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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Medical Vocabulary for English Learners

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hello my name is Emma and in today's

video I am going to talk to you about

medical vocabulary so this vocabulary is

very good if you it's very good to know

if you like to watch TV shows or movies

that have you know that are about

medical dramas or about doctors or what

happens in a hospital I love those kinds

of TV shows so these are expressions

that are helpful for that they're also

very good for when you're watching the

news or reading the newspaper because

these expressions do come up a lot or if

you work or are ever in a hospital so

these expressions are great ones to know

when you're talking about medical

English so let's get started with some

of our expressions the first I want to

talk about is the word condition when

we're talking about medicine we're often

talking about conditions okay by

condition I mean how somebody is doing

so you might have somebody doing well

you might have somebody who's not doing

well who's very sick so when we're

talking about how a person is in terms

of their medical status we can talk

about their condition so I have a bunch

of different expressions that have to do

with conditions when we're talking about

medical vocabulary so one condition we

can talk about is unconscious

unconscious I want you to notice that we

have you and at the beginning on means

not or it can mean not in this case it

means not not conscious unconscious so

it's three syllables and when someone is


it means that they've been injured

somehow maybe something hit their head

maybe they've had a heart attack or a

stroke so something bad has happened to

the person

and their brain is not working as it

normally does so a person who is

unconscious might seem asleep

okay maybe their eyes are closed but

they're still alive and they're not

sleeping they're just very very sick so

when you're unconscious you might seem

asleep but the difference is when you're

sleeping you can wake up when you're

unconscious you're not waking up okay so

we often talk about unconscious what's

the opposite of unconscious well that's

conscious right now I am conscious

I'm not unconscious I'm moving I'm

talking I'm alert so I am conscious if

you're watching this you too are

conscious so we have unconscious and

conscious now if somebody is unconscious

and they are very lucky and they start

to get better they can regain

consciousness so this means they can

wake up from being unconscious they can

become alert and they can become

responsive so so far we have the words

unconscious and regain consciousness or

conscious what are some other conditions

we might talk about or you might hear it

on a medical TV show for example well

you might hear about critical condition

serious condition or stable condition so

what do those words mean we use them a

lot in English if someone is in critical

condition it means it's very very

serious they are very very sick okay and

there is a very good possibility that

they may die so if somebody is in

critical condition it does not look good

for them okay there's there's a good

possibility they might die because they

are very very ill so

in the newspapers they often after an

emergency happens the newspaper will

often say you know this person is in

critical condition and it means they're

very very sick and we don't know if they

will live a little bit less serious than

critical is in serious condition if

someone is in serious condition

they're very very sick or very ill as

well but it's we don't know what's going

to happen maybe they're going to get

better maybe they're not going to get

better we don't know because right now

they're very very sick and it could go

either way okay maybe they survived

maybe they don't

so in serious condition it's kind of

more of a question mark okay it could go

either way there's a good possibility

the person will survive or not so

critical condition serious condition you

might also hear about stable condition

stable condition means that a person and

their sickness is not changing okay so

they are not getting worse they are

stable so they are not you know if when

emergencies happen you want a person to

be in stable condition that's a good

condition to be in because they're not

getting worse we also have two

expressions here or three expressions

about conditions so sometimes you might

hear somebody talk about taking a turn

for the worse what does it mean to take

a turn for the worse do you think that's

a good thing or a bad thing when someone

takes a turn for the worse it's a bad

thing it means that you thought they

were going to get better but they're not


so taking a turn for the worse means a

person's condition is getting worse it's

not getting better

and we use this take a turn when we're

more surprised about it okay so you know

how's Peter doing oh you know he's taken

a turn for the worst

unfortunately okay our next expression

going to make it so we often say this to

mean somebody's going to live okay so

after an emergency if you say you know

he's going to make it

that's very good it means he's going to

live he's going to make it now the

opposite of this is he's not going to

make it not going to make it not going

to make it means the the person or

animal or whatever it is is going to die

so make it means live not make it means

death so in a hospital TV show going to

make it is always a positive thing all

the doctors get really happy when they

see that or the family does and not

going to make it is a way to say the

person's not going to survive so here

are some expressions now let's look at

some more okay so the next word you

might hear in a hospital if you work

there or if you're watching a medical TV

show is the word vitals okay it took me

a long time to actually understand what

vitals were because I heard the word all

the time but I didn't actually

understand what what it was

so what vitals are is when we talk about

vitals we're talking mainly about four

different things we're talking about a

person's temperature so do they have a

fever what's their temperature are they

too cold are they too hot we're talking

about their breathing okay are they

breathing too fast or too slow you know

are they having problems with their

breathing we're talking about their

pulse okay and we're talking about their

blood pressure so these are the four

things that we

we usually are talking about when we're

talking about vitals so in a hospital

you'll hear about the nurses the nurses

often will take a person's vitals okay

so they'll take the patient's vitals to

make sure that the person is okay okay

so so we've covered vitals the next

expression I wanted to cover or the next

word is diagnosis diagnosis okay

so what is a diagnosis a diagnosis is

what a doctor will tell you is is the

problem okay

or the sickness or the disease so when a

doctor identifies what is wrong with a

person the doctor is diagnosing them so

for example the doctor diagnosed me with

high blood pressure the doctor diagnosed

me with hypothermia the doctor diagnosed

me with a heart attack with cancer with

a stroke okay so it's the condition a

person has what the illness or disease

is and so we call that the diagnosis so

if you're ever in the hospital and you

want to find out what's wrong with you

you can always ask you know what's the

diagnosis and the doctor should tell you

and identify the problem we also have a

word that's similar but means something

different and that's prognosis prognosis

so what is the prognosis when we're

talking about a prognosis we're talking

about the future and what the doctors

think is going to happen okay so do they

think you're going to get better or do

they think you're you're not what's the

prognosis what's the future so when we

talk about prognosis on TV shows and

medical dramas you'll often hear about

oh you know the patient their prognosis

is good meaning it's going to be a good

future for them

they'll probably get better or you might

hear the word poor prognosis so the word

poor here it doesn't have to do with

money it has to do with it's it's

negative it's bad so a poor prognosis

means the future is is not looking good

okay the person is going to get sicker

and may potentially die so poor

prognosis is not good and a good

prognosis is a good thing okay so we're

talking about the future outcome so I

hope you've enjoyed today's lesson we

covered a lot of different words what I

invite you to do is come check out our

web or check out our website at

and there you can do a quiz to practice

everything you learned I also recommend

that you watch an English medical TV

drama see how many of these words come

up okay

or another thing you can do is look in

the local newspaper okay if it's in

English how many of these words do you

see do you see I'm talking about

somebody in critical condition or

somebody in stable condition so it's

really good when you learn these words

to actually apply them and be on the

lookout to see where they come up I also

invite you to subscribe to my channel

there you can find a lot of other great

resources on a whole variety of topics

so thank you for watching and until next

time take care

The Description of Medical Vocabulary for English Learners