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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Willis Research Network Spotlights Series - Marco Pagani

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My name is Marco Pagani.

I work at the GEM foundation

in Pavia, Italy.

I'm the coordinator

of seismic hazard activities,

and I work within a team

with four scientists.

My job is focused on the three

main topics.

The first one is the creation

of new tools

for the construction

of seismic hazard models.

The second topic

is the development

of the scientific component

of the OpenQuake engine

for the calculation of hazard.

And the third topic

is the collection of models

for the global mosaic that

currently has global coverage.

So Willis have been

participating to GEM

since the beginning.

Willis was one

of the first private

participants in GEM starting

in 2009.

We've been working with Willis

until the end

of their first implementation

phase in 2014.

And after that, Willis decided

to drop out and interrupt

the collaboration.

The product that at the time

we had were not yet ready to be

using immediately

within the industry.

In fall last year, Willis Towers

Watson joined GEM again.

And for us, that was quite

rewarding, quite important.

Because in our opinion,

that was a demonstration

that now the products that we

can offer are much more mature,

and able to be used in almost

immediately also

within the industry.

I must say that I was quite


since we started again

to collaborate with Willis

Towers Watson--

by how quickly the scientists

that are working there

learned about the tools

that we have.

And how quickly they've been

starting to use data sets

and models that meanwhile

we've been collecting.

I think that the products

that GEM has

are already very close to what

is needed by the industry.

And I think that the partnership

that we have with Willis

is helping us a lot

in order to make sure

that our products can be ported

into application.

We have several products that

are actually used by Willis,

and by other companies that are

also supporting GEM.

Models for seismic hazard,

model for the calculation

of risk, exposure databases,

active fault databases.

We have several tools

for the construction

of components of another risk


that are allowing

the private companies that are

collaborating with us to have

a completely

transparent and independent view

of the risk.

I think that there are two

fundamental areas where research

will focus, particularly

on hazard, which is where I'm

spending most of my research.

One is about the incorporation

of complexity.

Recent events demonstrated

that the earthquake process is

actually much more complex

than we've been thinking

until just a few years ago.

Thinking, for example,

in the Kaikoura earthquake,

or the Tohoku earthquakes.

So the current hazard models

are not capable to capture

that type of complexity.

And I think that one

of the goals that we will have

in the next 10 or 15 years

is to add more complexity,

to add to our capability,

to also consider this type

of very rare but very dangerous


The second topic that I think

it will be

important to incorporate

into other models

are the transience

of seismicity.

I'm thinking

in particular of the capability

of adding more

temporal dependence

to the long term hazard models

that we are using.

I'm thinking about the need

of also incorporating aftershock


and their contribution

therefore to short-term hazard.

I'm thinking about the long term

clusters of seismicity that are

from time to time observed,


at paleoseismologic information,

for example.

The Description of Willis Research Network Spotlights Series - Marco Pagani