sculptures of this animal on all the pillars.

Please note that the tails of all animals are twisted into a ring.

All but one.

This animal has a tail in the form of an open ring.

Go to this column, and so you will find a way out.

This is an ancient way of marking an exit sign.

Think it's just a coincidence?

Well then, let's look at the entry sign ..

Outside, you can see the front of the same elephant figure on all the pillars.

Pay attention to the trunks of these elephants.

Their trunks are bent 180 degrees up.

Although you see a staircase right here, you should not climb it,

because you have not seen the sign of entry.

Walking around the temple in a circle we find the only sculpture in which the trunk is twisted into a spiral.

This is the way to correctly enter the rooms of this temple.

Another great feature is

that you cannot see the exit sign outside,

because you need to be inside to see it.

The same is true for turnover.

You will not be able to see the entry sign if you are inside.

These signs, if you like, are practically immortal. They cannot be destroyed.

They are included in the infrastructure of the temple and are part of it.

Modern temples do not have such sculptures that indicate signs of entry and exit.

This is a classic example of how valuable ancient knowledge was lost.

Because interrogations of local priests and archaeologists showed

that they have no idea about these signs and what they mean.

Just think

the ancient builders whom historians describe to us as primitive people,

created these signs many centuries ago.

And we, who must be modern and advanced people,

actually not so insightful and do not pay attention to these nuances.

But there are many nuances, and by studying them you can learn a lot of interesting things.

Let's look at this deity and try to understand what it means.

It looks like a male god with two colors in his hands.

If you read the Indian scriptures, you will understand

that this is a representation of the Sun God, Surya.

Only three meters away, on the other side of the temple,

we can see the same Sun God again.

Its a rare sight to see the same deity,

cut twice, next to each other.

Why did the ancient builders twice carved the same god at a distance of three meters?

The standard answer is pretty simple - this is a Hindu temple,

and thousands of gods are carved for religious worship.

But this is not so. These two bas-reliefs are nearby.

You probably can't see it well, but I'll tell you everything.

The bas-relief on the left shows flowers that are just beginning to bloom, they are in the form of a bud.

The bas-relief on the right shows flowers in full bloom, the petals are wide open.

In the ancient Vedic texts, the Sun God is depicted with two lotus flowers.

The lotus will begin to blossom at dawn and its flower will be wide open before sunset.

This means that this thread is the morning sun,

but this carving is the Evening Sun.

We understood the meaning of these two drawings, but we only open the curtain of secrecy.

You can see that the God of the Sun is carved above the horse.

But under the horse another deity is carved, hidden from the eyes of random visitors.

Who is it?

Through his hair and the weapons he holds

he can be identified as a god named Kaala Bhairava.

If you read the standard explanations of this God,

then it looks very simple - this is the avatar of Shiva.

This is a cruel or terrible form of Lord Siva.

But in this case, everything is completely wrong.

The word kaala means time

and the word "bhairava" consists of three words - creation, maintenance and destruction.

Therefore, the god named Kaala Bhairava -

it is something like a time manager.

Now let's see what is under the other horse?

And here is a big surprise. Lord Buddha.

Why is Buddha carved in a Hindu temple?

There are no other Buddhist sculptures in this temple.

So why is it carved in a secluded place and hidden from the eyes of random visitors?

The hand signal shown by the Buddha is also rare in ancient sculptures.

This sign is called Jnana Mudra, which means "Symbol of Knowledge or Wisdom."

What knowledge does he point to?

How is he related to the eternal keeper of time on the other side?

And what do these horses do in the middle?

Look at this little guy who drives a horse.

Under the morning sun, this guy just started his day, his hair is well groomed,

he smiles, one leg in front of the other,

he is looking forward and has just started driving his chariot.

Under the evening sun, the same guy frowned because he was tired,

his hair is tangled, his legs are wide apart, one hand lies on his hips,

and he looks the other way from the horse because his day is over.

If you look at the whole picture,

youll see that the horses on both sides are pulling the whole temple,

which is built in the shape of a two-wheeled chariot.

Why are these wheels carved here?

Is it really just for decoration?

But in the temple of the Sun Konark, which was built around 1250 AD,

There are similar wheels that work like a sundial.

We will talk about this temple and this watch in another issue.

Now I just remind you that there is such a watch.

Now think about everything that you saw.

The morning sun, the evening sun, time controller, indicating knowledge

and wheels like in Konark San Temple.

How are all these bas-reliefs connected?

Maybe we are looking at another sundial?

The wheel on one side of the temple can be used as a watch until noon,

and above it is carved the god of the morning sun.

The wheel on the other side of the temple can be used as an afternoon watch,

and above it is shown the god of the evening sun.

But no one knows it's a sundial

although all these carvings clearly show us the passage of time.

Eight hundred years ago, this would have been common knowledge.

A visitor walked around the temple, looked at the Sun God and immediately recognized

that these wheels show time.

Just like we look at our watches today.

Yet historians tell us

that 800 years ago most people in India were uneducated and lived in dirty huts.

And archaeologists who have documented all these drawings will tell us

that these Gods were carved out of blind faith and have no scientific significance.

But they recognize the wheel-shaped sundial in Konark San Temple.

And if we assume that these wheels are also watches,

then an interesting detail arises.

These wheels have thirty-two spokes.

In Konark San Temple, the wheel doesnt look like that.

There are eight large knitting needles, and eight small knitting needles,

that bisect sectors between large knitting needles

Total 16 sectors.

If we divide them in half, we get 32 ​​sectors.

But for some reason people decided that the distance between the large knitting needles is three hours.

But in this case, the distance between the large and small knitting needle is equal to one and a half hours.

So determining the time, at least, is not convenient.

Pravin Mohan in his video was mistaken, incorrectly counting the number of spokes in the wheel.

He said there were twenty-four

and based on the decryption of the bas-reliefs, he designated the wheels as a sundial.

But there are thirty-two spokes in the wheel.

If it is a watch, then this watch is marked out at thirty-two hours a day.

I dont even know what to say about this.

I give you the opportunity to write in the comments what you think about this.

In any case, I am grateful to Pravin Mohan for deciphering the bas-reliefs around these wheels.

And we will continue to consider the bas-reliefs of this temple.

Now let's pay attention to the smallest bas-reliefs.

Look at this bull. Its size is about five centimeters.

But you can see all the features of a bull.

There is a hump, horns, ears, eyes and an elongated tail.

But look carefully, and you can see the hooves and even the nostril, only 1 millimeter wide.

On this micro bas-relief, less than five centimeters high, we see Lord Siva.

We can even make out weapons and objects that he holds in his several hands.

Here is a lion only four centimeters long.

It's a shame that the temple survived many centuries of erosion.

Many of these drawings were hit hard.

Here is a dancing god in the form of an elephant, which is even smaller.

He is only two and a half centimeters in height.

But you can see his crown, pot-bellied belly, his arms and legs in a dance pose.

Of course you have to wonder

how 850 years ago, ancient builders were able to create bas-reliefs the size of three centimeters.

But there are even smaller carvings in the temple in Darasuram.

There is a bas-relief of less than three centimeters wide,

which consists of two figures: Lord Shiva and his wife, sitting next to each other.

This means that each figure has a size of less than one and a half centimeters.

But in order to truly appreciate the ancient technology, you need to pay attention to the details.

Here is Lord Siva in the form of a beggar.

Pay attention to the alms bowl in his hand.

This bowl is the size of a grain of black pepper.

The diameter of the bowl is only 4 millimeters.

Here is the wife of Shiva, and you can see a religious point on her forehead.

It is less than two millimeters.

You can even see a smile on her face.

Some details are so small

that they cannot even be fixed with a camera.

Look at these designs that look like Egyptian pyramids.

The ends of these pyramids have a width of less than one millimeter.

They are very sharp, like needles.

And this is after eight hundred and fifty years of erosion.

Imagine how sharp they were when they were just made.

Again, a sore point arises.

How can this be done on hard stones using primitive tools,

such as chisels and hammers?

I mean a width of less than one millimeter?

Can it really be done with a chisel

or did ancient builders use some other technology?

Write what you think in the comments.

In the meantime, we will look at another amazing building in this temple.

Why is there a metal fence around this structure?

What is inside?

If you look into the holes in the grid, you will see a ladder.

A set of five stone blocks on which steps are carved.

Why is this stone staircase covered with a net?

It is closed because it is not an ordinary staircase, it is a musical staircase.

If you go through it,

Your steps will create seven notes of the musical scale of Indian classical music.

But people here do not respect such an invaluable structure.

They throw stones at her to listen to how it sounds.

Some even tried to destroy it.

Therefore, you see so many stones on this staircase.

You can also see that it is badly damaged.

But if you looked carefully, you should already have a question.

I said that if you go up the stairs you will hear seven different notes.

But if you count all the steps, then there will be ten of them.

Why are these three additional steps necessary?

These three additional steps produce an AUM sound.

If you roll a pebble down the stairs, after seven notes you will hear the sound of AUM.

Why do Indians think that the sound of AUM is a very sacred sound?

Why do they keep singing AUM during meditation?

Because Indians believe that these three sounds are the main sounds.

You can create these sounds without using your own language.

Using a combination of these three sounds, you can create other sounds.

The sound is hard to show on the screen, so think about

as we use three colors known as RGB or red, green, blue.

Combining these three colors, we can create any color we want.

That is why these three colors are called primary colors.

You can create millions of different color shades,

mixing them in various combinations.

Similarly, these three sounds - A, U, and M,

are considered the main sounds

which can be mixed to create any sound we want.

They even say that AUM is the sound of the Universe itself.

And in this temple we can see a visual representation of the sound of AUM.

Look at this bas-relief.

These are sound impulses representing AUM.

And this is the oldest thread in the world, which visually shows the sound.

Today you can see the visualization of sound on your computer.

And it was created at least 850 years ago.

Do you think this is just a theory?

You think I'm making this up?

So, according to the ancient Tamil texts,

Lord Shiva learns the secret of AUM sound from his son Murugan.

And on this bas-relief we can see Shiva in a respectful pose,

who studies the AUM sound received from his son

which is shown here as a little boy.

When the boy repeats the sound of AUM, all beings begin to come to life,

when cosmic sound vibrates around them.

And this thread proves something very important.

The ancient builders were capable of some advanced sound technology,

which we do not understand.

They were able to visualize the sound,

and all these circular patterns in hindu temples

are visual representations of various sounds.

Even today we cannot create such musical steps from stones.

What technologies were used in ancient times?

Write what you think in the comments.

And there are still many mysteries in the world, but they all will not fit into one video.

See you again.

Thank you for watching.

The main source of information is the youtube channel PraveenMohan.

So write comments, click on the fingers,

share this video with your friends, subscribe to the channel,

Well, links to sources in the description under the video.

Installation, translation, dubbing and animation studios ELMUCON.

The Description of Храм Айраватешвара. Музыкальная лестница и другие загадки. [№ A-008. 2015-2019 год.]