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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Common English Vocabulary Words that Start with A

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Welcome to PnT English channel, a learning English vocabulary with videos channel.

Welcome to the Oxford 3000 essential words program. Now, let's start learning English.

Section 1: Letter A. a. a. a is a vowel and the first letter of

the modern English alphabet. a is also used as an indefinite article, followed by a singular

countable noun. This is a flower. abandon. a . b . a . n . d . o . n . abandon.

abandon means give up or leave behind. He abandoned the thought of asking for her hand

in marriage.

abandoned. a . b . a . n . d . o . n . e . d . abandoned. abandoned means forsaken by owner

or keeper . weed-grown yard of an abandoned farmhouse.

ability. a . b . i . l . i . t . y . ability. ability means the quality of being able to

perform; the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get

something done. He completed the essay to the best of his ability.

able. a . b . l . e . able. able means having the necessary means or skill or know-how or

authority to do something. She was able to program her computer.

unable. u . n . a . b . l . e . unable. unable meansnot having the necessary means or skill

or know-how. Lacking necessary physical or mental ability. We are unable to get to town

without a car. about. a . b . o . u . t . about. about means

imprecise but fairly close to correct. All around or on all sides. We meet about once

a month. above. a . b . o . v . e . above. above means

in or to a place that is higher. The plane was flying above the clouds.

abroad. a . b . r . o . a . d . abroad. abroad means to or in a foreign country. They had

never travelled abroad. absence. a . b . s . e . n . c . e . absence.

absence means the state of being absent. The time interval during which something or somebody

is away. He was surprised by the absence of any explanation.

absent. a . b . s . e . n . t . absent. absent means not in a specified place physically

or mentally. He absented himself.

absolute. a . b . s . o . l . u . t . e . absolute. absolute means perfect or complete or pure.

My room is absolute silence.

absolutely. a . b . s . o . l . u . t . e . l . y . absolutely. absolutely means completely

and without qualification. This is an absolutely magnificent painting.

absorb. a . b . s . o . r . b . absorb. absorb means take in, also metaphorically. The sponge

absorbs water well. abuse.a . b . u . s . e . abuse. abuse means

treat badly. This boss abuses his workers. academic. a . c . a . d . e . m . i . c . academic.

academic means associated with academia or an academy. The academic curriculum.

accent. a . c . c . e . n . t . accent. accent means the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic

of a specific group of people. The immigrants spoke an odd dialect of English.

accept. a . c . c . e . p . t . accept. accept means consider or hold as true. I cannot accept

the dogma of this church. acceptable. a . c . c . e . p . t . a . b

. l . e . acceptable. acceptable means worthy of acceptance or satisfactory. Performances

varied from acceptable to excellent. unacceptable. u . n . a . c . c . e . p . t

. a . b . l . e . unacceptable. unacceptable means not adequate to give satisfaction. not

acceptable; not welcome. A word unacceptable in polite society.

access.a . c . c . e . s . s . access. access means the right to enter. He took a wrong

turn on the access to the bridge. accident. a . c . c . i . d . e . n . t . accident.

accident means a mishap; especially one causing injury or death. Most of accidents is caused

by sleepy drivers. by accident. by accident. by accident means

by accident means an event that happens in a way that was not expected.

I met her quite by accident. accidental. a . c . c . i . d . e . n . t

. a . l . accidental. accidental means without intention. More than 50 percent of all accidental

deaths in the U.S. are a result of car crashes. accidentally. a . c . c . i . d . e . n . t

. a . l . l . y . accidentally. accidentally means without advance planning. They accidentally

locked themselves in the room. accompany. a . c . c . o . m . p . a . n . y

. accompany. accompany means be associated with. go or travel along with. The nurse accompanied

the old lady everywhere. according. a . c . c . o . r . d . i . n . g

. according. according means as reported or stated by. in agreement with or accordant

with. According to instructions. account. a . c . c . o . u . n . t . account.

account means a formal contractual relationship established to provide for regular banking

or brokerage or business services. He asked to see the executive who handled his account.

accurate. a . c . c . u . r . a . t . e . accurate. accurate means conforming exactly or almost

exactly to fact or to a standard or performing with total accuracy. The accounting was accurate.

accurately. a . c . c . u . r . a . t . e . l . y . accurately. accurately means with

few mistakes. He works very accurately. accuse. a . c . c . u . s . e . accuse. accuse

means bring an accusation against; level a charge against. He was accusing my mum of

having an affair with another man. achieve. a . c . h . i . e . v . e . achieve.

achieve means to gain with effort. She achieved her goal despite setbacks.

achievement. a . c . h . i . e . v . e . m . e . n . t . achievement. achievement means

the action of accomplishing something. He is proud of his achievements.

acid. a . c . i . d . acid. acid means any of various water-soluble compounds having

a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt.

An acid reaction. acknowledge. a . c . k . n . o . w . l . e

. d . g . e . acknowledge. acknowledge means declare to be true or admit the existence

or reality or truth of. She acknowledged that she might have forgotten.

acquire. a . c . q . u . i . r . e . acquire. acquire means come into the possession of

something concrete or abstract. She acquired a lot of paintings from her uncle.

across. a . c . r . o . s . s . across. across means to the opposite side. The football field

was 300 feet across. act. a . c . t . act. act means something

that people do or cause to happen. Perform an action, or work out or perform (an action).

The governor should act on the new energy bill. Think before you act.

action. a . c . t . i . o . n . action. action means something done (usually as opposed to

something said). There were stories of murders and other unnatural actions.

take action. take action. take action means doing something to solve a problem. The government

must take action to make sure our airports are safe in the aftermath of the terrorist

attacks. active. a . c . t . i . v . e . active. active

means taking part in an activity. He was politically active.

actively. a . c . t . i . v . e . l . y . actively. actively means in an active manner. He participated

actively in the war. activist. a . c . t . i . v . i . s . t . activist.

activist means one who is politically active in the role of a citizen; especially, one who campaigns for change.

It's activist for females, not activist who was female.

activity. a . c . t . i . v . i . t . y . activity. activity means any specific behavior. They

avoided all recreational activity. actor. a . c . t . o . r . actor. an actor

is a person who acts, or plays a role, in an artistic production. He's a principal actor

in this affair. actress. a . c . t . r . e . s . s . actress.

actress means a female actor. She's a very famous actress.

actual. a . c . t . u . a . l . actual. actual means presently existing in fact and not merely

potential or possible. The predicted temperature and the actual temperature were markedly different.

actually. a . c . t . u . a . l . l . y . actually. actually means in actual fact. No one actually

saw the shark. ad . a . d . ad . ad means a public promotion

of some product or service. She saw an advertisement for cars on TV last night.

adapt. a . d . a . p . t . adapt. adapt means make fit for, or change to suit a new purpose.

Adapt our native cuisine to the available food resources of the new country.

add. a . d . d . add. add means make an addition. We added two students to that dorm room.

addition. a . d . d . i . t . i . o . n . addition. addition means the act of adding one thing

to another. The addition of flowers created a pleasing effect.

in addition. in addition. in addition means by way of addition or furthermore. The course

is structured in a way to improve students' communicative skills, in addition to their

academic skills. additional. a . d . d . i . t . i . o . n

. a . l . additional. additional means further or added. Called for additional troops.

address. a . d . d . r . e . s . s . address. address means the place where a person or

organization can be found or communicated with. She will not give him her address.

adequate. a . d . e . q . u . a . t . e . adequate. adequate means meeting the requirements especially

of a task. She had adequate training. adequately. a . d . e . q . u . a . t . e

. l . y . adequately. adequately means in an adequate manner or to an adequate degree.

He was adequately prepared. adjust. a . d . j . u . s . t . adjust. adjust

means alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard. Adjust the clock,

please. administration. a . d . m . i . n . i . s

. t . r . a . t . i . o . n . administration. administration means the persons who make

up a body for the purpose of administering something. He claims that the present administration

is corrupt. admiration. a . d . m . i . r . a . t . i

. o . n . admiration. admiration means a feeling of delighted approval and liking. The man

gazed at him in admiration. admire. a . d . m . i . r . e . admire. admire

means feel admiration for. She really admires his enthusiasm.

admit. a . d . m . i . t . admit. admit means declare to be true or admit the existence

or reality or truth of. He admitted his errors. She admitted that she might have forgotten.

adopt. a . d . o . p . t . adopt. adopt means choose and follow; as of theories, ideas,

policies, strategies or plans. She adopted the feminist movement.

adult. a . d . u . l . t . adult. adult means a fully developed person from maturity onward.

She lived most of her adult life in France. advance. a . d . v . a . n . c . e . advance.

advance means a movement forward. move forward, also in the metaphorical sense. He listened

for the advance of the troops. advanced. a . d . v . a . n . c . e . d . advanced.

advanced means at a higher level in training or knowledge or skill. Special seminars for

small groups of advanced students at the University. in advance. in advance. in advance means situated

ahead or going before. An advance party. advantage. a . d . v . a . n . t . a . g . e

. advantage. advantage means the quality of having a superior or more favorable position.

The experience gave him the advantage over me.

take advantage of. take advantage of. take advantage of means to make good use of someone

or something. It is not good of you to take advantage of your colleagues.

adventure. a . d . v . e . n . t . u . r . e . adventure. adventure means a wild and exciting

undertaking (not necessarily lawful). They took an adventure tour down the Amazon River

last year. advertise. a . d . v . e . r . t . i . s . e

. advertise. advertise means call attention to. Please don't advertise the fact that he

has AIDS. advertising. a . d . v . e . r . t . i . s

. i . n . g . advertising. advertising means the activity of advertising things to people.

She works for an advertising agency. advertisement.a . d . v . e . r . t . i . s

. e . m . e . n . t . advertisement. advertisement means a public promotion of some product or

service. They haven't received many replies to their advertisement.

advice. a . d . v . i . c . e . advice. advice means a proposal for an appropriate course

of action. Could you give me some advice about buying a new car?

advise. a . d . v . i . s . e . advise. advise means give advice to. His mother was away

advise him. affair. a . f . f . a . i . r . affair. affair

means a vaguely specified concern. It is none of your affair.

affect. a . f . f . e . c . t . affect. affect means have an effect upon. Will the new rules

affect me? affection. a . f . f . e . c . t . i . o . n

. affection. affection means a positive feeling of liking. He had trouble expressing the affection

he felt. afford. a . f . f . o . r . d . afford. afford

means be able to spare or give up. I can't afford to spend two hours with this person.

afraid. a . f . r . a . i . d . afraid. afraid means feeling worry or concern or insecurity.

We are not afraid of difficulties. after. a . f . t . e . r . after. after means

happening at a time subsequent to a reference time. I go swimming every day after work.

afternoon. a . f . t . e . r . n . o . o . n . afternoon. afternoon means the part of the

day between noon and evening. He spent a quiet afternoon in the park.

afterward. a . f . t . e . r . w . a . r . d . afterward. afterward means happening at

a time subsequent to a reference time. It didn't happen until afterward.

again. a . g . a . i . n . again. again means one more time. They rehearsed the scene again.

against. a . g . a . i . n . s . t . against. against means opposing or disagreeing with

something. She advised me against travelling. age. a . g . e . age. age means how long something

has existed. It was replaced because of its age.

aged. a . g . e . d . aged. aged means advanced in years. Aged residents could remember the

construction of the first skyscraper. agency. a . g . e . n . c . y . agency. agency

means an administrative unit of government. The Central Intelligence Agency.

agenda. a . g . e . n . d . a . agenda. agenda means a temporally organized plan for matters

to be attended to. Please read the agenda before tomorrow's meeting.

agent. a . g . e . n . t . agent. agent means an active and efficient cause; capable of

producing a certain effect. Their research uncovered new disease agents.

aggressive. a . g . g . r . e . s . s . i . v . e . aggressive. aggressive means having

or showing determination and energetic pursuit of your ends. He was aggressive and imperious

in his convictions. ago. a . g . o . ago. ago means in the past.

Sixty years ago my grandfather came to the U.S.

agree. a . g . r . e . e . agree. agree means be in accord or be in agreement. We agreed

on the terms of the settlement. agreement. a . g . r . e . e . m . e . n . t

. agreement. agreement means the statement of an exchange of promises. They had an agreement

that they would not interfere in each other's business.

ahead. a . h . e . a . d . ahead. ahead means at or in the front. I see the lights of a

town ahead. aid. a . i . d . aid. aid means a resource

or give help. Visual aids in teaching. aim. a . i . m . aim. aim means an anticipated

outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions or propose or intend. His

intent was to provide a new translation. air. a . i . r . air. air means a mixture

of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing. I need some fresh air.

aircraft. a . i . r . c . r . a . f . t . aircraft. aircraft means a vehicle that can fly. During

World War Two, parrots were kept on the Eiffel Tower to warn of approaching aircraft.

airport. a . i . r . p . o . r . t . airport. airport means an airfield equipped with control

tower and hangers as well as accommodations for passengers and cargo. Police have received

an anonymous threat declaring that a bomb has been planted at the airport.

alarm. a . l . a . r . m . alarm. alarm means an automatic signal (usually a sound) warning

of danger or warn or arouse to a sense of danger or call to a state of preparedness.

The idea of failing filled him with alarm. alarming. a . l . a . r . m . i . n . g . alarming.

alarming means causing alarm or fear. The dangerous disease has spread at an alarming

rate. alarmed. a . l . a . r . m . e . d . alarmed.

alarmed means experiencing a sudden sense of danger. She was alarmed to discover that

her bike was gone. alcohol. a . l . c . o . h . o . l . alcohol.

alcohol means a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent. He is a man that

never drinks alcohol. alcoholic. a . l . c . o . h . o . l . i . c

. alcoholic. alcoholic means addicted to alcohol. His father was an alcoholic for many years,

but was finally able to quit. alive. a . l . i . v . e . alive. alive means

possessing life. The happiest person alive. Doctors are working hard to keep him alive.

all. a . l . l . all. all means quantifier; used with either mass or count nouns to indicate

the whole number or amount of or every one of a class. We sat up all night. All men are

mortal. allow. a . l . l . o . w . allow. allow means

make it possible through a specific action or lack of action for something to happen.

This sealed door will not allow the water come into the basement

all. a . l . l . all. all means being satisfactory or in satisfactory condition. The passengers

were shaken up but are all right. ally. a . l . l . y . ally. ally means an

associate who provides assistance. Become an ally or associate he's a good ally in fight.

allied. a . l . l . i . e . d . allied. allied means related by common characteristics or

ancestry. Allied species. Allied studies. almost. a . l . m . o . s . t . almost. almost

means slightly short of or not quite accomplished. The baby was almost asleep when the alarm

sounded. alone. a . l . o . n . e . alone. alone means

isolated from others. I want to be alone. Could be alone in a crowded room.

along. a . l . o . n . g . along. along means with a forward motion. We drove along admiring

the view. alongside. a . l . o . n . g . s . i . d . e

. alongside. alongside means side by side. Anchored close alongside another ship.

aloud. a . l . o . u . d . aloud. aloud means with relatively high volume. Please read the

passage aloud. alphabet. a . l . p . h . a . b . e . t . alphabet.

alphabet means a character set that includes letters and is used to write a language. The

international phonetic alphabet. alphabetical. a . l . p . h . a . b . e . t

. i . c . a . l . alphabetical. alphabetical means relating to or expressed by a writing

system that uses an alphabet. Alphabetical writing system.

alphabetically. a . l . p . h . a . b . e . t . i . c . a . l . l . y . alphabetically.

alphabetically means in alphabetical order. The list was arranged alphabetically.

already. a . l . r . e . a . d . y . already. already means prior to a specified or implied

time. She has already graduated. also. a . l . s . o . also. also means in

addition. He also has a Mercedes. alter. a . l . t . e . r . alter. alter means

make or become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its

former characteristics or essence. This dress needs to be altered.

alternative. a . l . t . e . r . n . a . t . i . v . e . alternative. alternative means

one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen or allowing a choice. There

no other alternative. An alternative plan. alternatively. a . l . t . e . r . n . a . t

. i . v . e . l . y . alternatively. alternatively means in place of, or as an alternative to.

Alternatively we could buy a used car. although. a . l . t . h . o . u . g . h . although.

Although means despite the fact that. Although he was ill, he worked hard.

altogether. a . l . t . o . g . e . t . h . e . r . altogether. altogether means to

a complete degree or to the full or entire extent. It was not altogether her fault.

always. a . l . w . a . y . s . always. always means at all times; all the time and on every

occasion. I will always be there to help you. a.m. a. m. a.m. a.m. means before noon. Let's

meet at 11 A.M. amaze. a . m . a . z . e . amaze. amaze means

affect with wonder. Your ability to speak six languages amazes me!

amazing. a . m . a . z . i . n . g . amazing. amazing means surprising greatly. She does

an amazing amount of work. amazed.a . m . a . z . e . d . . . . . . . . . . amazed.

amazed means filled with the emotional impact of overwhelming surprise or shock. An amazed

audience gave the magician a standing ovation. ambition. a . m . b . i . t . i . o . n . ambition.

ambition means a cherished desire. His ambition is to own his own business.

ambulance. a . m . b . u . l . a . n . c . e . ambulance. ambulance means a vehicle that

takes people to and from hospitals. She had to be taken by ambulance to hospital.

among. a . m . o . n . g . among. among means in the middle of somebody or something. A

little house among the trees. amount. a . m . o . u . n . t . amount. amount

means how much of something is available. An adequate amount of food for four people.

amuse. a . m . u . s . e . amuse. amuse means occupy in an agreeable, entertaining or pleasant

fashion. The play amused the ladies. amusing. a . m . u . s . i . n . g . amusing.

amusing means providing enjoyment; pleasantly entertaining. An amusing speaker.

amused. a . m . u . s . e . d . amused. amused means pleasantly occupied. The play amused

the ladies. analyze. a . n . a . l . y . z . e . analyze.

analyze means consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential

features or meaning. Analyze the evidence in a criminal trial.

analysis. a . n . a . l . y . s . i . s . analysis. analysis means an investigation of the component

parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole. She was doing some type of statistical

analysis. ancient. a . n . c . i . e . n . t . ancient.

ancient means belonging to times long past or very old. Ancient civilizations such as

those of the Etruscans and Sumerians. and. a . n . d . and. and is used to connect

words or parts of sentences. It is means also or in addition to. Do it slowly and carefully.

I cooked lunch. And I made a cake. anger. a . n . g . e . r . anger. anger means

a strong emotion; a feeling that is oriented toward some real or supposed grievance. He

angers easily. angle. a . n . g . l . e . angle. angle means

the space between two lines or planes that intersect; the inclination of one line to

another; measured in degrees or radians. Her hair was sticking up at all angles.

angry. a . n . g . r . y . angry. angry means feeling or showing anger. Angry at the weather.

Sending angry letters to the papers. angrily. a . n . g . r . i . l . y . angrily.

angrily means with anger. He angrily denied the accusation.

animal. a . n . i . m . a . l . animal. animal means a living organism characterized by voluntary

movement. The animals and birds of South America. ankle. a . n . k . l . e . ankle. ankle means

a gliding joint between the distal ends of the tibia and fibula and the proximal end

of the talus. His ankles has swollen. anniversary. a . n . n . i . v . e . r . s

. a . r . y . anniversary. anniversary means the date on which an event occurred in some

previous year (or the celebration of it). They celebrate their wedding anniversary.

announce. a . n . n . o . u . n . c . e . announce. announce means make known; make an announcement.

She denoted her feelings clearly. announcement. a . n . n . o . u . n . c . e

. m . e . n . t . announcement. announcement means a formal public statement. The government

made an announcement about changes in the drug war a declaration of independence.

annoy. a . n . n . o . y . annoy. annoy means cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by

minor irritations. Mosquitoes buzzing in my ear really annoys me.

annoying. a . n . n . o . y . i . n . g . annoying. annoying means causing irritation or annoyance.

Tapping an annoying rhythm on his glass with his fork.

annoyed. a . n . n . o . y . e . d . annoyed. annoyed means aroused to impatience or anger.

I will be annoyed if we do not finish by eight. annual. a . n . n . u . a . l . annual. annual

means occurring or payable every year. An annual trip to Paris.

annually. a . n . n . u . a . l . l . y annually. annually means without missing a year. They

travel to China annually. another. a . n . o . t . h . e . r . another.

another means any of various alternatives; some other. Put it off to another (or some

other) day. answer. a . n . s . w . e . r . answer. answer

means a statement (either spoken or written) that is made in reply to a question or request

or criticism or accusation. I waited several days for his answer.

anti. a . n . t . i . anti. anti means a person who is opposed or not in favor of. The antis

smelled victory after a long battle. anticipate. a . n . t . i . c . i . p . a

. t . e . anticipate. anticipate means regard something as probable or likely. He anticipated

that it would happen. anxiety. a . n . x . i . e . t . y . anxiety.

anxiety means a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental

disorders. He nearly fells in his anxiety to get downstairs quickly.

anxious. a . n . x . i . o . u . s . anxious. anxious means eagerly desirous. Anxious to

see the new show at the museum. anxiously. a . n . x . i . o . u . s . l . y

. anxiously. Anxiously means with anxiety or apprehension. We watched anxiously.

any. a . n . y . any. any means one or some or every or all without specification. Give

me any peaches you do not want. Cars can be rented at almost any airport.

anymore. a . n . y . m . o . r . e . anymore. anymore means at the present or from now on;

usually used with a negative. The children promised not to quarrel anymore.

anyone. a . n . y . o . n . e . anyone. anyone means indicate in a general way that nobody

is present or involved in an action. She was far too scared to tell anyone.

anything. a . n . y . t . h . i . n . g . anything. anything means a thing of any kind. Do you

have anything to declare? anyway. a . n . y . w . a . y . anyway. anyway

means used to indicate that a statement explains or supports a previous statement. I do not

know what happened to it; anyway, it has gone. anywhere. a . n . y . w . h . e . r . e . anywhere.

anywhere means at or in or to any place. You can find this food anywhere.

apart. a . p . a . r . t . apart. apart means separated or at a distance in place or position

or time. These towns are many miles apart. apart from. apart from. apart from means except

for. Apart from the ending, it is a great movies.

apartment. a . p . a . r . t . m . e . n . t . apartment. apartment means a suite of rooms

usually on one floor of an apartment house. He lives in a large apartment.

apologize. a . p . o . l . o . g . i . z . e . apologize. apologize means acknowledge faults

or short comings or failing. I apologized for being late.

apparent. a . p . p . a . r . e . n . t . apparent. apparent means clearly revealed to the mind

or the senses or judgment. The effects of the drought are apparent to anyone who sees

the parched fields. apparently. a . p . p . a . r . e . n . t

. l . y . apparently. apparently means from appearances alone. She has apparently been

living here for some time. appeal. a . p . p . e . a . l . appeal. appeal

means earnest or urgent request. An appeal to the public to keep calm.

appear. a . p . p . e . a . r . appear. appear means give a certain impression or have a

certain outward aspect. This appears to be a very difficult problem.

appearance. a . p . p . e . a . r . a . n . c . e . appearance. appearance means outward

or visible aspect of a person or thing. I tried to describe his appearance to the police

apple. a . p . p . l . e . apple. apple means fruit with red or yellow or green skin and

sweet to tart crisp whitish flesh. They have a large garden with apple trees in it.

application. a . p . p . l . i . c . a . t . i . o . n . application. application means

a verbal or written request for assistance or employment or admission to a school. December

31 is the deadline for applications. apply. a . p . p . l . y . apply. apply means

put into service; make work or employ (something) for a particular purpose or for its inherent

or natural purpose. This thinking was applied to many projects. I apply this rule to get

good results. appoint. a . p . p . o . i . n . t . appoint.

appoint means assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to. He was appointed deputy

manager. appointment. a . p . p . o . i . n . t . m

. e . n . t . appointment. appointment means the act of putting a person into a non-elective

position. The appointment had to be approved by the whole committee.

appreciate. a . p . p . r . e . c . i . a . t . e . appreciate. appreciate means recognize

with gratitude; be grateful for. Her talents are not fully appreciated in that agency.

approach. a . p . p . r . o . a . c . h . approach. approach means ideas or actions intended to

deal with a problem or situation. His approach to every problem is to draw up a list of pros

and cons an attack on inflation. appropriate. a . p . p . r . o . p . r . i

. a . t . e . appropriate. appropriate means suitable for a particular person or place

or condition. A book not appropriate for children. approximately. a . p . p . r . o . x . i . m

.

a . t . e . l . y . approximately. approximately means imprecise but fairly close to correct.

Lasted approximately an hour. April. A . p . r . i . l . April. April means

the month following March and preceding May. I'm going to France next April.

area. a . r . e . a . area. area means a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary

(usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography). It

was a mountainous area. argue. a . r . g . u . e . argue. argue means

present reasons and arguments. The evidence argues for your claim.

argument. a . r . g . u . m . e . n . t . argument. argument means a fact or assertion offered

as evidence that something is true. It was a strong argument that his hypothesis was

true. arise. a . r . i . s . e . arise. arise means

come into existence; take on form or shape. A new religious movement arised in that country.

arm. a . r . m . arm. arm means a human limb; technically the part of the superior limb

between the shoulder and the elbow but commonly used to refer to the whole superior limb.

She stretched her arms out. arms. a . r . m . s . arms. arms means weapons

considered collectively. Critics worry it will weaken America's position in the nuclear

arms race. armed. a . r . m . e . d . armed. armed means

characterized by having or bearing arms. Armed robbery.

army. a . r . m . y . army. army means a permanent organization of the military land forces of

a nation or state. The army are helping to clear up after the floods.

approval. a . p . p . r . o . v . a . l . approval. approval means the formal act of approving.

He gave the project his approval. approve. a . p . p . r . o . v . e . approve.

approve means give sanction to. I approve of his educational policies.

approving. a . p . p . r . o . v . i . n . g . approving. approving means expressing or

manifesting praise or approval. Her mother gave her an approving look.

approximate. a . p . p . r . o . x . i . m . a . t . e . approximate. approximate means

be close or similar. Her results approximate my own.

around. a . r . o . u . n . d . around. around means by a circular or circuitous route. He

came all the way around the base. arrange. a . r . r . a . n . g . e . arrange.

arrange means put into a proper or systematic order. Arrange the books on the shelves in

chronological order. arrangement. a . r . r . a . n . g . e . m

. e . n . t . arrangement. arrangement means the thing arranged or agreed to. They made

arrangements to meet in Chicago. arrest. a . r . r . e . s . t . arrest. arrest

means the act of apprehending. The policeman on the beat got credit for the arrest.

arrival. a . r . r . i . v . a . l . arrival. arrival means accomplishment of an objective.

We apologize for the late arrival of the train. arrive. a . r . r . i . v . e . . arrive.

arrive means reach a destination; arrive by movement or progress. She arrived home at

7 o'clock. arrow. a . r . r . o . w . arrow. arrow means

a mark to indicate a direction or relation.The road continues as straight as an arrow.

art. a . r . t . art. art means the products of human creativity; works of art collectively.

A fine collection of art. article. a . r . t . i . c . l . e . article.

article means nonfictional prose forming an independent part of a publication. Have you

seen that article about young graphic designers? artificial. a . r . t . i . f . i . c . i

. a . l . artificial. artificial means contrived by art rather than nature. Artificial flowers.

an artificial diamond.

artificially. a . r . t . i . f . i . c . i . a . l . l . y . artificially. artificially

means not according to nature; not by natural means. Artificially induced conditions.

artist. a . r . t . i . s . t . artist. artist means a person whose creative work shows sensitivity

and imagination. He is a young artist. artistic. a . r . t . i . s . t . i . c . artistic.

artistic means relating to or characteristic of art or artists. His artistic background.

as. a . s . as. as means to the same degree. Birds were singing and the child sang as sweetly.

ashamed. a . s . h . a . m . e . d . ashamed. ashamed means feeling shame or guilt or embarrassment

or remorse. Are you ashamed for having lied? aside. a . s . i . d . e . aside. aside means

on or to one side. Put her sewing aside when he entered.

aside from. aside from. aside from has the same meaning as apart from. It means except

for. She was the only competitor aside from her best friend.

ask. a . s . k . ask. ask means inquire about. He had to ask directions several times.

asleep. a . s . l . e . e . p . asleep. asleep means in a state of sleep. Were all asleep

when the phone rang. fall asleep. fall asleep. fall asleep means

change from a waking to a sleeping state. He always falls asleep during lectures.

aspect. a . s . p . e . c . t . aspect. aspect means a distinct feature or element in a problem.

He studied every aspect of the question. assist. a . s . s . i . s . t . assist. assist

means to help or support. He gave me an assist with the housework.

assistance. a . s . s . i . s . t . a . n . c . e . assistance. assistance means the

activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose.

Could not walk without assistance. assistant. a . s . s . i . s . t . a . n . t

. assistant. assistant means a person who contributes to the fulfillment of a need or

furtherance of an effort or purpose. They hired an assistant to finish the work.

associate. a . s . s . o . c . i . a . t . e . . associate. associate means keep company

with; hang out with. He associates with strange people.

associated with. .associated with. associated with means related to or accompanying. The

risks associated with taking drugs. association. a . s . s . o . c . i . a . t

. i . o . n . association. association means a formal organization of people or groups

of people. He joined the Modern Language Association. assume. a . s . s . u . m . e . assume. assume

means take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof. I assume his

train was late. assure. a . s . s . u . r . e . assure. assure

means make certain of. This nest egg will assure a nice retirement for us.

at. a . t . at. at means at is used to say position of someone or something. It is also

used to say where something happens. They arrived late at the airport.

atmosphere. a . t . m . o . s . p . h . e . r . e . atmosphere. atmosphere means a particular

environment or surrounding influence. There was an atmosphere of excitement.

atom. a . t . o . m . atom. atom means the smallest component of an element having the

chemical properties of the element. Two atoms of hydrogen combine with one atom of oxygen

to form a molecule of water. attach. a . t . t . a . c . h . attach. attach

means cause to be attached. The spider's thread attached to the window sill.

attached. a . t . t . a . c . h . e . d . attached. attached means being joined in close association.all

art schools whether independent or attached to universities.

attack. a . t . t . a . c . k . attack. attack means an offensive against an enemy. The attack

began at dawn. attempt. a . t . t . e . m . p . t . attempt.

attempt means earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something. It

is also means make an effort or attempt.The police attempted to stop the thief.

attempted. a . t . t . e . m . p . t . e . d . attempted. attempted means tried unsuccessfully.

Attempted murder. attend. a . t . t . e . n . d . attend. attend

means be present at. I rarely attend services at my church.

attention. a . t . t . e . n . t . i . o . n . attention. attention means the process whereby

a person concentrates on some features of the environment to the exclusion of others.

She was the center of attention. attitude. a . t . t . i . t . u . d . e . attitude.

attitude means a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions

to act in certain ways. He had the attitude that work was fun.

attorney. a . t . t . o . r . n . e . y . attorney. attorney means a professional person authorized

to practice law; conducts lawsuits or gives legal advice. We need an attorney to solve

this problem. attract. a . t . t . r . a . c . t . attract.

attract means direct toward itself or oneself by means of some psychological power or physical

attributes. Her good looks attract the stares of many men.

attraction. a . t . t . r . a . c . t . i . o . n . attraction. attraction means the

force by which one object attracts another. Her personality held a strange attraction

for him. attractive. a . t . t . r . a . c . t . i

. v . e . attractive. attractive means pleasing to the eye or mind especially through beauty

or charm. A book with attractive illustrations. audience. a . u . d . i . e . n . c . e . audience.

audience means a gathering of spectators or listeners at a performance. Someone in the

audience began to cough. August. A . u . g . u . s . t . August. August

means the month following July and preceding September. Her birthday's in August.

aunt. a . u . n . t . aunt. aunt means the sister of your father or mother; the wife

of your uncle. His aunt lives in Canada. author. a . u . t . h . o . r . author. author

means a person who writes books. He is the famous author in China.

authority. a . u . t . h . o . r . i . t . y . authority. authority means the power or

right to give orders or make decisions. He has the authority to issue warrants.

automatic. a . u . t . o . m . a . t . i . c . automatic. automatic means operating with

minimal human intervention; independent of external control. A budget deficit that caused

automatic spending cuts. automatically. a . u . t . o . m . a . t . i

. c . a . l . l . y . automatically. automatically means in a reflex manner. He answered automatically.

available. a . v . a . i . l . a . b . l . e . available. available means obtainable or

accessible and ready for use or service. The list of available candidates is unusually

long. average. a . v . e . r . a . g . e . average.

average means a statistic describing the location of a distribution; approximating the statistical

norm or average or expected value. The average income in New England is below that of the

nation. It set the average for American homes. avoid. a . v . o . i . d . avoid. avoid means

stay clear from; keep away from; keep out of the way of someone or something. Her former

friends now avoid her. awake. a . w . a . k . e . awake. awake means

not in a state of sleep; completely conscious. Lay awake thinking about his new job.

award. a . w . a . r . d . award. award means something given for victory or superiority

in a contest or competition. The award was a free trip to Europe.

aware. a . w . a . r . e . aware. aware means having or showing knowledge or understanding

or realization or perception. Aware that he had exceeded the speed limit.

away. a . w . a . y . away. away means not present; having left. You must not allow a

stranger into the house when your mother is away.

awful. a . w . f . u . l . awful. awful means exceptionally bad or displeasing. An awful

odor came sweeping into the room. awkward. a . w . k . w . a . r . d . awkward.

awkward means lacking grace or skill in manner or movement or performance. His clumsy fingers

produced an awkward knot. awkwardly. a . w . k . w . a . r . d . l . y

. awkwardly. awkwardly means in an awkward manner. He bent awkwardly.

Thanks for watching! This is all for section 1, go on to section 2 of this program if you

need to. We will see you next time. Goodbye!

The Description of Common English Vocabulary Words that Start with A