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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Speak CORRECT English - Grammar, Vocabulary, Usage, etc. - LIVE REPLAY 13 Dec 17

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hi everybody actually some of you were

here in my previous livestream that I

did earlier today there were so many

comments there were so many people

asking me to stay on I had done that for

close to an hour and I wasn't able to

continue so I thought I'd come back and

do another real full livestream for

everybody that is here now so the idea

behind this livestream is that I'm going

to help you I am going to help you to

speak and write correct English in order

to do this I'm going to ask you to put

sentences in the chat box a lot of you

are saying hi hi everybody hi a bus hi

darshan it's nice to see all of you nice

to see many of you back so now I want

you to put sentences in the chat box and

I will tell you whether your sentences

are correct or not and I will also teach

you how to correct your sentences so

let's do this folks

all right everybody's still saying hi so

I'm going to say hi everybody it's nice

to see you all here thank you all for

tuning in I'm still waiting for my first

sentence okay Melanie says can you make

a video about the present perfect I will

add the present perfect to the list in

fact I'm going to be making a series of

videos on all the tenses soon but for

now I'm going to give you just a brief

introduction to the present perfect

tense now as I'm sure you know the

present perfect tense has a subject and

then it has a have or has verb and then

the main verb of the sentence in past

participle form P P means past

participle excuse me so the way we

construct a present perfect sentence as

you can see on the screen is you put a

subject and then for I we're gonna say

have because for i you we they who say

have I have just eaten a sandwich I have

just eaten a sandwich so this shows an

action that I did recently that is I did

just now the the tents that people often

get confused with the present perfect is

the past simple so this is present

perfect the past simple on the other

hand has a subject and then it has the

main verb of the sentence in its past

form that is in its v.24 okay whereas in

the present perfect we have the v3 form

so how do I make a sentence similar to

this except in the past simple tense

well I say I ate a sandwich

now the difference between these two

tenses tenses and this is very important

the difference is that with the present

perfect tense

we don't mention the exact time that

something happened however with the past

simple tense we do mention a time so I

ate a sandwich right now the time is 10

o'clock where I am so I'm gonna say I

ate a sandwich at 9:30 p.m. I ate the

sandwich at 9:30 p.m. so here you have a

specific time reference you don't have

that specific time reference in the

present perfect because we don't want to

focus on the time we want to focus on

the fact that the action has been

completed recently so that's a very

important point with the present perfect

tense that you should keep in mind ok

Khan says I just okay

Kahn says I just done my dinner just

before the sentence is actually not

correct can you say why the sentence is

not correct it's not correct because

there is actually a kind of a mixture of

tenses because there's no have or has

verb here that verb is called a helping

or the auxiliary verb and there is a v3

a past participle verb okay now for one

thing we don't say done with dinner what

we can say instead is as I've said here

I've said I have just so you can say I

have just eaten my dinner I have just

eaten my dinner alternatively you can

say and this is a point that initially

you might find a little confusing

you can say I have just had my dinner

and you might be wondering why do we

have a hat here we have a house here now

there's something you need to know about

any sentence where you seek to have

verbs like this now I'm going to remove

the just because it's not important I

have had my dinner what does that mean

it means the same thing as I have eaten

my dinner so you can see that this verb

had stands in place of the verb eaten so

had equals eaten I have had my dinner I

have eaten my dinner I have just had my

dinner I have just eaten my dinner

that's what it means

okay um Khan asks what about completed

we don't use completed with dinner

because completed sounds overly formal

Javed says he has had his dinner now he

has had his dinner is okay but then now

at the end of it doesn't really fit you

can say he has just had his dinner okay

Arjun has an interesting question is it

older than I change the font colour here

real quick

older than or older too elder than or

elder - now the word elder it's uncommon

to use it as an adjective

usually we use it as a noun as in

children must respect and obey their

elder so you see that the word elders is

a noun here it means people who are

older than yourself people who are in

positions of moral authority and that's

that's the common use of elder with

older the word old is what part of

speech the word old is an adjective so

older is a comparative form of an

adjective so with older or any

comparative prettier bigger smaller etc

you must always use van so older - oops

is not correct older - is not correct

older then is correct older than younger

than and so on there's another question

from Prakash about the seconds that we

just discussed the present perfect and

sentence just now had my dinner

give me a moment folks I'm just going to

paste this in so Prakash asks just now

had my dinner is this correct this is

almost correct but this is not in the

correct order the words are kind of

jumbled you need to say I with the with

the pronoun I we usually don't leave it

out so I I had my dinner just now that

sounds more natural to me I had my

dinner just now

okay all right okay Babu has a question

he asks what is the difference between

should and should have very good

question okay the difference between

should and should have okay the word

should I'm gonna push everything else

downward now those of you who are

listening I'm going to try and share

this document with you later on so what

I will do after the livestream is I will

go into Google Docs this is actually on

Google Docs I know that documents can be

shared so I will I will not delete

anything I will keep all these lesson

notes here and at the end of the video I

will share the link to this Google Doc

so that you can download and use it if

you want me to share the Google Doc if

you want all these lesson notes say yes

in the chat box so that I know that

people want the lesson notes alright

back to the question now the question

was what is the difference between

should and should have the word should

is used to give advice that's the most

common use of the word should excuse me

now let's say that I'm coffee oh man I

feel terrible now if that was happening

you could stay

you should go and see a doctor you

should go and see a doctor now here this

is not a moral obligation it is not a

duty so I'm not morally obliged to go

and see a doctor I don't have a duty to

see a doctor rather this is advice so

your advice to me is to go and see a

doctor that's the good thing to do let

me give you one more example you should

study harder if you want to pass the

exam a young person might receive this

advice maybe a kid in school now both of

these like I said our pieces of advice

given what the word should the work

should have on the other hand expresses

criticism about a past decision or

action isn't it interesting what I found

interesting was at Google Docs said that

I had spelled this word wrong and

underlined this word in red and then it

realized oh no this is the correct

spelling and took that underlining out

on its own in any case should have

expresses criticism about a past

decision or action now you remember this

sentence that we just looked at you

should go and see a doctor you just gave

me that advice let's say I didn't go and

see a doctor okay so tomorrow we meet

and I'm coughing even worse I'm coughing

all over the place and now you might say

see I told you you should have

seeing a doctor that means yesterday I

told you to go and see a doctor but you

didn't so now your health or your

situation has worsened it has become

worse so you're criticizing my decision

to not go and see a doctor yesterday

similarly you should have studied harder

so you should have studied harder does

that mean the kid passed the exam or did

he fail the exam what happened let me

know in the chat box and I will tell you

if you are correct or not so that's the

sentence once again okay yeah please

Krishna can you please post the question

once again because I just got done with

another question so I can't actually see

your question

how to avoid spelling mistakes UNK it

asks that UNK it the best way to avoid

making spelling mistakes is first of all

you have to become aware of your own

spelling errors the best way to do that

is go over your writing regularly on a

regular basis maybe once a week or twice

a month whatever with whatever frequency

you can look at your own writing and

identify spelling mistakes that you make

one other thing you should do is note

down the spelling errors that you

regularly make and learn the correct

spelling these two steps will help you

to avoid spelling mistakes those of you

say saying the kid failed his exam that

is correct he failed his exam he didn't

study as hard as he should have studied

so now we're criticizing his past

decision that is that he simply did not

study and now he is reaping the reward

the consequences of that okay Chris has

a somewhat complex a little more

advanced difficult sentence I think it's

interesting so I'm going to take that

sentence take a look at this his voice

hardened by sarcasm could not hide his

resentment Chris asks if this sentence

is correct I'm going to do a very quick

analysis of this sentence because it has

some useful grammar and some interesting

vocabulary yes this sentence is actually

correct now basically if this sentence

the basic form of this sentence is this

his voice could not hide his resentment

what is the word resentment mean

resentment resentment means bitterness

especially bitterness about the past

that is the feeling of being bitter the

feeling of not being happy excuse me

having some lingering some

existing feeling it's a negative feeling

about the past

so his voice could not hide his

resentment means that when he spoke he

was not able to suppress that bitterness

in his voice it showed in the way that

he was speaking now the sentence has

this part in the middle of it hardened

by sarcasm this is actually a relative

clause and it is a non-essential

relative clause I don't want to get

overly technical let me quickly explain

that point for you

it is a non-essential relative clause

which is a relative clause it can also

be called an adjective clause the reason

we say it's an adjective clause is

because it acts as an adjective it gives

information about a noun in this case

hardened by sarcasm gives information

about his voice voice is the noun here

so this is an adjective clause and it is

not essential because it can be removed

from the sentence so it's a relative or

adjective clause which can be removed

from the sentence you remember that I

didn't have this part in here right I

didn't have it in here his voice could

not hide his resentment so the sentence

makes sense

even without the relative clause but

what happens when we put it in there

what this does is it tells us something

about the noun and what it says is

hardened by sarcasm so the first thing

you know about the voice was that it was

hardened maybe he was speaking harshly

and that was because his voice had

sarcasm do you know the meaning of

sarcasm it means to have a mocking a

tone that is saying the opposite of what

is true because it's trying to make fun

of something or trying to highlight the

fact that something

Falls for example let's say that mice I

didn't receive my salary so I'm

explaining the concept of sarcasm here

okay I haven't been paid by my company

in two months for whatever reason my

company has not been paying employees

now if I said this oh great that's just

fantastic am I actually happy now one of

my colleagues comes and says hey they

still haven't paid us and we don't know

when they're gonna pay us and I say oh

great that's just fantastic

this is sarcasm because I actually don't

mean it's fantastic I mean the opposite

that it's terrible so that's what

sarcasm is so his voice hardened by

sarcasm it had been made harsh by

sarcasm could not hide his resentment

could not hide his bitterness that's

what the sentence means hopefully that

makes sense if you don't mind folks I'm

just going to take a quick sip of water

okay great

ridhima says it's I don't know what's

the use of having a live chat because

most questions are going to go

unanswered

unfortunately I you know I realized that

I'm not able to answer all the questions

but the problem is that I'm getting so

many I'm trying to answer as many as I

can one thing I will do I will make a

note of all the questions that your all

of you are submitting and the ones that

are most common I will try and make

future lessons on not just in a live

stream but I will make a prepared lesson

on but if you don't get your question

answered here you can always ask me your

questions in the comments of any of my

videos I try to make sure that I answer

all the comments all right

daddy asks a question related to the

previous discussion how should we use

should have and should have been now

should have been is not really excuse me

should have been is not really different

from should have now if you remember

this sentence you should have studied

harder for your exam that means the kid

didn't study hard and maybe he failed

the exam here notice that we have three

verbs in the sentence the verb studied

is the main verb have is an auxilary

verb should is also an hour auxiliary

verb but these two act as a single unit

should have they express criticism about

somebody's action or decision in the

past so again what we have is two

auxiliary verbs modal verbs and a main

verb now when you use should have been

all you are doing is you are

substituting the verb be for the main

verb in the sentence so

you should have been more serious about

your about the your whatever exam you

should have been more serious that means

the kid wasn't serious so in a sense

both of these sentences mean the same

thing just know that when you have

should have been the beam is the main

verb in the sentence okay plumie and I

am not ignoring your messages I actually

just saw this message of yours

the thing is I'm getting so many

comments which I really appreciate folks

for I appreciate all of you being here

but it's just really hard for me to keep

up with so many comments but I'm doing

my best okay I will try to answer all

the questions sidebar Govi asks why

can't you provide a book on all these

concepts it's a it's a good idea for the

future I will consider that I haven't

really given thought to writing a book

yet but I will consider it thank you for

the suggestion

thank you Anand please explain

ironically ironically as a question I'm

going to defer for a little later maybe

because it's it's a a word that requires

a slightly longer explanation so I'm

gonna keep that for later I'll try and

do a lesson on that Praveen asks have

you done your dinner have you done your

dinner is this right or wrong folks let

me know in the chat box and tell me why

it's correct or wrong

okay Mohammad Harun asks what is the

difference between maybe and might be

that is an interesting question okay the

difference between may be and might be

there's really no difference may be

equals might be in most situations these

are interchangeable so you can say it

may be raining outside we're making a

guess and you can also say it might be

raining outside

right now I'm gonna put the periods of

the full stops there so both of these

are guesses and both of these mean the

exact exact same thing okay have you

done your dinner

it is wrong folks those of you saying

it's wrong pat yourself on the back

because we don't use the word done to

mean eaten so have you had your dinner

or have you eaten your dinner are both

correct

okay Sri nut asks could you explain the

proper usage of I have been asked I have

been asked and I was asked if I got that

correct yes I have been asked and I was

asked now the first thing I want you to

notice about these two sentences is that

both of them are in the passive voice

how do we know that they're in the

passive voice because we have a subject

and then we have a be verb okay we have

some form of the verb be this can

actually be is was am i should say am is

are was were being etc you can also have

will be or would be there's so many

possibilities but I want you to know

that we have some form of the verb be

and then we have a verb in the v3 or the

past participle form in this case asked

now I have been asked is in the present

perfect tense

I was asked is in the past simple tense

present perfect and past simple

these are both passive voice sentences

the active voice sentence would be let's

say she she asked me oh sorry

she has asked me to do something she has

asked me to send her the report by

tomorrow evening I was asked she asked

so let me give you a quick example of

these two forms she has asked me to send

in the report by tomorrow evening this

is the active voice sentence the passive

voice sentence says I have been asked to

send in the report by tomorrow evening

okay the past simple sentence would be

she asked me to send in the report I'm

gonna change it a little bit she asked

me to send in the report now I'm going

to say when she asked she asked me to

send in the report yesterday with the

past simple tense it's more common to

mention the specific time at which

something happened notice that here in

the present perfect and both the active

and the passive voice sentence we're not

saying when she asked me that's

important but here we can say I was

asked to send in the report yesterday

that is the difference

okay jibin asks what is the difference

between must be and should be now we

just discussed should a little while ago

and I said that should is used to give

advice

so should is used to give advice you

should go and see a doctor you should

study harder if you want to pass the

exam

both of these are not moral obligations

they are not duties these sentences both

Express advice however the word must

expresses duty the word the phrase must

not expresses prohibition to say that

something is not allowed so you must be

at your desk by 9:00 a.m. this is the

rule in a very strict let's say a very

strict boss set this rule for his or her

employees so this is a rule it expresses

a duty that you have to do you can also

use must not

you must not smoke in this building this

expresses prohibition or it says that

you are not allowed to do something okay

this is the difference between should

and must should expresses advice must

express a duty or prohibition um it asks

could you explain the uses of could and

would now the uses of could and would

are quite complicated so I'm going to on

the difference between could and would

please see my lesson called

could versus would I I explained the two

verbs in great detail I go through

several examples I explain all the uses

of these two verbs so please go and have

a look at that lesson the reason I don't

want to take this question here is

there's so many uses and it's such a big

topic that you can you will benefit more

by watching the detailed video

okay

thud and I'm not able to see a lot of

previous comments because there's so

many you have to ask the question again

I'm afraid they don't asks how to speak

English spontaneously okay how to speak

English spontaneously now by

spontaneously what we generally mean is

being able to speak on the spot

without any preparation especially if

you have to give a talk or if you find

yourself in a formal conversation

because in formal conversations are

normally easier for us than formal

conversations so at the workplace in

school when you have to give a speech

how do you speak spontaneously that's

the question that I get most often um

spontaneity being able to speak without

preparation is a skill that you'll have

to develop over time it's not something

that you can develop overnight however

in developing as you develop that skill

there's one very important thing that

you should do that can improve your

fluency almost instantly and that is

speak slower because speed is not the

same thing as fluency you can be talking

slowly now you notice that I'm talking a

little bit slower than I was before now

but still I'm speaking reasonably

fluently

I'm not disfluent I'm not struggling

searching a lot for words or anything

like that I'm still talking pretty

spontaneously so the thing that you

should do in conversations is notice the

speed at which you're talking become

aware of your speaking rate and

consciously lower that speech rate of

your

what that does is it it helps your

speech organs to keep up with your brain

because often times because we want to

speak faster which we try to we we try

to speak faster you see what happened to

me right there

what happened was my mouth tried to move

faster than my brain that is often the

source of the problem for English

learners so my advice to you is practice

speaking slower another thing you should

do is learn fixed expressions learn

stock expressions I have a lesson on

this see my lesson called

pardon me called 100 sentences that you

can use in everyday conversation when

you learn lots of stock phrases if you

find yourself in a conversation you find

yourself getting stuck you find yourself

blocking not being able to speak

spontaneously these sentences will come

to your rescue they will save you in

that situation so these are things that

you should absolutely do

alright folks the stream has been going

for over half an hour I'm going to take

maybe two or three more questions and

then we will wrap this up

Anand asks when will you be live again

it will be better for us if you if you

let us know in advance I agree I will do

my best to let you know in advance today

I just decided to do a quick live stream

and I and I did it today is actually my

first time ever live streaming so that's

why I'm doing it but I will do my best

to let you know in advance when I'm

going to be streaming live okay Sanjay

asks what is the difference between

despite and although that's a good

question

despite vs. although now although let me

give you an example although mr. and

mrs. Jones are very wealthy they live

rather simple lives or they live a

rather simple life because we're

treating them as one couple so although

mr. and mrs. Jones are very wealthy they

live a rather simple life the word

although here notice comes before this

this entire clause mr. and mrs. Jones

are very wealthy that's like that's a

complete sentence so this word this is

actually called a subordinating

conjunction the subordinating

conjunction comes as part of this clause

and it it is followed by what appears to

be a complete sentence but we can

rewrite the sentence using despite okay

let me just say that this is

although despite their great wealth mr.

and mrs. Jones live a rather simple life

despite their great wealth what we have

here so with although we had a clause

with despite we have a noun phrase their

great wealth is a noun phrase there is a

possessive determiner great is an

adjective

both of these modify the noun wealth and

together these make up a noun phrase so

this is the most common difference

between these two linking words although

as followed by a clause and despite is

followed by a noun phrase ok Vikash says

explained punctuation please I have a

complete master class on punctuation in

my channel it's it's actually my most

recent video I believe I will give you

the link to the video in the description

you can see the video not in the

description pardon me in the chatbox I

have put the link plume e'en of

Bethlehem I'm going to try and find your

comment so that you're not sad I see you

I see that you've posted a sad face in

the comments I have explored on such and

such things so gloomy and asked this

question

I have explored on some topic okay I

have explored on world history is this

right or wrong what do you think folks

let me know in the comments Hannah I'm

terribly sorry that your question has

gone unanswered I will try and find your

comic okay so I've been struggling -

I've been struggling with writing since

childhood what do I do

now the reason that people often

struggle with writing is that they don't

follow the correct process the correct

process for writing their writing has a

certain set of steps that you ought to

follow okay and the steps that you ought

to follow are called

power this is the power writing process

I have done a lesson you should go and

have a look at the lesson I explained

the process in great detail but very

briefly P stands for plan so before you

write you brainstorm ideas and just come

up with a basic outline for what you're

going to write then you organize your

ideas that is you put your ideas in the

right order then you put pen to paper

and you write and then you evaluate for

any mistakes and finally you review that

is you read what you've written one

final time if you follow this process

writing will become easy so go and have

a look at my lesson called power writing

oops I did something wrong there I

explained the process in much better

detail in that lesson okay I have

explored on world history is it right or

wrong it is wrong explore is not

followed by on I have explored world

history

I don't in-depth actually this sentence

is a little unnatural because we don't

usually talk about exploring world

history like this so let me say I have

explored the Amazon jungle I have

explored the Amazon jungle I have gone

all around the jungle and I have studied

the jungle that's what it means okay

all right folks I'm gonna do what one

more question and then what I'm gonna do

is I'm going to end the livestream I'm

gonna wrap up the livestream I'm going

to try to answer as many of your

comments as possible in the chat box

okay so stick around the chat box I will

try to answer your unanswered questions

over there because time is very limited

in this in this live camera setting

Shefali asks when are you gonna make the

videos for the tenses I've been saying

that I will for a while now I should get

around to it I will very very soon I

will put that on my list of top

priorities because many of you have

asked me for tenses lessons you've asked

me for a lesson on prepositions I will

do that lesson as well okay Krishna asks

what should I do

I always become conscious at the time of

speaking English that the right term for

that actually is to become self

conscious that is you're focusing so

much on what you're trying to say that

it hampers your right arms it impedes

your fluency how to avoid becoming

self-conscious in conversations

the best you know the reason I'm

hesitating a little bit for this

question is that the reason we often

become self-conscious is not really a

linguistic limitation it's not a

language problem it's not that we lack

vocabulary or grammar because this

happens if you look at the entire group

and the entire community of language

learners this happens to the best of us

we all become self conscious every now

and then the reason it happens to us is

that we become self conscious because we

are afraid of making mistakes the only

real solution to this problem is to

become comfortable making mistakes

become comfortable making mistakes

because no matter what you do mistakes

will happen so please just accept that

that's just what what's going to happen

and you have to plow through your

mistakes and keep going forward on your

path to learning in order however to

make fewer mistakes focus on getting

lots of meaningful input these can be

reading reading books stories novels and

so on watching

English language movies TV shows etc and

practice becoming aware of language

structures and new vocabulary and try to

incorporate incorporate means to include

that in your own speech and writing you

will become fluent

spontaneous and talk without hesitation

with time and practice I believe that I

believe in you because I have been in

your shoes I am a language learner I

know you can do it so keep the faith

okay

now many of you are saying please let us

know before you come live I will do my

best to do that I should have tried to

let you know this this is my first day

live streaming so I'm just really

excited I'm really enjoying being live

here with all of you this is a fantastic

experience but going forward in the

future I will try to let you know ahead

of time when I'm coming online

okay all right with that folks I am

going to wrap this up for today I'm

going to sign off here but I will still

be available for sometime in the chat

box and I will try to answer as many of

your questions as possible thank you

very very much for tuning in I do this

for you and I'm very happy to know that

you are finding the lessons helpful and

that you found a live stream helpful I

am at this point I'm rambling on and on

and on I should cut myself off before I

do that one last point I will try to

share the lesson notes

he's lesson notes this has now become a

quite a long document I will try to find

a way to share the Google Doc with you I

will put a link in the description so

find the replay of this live stream and

you will get the lesson notes there

alright everybody take care happy

learning as always and I will see you in

another lesson soon

The Description of Speak CORRECT English - Grammar, Vocabulary, Usage, etc. - LIVE REPLAY 13 Dec 17