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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Basic English Grammar - HAVE, HAVE TO, HAVE GOT, CAN, COULD, MUST...

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have verse have got have

have got

s+ have has

s+ have got I've got

s+ do not don't does not have

s+ have not has not quest got

do does + s+ have

have has + s+ gut

how to use have verse have dot

to talk about the things we possess

examples I have have got a new mobile

phone Paul doesn't have a car

to talk about our relationships with

other people example Jane has a brother

Jane has got a brother

to talk about what we look like example

she has blue eyes she has got blue eyes

to talk about sickness or temporary

state examples I have a cold

I've got a cold they have a problem they

have got a problem

the difference between haves and have

got

I have a cup of coffee at seven o'clock

do you normally have a big breakfast

have a good holiday

she's having a shower at the moment

I always have a wash before I go out

we don't use got in short answers

example

hey have you got a dog be know I haven't

must verse have to

must

meaning Express personal obligation

express what the speaker thinks is

necessary Express subjective obligation

examples

you must work hard

all passengers must wear seatbelts

have to

meaning

express impersonal obligation

object is obliged or forced to act by a

separate external power

express objective obligation

examples I have to leave early today

you will have to pay for the excess

mustn't verse don't doesn't have to

mustn't must not

meaning

it is prohibited it is not allowed

it is important that you do not do

something the prohibition can be

subjective the speaker's opinion or

objective

examples children mustn't talk to

strangers

cars mustn't park in front of the

entrance

don't doesn't have to

meaning

there is no obligation you are not

required to do something especially if

you don't want to

examples

you don't have to make excuses for her

you don't have to whisper no one can

hear us

used to get used to we used to

how to use use too

form

positive sentence

subject used to verb infinitive

negative sentence

subject didn't used to verb infinitive

we can also use never used to infinitive

in more formal or written English used

not to infinitive is something used

question form

did subject use to verb infinitive

how to use

we use the structure used to do

something when we talk about something

we did regularly in the past but do not

do it now used to is different to the

past simple because it emphasizes that

the action was repeated many times

example

he used to go to our school

we use used two plus the infinitive for

past situations it emphasizes that the

situation's are no longer true

she used to be overweight but became a

model last year

how to use be get used to form

positive sentence

subject B get used to noun pronoun grant

negative sentence

subject not to be not to get used to

noun pronoun gerund

question form

be subject use to noun pronoun Grund

and

auxiliary verb subject get to use two

noun pronoun current

how to use

be used to is used to express that if

situation is not new or strange or is no

longer new or strange you have

experienced it many times

examples

he is used to swimming every day

I'm not used to getting up early

get used to is used to express that

action situation becomes less strange or

new or becomes more comfortable examples

staff will have to get used to a new way

of working

I could not get used to driving on the

wrong side of the street

note

used to is about the past so there is no

present or future form

in the negative didn't use to and the

question did you use to notice that

there is no D on use we used two can be

modified with adverbs

example

I'm very used to his strange behavior

now

difference between between verse a manga

between and among are both prepositions

how to use between plus often used for

two items

example

they're building a new road between

Manchester and Sheffield

Plus although between is often used

between two things it is not always

sometimes between is used with more than

two things

example

our house is between the wood the river

and the village

when naming distinct individual items

can be two three or more

examples

I'm trying to decide between the

athletic shoes boots and high heels

there has been a marked increase in

trade between France Germany and Italy

use between to connect times or numbers

examples

a child develops rapidly between the

ages of 13 and 16 most wines contain

between 10% and 15% alcohol

how to use among

often used for three items or more

example

that old temple is hidden among trees

when the items are part of a group or

not specifically named must be three or

more

examples

she began rummaging among the books on

her desk

the secret was spread among the crowd

note we often use between and among when

we talk about physical location between

is used to describe something at

specific paths or point

examples

Bolivia lies between Chile Peru Brazil

Argentina and Paraguay I walk between

the trees and the house

is used to describe something that is in

the middle of many things no defined

path

examples

she lives in that house among the trees

Mary is popular among the students

common words and phrases used with

between and among

difference between

example

there is a striking difference between

Jane and Mary

between you and me

between you and me never between you and

I

this expression is used when you want

the other person to keep some

information a secret

example

between you and me I don't think she has

a chance of getting that promotion

example

the reward money was to be distributed

among the poor

among others among other things

in the phrases among others and among

other things among means as well as

examples

they among others would gather

intelligence on enemy's strengths and

fortifications among other things the

group's hope to put an internet

connection and a printer in every

village

can or could

can

could

bility

in the present or future example I can

speak Chinese fluently

example I could run ten miles when I was

young

request

polite example

could you lock the door when you leave

in formal

can you take me to the Victoria Station

possibility

in formal

in Norway temperatures can be as low as

negative 50 Celsius in winter

polite

the weather station said temperatures

could be as low as negative 10 Celsius

tonight

asking permission

in formal

can I borrow your car tomorrow

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polite

example could I choose my own doctor

allowed things

in the present or future example you can

take a holiday tomorrow if you want

past example

when I first started this job we could

take holiday when we wanted

you

difference between during and while

how to use during during is a

preposition which is used before an

activity to indicate that a parallel

action is happening at the same time as

that activity example

what did you discuss during dinner

during is followed by a noun which often

represents an activity during plus noun

example

I had a good time during the trip

how to use while

while is a conjunction which is used to

refer to a background period of time in

which another activity happened

example they all took notes while the

professor gave the lecture

while is followed by a clause while

subject-verb example I did it while I

was drunk

no and not

No

not

we use know to answer a yes-or-no

question

is this a good restaurant

no it isn't a good restaurant

we use not before a noun that has an

article

I'm not the only one

we use know to agree with a negative

statement Jennifer is not going to get

any better

no that's true

we use not before any much many or

enough

not many people showed up

there's not much food in the house

we use know before a noun without an

article

there is no general rule without some

exception

we use not to make a verb negative he

does not want to study

we use no as an adjective preceding a

noun

without an article

I've got no time to waste there are no

people I recognized here

we use not as an adverb which is

describing a verb the motorbike is not

very fast

we use no as an exclamation do you need

any help no I'm okay

we often use not to make an adjective or

adverb negative how are you mate

not bad mate how's yourself

we use know before a verbal noun ending

in Eng no smoking in this area no

playing in parking area

we often use not in short replies with a

number of verbs is it ready

I'm afraid not

will she be there

I hope not

ever with question words

whoever

whatever

which ever

whenever

wherever

however whoever any person at all or it

doesn't matter who

example whoever did this will sooner or

later be caught and will be punished

whoever made this cake is a real artist

whatever anything at all or it doesn't

matter what example whatever you do try

your best

which ever anyone at all or it doesn't

matter which example whichever day you

come we will be pleased to see you

whenever anytime at all or it doesn't

matter when

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exemple whenever I go to London I feel

like a provincial wherever any place at

all or it doesn't matter where example

wherever we are going it doesn't matter

as long as we're together however any

way at all or it doesn't matter how

example however you look at it it's

going to cost a lot

The Description of Basic English Grammar - HAVE, HAVE TO, HAVE GOT, CAN, COULD, MUST...