Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Cutaway F1 Race Car - The Original Video - Sauber F1 Team

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>> Matthew Morris, Chief Designer, Sauber F1 Team As we all know, Formula One is the pinnacle of technology and motorsport.

As Im sure youve all seen on tv and in magazines, there are lots of pictures of Formula One cars.

But wouldnt it be really cool, if we took a Formula One car and split it and opened it just like an apple?

Here at the Sauber F1 Team thats exactly what weve done.

Weve cut a car straight down the center line. Its taken us two years, and here it is.

One of the challenging points of designing a Formula One car is positioning and packaging all the different components that make a Formula One car work.

Here you can see all these components and how theyre positioned on the car.

Starting at the rear weve got the gearbox, weve got the clutch, weve got the engine, weve got the oil tank, weve got the fuel system.

Here weve got all the electronic boxes, and then moving up to the front weve got all the pedals and the steering system.

Now, its very important in a Formula One car that we keep all the weight very low. This reduces the center of gravity of the car and brings us performance.

This is the cars steering system. We start with the steering wheel.

Clearly, its not just a steering wheel. It also doubles up as the drivers interface to the rest of the car and also to the pits.

[radio comm: Boost now a bit]

On the back of the steering wheel we have the gear shift pedals and also the pedal to lift the clutch.

On the front there are many buttons: to talk to the guys in the pit lane, to change engine settings, to safe fuel, more power

And in the middle theres a little computer screen which tells him if there are any problems with the car. Its split times, all sorts of really useful data for him

From the steering wheel we come down the steering column, the thin-wall carbon tube which has quite a torturous route as it comes down through the car:

It has to come through the pedals, turn an angle and then come down to the steering system.

The steering system is actually a very simple steering system, due to the regulations, and very similar to the one that you have on a road car.

Obviously a lot smaller and lighter.

Here we have the drivers seat, obviously were the driver sits.

Then immediately behind him, probably 50 millimetres away, is where we store the highly flammable fuel in the fuel cell.

This is a Kevlar fuel system and as you can see we have lots of horizontal baffles in there.

Now if we didnt have these horizontal baffles, the fuel would surge around, particularly under braking with the high g levels and in cornering.

In each of the baffles there are a lot of flap valves which allow the fuel to go down but not up. So as the fuel drains,

the fuel could never come above one of these horizontal baffles

By doing this, we always keep the center of gravity as low as possible.

There are also a lot of pumps and pipes in here.

These are positioned strategically to feed the engine, plus also allowing the fuel cell tobreathe”.

So weve spoken about all the technical components on the car and how we position them and package them.

I guess the final piece of the jigsaw now is to position the driver.

Some say hes the most important part of the car, so lets get him in.

>> Sergio Pérez, driver: Its important to be fit. You are not in a normal position.

You have a lot of forces, especially in a crash.

I had a big accident last year in Monaco. So we know that its a safe car.

>> Matthew Morris: Shall we get you in then?

>> Sergio Pérez: Of course.

>>Matthew Morris: Are you sitting comfy?

>>Sergio Pérez: Uhm... Ill think about it

This is how it looks. So I told you, not a very comfortable position to be sitting in for two hours.

>>Matthew Morris: Weve spoken about getting all the components as low down in the car as possible.

Obviously, youre just another component to us.

As you can see your sort of backside is 10 millimeters away from the tarmac

>>Sergio Pérez: From the floor

>>Matthew Morris: …which obviously you feel when youre racing in the car.

Its usually a good gage to tell us if the car is too low because his backside maybe gets a little bit warm.

>>Sergio Pérez: You feel like you have a small torch back there

Matthew Morris: Yeah

Safety is obviously paramount in Formula One.

Obviously, if anything does happen, we have a fire extinguisher system on the car which sits here, which can either be activated by the driver or the marshals at the track.

The actual chassis is one big safe haven for the driver.

We build the chassis from carbon honeycomb so its very strong and very light.

There are many other safety features on the car such as the head padding to stop the drivers head from getting injured.

We have crash structures above the drivers head and in front of the driver.

And then, as we move down the car, we have a crash zone at the front.

All this packaging that weve spoken about makes it very difficult to try and find anywhere for my apple to fit

other than this huge void at the front which has to be reserved for the frontal crash test.

So anyway

I hope youve enjoyed your tour of a cutaway Sauber F1 Team car.

Thank you very much!

The Description of Cutaway F1 Race Car - The Original Video - Sauber F1 Team