# Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Sentence Diagramming 11. The Subordinate Clause or Adverbial Clause

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I'm going to show you now how to diagram

adverbial clauses and we call those

subordinate clauses so subordinate

clauses most technically are clauses

that function as adverbs so I've written

a main clause here on the board that

we're going to modify I became aware of

my hunger now as of now there's no

adverb clause here but let's let's think

of one so I became aware of my hunger

because I fainted

so because I fainted would modify became

and it would tell us why you became

aware why because I fainted

that's why so it answers a wide question

and therefore it is adverbial so because

I think it well we're going to need a

baseline so I'll just put it here and

this it's a subject verb combination

I've fainted

now what we do with adverbial clauses is

we draw a dotted line between the verb

that's being modified in this case

became and the verb in the subordinate

clause so we do that there it is so is

roll line between became and fainted and

we put the subordinating conjunction

because that's whatever clauses begin

with they begin with subordinating

conjunctions and

this case it's because and we draw it

right on this dotted line I haven't left

myself very much room but just enough so

now what we have is I became aware of my

hunger because I fainted now if that now

the adverb clauses can move around of

course so the sentence could just as

easily have been because I fainted I

became aware of my hunger and in that

case the diagram would look exactly the

same so just from this diagram except

because maybe this cap of this bee isn't

capitalized we can't tell whether it's

because because I fainted I became aware

of my hunger or I became aware of my

hunger because I fainted that the

diagram for both looks exactly the same

again with the possible exception of you

know whether or not this bee is

capitalized if you want to be a real

stickler about that why do we come up

with just one more to confirm this

lesson let's say I became aware of my

hunger because I fainted after I left

after I left would be another

subordinate clause and if it were I

became aware of my hunger because I

fainted after I left well that would be

after I left that's when so we would

have another baseline coming down here

so that the subordinate clause that does

come underneath the the verb that's

being modified so you don't want to put

it up up above it so the diagram is

subordination is shown literally if it's

subordinated so I fainted after I left

so the subject verb combination is I

left and we draw a dotted line between

the verb that's being modified and the

subordinate clause

is modifying it and we draw our

subordinating conjunction on that dotted

line so I became aware of my hunger

because I fainted after I left so we

have subordinate subordinate clause

modifying fainted and a subordinate

clause here modifying became and that's

how you diagram subordinate clauses

The Description of Sentence Diagramming 11. The Subordinate Clause or Adverbial Clause