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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Say, tell & phrasal verbs | How to use them

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hello I'm teacher Robin welcome to

another live-streaming class if this is

your first time to join us let me

explain how the classes work today we're

going to talk about the difference

between the verbs say and tell as well

as some phrasal verbs for communication

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okay so let's start by talking about the

difference between say and tell many

students ask about this because they are

very similar but it's important to know

when to use one or the other so we're

going to look at that now okay when do

we use say okay in English we say

something to someone okay so the verb

say does not need to be followed by a

personal pronoun so you don't say you

say me no you say something to me okay

and it's also used with direct speech so

whenever you see a quote quotation marks

this is normally followed before or

after by the verb say okay when do we

use the verb tell in English we tell

someone something okay so you do need a

personal pronoun after the verb tell and

with tell some common things that we use

with tell our you tell a story you tell

the truth you tell a lie you tell the

time or you tell a joke you tell someone

a joke so these are some of the most

common uses with the verb tell okay so

now let's see some examples with both

say and tell okay so for example what

did you say okay so if you want to ask

someone to repeat you can say what did

you say Tom told me a funny story

yesterday so here you have the personal

pronoun told who me okay here we have a

quotation Laura said wait here I'll be

right back so whenever you have these

quotation marks you have to use the the

verb say so in this case it's in the

past tense set but with quotations the

SE can go either before like Laura said

wait here I'll be right back or it can

also go after for example wait here I'll

be right back Laura said okay so

remember this can go either before or

after the direct quote and one more

example I'm going to tell you a joke

okay so as I mentioned before when we're

talking about jokes or stories we use

the verb to tell okay now let's look at

some different phrasal verbs that we use

in English for communication okay I'm

going to teach you the phrasal verb and

we're going to look at some examples so

remember that phrasal verbs are made up

of a verb and a preposition that go

together to to form one one verb okay so

in English to speak up okay this means

to say your opinion about something that

you feel is wrong so for example Susan

knew the information presented was wrong

so she had to speak up and correct it so

this might happen in a meeting or when

you're talking with your friends if you

know something is not correct you have

to speak up hey this is not correct this

is wrong

okay let's see another phrasal verb for

communication to spell out okay if you

spell something out you explain it in

detail okay just spell can also mean to

use the alphabet for example I can spell

my name but this is more figurative so

if you explain something in detail you

spell it out for someone okay for

example it's important for you to

understand the new regulation so I'm

going to spell them out for you so

that means I'm going to tell you in

detail everything that you need to know

okay to bring up if you bring something

up it means you mention it in

conversation and a meeting etc so for

example I'm going to bring up a pay-rise

with my boss in our next meeting so that

means you're going to make sure that you

talk about it you're going to introduce

it into the conversation as you're

talking with someone in this case it

would be your boss okay to point out is

to bring attention to something so if

you want to focus on a specific topic

then you point it out okay so for

example my colleague pointed out the

errors in my report so maybe this person

made some marks or circled the things

that were incorrect or that needed to be

changed so here this is when you point

something out okay and to open up if you

open up when you're talking to someone

it means that you reveal your thoughts

or emotions it means that you are honest

okay so for example you should open up

to your partner and tell him how you're

feeling so that means you should tell

them exactly what you're thinking don't

hide your feelings etc okay and to cut

off if you cut someone off it means that

you interrupt them while they are

speaking so this is something that you

want to avoid doing unless absolutely

necessary because it's kind of rude to

interrupt someone if they're speaking

but in this example Jerry had been

talking for 10 minutes when our manager

cut him off so maybe they had gone over

a time or they needed to finish you had

to cut someone off to tell them that

they needed to to finish what they were

saying okay so now that we've looked at

the differences between say and tell as

well as some phrasal verbs for

communication I'm going to ask you some

questions to practice and you can write

your answers in the in the comments okay

so write an example with say and tell so

if you can remember the difference then

try to think

of a sentence an example and write it in

the comments okay my second question is

when was the last time that you spoke up

in a meeting or maybe in a conversation

with your friends have you ever had to

speak up about something about a certain

topic something that you felt was wrong

if so then tell me about that experience

in the comments okay so as you're

writing your comments let me tell you

more about our our course here at ABBA

we have a complete course from beginners

to business level featuring 144 units

each unit features a short film called

our Abba film then you watch a video

class explaining the grammar and we have

other sections that are exercises to

help you improve your English so if you

want to sign up with us you can go to

our website there you can register to

join millions of other students who are

studying with us if you register as a

free student you'll have access to all

of the the video classes the grammar

classes as well as the first unit of

each level and then if you decide to go

premium this will give you access to all

of our course content and you'll be

assigned a teacher like me who you can

write to anytime you have a question so

it's it's a really good course that you

can use to improve your English if you

study with us it's really flexible as

well because you can study from your

iPad from your Mac or your PC from your

smartphone all of those devices save

your progress you can stop studying on

one and pick up on the other one so it's

a very flexible way to study anywhere at

anytime and in addition to our course we

have many other resources available to

you to practice so we have our Abba

journal which is our blog there you can

find articles about grammar you can find

more information about say and tell for

example you can also find articles about

English for travel English for business

so a lot of good information there we

are now on YouTube as well so you can

check out our YouTube classes our

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well and participate in our weekly live

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we're live-streaming and that's gonna be

it for today so I hope this class has

been useful for you to review the

differences between say and tell and

some phrasal verbs for communication and

I hope that you have enjoyed it and that

you can join us next time so I will

check your comments throughout the day

so feel free to keep writing if you

think of an example or a question that

you want to ask so thanks again for

joining and we'll see you next time take

care bye

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