Practice English Speaking&Listening with: University Challenge S45E10 Reading vs Imperial

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APPLAUSE

University Challenge.

Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman.

Hello. Two more student teams are preparing to run the intellectual

gauntlet tonight with some pretty difficult questions to get through

before the gong reveals which of them

has made it through to the second round.

The University of Reading emerged from the schools of arts

and sciences founded in the late 19th century.

In 1892, it became an extension college of Christ Church, Oxford,

and in 1904, its London Road site

was donated by the local Palmer family,

of the biscuit magnates, Huntley and Palmer.

It received its Royal Charter in 1926,

an unusual occurrence between the two world wars,

and alumni include the former Children's Laureate Michael Rosen and musician Jamie Cullum.

It has a noted department of meteorology, which celebrates

its 50th anniversary this year, and graduates of that school include

the weather presenters Laura Tobin, Jay Wynne and Tomasz Schafernaker.

With an average age of 30,

representing over 13,000 students, let's meet the Reading team.

Hello. My name is Macdonald Ukah.

I'm originally from Nigeria and I'm studying for a master's

in business economics in emerging and developing markets.

Hello. I'm Jan Kamieniecki. I'm originally from London.

I'm doing a PhD in atmospheric physics.

And this is their captain.

Hi. I'm Sammie Buzzard from Cheshunt in Hertfordshire,

and I'm doing a PhD looking at modelling Antarctic ice shelves.

Hi. I'm Lewis Blackshaw.

I'm from Exeter in Devon and I'm studying statistics.

APPLAUSE

Their opponents represent Imperial College, London,

which won this championship in 1996 and again in 2001.

It was formed from several 19th-century institutions,

which were merged to celebrate Queen Victoria's Jubilee in 1887,

and in 1907, it received its Royal Charter

and was incorporated into the University of London.

It achieved independence on its centenary, in 2007.

Tonight's captain admits that Imperial does live up

to its reputation of being full of nerds, in case

anyone watching thinks they've accidentally switched over to

an episode of The Big Bang Theory.

It's rare for them

to have a conversation without including p-values,

particle physics and the aesthetic merits of Battlestar Galactica.

Alumni include the polymath Sir Alexander Fleming,

the cricketer WG Grace, the missionary David Livingstone

and the musician Brian May.

With an average age of 22 and representing around 15,000 students,

let's meet the Imperial team.

Good evening. My name is Ben Fernando.

I'm from Birmingham and I'm studying physics.

Hi. I'm Ashwin Braude.

I'm from north London and I'm also studying physics.

And this is their captain.

Hello. I'm James Bezer.

I'm from Manchester and I'm also studying physics.

Hello. I'm Onur Teymur. I'm from London and I'm studying for a PhD

in mathematical statistics.

APPLAUSE

OK. The rules never change on this show so let's just get on with it.

Fingers on the buzzers. Here's your first starter for ten.

"I was racked with sexuality but it wore off

"when I helped my father put mature on our rose bed."

These are the words of which fictional character,

whose creator died in April 2014?

Adrian Mole?

Adrian Mole is correct, yes.

APPLAUSE

Your bonuses are on the names of Scottish council areas, Reading.

In Shakespeare's Macbeth, Macduff is the thane of which historic

county of Scotland?

It shares its name with the present-day council area.

Thane? I don't know.

Fife? Correct.

The historical Macbeth is believed to have been the mormaer,

or chief, of which historic county of Scotland, sharing its name

with both the current council area and the Firth lying to its north?

Anything?

Forth? No, it's Moray.

And finally, the second part of the name of a council area

in western Scotland is Bute. What's the first part?

It shares its name with a small metal pot, popular in the 18th

and 19th centuries for serving gravy.

Argyll? Argyll is correct. Ten points for this.

The first metal to be isolated by electrolysis by Humphrey Davy.

Which element has three principal isotopes?

39 and 41, both of which are very stable, and 40,

with a very long half-life.

It is the fourth heaviest in group 1 of the periodic table.

Potassium? Correct.

APPLAUSE

We've talked of little else but the periodic table at Imperial.

Here we go on the set of bonuses for you. They're on centenarians.

Reaching her centenary in 2014,

the pharmacologist Frances Oldham Kelsey

is noted for her refusal, despite corporate opposition,

to authorise the sale of which sleeping pill in the United States?

It was later proved to be the cause of severe birth defects

in the UK and elsewhere.

Thalidomide. Correct.

Edward J Lofgren was a major figure in the development of which

particle accelerator at the University of California, Berkeley?

The antiproton was discovered there in 1955.

The Stanford linear accelerator.

No, it's the Bevatron.

And finally, Ken Medlock, who marked his 100th birthday in 2014,

revived the fortunes of which annual publication during the 1960s?

He also helped establish the trophy of the same name,

awarded to the winner of Test series between England and the West Indies.

THEY CONFER

Reader's Digest? No, it's Wisden.

Ten points for this.

Devised in the late 1950s by the psychologists Weitzenhoffer and Hilgard,

a scale that ranks people's susceptibility to hypnosis

is named after which university in California?

Stanford. Correct, yes.

APPLAUSE

Right, your bonuses are on an explorer, Imperial.

On his first voyage of discovery in 1642, which Dutch navigator

sailed south from Mauritius and then east, sighting land on November 24

in the present-day Australian state named after him?

Abel Tasman.

Tasman is correct, yes. Tasmania was given its current name in 1856.

What name did Tasman give to it,

after the governor of the Dutch East Indies,

who'd sent him on the voyage? (Van Diemen's Land.)

Van Diemen's Land.

Correct. In which country is Abel Tasman National Park?

Part of it lies on a bay where he made landfall in December 1642.

(That's... Maybe New Zealand?)

New Zealand?

Correct. APPLAUSE

Time for a picture round. You're going to see a representation

of a mathematical construction. For ten points,

I need the name of the mathematician with whom it's associated.

BUZZER

Mandelbrot.

Mandelbrot is correct.

A Mandelbrot set is an example of a fractal -

a mathematical object that exhibits a similar repeating structure

whatever scale it's viewed at. For your bonuses,

three more fractals, with five points for each that you can name.

Firstly...

I recognise it, but I don't know what it's called.

Koch, just because it's a triangle.

What? Try Koch just because it's a triangle.

Koch. No, it's a Sierpinski triangle, or gasket or sieve.

Secondly, the group of fractals for which this is the ternary example.

That's Cantor.

Cantor.

Correct. And finally...

Koch.

Koch.

Koch snowflake is correct. Ten points for this.

Which Swiss city gives its name

to an annual international ballet competition for young dancers?

Situated on Lake Geneva,

it's also the headquarters of the International Olympic Committee.

BELL

Lausanne.

Lausanne is correct, yes.

Right, you get a set of bonuses,

this time, Reading, on computer programming languages.

Firstly, consisting of two conjoined words,

what name is given to the powerful programming language

released in 1993 that automates the actions

of the Macintosh operating system and many of its applications?

Cobalt.

Linux?

Linux?

No, it's AppleScript.

Secondly, which programming language was

developed at the University of Marseille in the early 1970s?

It's been applied in many areas of artificial intelligence research.

Fortran.

Fortran?

No, it's Prolog.

Finally, written in the C programming language,

which popular operating system was originally developed by

Bell Laboratories in 1969

and has a variety of different versions in use today?

Unix.

Unix?

Unix is correct, yes. Ten points for this.

Containing no chapters

and no paragraph breaks for the first few pages,

and sharing an imprint with authors such as Ovid,

Confucius and Henry James,

whose autobiography was published by Penguin Classics in 2010?

BUZZER

Morrissey. Morrissey is right.

So you get a set of bonuses now, Imperial, on works by Tom Stoppard.

Stoppard's 1997 play The Invention Of Love

portrays aspects of the life of which English poet

born in Worcestershire in 1859?

THEY CONFER

Thomas Hardy?

No, it's AE Housman.

With music by Andre Previn

and performed with a full orchestra, the title of which play

is a mnemonic used to remember the notes

on the lines of the treble stave?

Every good boy deserves...

Yeah, every good boy deserves fruit, maybe.

Every good boy deserves favour.

Correct.

Finally, which writer and political figure

was the author of the semi-autobiographical play

Largo Desolato, which Stoppard translated from Czech to English

for its world premiere in Bristol in 1986?

Vaclav Havel. Oh, yes, of course.

Vaclav Havel.

Correct. Ten points for this.

What name is given to the advanced form of heterogamy

exhibited by all animals and many higher plants

in which one of the gametes is small and motile

and the other is large and non motile?

BELL

Diploid?

No, anyone want to buzz from Imperial?

It's oogamy. Ten points for this.

Meaning reorganisation, the term Tanzimat denotes

the reforms in which empire during the mid-19th century?

They included the centralisation of administration...

BUZZER

Ottoman Empire. Indeed, yes.

You get a set of bonuses, this time on volcanic eruptions, Imperial.

Which country saw a fissure eruption begin

near the Bardarbunga volcano in August 2014?

By November, the subsequent lava field

covered around 70 square kilometres.

THEY CONFER

Nominate Braude.

Vatnajokull.

No, it's Iceland.

Which island was created off the south coast of Iceland

when a volcano erupted on the seabed in 1963?

It was dedicated a Unesco World Heritage site in 2008.

Nominate Braude.

Surtsey. Surtsey is correct.

Iceland's volcanic activity results from its location

on the top of which ridge marking the boundary

between the Eurasian and North American Plates?

The Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

Correct. We're going to take a music round now.

For your music starter, you'll hear a piece of classical music.

For ten points, I need the name of the German composer.

CLASSICAL PIANO MUSIC PLAYS

BUZZER

Beethoven.

It is Beethoven, yes.

Part of the Hammerklavier Sonata.

It's often cited as one of the most difficult pieces

in the piano repertoire.

Your bonuses are three more pieces known for their difficulty.

Five points for each composer you can identify.

Firstly, this Russian composer.

CLASSICAL PIANO MUSIC PLAYS

THEY CONFER

Rachmaninoff?

It is Rachmaninoff. Secondly, for five points, this French composer.

CLASSICAL PIANO MUSIC PLAYS

THEY CONFER

Debussy?

No, that's by Ravel.

Finally, this Central European composer.

CLASSICAL PIANO MUSIC PLAYS

THEY CONFER

Maybe Smetana.

Go on. Liszt.

Are you sure? I'm not sure.

Mine is, like, 50% Smetana.

If he's more sure...

Smetana?

No, it's Liszt.

Ten points for this.

Characterised by curved abstract figures of Persian origin,

which textile pattern is named after the shawls

produced at the eponymous town

situated on the White Cart Water seven miles west of Glasgow?

BELL

Paisley.

Paisley is right, yes.

You get a set of bonuses, Reading, on Anglo-Saxon rulers.

Who acceded to the throne of Northumbria in 633

and promoted the spread of Christianity in his kingdom?

After his death at the Battle of Maserfield,

he was venerated as a martyr.

Have a guess.

Sorry, we don't know.

It was Oswald.

Which 8th-century Mercian king is remembered in the name

of a military earthwork that originally ran

from the north coast of Wales to the mouth of the Wye?

Offa.

Correct. Who succeeded Aethelred I as king of Wessex in 871?

His capture of London in 886 brought all the English

not under Danish rule to accept him as king.

Alfred the Great?

Correct. Ten points for this.

Run by a computer program or utility,

what specific process reorganises data on a hard drive in order to...?

BUZZER

Defragmentation.

Correct.

So you get a set of bonuses on planetary astronomy, Imperial.

Of the four giant planets of the solar system,

which is both the most dense and has the fastest observed winds?

Neptune. Neptune. Neptune.

Neptune.

Correct. Jupiter and Saturn are both classified as gas giants.

What equivalent term is used to classify Neptune and Uranus?

Ice giants.

Ice giants.

Correct. To the nearest whole astronomical unit,

what is Neptune's mean distance from the sun?

You can have 10% either way.

30, maybe? I don't know.

Yeah, I think 30, 31, maybe.

30.

30 is correct. Bang on.

Well done. So we get another starter question now.

Ten points at stake. Fingers on the buzzers.

Known by the abbreviation PPP, which economic theory...?

BUZZER

Purchasing Power Parity?

Correct.

Your bonuses are on the boroughs of New York City, Imperial.

In each case, name the borough that takes its name from the following.

Firstly, a Northern European settler who purchased

land in the area in 1639?

Staten Island?

Staten Island.

No, it's Bronx.

Secondly, the Dutch legislative assembly of the early-17th century?

Staten Island.

That is Staten Island.

Finally, the Portuguese princess who married Charles II in 1662?

Queens? Maybe.

Queens?

Queens is correct. Ten points for this.

A diphthong is a sound made by gliding from one vowel to the next.

In this sentence,

what is the dictionary spelling of the word "diphthong"?

BELL

D-I-P-H-T-H-O-N-G.

Correct.

Right, your bonuses this time, Reading,

are on people born in Mumbai, or Bombay.

In each case, name the person from the description.

Firstly, an orchestral conductor noted for his vigorous style.

He was musical director of the New York Philharmonic from 1978-91.

Nominate Kamieniecki.

Zubin Mehta.

Zubin Mehta is correct.

Yes, secondly, an actor and director noted for his performances

in Lagaan, The Rising, and 3 Idiots.

Sorry, we don't know.

Aamir Khan.

Finally, the first cricketer to complete 10,000 Test runs,

which he did in 1987.

Often known as Sunny, he's a regular summariser on Test Match Special.

Nominate Ukah.

Sachin Tendulkar.

No, it's Sunil Gavaskar.

Right, we're going to take a picture round again.

Now you're going to see for your starter

a photograph of an actor portraying an artist.

Ten points if you can give me the name of the actor

and the artist being portrayed.

BUZZER

Timothy Spall and Turner.

Correct.

Well done.

So you're now going to see three more photographs

of actors in the roles of notable artists.

Five points in each case if you can give me the name

of the actor and the artist.

Firstly...

Frida Kahlo.

Who's playing her?

Have you any idea of an actress?

No.

Take a guess. I have no idea.

Go funny.

Frida Kahlo and Kate Winslet.

She doesn't look the slightest bit like Kate Winslet.

It's Salma Hayek and Frida Kahlo.

Secondly...

THEY CONFER

Let's have it, please.

Van Gogh and Smith.

It was.

Any particular Smith(?)

No, it's Tim Roth as Vincent van Gogh. Finally...

That's Robert Pattinson.

Dali, isn't it? Looking at the moustaches.

Roger Pattinson and Dali.

I'll accept it. ROBERT Pattinson and Salvador Dali.

Ten points for this.

Which SI derived unit is this?

Its symbol can be formed by the initial letters of the

capitals of Cuba and Croatia, in upper and lower case respectively?

BUZZER

Hertz.

Hertz is right, yes.

Right, Imperial, these bonuses are on place names.

Meaning "black sand",

the Karakum Desert covers around 70% of which Central Asian country?

Uzbekistan, maybe? Go with Uzbekistan.

Uzbekistan?

No, it's Turkmenistan.

Completed in 1978,

the Karakoram Highway links Pakistan with which country?

I think it might... I think it might be China. Yeah, it might be China.

Yeah, I think it's Pakistan and China. The K2.

China.

Correct. The city of Karakorum, spelled O-R-U-M,

was from 1220 a capital of which Asiatic conqueror?

Kublai Khan.

Kublai Khan.

No, it's Genghis Khan.

Ten points for this. Answer as soon as your name is called.

What is the minimum number of countries through which

an overland route from the Gulf of Guinea

to the Mediterranean must pass?

BELL

Four.

Anyone like to buzz from Imperial?

BUZZER

Three.

Three is correct, yes.

Bonuses on human physiology, Imperial.

What six-letter term denotes involuntary

and near instantaneous actions mediated by neural pathways

in the central nervous system?

Reflex.

Correct.

What response is observed in the glabellar reflex?

Choking?

No, it's blinking.

In the ankle jerk reflex, the foot is dorsi-flexed.

This response is evoked by tapping which tendon?

No, it's on the shin, isn't it?

A patella.

No, it's the Achilles tendon.

Five-and-a-half minutes to go, ten points for this.

In 11BC, Julia, the daughter of the Emperor Augustus,

married which political and military leader?

He later succeeded Augustus to become the second emperor of Rome?

BELL

Tiberius. Tiberius is correct.

You get a set of bonuses now on the Book of Genesis, Reading.

In chapter four of Genesis, who says to God, "Am I my brother's keeper?"

Cain. Cain.

Correct.

In chapter six, to whom does God say,

"The end of all flesh is come before me

"for the earth is filled with violence through them,

"and behold, I will destroy them with the earth"?

Noah.

Correct. In chapter ten,

who's described as the "mighty hunter before the Lord"?

Esau. Esau?

No, it's Nimrod.

Ten points for this. Answer as soon as your name is called.

When expressed as a hexadecimal,

what letter of the alphabet is the decimal number 12?

BUZZER

C. Correct.

These bonuses are on an English institution.

Firstly, for five points, founded in 1694 and nationalised in 1946,

which British institution regained operational independence in 1997?

Bank of England.

Bank of England.

Correct. In 2011, the Bank of England issued a new £50 note.

It bears portraits of the engineer James Watt

and which entrepreneur and industrialist, his business partner?

Adam Smith.

No, it's Matthew Boulton.

Finally, the gilded bronze figure above a dome

of the Bank of England building is known by the name

of which character in Shakespeare's play The Tempest?

THEY CONFER

Prospero.

No, it's Ariel. Ten points for this.

Slightly smaller than the UK, which landlocked country

shares borders with China, Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia?

BUZZER

Laos. Laos is correct.

Your bonuses this time, Imperial, are on the novels of DH Lawrence.

In each case, name the work in which the following characters appear.

Walter, Gertrude, William and Paul Morel.

Sons And Lovers.

Sons And Lovers.

It is.

Alvina Houghton, Miss Frost,

Alexander Graham and Miss Pinnegar, secondly?

Lady Chatterley's Lover.

No, that's The Lost Girl.

Finally, Ursula and Gudrun Brangwen, Rupert Birkin and Gerald Crich.

Lady Chatterley's Lover?

No, it's Women In Love.

There are three minutes to go. Here's another starter question.

Mole Day is observed annually from 6.02am to 6.02pm

on October 23rd by the American Chemical Society

in commemoration of what...?

BUZZER

Avogadro. Avogadro's constant, correct.

Right, these bonuses, Imperial, are on chemistry.

What specific Greek-derived term describes substances

such as iron sulphide that ignite spontaneously in air

at room temperature?

THEY CONFER

Pyretic?

No, pyrophoric.

Grignard reagents are pyrophoric organometallic compounds

each containing what metal?

Magnesium.

Correct. Which pyrophoric substance has the chemical formula NaH?

Sodium Hydride.

Correct. Ten points for this.

The so-called Summer Triangle

in the night sky consists of the stars named

Deneb, Altair and which...?

BUZZER

Vega.

Vega is correct.

Imperial, these bonuses are on repetitive place names.

Situated on an inlet that indents the southeast shore

of Tutuila Island, Pago Pago is the capital of which

unincorporated territory of the United States?

American Samoa.

Correct. Which volcanic island in the Society Islands

of French Polynesia has its administrative centre

at the village of Vaitape?

Bora Bora maybe?

Bora Bora.

Bora Bora.

Correct. In which country are Mount Dom Dom

and the holiday centre of Woy Woy?

Kenya.

No, it's Australia.

Ten points for this.

First performed in 1948, Buoyant Billions

was the final full-length play

by which Irish author who died a year later at the age of 94?

BELL

George Bernard Shaw.

Correct, you get a set of bonuses, this time on the periodic table.

Each of the following is a mnemonic for the symbols

of the chemical elements within a group or period.

Name the group or period in each case.

Firstly, happy little naughty kids rub cats' fur.

Group 1.

Group 1 is correct.

Nagging Maggie always sighs, please stop clowning around.

Group 2.

No, it's period 3.

Finally, he never arrived, Karen exited with Ron.

The Noble gases.

Yes, Noble gases, group 18 is correct.

Ten points for this.

In 1769, Poverty Bay was the site of Captain Cook's

first landing in which country?

BELL

Australia.

No. Imperial?

BUZZER

New Zealand?

It was New Zealand, yes.

It was Botany Bay in Australia.

You get the set of bonuses on US States in literature.

GONG CRASHES

We've had the gong, though.

Reading University have 110.

Imperial College, London have 285.

Well, you were a nice team, Reading. You didn't get a chance.

You were up against some pretty strong opposition here.

You're a pretty competent team. So we shall have to say goodbye to you.

Imperial, 285 is, I think, the highest score we've had so far

in these first-round matches, so congratulations to you.

We shall look forward to seeing you in round two. Well done.

I hope you can join us next time for another first-round match.

But until then, it's goodbye from Reading University... ALL: Goodbye.

..it's goodbye from the Imperial College, London...

ALL: Goodbye. And it's goodbye from me. Goodbye.

APPLAUSE

The Description of University Challenge S45E10 Reading vs Imperial