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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: How to stop getting whiteheads longterm - by dermatologist Dr LIV

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So of whiteheads is a topic you're interested in,

Whiy you get whiteheads, where they're coming from

How you treat them or how to avoid if this is something you are interested, you should stick with me.

So, my name is Dr. Liv Kraemer, I am a board-certified

Dermatologist with my clinic in Zurich, Switzerland! So what are whiteheads?

Whiteheads are these things, you would love to pop, please don't!

Nothing is worse if you pop them and even more

Bacteria are getting inside, getting more inflamed and then the worst thing ever what could happen is a SCAR

So let me explain. So this is what I do with my patients in my office

So let's draw. I like drawing because it's easier to understand. So I was telling my patients

Think: the first layer of your skin is like a couplestone wall.

..and if you saw my video about blackheads it is going a little in the same direct, because

the next stage of a blackhead, is whitehead. So, okay, let's draw.

The first layers is like a cobblestone wall. I would draw this kind of cobblestone

Well, a couple of layers one over the others, the mortar between the bricks, the bricks between the mortar. I hope you see it.

otherwise please say it..haha

just joking. So you'll see the cobblestone wall. Well, this is the top part. This is the lower part.

So this is the top and everything is well sealed

So in the end nothing supposed to come in and nothing supposed to come out. A nice cobblestone wall.

I would be loveley if it would stay like this.

but just something can go inside, if something is

disrupting this coobblestone layer.

So in this inque is doing your hair up to here on your head

But you have hair all over your face really all over and you need them. You just have a couple of areas

We don't have hairs lips palms, but this is a different story and a different kind of a few black. Okay, so

So you have this disruption with the hair. Mm-hmm. So this is the hey you almost don't see this. They have bulk

so now you have a gap suddenly right like a gap between this couple stone and this hair and

This gap becomes wider

With hormonal changes and stress. So guess why you get pimples just before you a huge date or

Before you get your men's as a girl where actually if you stop being a you arctic control

Changing the Arctic control pearl

Or actually entering puberty where the hormones are kind of getting crazy

Okay, so then second thing is all the materials on top these bacterials here

They would love to come in but here everything is sealed

So they can't but if they gap opens up with hormonal changes exactly what's happening

oh, the death factor can go inside and these sebaceous glands down there and

Exactly. If you entering puberty if your hormones are crazy your sebaceous glands over producing

So what they're doing they're producing lot of food for these little guys and they love this, right?

So actually they're growing inside the loving this and suddenly there's not enough space down there

So they get stucked which we call the blackhead watch my video our blackheads and if it's not enough space and actually going all out

We called white hat because all the dead skin

Kind of covering this up

We call it hyper more keratosis hyperkeratosis a kind of this

sugar on top with all the garbage underneath

And if it's get more inflamed we call it

cysts and Bob Lutz or different kind of stages of acne much more

Party people down there will cause actually the next kind of stages but let's make it

easier and not too confusing for you, right so

Bacterial ISM also main cause they are compaction proprio knees the sebaceous glands down there who are kind of really active

so a lot of food

And of course these dead skin cells so this is exactly where we have to attack and this is what we do much

Hollister doing and this is what you could juice in a small kind of

Steps at home with some of the home treatments and the first one is of course

Reducing the amount of bacterials on top. Okay, so reducing back tails could be done with ingredients

the killers the benzoyl peroxide which you can actually

Get in


there different kinds of

things like washing

So this ingredient is in washing ingredients. It could be in gels. It could be lotions. It could have been serums. So

Mostly use it as a washing iterations

I'm not a fan of expensive peroxide because it stains your clothes and sometimes makes your skin. Look drier

So I'm not a fan about it, but if you don't have intimate ologist next to you

It's probably the first step. You should try another ingredients to call bacterials, of course antibiotics could be a gel could be a looser

But this is something what we just demo trial just have described as soon as we saw your skin

next thing what you could do except minimizing respect on top is

trying to remove these dead skin cells which is crucial because

Everything was strapped has been closed. You have to remove the dead skins at the sugar head. But all the garbage comes out and

these are ingredients like

alpha hydroxy acids and better hydroxy acids

I will give you some examples down there so better who drugs the essence of biochemistry, right?

So, you know as an ingredient

silicic acid

solicit as they deserve better drugs acid and removes dead skin cells

This is what you feel drying. But in a percentage of 2% at some terms you feel will that kind of a?

Scaling and most of you unfortunately do the kind of mistake covering it with fatty creams

which is contra protective watch my video about how

which kind of

creams to use

so the difference about serum our queen for acne and this gives her

actually the answer never to use fatty creams oils who come to the topic about facial oils because

Everything it doesn't matter how great ingredients are in facial oils

There are oils so they're covering the dead skin cells and glazing at a party tent so they can grow

Underneath so try to avoid everything. What is Fang?

Everything what we call comedogenic

Everything what is fat?

Try even there's oil free but it's kind of a fatty queasy consistency

Hands off. Okay


Alpha hydroxy acids are also fantastic

To remove the dead skin cell from on top another one which are some turns

We'd ever told us need to describe. It could be as creams or tablets. These are vitamin a

Straight nodes which are pushing all the cabbage from underneath out and this is why you feel dry

This is what all this video out there. All the YouTube videos are like our bad

Is to use this tablet reader mythologist described guys fears just happened speakers of non

knowledge but if you know

You're not afraid

So if something is dry guess why?

Because everything comes off you want to get things from underneath coming out and this is what you feel is right

But please please sit down with your dermatologist

And let him or her decide which wheels you can move in order to really handle

ochsner and we need to handle like no Lula's papules says

whiteheads or even blackheads

but there's a sad that couple of things you already can try to avoid and try to

minimize is

Burning my specter you on top

try to keep the

Turnover don't describe because the dead skin cells would never go was rubbing or scrubbing it will make it even worse

I got some question about some brushes. There will be another video coming out. So I

Hope it actually gave you some answers

and yeah one is actually when I

Also got asked was like flame mask on mask. I mean everything this is just topical

it's just reducing some of the

the kind of

Oily things on top comes down to helps, but just transitionally and not long-term

So I hope you liked it. I hope I gave you a little bit light from the tunnel

Give me some questions

Give me a like subscribe to my YouTube channel and stick on my youtube channel because there will be some more

Videos coming up and answering hopefully a lot of questions. Ok. Wish you all the best and

Give you some I will definitely give you some suggestions down there. So slow down subscribe to my youtube channel

Subscribe to my Instagram account doctor live I give some tips today as well. I hope to see you soon

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