Practice English Speaking&Listening with: DJI Mavic 2 Pro ND FILTERS: How To Use NEUTRAL DENSITY FILTERS

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what's up guys today it's time to step up your game I'm Bret Caramella and

today I'm going to show you how to use nd filters on your Mavic - pro in the

video coming up

as you can see these are the Hasselblad filters for the Mavic 2 pro we have both

our nd filters and our nd polarisers

alright guys these filters are available on Amazon I've included a link in the

description below so what are nd filters nd filters are kind of like sunglasses

for your lens alright we have 4 8 and 16 4 is dark 8 is darker 16 is darker and

so on if I had a 32 that would be even darker and if I had a 64 that would be

really really dark now in addition to these 3 ND filters I have three more

filters these are also ND filters 4 8 and 16 but they're a combination of a ND

filter and a polarizer so what that means is that they not only make it

darker but they also polarize your image so a polarizer is something that makes

the image more vivid or more saturated especially bringing out those blues and

those greens so sky water like the ocean and any type of tree or shrub or grass

is gonna really pop out a lot more with the polarizer so it's just personal

taste whether you want to use just the ND filter and get a normal look or you

want to use the ND filter with a polarizer and get a little more vivid

saturated look in this video I'm going to show you how to use the ND filters

both for video and then for photography so these filters were sent to me by

f-stop labs they asked me to make a video I'm not getting paid by them to

make this video so all my opinions in this video are my own and they're made

to help you out and make the best decision for you so the ones on Amazon

are a 4 8 and 16 ND filter however the other side where 2 ND polarizer that I

have for a 4 8 and 16 is a little changed they changed it to an ND

circular polarizer at 4 8 and 16 now you may be asking yourself what's a circular

polarizer well a circular polarizer doesn't polarize the entire image

it only polarized as part of the image so with a circular polarizer it's going

to be a little more creative because you're not going to get the entire image

polarized you're only going to get part of the image polarized so the other

image is just going to be a normal ND filter and

and part of the image is going to be polarized just so you know that's what a

circular polarizer is by the end of the video if this is still confusing to you

please leave a comment in the below and I'm happy to write you back and clarify

everything for you alright guys I'm here at beautiful Sunny Isles Florida and

what I'm gonna do is I'm gonna put on these ND filters on to my Mavic to pro

just so you know you can take the Hasselblad front end off by just

twisting it okay you have to be careful I would hold on right here with one hand

and then twist with your fingers with the other hand and actually to do this

you first have to press in and then twist alright if you don't press in you

could break it so press in then twist and it'll come right off and then we're

gonna put these filters on so what I like to do is I like to take the middle

one so instead of the before the nd 4 or the nd 16 I take the nd 8 because it's

right in the middle and what I do is I just hold it up to the camera okay so I

turn on the camera I'm gonna hold it up to the camera I'm gonna see how it looks

and if it's too dark then I'm gonna go with the 4 okay if it's too light then

I'm gonna over the 16 and if it looks right I'm just gonna use it

alright guys so what I do is I start with my settings on manual I want to

shoot at 2.8 because I know that's gonna be a shallow depth-of-field and give me

a real cinematic look so because I'm shooting at 24 frames per second I

always want to shoot double that so if you shoot 24 frames per second you

should have a shutter speed of 150th of a second okay B shoot at 30 frames per

second should have one sixtieth of a second if you shoot at 60 frames per

second you should shoot you should have your shutter at one one hundred and

twentieth of a second so I have my aperture I have my shutter I've moved my

ISO as low as I could possibly go and I still see that the image is overexposed

so now I have to put on my ND filter right because if we're shooting wide

open which we want to do with a with a low aperture number we're gonna let too

much light in that's why we have these ND filters okay

so let's just hold it up and let's see how it looks with the eat okay it didn't

look too bad but I think I need a little more so I'm gonna put on the 16 all

right so I'm not changing my settings I have the 16 now which is much darker so

let me put that over the front end okay as I put it over the front end

okay so I can tell that the 16 is definitely what I need if it's still a

little too bright what I can do is I can just change my f-stop to about three

point two or maybe f/4 just so it's not too overexposed but it's still gonna

keep a nice shallow depth of field and I'm gonna have that nice slow shutter

okay guys if you're having trouble getting your filter on or off you can

always put on a glove so putting on a glove makes it a lot easier and then I

also put my drone upside down so if you put it upside down it's a lot easier as

well to get at it it's almost like being a lab technician so you have to put the

front end now that I took it off I'm gonna put it back in with the other ND

filters okay I'm gonna put it right in there and then I'm gonna close it up

because I don't want any dust or sand or anything to get on it now we have our ND

16 on so let's go fly it alright guys so I'm shooting at 4.5 I wanted to shoot

2.8 but unfortunately it's so bright that I have to shoot at 4.5 but I'm

still gonna get that slow shutter it's still going to have enough shallow

depth-of-field that's gonna look great and I'm gonna take it for flight

alright guys now I put on another ND 16 but this is a ND 16 with a polarizer so

I'm gonna do the same settings we're gonna take it up see how it looks

obviously if I expect it to look more saturated a little more vivid in tone

but it still gonna have that nice smooth look because it's an ND filter which is

the ND polarized filter

alright guys this last one I'm just gonna use normal without any filters

with the Hasselblad so we're gonna check it out I'm gonna put on an auto

obviously we're gonna have a high shutter I'm gonna try to keep that

stopped low just around four so I'm going to put it maybe aperture priority

and we're going to see how it looks

so I came back the next morning about a half an hour before sunrise and I took

photos without any nd or polarizer filter on so there was no filter at all

because it was still dark out I had to use a slow shutter so as you can see in

these images the ocean actually appears to look like a lake and the reason for

this is that I used a slow shutter so the slow shutter slows everything down

so much that you can't even see the waves in the ocean to do this with

photography you need a tripod with a drone it's gonna be really still

thankfully there wasn't a lot of winds if there's a lot of wind this probably

won't work but there wasn't too much wind on the ocean that day so I was able

to slow the shutter down between 2 seconds and 4 seconds now if you see

this tree right here I slowed my shutter down between 2 to 5 seconds some as far

as even 8 seconds but at 8 seconds sometimes it's a little blurry

I always kept my eye so at 100 and the f-stop at about 2.8 I took two pictures

of this palm tree with the beach just to show you what it would look like with a

faster shutter the second shot was at ISO 3200 with a shutter speed of one

fifteenth of a second as you can see it looks a little more grainy and the ocean

doesn't look as smooth I'll show you better examples of the

difference between the stark contrast of slow shutter versus a normal shutter

speed at the end of this video and as you can see because the drone is

perfectly still it's creating that nice soft glass look on the ocean now when I

face it towards the building you notice it's very saturated that's because it's

still dark out so you're only able to get this look when it's dark out or if

you have an ND filter and because we're doing a video on ND filters I'm going to

show you the same sort of look with an ND filter coming up so about a half an

hour later the Sun came up and I put an ND 16 polarizer filter on the front of

my lens and you'll notice now that it's light out I still get the same look as I

when it was dark out that's because a polarizer is making it look like

nighttime but I'm using a slow shutter to let enough light in that it's not

underexposed sometimes you want to see each droplet in the wave but other times

you want to see just a nice smooth glassy look a lot of people like that

slow shutter cuz it gives it a very soft feel

you notice the seagull in the image looking at that nice soft smooth glassy

ocean gives a nice emotion to the image and as we go along you can see more

examples again we're facing the beach now with the buildings one thing I

noticed the colors are a little more vivid and saturated if you shoot at

nighttime or when it's dark outside however most people don't shoot during

nighttime it's also illegal to do it more than a half an hour before sunrise

so because of this you need the ND filter and the polarizer adds a little

more vividness to it but if you shoot raw you can change that in

post-production but you get a feel you can see all the water is nice and smooth

now in this last example I shot higher up I shot the shoreline with the

buildings in the first shot I shot with a slow shutter in the second one I made

the shutter speed much faster and you can see the reflection in the water is

much different in the two images even the color tones are slightly different

it's a little warmer when I use a slow shutter so again all these things are

personal preference and you can see them both side by side here now I want to

show you some more examples so over here on the Left I set the shutter speed for

2 seconds on the right I said it for one thirtieth of a second obviously I had to

change my aperture when I changed them I shot both of these at ISO 100 I just

changed my aperture and my shutter speed and as you can see you have that nice

soft look on the left side on the right side you see the wave you see all the

little droplets and you can see even the outline of the seagulls and the clouds

are more defined now if you shoot an image straight on you're gonna have to

use a much slower shutter speed but because the second image was shot at an

angle if you shoot anything that moves across the frame your shutter speed

doesn't have to that slow to get a blur so this wave is

going across the frame and I only needed one second to make it blurry and as you

can see one thirtieth of a second you can see most of the details and even

that seagull on the right-hand side now for this example I shot above and on the

left side it almost looks like a painting because I made the shutter

speed much slower at four seconds again like I said before you can shoot at four

maybe five seconds anything more than that the rest of the image starts to

look blurry so I recommend not going more than four or five seconds the left

side has a more artistic more painterly feel it almost looks like some abstract

painting whereas on the right side you obviously you can see that it's the

ocean you can see all the details with the seagulls and the waves alright guys

I hope this video was helpful and clarified a few things about nd filters

and ND filters with polarisers after using these filters from f-stop labs I

have to say they are very good especially for the price one reason I

say that is because these filters when I use them I didn't notice much been

getting or darker shadows in the side of my frames or any lack of sharpness or

change in the actual tone of the image between the normal and D filter and

without them on now looking at filters that aren't very good you'll notice some

vignetting on the side meaning some shadows on the side you'll see a change

in the color tone dramatically between them not using a filter and using the ND

filter and you might also notice that there's not as much sharpness when you

put on the filter so all these things are science that is not a great filter

but these work really well so I'm gonna hold on to these filters and keep

experimenting with them before I end this video I want to remind you to keep

your shutter no more than five seconds I would say four seconds between two to

four seconds is kind of a sweet spot especially when you shoot water because

it will be slow enough that'll have that nice glassy slow look kind of like a

lake or glass rather than an ocean or very detailed if you have the shutter

speed faster than two seconds it's not going to be slow enough to get that nice

smooth look however if you have it more than four

seconds you're gonna risk the whole image being blurry and the image that's

not moving like the land the sand the trees you want them to be in focus as I

said earlier if you have any questions leave them in the comments below I'm

happy to help out I'm gonna make many more videos with the Mavic to other DJI

drones as well as photography so if you haven't done so please subscribe to my

channel add a like below and remember guys sand propellant a no-go but dry

The Description of DJI Mavic 2 Pro ND FILTERS: How To Use NEUTRAL DENSITY FILTERS