Follow US:

Practice English Speaking&Listening with: IELTS Reading: True/False/Not Given Questions

(0)
Difficulty: 0

hi everybody welcome to ink vidcom I'm

Adam in today's video I'm gonna talk to

you about the IELTS reading section and

very specifically we're gonna look at

one question type that I think most

people have the most trouble with the

question type is when you have to give a

yes/no or not given or true false not

given based on questions or statements

and the reading passage okay so what I

have here is a sample paragraph okay

we're gonna look at a the whole passage

is about the aurora borealis now for

those of you who might not know what

that is if you've heard about northern

Canada in the north of Canada you can go

in the light in the sorry in the sky at

night you can see all kinds of different

colored lights all over the sky it's

actually very beautiful very interesting

natural phenomenon and that's called the

aurora borealis there's another

aurora in the south but that's a

different story altogether

now if I'm speaking a little bit fast

that's because again this is for the

IELTS those of you taking the IELTS you

need to practice your listening skills

as well so I'll speak a little bit

faster than normal now the main problem

that people have with this type of

question whether yes no not given true

false not given is that they don't

exactly know where to look and they

spend way too much time looking for the

answer to the not given section so

there's a few things you need to

understand first of all you have to find

the general area where the answers

should be in the reading passage and

then you very carefully have to read the

sentence in the question part and the

sentences in the actual reading they

will never match them exactly okay they

might actually try to trick you by using

some of the same words from the passage

in the question but if it's too similar

don't trust it what they will generally

do is paraphrase okay that's where

that's where they're testing your

understanding of vocabulary that's where

they're testing your under

standing of grammar as well okay so

paraphrasing is a very important skill

so when you paraphrase you're taking a

sentence and you're expressing it in a

different way but you're keeping the

same meaning so that's what they're

testing can you look at the question

sentence and can you understand that

well the way it's basically expressed in

the passage is the same or are they

different or do they seem kind of

similar but there's something missing

so the answer is actually not given so

I'm gonna read to you this is just one

paragraph from this passage okay

obviously there was something before

there will be something after but it

doesn't matter we can look at the one

paragraph and be able to look at the

questions and try to understand them

okay so first I'll read it for you

although the earth is constantly hit

with all manner of particles and rays

it's magnetic shield deflects most of

them away from the planet surface

particles discharged from the Sun also

interact with this shield where they

combine with atoms and molecules of

oxygen nitrogen and other elements these

combinations result in light emissions

of varying colors most commonly observed

as pink green violet blue and

occasionally orange and white orange and

white yellow and green lights sorry I

missed that so yellow and green lights

are a common reaction to interactions of

these particles with oxygen so there's

the information now I can't really fit

the questions on the board so I'm going

to read them out to you then you'll see

them coming soon enough number one

you'll generally get three to five of

these so I'm just going to do three I'm

gonna do one true one false one not

given obviously once you know the first

two you'll know the third one but that's

okay

first people on earth are not at risk

since particles emitted by the Sun never

reach them

okay again people are on earth are not

at risk since particles emitted by the

Sun never reach them true or false

well one thing you always have to pay

attention to in these expressions is

extreme words the extreme word here is

the word never okay

never so people on earth are not at risk

okay are we looking at anything on earth

are we looking at any do we see anything

about people well people on earth

they're generally on the surface so

we're basically around here we're

looking for the information

since particles emitted by the Sun

emitted discharged synonyms by the Sun

from the Sun never reach them okay so

particles discharged okay so here we

have we looked at the surface particles

and raised its magnetic shield deflects

most of them from the planet's surface

now what is most of mean does it mean

all no it doesn't so that means that

some particles and rays do get through

to the surface which means that some

people are sometimes at risk so the

problem here is the word never so right

away you know that this question is or

the statement is actually false and

you'll notice that they changed a lot of

the words to make sure that you

understand the same meaning okay that's

one next one orange or rora lights are

not caused by interactions with oxygen

but rather with nitrogen so this one

should be pretty easy to find more or

less here we have orange that's what

we're talking about okay

so let's read the whole sentence these

combinations result in light emissions

of varying colors most commonly observe

this pink green violet blue and

occasionally orange and white yellow and

green are a common reaction to

interactions of these particles with

oxygen so you're thinking okay yellow

and green is oxygen so orange must be

with nitrogen because that's the other

element we

here somewhere okay oxygen nitrogen and

other elements now does it say that

orange comes from the interactions with

nitrogen it doesn't say that right

first of all there's nitrogen second of

all there are other elements Orange

could be a combination of hydrogen it

could be a combination of helium

whatever else is in the air right so it

doesn't necessarily have to come from

nitrogen and occasionally orange and

white so orange and orange is not a very

common color anyway so if it were common

it would probably be if it were with

oxygen it might be a bit more common but

it's a little bit more rare it's more

occasional so it probably interacts with

some other element that we don't know

about because that element is not there

isn't as much of this element in there

in the in the sky in the atmosphere so

this question but sorry

before I go on it doesn't mean that it's

not nitrogen we don't know it could be

from the nitrogen it could be from other

elements we don't have any sentence that

tells you what colors come from the

interaction with nitrogen so this answer

is not given it's sometimes and quite

often they will make this sentence in

the question appear like something

that's in the passage they're trying to

trick you don't be tricked

if you don't very clearly see the

connection or the answer the fact of

what's in the passage and what's in the

thing then don't don't be afraid to say

not given some of the answers will be

not given you just have to find the

right ones now of course the last one is

going to be true because I told you

there's one of each so the magnetic

shield that protects the earth does so

by often turning aside the things that

hit it okay the magnetic shield that

protects the earth does so by often

turning aside the things that hit it

that hit it like particles raised etc so

again we're talking about the magnetic

shield

it protects the earth okay so the

magnetic shield deflects deflect turn

aside so here's the particle boom boom

that's a deflection turning aside the

same idea so it's a synonym protects the

earth by turning away okay magnetic

shield deflects most of them what are

them particles and rays and all the

other things that are hitting it so this

one is true it's just a very direct

paraphrase okay so that's the key here

this is the key to this type of question

make sure that the paraphrase matches

what's in the passage look for extreme

words to make sure you're not sometimes

it's just one word that makes the whole

sentence not true and remember the more

the more number of similar words you see

in the question that are the same as the

passage the more you should distrust

this sentence and think false or not

given and again not given the key to not

given is to know where to look to begin

with and then to not be afraid now if

you're looking looking looking looking

for the answer and it's not there it's

not there don't continue to look this is

how people waste a lot of time on the

reading section and then have problems

at the end of their hour because they

spent so much time looking for an answer

that isn't there okay so that's the key

so I hope this was a bit helpful I'll

give you some more examples in the quiz

at in vidcom don't be afraid to go there

and try this out okay if you want more

help with IELTS especially writing

section visit my site right to top calm

or my youtube channel right to top I do

lots of stuff I specialize in the

writing section of the aisle so please

come visit if you like this video please

give me a like don't forget to subscribe

to my youtube channel and come again and

I'll give you more IELTS tips TOEFL tips

vocab grammar etc see you again soon bye

bye

The Description of IELTS Reading: True/False/Not Given Questions