Sri Sukadeva Gosvami said: Bhadrasrava, the son of Dharmaraja, rules the tract of land
known as Bhadrasva-varsa. Just as Lord Siva worships Sankarsana in Ilavrta-varsa, Bhadrasrava,
accompanied by his intimate servants and all the residents of the land, worships the plenary
expansion of Vasudeva known as Hayasirsa. Lord Hayasirsa is very dear to the devotees,
and He is the director of all religious principles. Fixed in the topmost trance, Bhadrasrava and
his associates offer their respectful obeisances to the Lord and chant the following prayers
with careful pronunciation. The ruler Bhadrasrava and his intimate associates
utter the following prayer: We offer our respectful obeisances unto the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, the reservoir of all religious principles, who cleanses the heart of the conditioned
soul in this material world. Again and again we offer our respectful obeisances unto Him.
Alas! How wonderful it is that the foolish materialist does not heed the great danger
of impending death! He knows that death will surely come, yet he is nevertheless callous
and neglectful. If his father dies, he wants to enjoy his fathers property, and if his
son dies, he wants to enjoy his sons possessions as well. In either case, he heedlessly tries
to enjoy material happiness with the acquired money.
O unborn one, learned Vedic scholars who are advanced in spiritual knowledge certainly
know that this material world is perishable, as do other logicians and philosophers. In
trance they realize the factual position of this world, and they preach the truth as well.
Yet even they are sometimes bewildered by Your illusory energy. This is Your own wonderful
pastime. Therefore, I can understand that Your illusory energy is very wonderful, and
I offer my respectful obeisances unto You. O Lord, although You are completely detached
from the creation, maintenance and annihilation of this material world and are not directly
affected by these activities, they are all attributed to You. We do not wonder at this,
for Your inconceivable energies perfectly qualify You to be the cause of all causes.
You are the active principle in everything, although You are separate from everything.
Thus we can realize that everything is happening because of Your inconceivable energy.
At the end of the millennium, ignorance personified assumed the form of a demon, stole all the
Vedas and took them down to the planet of Rasatala. The Supreme Lord, however, in His
form of Hayagriva retrieved the Vedas and returned them to Lord Brahma when he begged
for them. I offer my respectful obeisances unto the Supreme Lord, whose determination
never fails. Sukadeva Gosvami continued: My dear King,
Lord Nrsimhadeva resides in the tract of land known as Hari-varsa. In the Seventh Canto
of Srimad-Bhagavatam, I shall describe to you how Prahlada Maharaja caused the Lord
to assume the form of Nrsimhadeva. Prahlada Maharaja, the topmost devotee of the Lord,
is a reservoir of all the good qualities of great personalities. His character and activities
have delivered all the fallen members of his demoniac family. Lord Nrsimhadeva is very
dear to this exalted personality. Thus Prahlada Maharaja, along with his servants and all
the denizens of Hari-varsa, worships Lord Nrsimhadeva by chanting the following mantra.
I offer my respectful obeisances unto Lord Nrsimhadeva, the source of all power. O my
Lord who possesses nails and teeth just like thunderbolts, kindly vanquish our demonlike
desires for fruitive activity in this material world. Please appear in our hearts and drive
away our ignorance so that by Your mercy we may become fearless in the struggle for existence
in this material world. May there be good fortune throughout the universe,
and may all envious persons be pacified. May all living entities become calm by practicing
bhakti-yoga, for by accepting devotional service they will think of each others welfare.
Therefore let us all engage in the service of the supreme transcendence, Lord Sri Krsna,
and always remain absorbed in thought of Him. My dear Lord, we pray that we may never feel
attraction for the prison of family life, consisting of home, wife, children, friends,
bank balance, relatives and so on. If we do have some attachment, let it be for devotees,
whose only dear friend is Krsna. A person who is actually self-realized and who has
controlled his mind is perfectly satisfied with the bare necessities of life. He does
not try to gratify his senses. Such a person quickly advances in Krsna consciousness, whereas
others, who are too attached to material things, find advancement very difficult.
By associating with persons for whom the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Mukunda, is the all
in all, one can hear of His powerful activities and soon come to understand them. The activities
of Mukunda are so potent that simply by hearing of them one immediately associates with the
Lord. For a person who constantly and very eagerly hears narrations of the Lords powerful
activities, the Absolute Truth, the Personality of Godhead in the form of sound vibrations,
enters within his heart and cleanses it of all contamination. On the other hand, although
bathing in the Ganges diminishes bodily contaminations and infections, this process and the process
of visiting holy places can cleanse the heart only after a long time. Therefore who is the
sane man who will not associate with devotees to quickly perfect his life?
All the demigods and their exalted qualities, such as religion, knowledge and renunciation,
become manifest in the body of one who has developed unalloyed devotion for the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, Vasudeva. On the other hand, a person devoid of devotional service
and engaged in material activities has no good qualities. Even if he is adept at the
practice of mystic yoga or the honest endeavor of maintaining his family and relatives, he
must be driven by his own mental speculations and must engage in the service of the Lords
external energy. How can there be any good qualities in such a man?
Just as aquatics always desire to remain in the vast mass of water, all conditioned living
entities naturally desire to remain in the vast existence of the Supreme Lord. Therefore
if someone very great by material calculations fails to take shelter of the Supreme Soul
but instead becomes attached to material household life, his greatness is like that of a young,
low-class couple. One who is too attached to material life loses all good spiritual
qualities. Therefore, O demons, give up the so-called
happiness of family life and simply take shelter of the lotus feet of Lord Nrsimhadeva, which
are the actual shelter of fearlessness. Entanglement in family life is the root cause of material
attachment, indefatigable desires, moroseness, anger, despair, fear and the desire for false
prestige, all of which result in the repetition of birth and death.
Sukadeva Gosvami continued: In the tract of land called Ketumala-varsa, Lord Visnu lives
in the form of Kamadeva, only for the satisfaction of His devotees. These include Laksmiji [the
goddess of fortune], the Prajapati Samvatsara and all of Samvatsaras sons and daughters.
The daughters of Prajapati are considered the controlling deities of the nights, and
his sons are considered the controllers of the days. The Prajapatis offspring number
36,000, one for each day and each night in the lifetime of a human being. At the end
of each year, the Prajapatis daughters become very agitated upon seeing the extremely
effulgent disc of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and thus they all suffer miscarriages.
In Ketumala-varsa, Lord Kamadeva [Pradyumna] moves very graciously. His mild smile is very
beautiful, and when He increases the beauty of His face by slightly raising His eyebrows
and glancing playfully, He pleases the goddess of fortune. Thus He enjoys His transcendental
senses. Accompanied during the daytime by the sons
of the Prajapati [the predominating deities of the days] and accompanied at night by his
daughters [the deities of the nights], Laksmidevi worships the Lord during the period known
as the Samvatsara in His most merciful form as Kamadeva. Fully absorbed in devotional
service, she chants the following mantras. Let me offer my respectful obeisances unto
the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Hrsikesa, the controller of all my senses and the origin
of everything. As the supreme master of all bodily, mental and intellectual activities,
He is the only enjoyer of their results. The five sense objects and eleven senses, including
the mind, are His partial manifestations. He supplies all the necessities of life, which
are His energy and thus nondifferent from Him, and He is the cause of everyones bodily
and mental prowess, which is also nondifferent from Him. Indeed, He is the husband and provider
of necessities for all living entities. The purpose of all the Vedas is to worship Him.
Therefore let us all offer Him our respectful obeisances. May He always be favorable toward
us in this life and the next. My dear Lord, You are certainly the fully
independent master of all the senses. Therefore all women who worship You by strictly observing
vows because they wish to acquire a husband to satisfy their senses are surely under illusion.
They do not know that such a husband cannot actually give protection to them or their
children. Nor can he protect their wealth or duration of life, for he himself is dependent
on time, fruitive results and the modes of nature, which are all subordinate to You.
He alone who is never afraid but who, on the contrary, gives complete shelter to all fearful
persons can actually become a husband and protector. Therefore, my Lord, you are the
only husband, and no one else can claim this position. If you were not the only husband,
You would be afraid of others. Therefore persons learned in all Vedic literature accept only
Your Lordship as everyones master, and they think no one else a better husband and
protector than You. My dear Lord, You automatically fulfill all
the desires of a woman who worships Your lotus feet in pure love. However, if a woman worships
Your lotus feet for a particular purpose, You also quickly fulfill her desires, but
in the end she becomes broken-hearted and laments. Therefore one need not worship Your
lotus feet for some material benefit. O supreme unconquerable Lord, when they become
absorbed in thoughts of material enjoyment, Lord Brahma and Lord Siva, as well as other
demigods and demons, undergo severe penances and austerities to receive my benedictions.
But I do not favor anyone, however great he may be; unless he is always engaged in the
service of Your lotus feet. Because I always keep You within my heart, I cannot favor anyone
but a devotee. O infallible one, Your lotus palm is the source
of all benediction. Therefore Your pure devotees worship it, and You very mercifully place
Your hand on their heads. I wish that You may also place Your hand on My head, for although
You already bear my insignia of golden streaks on Your chest, I regard this honor as merely
a kind of false prestige for me. You show Your real mercy to Your devotees, not to me.
Of course, You are the supreme absolute controller, and no one can understand Your motives.
Sukadeva Gosvami continued: In Ramyaka-varsa, where Vaivasvata Manu rules, the Supreme Personality
of Godhead appeared as Lord Matsya at the end of the last era [the Caksusa-manvantara].
Vaivasvata Manu now worships Lord Matsya in pure devotional service and chants the following
mantra. I offer my respectful obeisances unto the
Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is pure transcendence. He is the origin of all life,
bodily strength, mental power and sensory ability. Known as Matsyavatara, the gigantic
fish incarnation, He appears first among all the incarnations. Again I offer my obeisances
unto Him. My dear Lord, just as a puppeteer controls
his dancing dolls and a husband controls his wife, Your Lordship controls all the living
entities in the universe, such as the brahmanas, ksatriyas, vaisyas and sudras. Although You
are in everyones heart as the supreme witness and commander and are outside everyone as
well, the so-called leaders of societies, communities and countries cannot realize You.
Only those who hear the vibration of the Vedic mantras can appreciate You.
My Lord, from the great leaders of the universe, such as Lord Brahma and other demigods, down
to the political leaders of this world, all are envious of Your authority. Without Your
help, however, they could neither separately nor concertedly maintain the innumerable living
entities within the universe. You are actually the only maintainer of all human beings, of
animals like cows and asses, and of plants, reptiles, birds, mountains and whatever else
is visible within this material world. O almighty Lord, at the end of the millennium
this planet earth, which is the source of all kinds of herbs, drugs and trees, was inundated
by water and drowned beneath the devastating waves. At that time, You protected me along
with the earth and roamed the sea with great speed. O unborn one, You are the actual maintainer
of the entire universal creation, and therefore You are the cause of all living entities.
I offer my respectful obeisances unto You. Sukadeva Gosvami continued: In Hiranmaya-varsa,
the Supreme Lord, Visnu, lives in the form of a tortoise [kurma-sarira]. This most dear
and beautiful form is always worshiped there in devotional service by Aryama, the chief
resident of Hiranmaya-varsa, along with the other inhabitants of that land. They chant
the following hymns. O my Lord, I offer my respectful obeisances
unto You, who have assumed the form of a tortoise. You are the reservoir of all transcendental
qualities, and being entirely untinged by matter, You are perfectly situated in pure
goodness. You move here and there in the water, but no one can discern Your position. Therefore
I offer my respectful obeisances unto You. Because of Your transcendental position, You
are not limited by past, present and future. You are present everywhere as the shelter
of all things, and therefore I offer my respectful obeisances unto You again and again.
My dear Lord, this visible cosmic manifestation is a demonstration of Your own creative energy.
Since the countless varieties of forms within this cosmic manifestation are simply a display
of Your external energy, this virat-rupa [universal body] is not Your real form. Except for a
devotee in transcendental consciousness, no one can perceive Your actual form. Therefore
I offer my respectful obeisances unto You. My dear Lord, You manifest Your different
energies in countless forms: as living entities born from wombs, from eggs and from perspiration;
as plants and trees that grow out of the earth; as all living entities, both moving and standing,
including the demigods, the learned sages and the pitas; as outer space, as the higher
planetary system containing the heavenly planets, and as the planet earth with its hills, rivers,
seas, oceans and islands. Indeed, all the stars and planets are simply manifestations
of Your different energies, but originally You are one without a second. Therefore there
is nothing beyond You. This entire cosmic manifestation is therefore not false but is
simply a temporary manifestation of Your inconceivable energy.
O my Lord, Your name, form and bodily features are expanded in countless forms. No one can
determine exactly how many forms exist, yet You Yourself, in Your incarnation as the learned
scholar Kapiladeva, have analyzed the cosmic manifestation as containing twenty-four elements.
Therefore if one is interested in Sankhya philosophy, by which one can enumerate the
different truths, he must hear it from You. Unfortunately, nondevotees simply count the
different elements and remain ignorant of Your actual form. I offer my respectful obeisances
unto You. Sukadeva Gosvami said: Dear King, the Supreme
Lord in His boar incarnation, who accepts all sacrificial offerings, lives in the northern
part of Jambudvipa. There, in the tract of land known as Uttarakuru-varsa, mother earth
and all the other inhabitants worship Him with unfailing devotional service by repeatedly
chanting the following Upanisad mantra. O Lord, we offer our respectful obeisances
unto You as the gigantic person. Simply by chanting mantras, we shall be able to understand
You fully. You are yajna [sacrifice], and You are the kratu [ritual]. Therefore all
the ritualistic ceremonies of sacrifice are part of Your transcendental body, and You
are the only enjoyer of all sacrifices. Your form is composed of transcendental goodness.
You are known as tri-yuga because in Kali-yuga You appeared as a concealed incarnation and
because You always fully possess the three pairs of opulences.
By manipulating a fire-generating stick, great saints and sages can bring forth the fire
lying dormant within wood. In the same way, O Lord, those expert in understanding the
Absolute Truth try to see You in everythingeven in their own bodies. Yet you remain concealed.
You are not to be understood by indirect processes involving mental or physical activities. Because
You are self-manifested, only when You see that a person is wholeheartedly engaged in
searching for You do You reveal Yourself. Therefore I offer my respectful obeisances
unto You. The objects of material enjoyment [sound,
form, taste, touch and smell], the activities of the senses, the controllers of sensory
activities [the demigods], the body, eternal time and egotism are all creations of Your
material energy. Those whose intelligence has become fixed by perfect execution of mystic
yoga can see that all these elements result from the actions of Your external energy.
They can also see Your transcendental form as Supersoul in the background of everything.
Therefore I repeatedly offer my respectful obeisances unto You.
O Lord, You do not desire the creation, maintenance or annihilation of this material world, but
You perform these activities for the conditioned souls by Your creative energy. Exactly as
a piece of iron moves under the influence of a lodestone, inert matter moves when You
glance over the total material energy. My Lord, as the original boar within this
universe, You fought and killed the great demon Hiranyaksa. Then You lifted me [the
earth] from the Garbhodaka Ocean on the end of Your tusk, exactly as a sporting elephant
plucks a lotus flower from the water. I bow down before You.