Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Agomoni Ganguli-Mitra

Difficulty: 0

Welcome to the Centre of Study on Global Ethics and the Department of Philosophy at the University

of Birmingham. Shall we start by just if you can give us a brief introduction of who you

are and where youre from.

Yes, thank you very much. So thank you very much for having me, first of all. I am Agomoni

and I am a Chancellors Fellow in Bio-Ethics in the Legal and Bio-Ethical aspects of Bio-Medicine

at the University of Edinburgh. Im based at the Law School there. And Im also Co-Director

of the [Mason - 0:00:34] Institute which is a research institute where researchers work

at the intersection between medicine, life sciences and the humanities and social sciences.

OK. And what aspects of global ethics do you mainly work on?

So Im mostly interested in global health and I work on specific kinds of applied topics

within global health. So Ive written a little bit on the ethical aspects of sex selection

for non-medical purposes, Ive written on global surrogacy, especially global, commercial

surrogacy, and Ive recently also become increasingly interested in global health emergencies

and the ethical aspects of those.

OK, great, thats really interesting. So could you maybe elaborate on some problems

like in one or two of those areas that youre most interested in at the moment?

I think theres a sort of common theme across all these areas that Im particularly interested

in and thats the aspect of structural and gender justice. So these come across in any

of these applied topics that I work on and Im also interested in conceptual analysis

in ethics, so I do a little bit of work on concepts of exploitation and vulnerability,

as applied to the topics that I was telling you about earlier.

And so do you think those kinds of topics coercion and exploitation and vulnerability

are pressing problems in these debates?

Absolutely. I think especially the structural approach to these problems I think is something

that still needs quite a bit of attention, probably more than it currently gets when

talking about these issues.

OK and whats the next big project that you would like to work on, or a kind of philosophical

or legal problem that you can see that youd like to work on a bit more?

So the topics that Im going to be working on in the coming years, also as part of a

Welcome Trust project, is on its entitled Vulnerability and Justice in Global Health

Emergencies, Developing Future Ethical Models. So what we would like to do as part of this

project is to really highlight the justice aspects, the justice concerns, of global health

emergencies and their connection with vulnerability, with structural injustice, with epistemic

injustice, and then see how we can take lessons learned from prior global health emergencies

to understand how to better develop responses for future emergencies that are more responsive

to concerns of justice.

And that leads me nicely onto the final question which is if you could make just one recommendation

to policy or practice, based on you research, what would that be?

That would be not to treat something that we do a lot in Bio-Ethics is to treat

each applied issue as a contained problem, be it surrogacy, be it health emergency and

so on, but rather to take a broader, global and structural view of how to approach these

problems. I think policy needs that, definitely.

Thank you.

The Description of Agomoni Ganguli-Mitra