Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Lesson 93 ?‍? Basic English with Jennifer ??‍???‍? "Be Going To" (grammar and pronunciation)

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How often do you review? I hope it's often. You can feel more confident in

English when you become more comfortable with the grammar. This is possible

through review and practice. Hi. I'm Jennifer from English with Jennifer.

Let's study basic English grammar together. In this lesson, we'll review the

future verb form "be going to." We'll practice the forms. We'll practice the

pronunciation. You can learn with my students, Flavia and Andreia.

Be sure to subscribe and watch all our basic English lessons.

Hey Flavia. How are you doing today? Good. And you? Pretty good. How's it going, Andreia?

Good. Yeah? Did you guys have a good week? Mm-hmm. Yes. But you were sick a little. Weren't you sick? Yeah. Are you better?

Because it's hot. It's cold in the train. Ah. It's true. It could be hot outside

could in a train. And air conditioning!

The air conditioning can be really cold. But it's too cold. I know. Sometimes yes. I don't understand.

Yes. In the United States, it's nice. There's air conditioning almost everywhere, but

sometimes it's too much. It's too cold. Yes. I know. I understand. Well, the last

time we talked about "be going to." Our plans for the future, plans for tonight,

plans for this weekend. We used "be going to." Let's remember the forms,

starting with I. I am going to... I am going... You...you are going to...he...he is

he is going to...she...she is going to...it...it is going to...we...we are going to...they...

they are going to...Of course, we often use the short forms, which we'll

practice today, but this time let's practice just remembering the forms: I am, you are,

he is. I'm going to say...I'll talk about plans. For example, I'll say,

"I plan to buy shoes." That's my plan. I plan to buy shoes. So you change it to: I

am going to buy shoes. I plan to buy shoes. I'm going to buy shoes. Same thing.

I plan...I'm going to. Okay? We plan to visit Canada. We are planning...Change "plan." Right? Ah, okay. So if

we change from "plan" to "be going to." So I'm going to say, "We plan to visit Canada."

We are going to visit Canada. Mm-hmm. He plans to sell his car. He is going to sell his car. Mm-hmm.

She plans to get a haircut. She's is going to cut...to cut her. You could, but

"Get a haircut." Get? Yeah. Get a haircut. Mm-hmm. Because someone

cuts our hair. So one more time. She plans to get a haircut.

She is going to get a haircut. Haircut. Haircut. Uh-huh. They plan to move to California.

They...they are going to move to Florida. To California. California. Florida is nice too!

Florida...California....there's sunshine. You plan to do laundry today.

You...you are going to do laundry today. Yes. Very good. Okay? All right. So now we'll try the short forms.

If I say, "They're going to...they are going to move to California,"

you say, "They're." They are. They're. They're going to move to California.

Okay? You are going to love this movie. You're going to love this movie. Yep.

And, of course, let's practice now" you're going to." In fast, relaxed speech, you'll

even hear "you're gonna." You're gonna love this movie, but for now let's practice

"you are going to." You're going to...you're going to love this movie. He is going to

meet her parents. He...he is going to meet her parents.

He's going to meet your...her parents...her parents. Parents. Right? Maybe there's a boy, John.

He knows Tiffany. John is going to meet

Tiffany's parents. I think John and Tiffany are close. Maybe they want to get

married. They're going to get married. Okay.

She is going to meet his parents. She's going to meet his parents.

It is going to be sunny tomorrow. It's going to...be...It's going to be sunny tomorrow. It's going to be sunny tomorrow.

I am going to do grocery shopping. I'm going to do grocery shopping. They are going to buy a car.

They are...they're...they're going to buy your car. Well, it could be my car, but...a car...a new car.

We are going to move.

We're? We're. We're going to move. That's a hard one. We are...we're. We're going to move. We're going to move. Okay.

You are going to learn more grammar. You're...you're going to learn a grammar. Going to learn more grammar.

Learn more grammar. You're going to learn more grammar.You're going to learn more grammar.

You're going to learn more grammar. Yes, you are. Now change it to "not." I am not going

to do that. I am not going to do that.

I'm not...I'm not going to do that. So "I am" -- "I'm." All right. Just with "not." I'm not...I'm not going to do that.

You are not going to do that. You are not going to do that. Do that.

You are not going to do that. You are not going to do that. So how do you do it? You are...?

You're...you're going to do that. So, you're going to do that. You're not going to do that.

You're not going to do that. You're not going to...that.

You're not going to do that. You're not...so if we have "not," but it before.

Not going to do that. You're not going to do that.

Put "not"...you're not going to do that. She is not going to do that.

She's...she's not going to do that. Right!

And with "she's," you could say, "She's not going to do that" or "She isn't going to

do that." She's not...she isn't...she isn't going to do that. Yeah. She isn't going to do that.

You aren't going to do that? True. You could do that, so watch. You could do "you're not"

or you "aren't." It doesn't matter.

You aren't.

You're not. He's not. He isn't. It doesn't matter. Okay? There are two ways.

You can do the contraction either way. I learn more in school "you aren't." That's fine. Okay. You'll hear both.

You didn't practice that. Yes. But you'll hear it. You'll hear both. Right? Sometimes when

we use it this way, it sounds strong. Like, "You're not going to do that!" So if you want

to emphasize "not" and make "not" sound strong, you can say, "He's not going to

like that." Right? He isn't going to like that. You feel the difference. He isn't going to

like that. He's not going to like that. But you'll hear both, so he's not...he

isn't. If I say "she," she is not going to do that. We can say, "She's not going to

do that" or "she isn't going to to do that." So with "going," remember it's "going to."

She isn't going to do that. She's isn't going to...that. To do that.

We are not going to do that. We're...we're not going to do that. Again, you can do "we're not" or "we aren't going to do that."

We're not going to do that. Or we aren't. Right? We aren't going to do that. They are not going to do that. They are not going to do that.

So we can say, "They..they are...they aren't going to do that. So again, with "they," they aren't going to do that. Mm-hmm. So again,

with "they," you can do "they aren't." They aren't going to do that. Or you might hear, "They're...they're not going to do that.

Good. So you'll hear both. Listen and you'll probably hear both, see both.

Let's practice those negative verb forms a little more. Repeat after me.

I'm not going to tell you. You aren't going to like it. You're not going to

like it. She isn't going to leave. She's not going to leave.

He isn't going to buy it. He's not going to buy it. It isn't going to help.

It's not going to help. We aren't going to be late. We're not going to be late.

They aren't going to move. They're not going to move. Now let's speak a little

faster and we'll use "gonna." Repeat after me.

I'm not gonna tell you. You're not gonna like it.

She's not gonna leave. He's not gonna buy it. It's not going to help.

We're not going to be late. They're not gonna move. Okay. Let's talk about summer

vacations. Many people go on trips. They go someplace nice. They often go to a

beach. What are things that people take? They might take...what is that for their

skin to be safe? Sunblock. Yeah. You put on sunblock.

Sunblock. And what can you wear? Sunglasses?

Sunglasses. What can you...? Hat? Hat. A hat. Sun hat maybe because it doesn't keep you warm.

It's not a winter hat. It's a sun hat. Yeah. Or just a hat, but if you want to

explain. It's not a winter hat. It's a sun hat. Right? And what can women wear?

I don't know. No? Bikini? Bikini. Yeah. A bikini has two pieces, right? But in

general, you could also say "swimsuit." "Swimsuit" might be one piece or two. But

bikinis...only two: top and bottom. Right? What do men wear? Also swimsuit or

sometimes you'll hear, like, swim trunks.

Swim trunks. You might hear "swim trunks." But in general we can talk about

swimsuits for men and for women. Swimsuits. Bikinis...usually only for women but...

and swim trunks for men. It's just the shorts. Okay? What else can you take? Book. Some people

take something to read, a book, for example. Water. Water...?

Water what? Not a cup, not a glass...bottle. Bottle. Water bottle. Water bottle. And there are other

things you might need to take. Okay? Okay. So we're going to talk about going on a

trip. What are you going to take? There can be different things. You might take

sunblock, you might take your cats, and you might take your dog.

What else do people take? I would take my wallet.

With my money. Flip-flops. Good. Yes. If you're going to the beach, you want

flip-flops. With an -s. Flip-flops. I think that's a good one.

I might take a jacket or a sweater. A jacket or sweater. Perhaps. And I think just in case,

if you're going on a plane, you need a passport, driver's license, something like

that. Okay. I'm going on a vacation and I'm going to take my wallet.

Now you say, "I'm going on my vacation. I'm going to take my wallet and..." Remember. I'm going on

vacation, and I'm going to take my wallet. I'm going on vacation. I'm

going to take...a wallet...my wallet. And I'm going to take, my dog. Okay. I'm going to... I'm going on

vacation. I'm going on vacation. I'm going to take my sunglasses... Oops. Start. Oh.

My wallet and my dog. And I'm going to take a dog? Two dogs? A dog and what else?

Do you want to take the cats? Okay. I'm going to take my wallet, my dog,

and my cats. Okay. I'm going on vacation, and I'm taking my

wallet, my dog, my cats, and my water bottle. I'm going to...I'm going on

vacation, and I'm going to take my wallet, my dog, my cats...

and water bottle. A water bottle. And? And a book. Oh. Okay. I'm gonna...I'm going on vacation. I'm going on

vacation. I'm going to take my wallet, my dog, my cats, my water bottle,

my book, and my flip-flops. Good. My flip-flops. I'm going on vacation, and I'm taking my

wallet, my dog, my cats, ...oh my gosh. And what else? My water...wait. Dog, cats,

water bottle, book, flip-flops. You're helping me pack. And um sunblock. Uh-huh. I'm going on

vacation. Yes. And I'm going to take my wallet, my dog, my water bottle. Oh! Meow. My cats, my book...uh, flip-flop...

flip-flops.

And sunblock. Sunblock. Yes. Book? Oh yeah. The book is in there. And what else? And a jacket. Okay. Last time.

I'm going on vacation, and I'm going to take my wallet, my dog, my cats, my water bottle, my book, my flip-flops, my

sunblock, my jacket, my passport! Good. And that's all! We're ready. We're going on vacation now.

Okay. Be careful. Um, water bottle. Americans

won't say "bottle." They'll say "boddle." Like a D. Bottle. Bottle. Make sure your

tongue is there. Bottle bottle bottle. Water bottle. Let me hear you say

book. (Repeats.) I'm taking a book. Okay. So we're going on vacation. We're ready.

And notice when I said, "I'm going on vacation," we can also use the present

progressive for future plans. You may hear people say, "I'm going to go on

vacation...I'm going to go...I'm going on vacation." With the verb GO, we usually

just say, "I'm going." All right. I'm going to a movie tonight. I'm going to meet my

parents. I'm going to buy a new car--well, that's different, "I'm going to buy," but with

"going," if you're traveling, you can just say, "I'm going to New York this weekend."

"I'm going to California next month." "I'm going on vacation

soon, not today, but soon." I'm going on vacation. Your turn. What are you going to

take on vacation? Make a list, a long list. Say, "I'm going on vacation, and I'm going

to take..." Have fun. Challenge yourself. Let's work just a little more on

questions and pronunciation. Well, you could do that. What are you going to do?

And then you can say tonight, this weekend, tomorrow. What are you going to

do tonight? Tonight or at night? Tonight. What are you going to do this weekend? In this

question, I might switch to "gonna." What are you going to do...what are you gonna?

What are you gonna do? What are you gonna do this weekend?

What are you gonna do this weekend? (Repeats.)

What are you gonna do this weekend? What are you...what are you gonna do this weekend?

What are you going to do this weekend? (Repeats.) Good. Yeah. I'm going to relax a little bit. I'm going to do

laundry. I'm going to play the piano. What are you going to do this weekend?

You're going to hear: What are you going to...? What are you gonna...?

What are you going...what are you...what are... (Repeats.)

What are you... (Repeats.) What are you going to do this weekend?

What are you going to do this weekend? (Repeats.)

Yeah. So try it. What are you going to do this weekend? (Repeats.)

What are you gonna do this weekend? (Repeats.) Yeah. You'll hear both. So that's why I'm doing.

What are you gonna do this weekend?

I'm going to play soccer...no. Oh. You're going to watch soccer. Watch soccer. Maybe you'll play.

I'm going to watch soccer. I'm gonna watch soccer me.

You can ask Andreia. What are you going to do tomorrow? Tomorrow? That's fine. Sure. Tomorrow? Tomorrow is Saturday.

What are you going to do tomorrow? I'm gonna..I'm gonna...go to the beach.

I'm going to the beach. I'm gonna go. I'm gonna go to the beach. What are you going to do on

Sunday? I'm gonna...to the supermarket. Ah. I'm going to the supermarket. I'm going grocery shopping. Yes.

When we speak slowly, sometimes we switch to "I'm going to..." Rigt? Because if you say, "I'm gonna..."

It's..."gonna" is usually fast speech. Usually. You might hear it, but I would say if you're

thinking out loud. "Oh yeah. We're going to the supermarket." Right. But again if you

know that is your plan, use "be going to." We're going to the supermarket on Sunday,

so we're busy. You know your plans. If you don't know, often we switch to

"will." "Sunday. I don't know what we're gonna do on Sunday. I'll...I don't know.

I guess we'll stay home and I'll probably do some laundry." So when you're

thinking out loud, you often switch to "will" when you're making your plans. Yeah.

Um, why don't you ask me about Sunday? What are you going to do on Sunday?

On Sunday. One more time. What are you going to do on Sunday?

Um, I don't know. I usually do the housework, laundry, so I think I'll do

more laundry. But we'll see. We'll see.So now I'm switching. I don't know what I'm

doing on Sunday. Did you have a question? Mm-hmm.

Can I use present progressive in this question? What are you going to... or

what are you doing? Yes. Yes. What are you doing tonight? What are you doing?

What are you doing tomorrow? What are you doing tomorrow? What are you doing?

You hear, "What are you doing?" So fast. What are you doing tomorrow? (Repeats.)

What are you doing tomorrow? (Repeats.) What are you doing tonight? (Repeats.)

Very good. What are you doing tonight?What are you doing tonight, Andreia? I don't know. I don't know! Say, "I don't know. I have no idea!"

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The Description of Lesson 93 ?‍? Basic English with Jennifer ??‍???‍? "Be Going To" (grammar and pronunciation)