What's the difference between these two words?
If you're learning English, words like this
might seem a little confusing or maybe even frustrating.
I'm Emma from mmmEnglish
and today I'm going to explain the difference between
'other' and 'another'
and show you how to use each of those words correctly.
Well I'm ready to get started, are you?
He lives on the other side.
He lives on another side.
Are they really that different?
They're definitely similar
and that's what's tricky about them
but they're not the same.
Let's talk about the meaning of these two words first.
'Other' can mean additional or extra.
What other countries has he travelled to
So I know that he's travelled to France
but what additional countries has he travelled to
other than France or apart from France?
other than France or apart from France?
But it's not exactly the same.
We use 'another' to say one more.
There's another sandwich if you're hungry.
So that means, well you've already had a sandwich
but now I'm offering you more.
So both 'other' and 'another'
can mean additional or extra
but they can also both mean different or alternative.
I can ask:
Do you have any other types of juice?
So I don't want that type of juice,
I want to know if there are alternatives, other types of
juice, different ones from the juice that I've been offered.
Now 'another' is similar to 'other'
but it's not exactly the same.
There's so much traffic. Is there another way to go?
So I want to know is there an alternative way
to get to my destination?
Is there a different route that I can take?
So again, using 'another' means one more
but did you notice that the way they're used,
the structure of the sentences can be a little different
for each word.
It's not always possible to simply swap
one for the other, you know.
You can't just switch them.
So in a moment, we're going to take a closer look
at why that is.
Both 'other' and 'another' can be used as determinants.
Now if you can't remember exactly what a determiner is,
well that's okay. It's a type of word that introduces
a noun and it makes it clear
what we're talking about.
All of us, the cookie,
each person, the other job,
Now notice how 'other' is used here.
We use it after 'the' or a possessive word like
'his other job' then followed by a singular or plural noun.
So can you think of some of your own examples like this
Add them to the comments if you can.
Her other house.
The other lesson.
Most of the time 'other' is used with uncountable nouns
and plural countable nouns.
Do you have any other information for me?
So here 'other' is a determiner for information.
'Information' is an uncountable noun.
Do you know any other good books by this author?
So 'other' is determining 'books', a plural countable noun
Got it so far?
But what about if the noun was singular like:
his other job?
So 'other' can be used with singular countable
nouns that it needs another determiner,
usually an article or a pronoun.
So you can't say "I don't like other dog"
You need to say: "I don't like her other dog" or
"the other dog"
We can use the single article 'an' as well.
Another, another dog.
So when the noun is singular and countable,
you can use 'another' as the determiner.
One of the sandwiches has cheese,
the other sandwich doesn't.
Notice the article 'the' here, before 'other'.
This makes it possible to use 'other' with singular
and this happens in really specific situations.
You can use 'the other' when you're talking about
two things or people and you want to talk about
the second thing or person.
The first sandwich has cheese, the second
or the other doesn't.
She has a bracelet on one wrist
and on the other she wears a watch.
So she has two wrists,
the first has a bracelet and the second has a watch.
I can't just say:
"On the other wrist she wears a watch", right?
Because the idea is incomplete, I would
really leave the listener asking a question like:
what was on the first wrist then?
'Another' is also used as a determiner
so it can be used with singular countable nouns.
Do you have another room available?
So here 'another' is the determiner
to the singular countable noun, 'room'.
I can't use 'another' with the plural form, I can't use
'another' with 'rooms'.
If I want to ask if there are extra rooms available,
more than one room, I need to use 'other' instead, okay?
Do you have other rooms available?
Or do you have another room available?
There is one exception to this rule though.
'Another' can be used with a determiner
with plural nouns when a plural noun has
a number or a number phrase in front of it
like 'a few' or 'a couple'.
I can't say "I need another weeks to finish the report"
because 'weeks' is plural and it's countable.
But I can say
"I need another two weeks to finish the report"
or "I need another couple of weeks to finish the report"
Now the other way to use these words is to use them as
pronouns. So again, 'another' can only be used with
singular countable nouns.
I'm going to order a drink. Would you like another?
So in this sentence 'another' is replacing the noun 'drink'
but remember, I can only use 'another' here
because we're talking about a singular drink
not multiple drinks.
And guess what? There aren't any exceptions here.
'Another' is just used as a singular pronoun.
Now you'll see 'other' used as a pronoun too.
You can use it when you're talking about two things
and the first thing has already been mentioned.
So for example. My first wish is to go to Alaska.
The other is to see the Northern Lights.
So 'other' is acting as a noun here, it's a pronoun
And it's okay to do this because it's clear
what we're talking about, we already mentioned that the
first wish was I want to go to Alaska
so when we use the 'other',
we're obviously referring to 'wish'
but there is something that you need to keep in mind.
As a pronoun, 'other' can be singular or plural.
Now remember when I was talking about 'other'
as a determiner, I said it can't be plural.
But you will see a plural form and that's when it's used
as a pronoun.
So let's look at a couple of examples.
Part of the group has already arrived.
The others will be here very soon.
Today we tried three traditional foods.
Tomorrow we'll try three others.
So are you feeling a little more confident
about these two words now?
Now is your chance to test yourself and to practise
what you've just learned so get ready after this
super short break, I've got a mini quiz for you.
Okay let's practise, see if you can choose
the correct word to complete each sentence, okay?
Choose 'other' or 'another'.
So we know that the word has to replace the noun
Meaning an additional or a different movie.
So we need to choose a pronoun for a singular
countable noun, it must be 'another'.
So check out the noun here, it's plural, 'dishes'.
And we can't say 'any' with 'another' right? So
'other' is the correct answer.
'Another' is right but what if it was 'types' - plural?
Then it would be 'other'.
So it's a singular countable noun.
So it must be 'another'.
We have a plural countable noun here
so we need to use 'other'.
Awesome! How did you go?
Remember that your decision to use 'other' or 'another'
really depends on the noun that you're using,
whether it's singular, plural or uncountable.
Now for the ultimate challenge, can you write
a sentence into the comments below this video
that uses both words? That would be awesome!
I'm going to come down and check out your sentences
very soon and if you've got any questions about
this lesson at all then please
add them to the comments below.
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other useful videos to help you improve your English.
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I'll see you then!