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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: How to Pronounce /æ/ & /ʌ/ + "Rubbish" Explained #ASKETJ 005

Difficulty: 0

your questions my answers is RC TJ


hello everybody and welcome to another

episode of art

etj you know how it works by now I post

a picture on my Instagram if you're not

following me please do to get your

question in for next time and you guys

send me questions about pronunciation

about me about British culture about

whatever you want really and then I go

through and pick the best ones because

there are way too many for me to choose

from and then I make a video like this

where I talk and answer your questions

and the first question I was asked

that's right we're going straight into

this Elliott how the natives feel when

non natives are speaking English I mean

there's a very broad question isn't it

how how do you feel when a non-native

speaks your language confused stressed

happy sad how does it make you feel I

know myself I I just feel like it's

normal we have so many non natives

living here in the UK they're accepted

with open arms and we love talking to

them meeting them listening to what they

have to say that as long as they have a

good understanding of grammar and can

hold a conversation then things are okay

obviously pronunciation being a

pronunciation specialist I know it plays

a big part because if you're pronouncing

a load of words and sounds wrong or you

have particular habits then it can make

it difficult for us and then that's when

it might make some of some natives feel

a bit anxious listening to you because

maybe your pronunciation is difficult to

understand and we feel bad for having to

ask you to repeat yourself all the time

that's the only negative I would say we

wouldn't have any bad feelings about you

speaking English it might just be that

we feel bad our selves that we can't

understand perhaps some things you're

saying and we need to keep asking you to

repeat so it's more about the fact that

we don't want to be rude so don't worry

practice you need to practice speaking

with natives it's the only way you're

really going to improve particularly

your pronunciation negotiate or


now me personally and most of the public

will say negotiate negotiate with the

shirt sound

it's more of an old-fashioned perhaps

upper Rp thing to say negotiate you will

find it on up from Rp news presenters on

BBC news as well but nowadays with more

of a contemporary style of RP which is

spoken in the south which is what I

teach only teach kind of southern

modified modern RP most people nowadays

would just say negotiate just like with

the other word which is do we say

schedule or do we say schedule I've

actually mentioned this in two videos

but people still keep asking me this

question let's hope millions of people

watch this video so I never have to

answer this again it doesn't matter just

like negotiate or negotiate schedule or

schedule nobody cares when they're

listening to you as long as you say one

of the two and we can understand you

that's the most important thing so

negotiate in the go see a schedule

schedule tomatoe tomorrow actually no do

say tomato because that's how British

people say we won't get into that one


next one Elliot can you explain the use

of the word rubbish we use rubbish in a

variety of ways but actually let's start

with it with the basic way which is an

American would say trash we say rubbish

meaning litter packets of you know crisp

packets paper things need to go in the

bin we call that rubbish and we might

call the bin a rubbish bin but rubbish

can also have we can say that if

something was really bad let's say I saw

a really bad movie I could say that

movie was rubbish I could also call that

movie a film by the way so that film or

that movie that was rubbish meaning it

was very bad also if somebody is telling

me a story and I don't believe it maybe

I think what they're saying is untrue I

could say you're talking rubbish

meaning what you're saying is rubbish

meaning what you're saying I don't

believe it's not true stop lying

rubbish obviously also if something is

really bad we could just say oh that's

rubbish it's a bit like saying that


right that's rubbish used with the

correct intonation this word can be

amazing really important word now there

might be a few other ways of using it

but those are the main ways okay how

important our consonants at the end of

words I think they're really important

with the T in particular sometimes we

will sometimes we won't depends what

mood we're in where we're from what

accent we were brought up with all kinds

of different things with the T you can

be a bit more varied and with a few

other sounds but generally I think with

with sounds like the s and Zed really

really important now I do have one more

tip for you try to pronounce your

consonants as much as you can at the end

of words but one thing I really want you

to do is understand that when we have a

voiced consonant at the end of a word

it's not as voiced as it would be at the

beginning of the word let's say the word

very okay say it with me

put the top teeth on the bottom lip the

very very right very now say the word

save save save when I say very I'm

really pushing the sound out I'm voicing

it there's a strong voiced consonant

sound coming out very right but when we

have this voiced or any voiced consonant

at the end of a word you will find that

it becomes a mixture of unvoiced and

voice we just voiced it less this is

just how it works so save yes I'm still

producing a vibration in my throat I'm

still using my vocal cords it's not just

an unvoiced sound I'm actually making

noise but it's a little bit less than it

would be if it were at the beginning of

a word so just remember voiced

consonants we need to make sure they are

voiced we have to get that tiny bit of

voice at the end if we don't it might

confuse listeners so make sure you're at

least getting a tiny bit of voice in

there so that we know it's a voiced

consonant and it's a V and not a F okay

we don't want it to sound like safe do

we we want it to sound like save so that

tiny bit of voice at the end safe save

there's a big difference okay and it's

just that tiny bit of voice which I add

to the end Elliot

can you please talk to me about the

difference between and ahhh Wow

now there's a whole lesson in my course

comparing these two sounds and you can

learn them in detail you can join my

course by clicking the link in the

description below or going to ETJ

English calm and improve your whole

British accent but if you are looking to

kind of get a quick fix then let me just

quickly explain ah in a word like at at

at look at my mouth ah I'm spreading my

lips slightly but my tongue is right at

the front of my mouth at the bottom okay

ah at make sure you spread your lips

just slightly okay it's a forward-facing

vowel ah now the sound lots of people

get confused between ah and AH now look

at my tongue you should be able to see

it when I lift from ah - ah ah I'm

slightly lifting my tongue but also I'm

pushing it back just a little bit so I'm

sliding my tongue back slightly so it's

central ok central and then I'm lifting

it ah my mouth is very neutral I'm not

opening it wide I'm not doing a big

smile I'm just opening it slightly

relaxed ah look at the difference of my

mouth shape ah spread ah ah okay let's

try that bats are bats but but or let's

say at

up at up so all in all just to quickly

summarize for the AK sound tongue down

at the front of the mouth open it wide

spread your lips lightly ah for the

sound you need to kind of lift your

tongue up a bit into the central area of

your mouth so in the middle of your

mouth and I want you to kind of relax

your mouth neutral

but it's when we start adding consonants

to them and other sounds and it becomes

a word and we have to start talking fast

that's when pronunciation gets difficult

you could pronounce a vowel sound

absolutely perfectly on its own but when

you start trying to say it in words

that's when it can start to get really

difficult and you start making mistakes

particularly when you have to start

talking to a native now I just have one

more question which was Elliott how do

you order at a pub now for me I would

just say can I have a pint of whatever a

pint is the biggest glass we do which is

what most people get ok so if you want

to just sound like a normal British

person in a pub and if you only if you

drink alcohol of course if you don't

drink alcohol don't order a pint of beer

obviously but if you do drink alcohol go

into the pub and say can I have a pint

of point two the beer you want you know

they have them on the taps but let's say

you don't want a whole pint maybe you're

driving or maybe you just need to be

careful you don't want to get drunk or

if you like me and one pint and you're

absolutely smashed then order half a


now we sometimes just call it a half

pint so for example can I have a half

pint of this beer please

okay half pint so you have pints or a

half pint there are a lot of different

styles of beer you just if you haven't

been to the UK and haven't kind of

worked out the lingo in in pubs you just

have to go out there listen listen to

the person next to you when they order

and just copy them and you'll learn okay

but the main thing is just don't sound

rude make sure you say can I have or

could I have and then of course finish

with the word please so that's all the

questions I can fit into this very short

lesson I'm so sorry


the benefit of joining my courses that

you can send me questions whenever you

want on whatsapp whether it's a written

question or a voice message to check if

you're pronouncing something correctly

or if you want me to pronounce something

for you so you know if you need that

direct contact with me and you feel like

you haven't learnt enough in this lesson

then of course I'm available to you if

you join the course thank you very much

for watching this lesson please give me

a thumbs up if you enjoyed it it's

always a pleasure guys thank you very

much and Cheers





The Description of How to Pronounce /æ/ & /ʌ/ + "Rubbish" Explained #ASKETJ 005