Practice English Speaking&Listening with: How to Build a FPV Racing Quadcopter!

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hey it's norm from tested I'm here with Carlos also known as sharp ooh yep you

guys might know him from his amazing quadcopter videos on YouTube first

person video fpv quadcopter flies it that's it so a couple weeks ago I joined

you guys for morning excursion you guys were flying clots racing quad copters

and so many people wanted to know how they could build one and thankfully

we're very fortunate your sponsor illuminator was able to provide us with

a kit basically to assemble a quadcopter and I want to run through all these

components and basically teach you guys and learn myself how to build a

quadcopter yeah so what's the very first component we want to talk about well I

guess we kind of started I like to divide the bill with like two sides of

things one of them being the actual quadcopter which you can fly without any

of the fpv gear so this is the area where we have like the radio and the

rest of the stuff and then in here we have the fpv side if we have to start

somewhere I'll say for example the frame before the frame this is the QV 250 and

basically that's what you're gonna put everything on you know is your airframe

it's made out of carbon fiber is pretty light and strong and you know there's a

lot of a lot of different sizes a lot of different like waist sizes and arranged

with yeah configurations and this one happened to be a 250 size that's not a

fifty millimeter yeah diagonal and but there's a lot of other other ones like

also if you have a 3d printer already you can you can actually get files from

online for example a guy locally here called hover sitcom you can find it they

put the files online and you can actually download the file and print

your own your own starting version for popular downloader thing yeah yeah print

their own quadcopter yes so that's also great this is more of a more of

professional hardware stronger kind of frame for racing and to be able to you

know push the limits with this kind of a frame so what's important about a frame

if you're looking at if you whether you buy one or download

the print one quad copper obviously there are four struts here the distance

between the main body and the struts is that important yeah because depending of

the distance that you have here it's gonna allow you to feed different types

of propellers for example on this case we want to keep it as small and this is

this is what actually started this whole racing new thing is the size and it's so

portable and these ones use five inch propellers so if it's five inch

propellers the whole entire like that yeah there's the satellites of it so you

know if that's a good starting point and it's really agile because the propeller

size smaller it let it spin really fast but then there's upgrade that you can

add to the frame in order for example to feed bigger propellers or more thrust

which I have over them and we can show it after yeah yeah do you want to see

you know so in terms of materials - this one's carbon fibers really strong you

want the frame to be incredibly strong yeah yeah the cool thing about this

frame is this is really simple design you know it's like just a flat surface

with what you put all your components and then another layer right well you

well you just cover the top section of it and then and there is in a clever way

of things around here we have a power Power Distribution board

where is where you will solder the rest of the components and this all of that

goes under here hidden so you don't have to pull it inside and it should take

space and it keeps the the electronics called

we there so that being said this is this is the frame one of the important part

of the of the build I think the next thing we can probably talk about is the

motors right so we have four motors here yeah this is some lumineer motors this

is I think 20 2,300 yeah 2,300 kV that's how fast they spin and this is a small

size so you see good size for for a quad like this one what you arrange when

people look for motors on these kind of frame size we go from we go from two

thousand to twenty three you know that's the range like generally people go two

thousand or twenty three most of the time you always have to keep in mind

that you know depending of how fast like a 2300 kV that they spin really fast so

you have to make sure that the rest of your setup can work ya can

that did that configuration in this case that kind of send us to the ACC

controller that's it so they control the speed of the motors

and you gotta make sure that all your components kind of work together for

example in this build we're gonna we're gonna use 3s battery right so we that's

so much power we're going to send to the motors and we need to figure out how

much power the motors draw and depending on how much for the how much power the

motors draw you have to choose the right ESC because if they don't have enough

they don't support a no vamper it's then it's gonna they're gonna no work this

one is 12 12 amps and they work completely fine with something like this

also depending of the size of the propeller is gonna draw more or less

this is like a conservative car propeller is five inch by the pitch is

three so that's not a lot of pitch so they don't draw that match they'd all

the propellers that have like a four even 4.5 that means more thirst but

they're gonna they're gonna be taking a lot of so you probably you know you have

to start reevaluating what you want to sear it's you look at it from a whole

system standpoint yeah start when you're buying a quad you know what's the frame

size right again 250 right now meters then you talk about okay knowing this

size and the size of strut I can use 5 inch props yeah and then with you know

this type of pitch then I can use this speed motor this type of electronic

speed controller don't leave this amount of power okay okay that's exactly what

it is and you know it it generally when you look at the motor it's gonna tell

you all of those things so you don't even need to test it yourself you read

it and go like okay how much how much this motor will draw with these

propellers this match okay I'm gonna get DC SC soar

so we're chart that you so you don't need to do all of that stuff apart okay

so that's the kind of like the power configuration there and then I guess so

this is a thirteen hundred million fifty hundred milliamps here and you know the

more capacity users the denser it is heavier it is yeah it's at least a good

capacity yeah I mean it really depends for these kind of models and these kind

of probes 5 v 3 this is a good battery and you can probably fly you know over

five minutes where they're more than five minutes which in these things does

the average five eight minutes something like that

enough on a build ladies that is probably gonna be pretty light I'd say

more than five minutes with something that small and but again you can scale

this up and go to like you know pick your models then bigger bigger bigger

battery you know everything kind of skills up I guess I know that the next

thing will be now that we know all of that we can talk about the radio the

radio we're going to be using is a free sky Taranis it's a pretty like

affordable radio and it's programmable so it's like a nice nice starting point

there you can use all kind of radio there's a lot of different but we're

just using this one because this is the one that I use so a good starter radio

yeah and this one for for flying fpv has some the features like the audio

feedback yeah you can take it talks and you can program a lot of stuff I mean

you know you can do this kinda leave me basically you can program if you are

good at it you can do scales up like this is a radio can yeah and then keep

with you for a while yeah yeah if you want to use this transmitter for

multiple quadric if you have different quads and you just buy different

receivers yeah you have a you can actually open this this little port here

and you can put different modules okay my set up that maybe we can show later I

can show you that I have another module on it because I use in a longer range

kind of transmitter and receiver for got to be able to go a little further let's

see what what the main thing yeah we're forgetting the main thing is the brain

the brain is the flight controller the one we're going to use today is in 932

it's pretty popular component and it's really affordable

you know I think it's probably around $25 and Gratz it's really affordable

flight controller for what it can do it's a really simple one because we want

it for racing so it doesn't have a lot maybe as many features as oh they're

like more expensive and so this one you wouldn't get necessarily for autonomous

flying for programming actually I'm nervous I as it is like this no I don't

think this one half because this is the acro mode the occupation of it and I

actually don't know because I'm only been using this for am for ready for

racing so and this one but it gives you some options I mean it definitely gives

you gives you a level mode that will level it for you so you see sure to fly

it and then it gives you like a red mode which is just like completely

my new various like you know like full control and a couple of other things I

mean I think you can do more than that I'm using it for but you know for racing

this is more than enough yes sir compensates automates some of

the fly makes it easier to cut your just and balanced all for the motor yeah each

other but when you're shopping for a flight control you can spend lots of

money yeah yes something that will you know that will automate that well you

could program with your phone and do flight paths yeah you can do craziest

and this one is more orientated for you know the racing at least is the one that

I really like to use these days so and what we've talked about so far that's

almost it yeah terms of components if you want to build a quadcopter to fly

yourself yeah oh maybe we forget these this is just the the receiver we see for

the radio yeah it's a really small version and I really like it cuz for a

small frame like this you can feel it right in there and this ministers also

have telemetry telemetry means that you can connect your your battery power and

it will actually read it send it send it to the radio and read it for you if you

have a no battery left or not and yeah most transmitters come with a receiver

but you can also buy a module stuff yeah yeah I will send your information back

yeah you can have again a lot of options but okay then I'll see you the FPV

components mm-hmm because that's that's what you were really excited about

flying by sight yeah how many what you need to get for that

well obviously we mentioned these in the other video but basically you need a set

of goggles video transmitter which is the guy here this will send this image

to the to the goggles and then a camera on this case we're using a set that

comes all together and it's really easy to setup so it's a good for a starting

point generally people upgrade to two different to something different maybe a

little more advanced but this is a good starting point and since we're gonna be

a little all today if feels like this would be like an easy way of like put

all right this is a fat shark one of those basic starter kits in like you

said it comes with a camera yeah comes with a transmitter the goggles but each

of these components are things you can buy separately yeah so yeah by you know

HD goggles if you want to have unity transmitter yeah they you need different

type of camera you can everything is upgradeable you know but this is perfect

to start because it will take very little time to put it together the

cool thing about this setup actually I never tried it before but the camera

that comes with it actually records as well oh so it's not only it's not only

the flying camera but it actually you can have a little memory card there and

record the footage oh that's very nice so you don't have to add direction you

don't have to put a GoPro on there which is something you can do yeah yeah yeah

so let's see what wait then how do you know at which point that you know your

weight limit of your your motor is there well flying it I feel my personal

opinion is just just fly it and you will feel it you feel like okay this I'm

punching and it's not going not going up high fast enough then you probably are

put in a little too many things in there I mean it's not either necessary to get

obsess over it but it definitely something that you have to consider the

weight you don't wanna just throw away too much yeah for example something that

is you can you can you can run it without a problem and this will have

plenty of power right but if you think you know I mean actually these can

actually carry a GoPro as well but if you start putting more things like maybe

big a battery a GoPro and stuff like that you just have to maybe start

reconsidering I'm thinking maybe I need a bigger mod maybe I need a little bit

of motors or big a battery or and you just have to balance it basically it's

like a balancing game or awesome well we have all the components we're using here

listed in the description in a link below and let's get sorted some building

this hmm let's build this and then we'll come

back and talk about what we've done yep

yeah that was fast fast for you guys yeah not so much for here but it looks

so very fast built yeah yeah yeah us so let's talk about every part of the build

here here it is mmm yeah it's really really nice-looking kid yeah Wow

let's talk to step by step and recap everything you did to assemble this it

looks like the first thing it was solder on to this this control board in the

back the bomb yeah right this is a Power Distribution bar here right and we

pretty started to put all this hair on it and then place the EEOC's and solder

them in right and therefore ESC is each connected to a motor mm-hmm and then the

way you know you we did some cooking with the wires get it slightly fitting

here use some double-sided tape yeah that's a good trick because if you leave

them if you leave them by like just hanging in there any crashes might make

them vibrate and might become loose so the connections might be became loose so

what we did is put a little bit of double side tape tape it in there and I

will keep it nice and steady also we added a little bit of hot glue in each

connection to make sure that you know I mean the more you crack the more you

learn you want to put little thing the little extra things that will guarantee

that things won't go wrong so they glue just in case some water gets in there

and it connects the two the two wrong poles or anything like that then you

want to put some hot glue to protect it now on this power distribution board

that's where the battery also connects yeah so you check the battery then this

yep connection your guy there into the back mm-hmm all right and that was

basically it for the part yeah that was that's pretty easy for these set up and

and then we added that extra one right here just so we wanna if she's we're

starting with a fpv kid that is sold together then we didn't need to use this

but I left this on just in case you want to upgrade to a different camera or a

different setup you can have that power and right there plug it in and you're

set there are a couple different contact points we didn't use yeah there's

another one two three four they're not Chris detection yeah yeah now when

you're looking at a battery to connect you want to make sure the batteries that

I have in a full charge capacity to power them all this stuff yeah yeah do

some math yeah you got to figure out the voltages and figured out on every part

of the quad every of your electronics you have to make

sure that are compatible with the voltage that you're sending to them

otherwise you're gonna need to add regulators in this case everything was

really easy because the FPV here is already set up and easy to to connect

okay so after the Power Distribution board we can't get that with some

spacers like add that to the main body of the frame and then the control board

yeah the frame is super easy to build is

almost like builds itself like you said and then the next thing with it that's

it we didn't ace the NACE comes without the pins started to it so we started

them in there's a little mistake in there but it works fine so we solder

them in and also since we are using this there's different ways of connecting the

neighs - mm to your radio sorry to your receiver in this case we were using a

ppm ppm what it does is sends all the channels through through a simple like

three cables power and will signal cable so that simplifies the rig a lot because

you don't need to connect all the pins you know I need your motor pins which

are the ones back here the ones that we solder and the rest with the shatter the

cables straight into the nay's and so it's a different type of receiver

you might have to thought of all the all the channels so then you will have a

bunch of themes here coming out that will have to Center in this case it

keeps acting yeah I kept it simple now the motor connecting pin that's where we

had maybe a little bit of a flood but still connects yeah that's fine exports

are there oh yes we just have to make sure that you plug them in the right

right right right side because two sides but this works fine it's just a Lea sort

of connection but it'll be fine and then double-sided tape again yeah and it

double side tape is is your friend of these kind of things because it's so

easy to change and so easy to to place the way we did it in this case we didn't

have standoffs but we'd use double side tape I

personally always use double side tape because again the more classes you have

the more you learn the stand of sometimes are really hard crackers they

might give up and just break and you have to change the stand ups so it's a

little bit of gear a little bit suspension you have a little bit of

suspension and also I actually think it helps eliminating some high frequency

vibration so I do like two layers you can see it on the thing

that we saw but two two layers so have a big you know absorbing section or even

three layers if you prefer and then we wrapped the connections to the motors

and we actually you marked the oh yeah controller so we started them in yep

because you have a specific order yeah like yeah this is supposed to be

connected to a specific point yeah my controller Tenet's the nays controller

the way it works is I see if we see it from here well easier for here the motor

the model configuration will be one two three four so we want to make sure when

we're placing them here we want to remember because the cables are going to

come up up in the frame and if you didn't mark them with the numbers you

might get confused on how to plug them to a flight controller so we just mark

them with some sarpy yeah and or you can use you know anything tape whatever

whatever whatever works and then we didn't actually zip tie the motors on to

the ESC yeah yeah yeah yeah because that was actually really simple connection -

yeah again yeah on this case is the kit it

comes with a priest priests adder 2 millimeter bullet connectors which is

really easy to say that you just plug them in but like you say we didn't put

the zip ties because we have to first make sure that the models are spinning

the right way the right direction got it and when we check that on the computer

then we can just put the zip ties and clean it up knowing that they spinning

the right correct the right direction so flight controller

installed yeah we think it works next is the receiver the receiver

yeah the receiver like we said we started on the board when we were

preparing the flight controller and then they I don't know if we can see it

correctly but right there is our or receiver right there the antennas are

coming out of here okay this still needs some cleaning to do right but the

antennas should be it will help if they are far from from other electrons for

example the antenna from the from the fpv that the video transmitter right if

they're far is better it doesn't necessarily matter as much because

they're pretty far away frequency wise so but you know the separation is always

good to have so here what I probably do that we didn't have but probably put

some like like we were saying some straws or some her last

yes Stefan my and to keep it to keep it a up rocks model in an angle like this

to get the best the best range out of it so many years yeah yeah many years yeah

so do that and then in front of the receiver there the camera yeah and this

case is a little different because I never set up a camera like this before

but this one records as well like we said earlier so it's a little bigger but

I feel completely fine yeah we put it right there double side

tape down here and then a depth I help you helpful sip tile that works so well

just holiday together and it's pretty steady and I mean and this frame

actually came with a nice guard yeah in the front there initially we try putting

the fpv camera in front of the frame but you don't want that yeah faster than

something that's you can break the camera off so we put it back and it

stays in there nicely so if you hit anything for example the ground you know

a one in the camera now say we've talked about the receiver here that the fpv

camera and of course the fpv camera has its own transmitter yep up on top here

we didn't talk about earlier with frequencies yeah what do you control

this on so this one is a really simple setup that it works really nicely and

this use the the frequency we're using here is 5.8 okay and is the most the

most use I think in minis because it's really simple and it doesn't have

problems with the radio frequency because you always have to make sure

that everything is compatible in this case we're using

2.4 for control for the radio so we want to be far away from that so this is 5.8

it's far away and it will it won't create any issues and then the way we

set up the way we set up the transmitter is on the frame we just again double

side tape some zip ties in here and the way I like to do it is not ideal because

antenna gets you lose a little bit of singer but when the battery being right

on there but this way from all the testing that I've done is the way that

keeps it together when crassus so if it bends and that's what happen is you're

elevating that high you won't fly underneath something

it hits you want it to be kind of like flexible a little bit and I like this

way just with zip ties here and here and if it hits anything it will just bend

anyone damage the connection to the transmitter and that's why you have the

transmitter right there yeah and she also told me that you don't want the

transmitter you want to power it on out in tenants oh yeah that's that's a big

no um because as a powerful transmitters if you have know if the antenna snow

connected the power won't go nowhere so we'll go back in and just an out per the

board Esther up yeah oh man okay so where does the power from the fpv camera

come from well all the power here is coming from the same battery and I set

up like this and bigger rigs people divide it and have another battery

specifically for the fpb here the thing is you want to keep the the power clean

so when you are when you are the best way to have two batteries because one

body will feed the fpv so that'll be completely clean on a setup like this so

small we're sharing the power with one one only one battery the cool thing

about this little set setup that we use the kit the fpv kit is that it also

comes with a connector to power and filters the power and regulates the

power so you don't have to do a lot you just basically would use power to the

quad there and then you use the balance plug onto these really add up the small

adapter here that will be clean power to the video and it'll be clean image okay

and so this relay adapter here it goes free from the battery and you know it

regulates that it cleans it up but it prevents us from using a different

accessory yeah you know that's when things you know you gotta choose and

choose a peak while you prefer on this case we don't have anything to tell us

they how much battery life you have on these lipo batteries it's always really

important to keep control on the on the on the lower side of things like so when

you're when you're emptying them you don't want to go and over these to

charge them because you will damage them and they will don't know perform as well

you one kind of want to monitor it as you're flying

ya know you've about five to eight minutes you want to check it every

couple of minutes yeah you want to take that you go on you don't go on during a

specific voltage per cell this is three cell generally I stay of I don't want to

go lower than 3 point 5 volts per cell so a little tool like this that

generally this is the easiest thing you can put it anywhere and you will connect

your balance product and this is gonna be a little loud but

maybe trying yeah and would plug it in and it's gonna beep and it will tell you

it will go through cell all it tells you the voltage that's pretty low but it's

good 3.8 first number to 3.5 so it tells you

it's what's what what's the reading and you can set with these little click here

said your put your your alarm sorry in here I have it at let's say three point

seven if that drops any of the cells drop lower than three point seven is

going to start beeping like crazy right that's one way of monitoring the battery

another way which I think for this setup will work better is having some kind of

telemetry right and that's information directly from the flight controller yeah

right there and that we didn't actually start with those we didn't Center this

in but if you if you go and research a little bit more about the board it's

really easy to have a couple of pins that will will send the information to

the to the receiver here and you'll get it on your radio right and that can be

broadcast also on your radio yeah so will tell you you know your voltage is

low or whatever whatever you want it to tell you also let me try to remember

what what are the things we needed Sattar here oh yeah one thing maybe to

mention that is helpful that we didn't stutter this time because it was kind of

fast build is there the beeper hmm there is another two pins right next to the

telemetry ones that allows you to connect a little beeper and then from

your radio you can click a thing and it will start beeping so that is okay

yeah if you crash somewhere dark inside a building or something you can actually

then use that as a we're just going and see c25 yeah okay that's really useful

yeah there's an add-on that will take you like five minutes to do it

so that was basically it I think so yeah muna master I mean we haven't flown this

yet because after you installed all the hardware we have to plug it into a

computer there's software there's a USB plug yeah I'm a flight controller yep

and then you have to monitor make sure we first of all you test it yeah if the

motors are spinning in the right direction

calibrate everything yeah and you can find presets on mine they're actually

really good tutorials will relate them in the yeah description on how to set up

the software yes they do your first calibration yeah because that's that's

something that it doesn't take that long but you know is something that it'll be

nice to what videos there or some links that you like

you're saying that we'll splain it more in detail because it's nice to learn all

of that stuff it doesn't take long though the moon you connect it to a

computer doing a couple of things and then the

thing like right now is probably ready to fly you know as it is that's exciting

so that is a very beginner quadcopter fpv quadcopter and you've been building

this for a while now so you actually brought one of your own yeah that's a

more advanced version yeah well yeah this is just a lot a lot bigger like one

of the things that we're using on this frame is the lumineer extension arms

this allows you to put bigger propellers okay I mean more thrust right right

because they're some of the struts you're further away yeah I will show

that no not only that but it also they're tilted forward okay so meaning

that you will get more momentum forward without having to angle your camera

because the way that works obviously is like when you're going forward you're

tilting it more and more near to the forward yeah the problem is you have to

balance that by tilting your cameras considered you will be shooting the

grounds that way so these these adapters make the frame longer bigger propellers

and also tilt the motors to help you with speed you have a GoPro attached on

yours yeah in addition to your camera and you've also cleaned up that's nicely

wrapped here yeah we have it for your frame as well but we haven't installed

it but this is this is basically a nice little thing that protects your protect

your frame from like air coming in and also what I really like is like for the

grass this morning we were racing and a lot of crashes on the grass and there

was a little little wet because it was raining before so generally I finish a

finish after one of these races and I will look inside and you're like full of

like wet grass and things that you don't want there so this thing actually did a

really good job of protecting it which was an extra thing that I thought well

that's kind of a cool addition so I think you should definitely put that on

yours when you're when we're finished setting it up you know and then that's a

crazy yeah antenna there this right now what we're using here is a different

different kind of a setup we'll use a long range video just so

people know that there's a lot of different ways of doing this I'm using

long long range video which means well let's play it this way the video and

here is 2.4 ok but if you remember for trans

we were just admitted so then that eliminates us using the same signal for

transmitting so I'm using two point two point four video but in this case I'm

using long range long range control which is a lower frequency that won't

one create any problems with a daughter the cool thing about these this right

now is that you get more range else a and more penetration the the downside of

it is the antenna size it's a little bigger

it's still doable you know as you can see this is still completely fine the

other one is a little better protected and smaller but this is still like a

good frequency and then you have one more alright good yeah which this one is

we go to 1.3 and this is pretty big antenna so it's a little a little harder

to put in there and on this one you get even a little more range a little bit

less definition actually it's kind of funny how it works then the lower the

lower the video signal the frequency you have a little less resolution but you

have more penetration you can go further away so this to me like 2.4 is a nice

in-between yeah I mean I don't think there's anything else out here that was

different well the fpv that maybe might be worth

mentioning on yours would do like like an EC all together boom connected and

it's working on this one is more advanced I have an OSD installed it is a

display that you can see your battery reading and/or your voltage okay so

that's a little more advanced I'm using a camera that is that we like we said on

the on the other video it's a security camera that might be a little better

than these times in time of refreshing and how fast you get the video feedback

normally it's a low latency so that's a little better

and other than that you know 4 components it's the same principle yeah

it's just different components and maybe a little more advanced on this and this

build you know and a little add-on here on your case that we say we record with

f2b camera because I have a little SD which is nice on this one if you want

better resolution you can put a GoPro or any other small camera and this one for

example I have with this little anti-vibration

mount it eliminates any extra vibration there the quad might generate and then

we just put their GoPro in there the GoPro for that as you can see is you've

already had some damage but it's pretty amazing that for for for the crisis that

has been having the GoPro is like keeps going yeah um so there's a lot of

resources online we'll share some links below but this is something you wanted

to get across that anyone can really do yeah you don't have to be an engineer

just be enthusiastic about it yeah I mean that's really important I mean

that's one of the things that kind of like made me start wanna do this and

again all these buildable these this stuff that we've been talking about from

me is coming from a perspective that I'm not I'm not an expert on this I just

know enough and with enough research you can do it yourself you know which is

kind of like cool it's so excited to dive in thank you so much Carla human

for coming in helping us build this and thank you

luminaire for providing the components get fpv I believe it yeah well that's a

store where you can find all of this stuff like all this stuff that would

bill here is get fpv you can find it I can't wait to take this out with you

guys yeah yeah baby that race but just fly around and maybe observe your race I

think you'll start racing soon enough I mean you see as you'll be like I want to

go in yeah thank you so thank you man let's try taking this up yeah this air

yep and we'll see you guys in the skies bye

my god


The Description of How to Build a FPV Racing Quadcopter!