Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Blood Sugar & Fears

Difficulty: 0

NARRATOR: Diabetes is a serious chronic health threat in America.

It affects tens of millions of people,

and one of the biggest problems --

many people don't know they have the disease.

Some of the statistics are staggering.

More than 1 in 10 adults has the disease.

Experts warn that the problem often gets worse with age.

When you're at age 60 and beyond,

the likelihood goes up to 1 in 4.

The risk of diabetes is higher

among certain ethnic groups in the United States.

The other risk factors for developing Type 2 diabetes

are being overweight or obese,

having a family history of Type 2 diabetes.

In addition, if you had diabetes while you were pregnant

or if you have a history of high blood pressure,

those are also risk factors

for developing diabetes at a later point.

I was, you know, relatively healthy, fit,

doing the right things, I thought,

and never thought that I would be someone with prediabetes.

NARRATOR: Millington works with diabetes-prevention

and control programs across the United States

and understands the long-term consequences of the disease.

I mean, "shocked" is an understatement.

ALBRIGHT: Prediabetes is a condition

in which your blood sugar, blood glucose, is elevated,

but it's not yet high enough to be considered diabetes.

The notion that people have about sugar

is that sugar causes diabetes,

but it's not really that.

It's the body's inability to break down sugar in the blood,

and it's not just from foods, but from food and drink.

NARRATOR: Many people who have the disease don't know it.

Diabetes can cause serious health problems,

such as heart disease, stroke, amputations, and blindness.

ALBRIGHT: The classic symptoms of diabetes

are excessive thirst,

frequent urinations.

You may feel really significant hunger.

People are also fatigued.

They may get blurry vision.

Sometimes people can develop diabetes

without having any warning signs at all.

I have a child and I have a wife,

and I wanted to make sure

that I would do the things that was necessary

for me to be around.

ALBRIGHT: Healthy eating and physical activity

keep your body weight in a healthy range.

GREGG: Just losing 5% to 7% of their body weight

seems to make a big difference

in their risk of developing diabetes later on.

NARRATOR: That weight loss and exercise combination

is often enough to prevent prediabetes

from progressing into full Type 2 diabetes.

It's important to follow up with your doctor.

Knowing your risk and then working with your doctor

to develop a plan.

ALBRIGHT: Your healthcare professional can help you determine

whether or not you need to have a simple blood test

to determine what your risk status is for diabetes.

NARRATOR: Lifestyle programs can help you battle the disease

through exercise and advice on making healthier food choices.

It's knowing when to eat, what to eat, and how to eat,

portion controls --

those were the things that really helped me,

and it empowers you.

NARRATOR: Some health studies have shown

diabetes can shorten your life-span

by an average of 15 years.

Having a support network is very important,

and understanding that this is not a disease

that you can fight by yourself, this is also important.

NARRATOR: Talk to your doctor,

get screened if you are at risk, and learn how to avoid becoming

one of the millions of new cases of diabetes each year.

Change the course.

You can help prevent diabetes.

The Description of Blood Sugar & Fears