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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: 107 Facts About Nightmare Before Christmas! (ToonedUp #52) @ChannelFred

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It's a well regarded example of Tim Burton's style, home to my 4th favorite skeleton,

and the inspiration for half of the clothing line at Hot Topic.

My name is Tim and today we're counting down 107 facts about "The Nightmare Before Christmas"!

Danny Elfman was the composer for The Nightmare Before Christmas. He is a longtime friend

and frequent collaborator of Tim Burtons. He also created the main title theme for a

little show called The Simpsons. Maybe youve HEARD OF IT BECAUSE IT'S THE FREAKING SIMPSONS!

Chris Sarandon was cast to play Jack Skellington. The actor is best known for his role as Prince Humperdinck in The Princess Bride.

It turned out that Sarandon couldnt sing,

so Danny Elfman provided the singing voice for Jack Skellington.

Elfman also voiced Barrel and the clown with the tear-away face.

Zeros glowing noise is actually a tiny jack-o’-lantern.

Danny Elfman has said that writing songs for

The Nightmare Before Christmas wasone of the easiest jobs Ive ever had. I had

a lot in common with Jack Skellington.”

In 2001, Walt Disney Pictures considered making

a computer animated sequel to The Nightmare Before Christmas. Tim Burton managed to talk

them out of it. Hes said, “I was always very protective of The Nightmare Before Christmas

not to do sequels or things of that kind. You know, ‘Jack visits Thanksgiving world

or other kinds of things just because I felt the movie had a purity to it and the people

that like it.” Which is a very noble thing to keep in mind when Sora comes visiting in Kingdom Hearts 2.

The Nightmare Before Christmas is based on

a three-page poem of the same name, which was written by Burton while he was a Disney

animator in the 1980s. He originally intended to adapt the poem into a television special

narrated by Vincent Price, or a childrens book. Instead it has been adapted into the entire apparel line at Hot Topic.

Burtons poem draws inspiration from holiday television specials such as Rudolph the Red-Nosed

Reindeer and How the Grinch Stole Christmas!, as well as the poem A Visit from St. Nicholas.

Tim Burton was spurred to write the poem after seeing a stores Halloween merchandise display

being taken down and replaced by a Christmas display. Seeing ghouls and goblins alongside

Santa and his reindeer got his creative juices flowing.

According to Henry Selick, Vincent Price,

Tim Burtons childhood idol, was originally cast to play the role of Santa Claus. Unfortunately,

after Prices wife passed away, his own health began to suffer and his vocal performances

were too weak to be used. They also had a sadness to them that made them unsuitable

for Santa Claus. To Selicks great regret, they had to recast the role.

It took a team of one hundred people around three years to complete the film.

Twelve stop motion frames were shot for each second of the film. The final film was a total

of 109,440 frames!

If you pay attention to the street band in the film, particularly when theyre inside

the town hall, youll be able to notice a small man inside the bass. The character

is based on composer Danny Elfman.

The original introduction for the film was narrated by Patrick Stewart, but it was cut

at the last minute for unknown reasons. He can still be heard on the films soundtrack.

The 2008 Special Edition Blu-ray/DVD release of the film includes a reading of the original

poem that its based on by Christopher Lee. The poem is accompanied with new animated visuals.

Theres some back and forth debate on who

has the right to call the film their own. Henry Selick was its director and spent more

time on the set and production than Tim Burton did, but Burton claims that he owns the story

because it was all his idea. He wrote the original poem and most of the script, he designed

the characters, and he served as a producer on the film.

Tim Burton wanted to direct The Nightmare Before Christmas,

but was working on both Batman and Ed Wood and couldnt find the time.

Henry Selick has estimated that Burton was only present a total of eight to ten days during the films production.

There is a verse in the songThis is Halloween

with the wordstender lumplings everywhere.” The line is referring to a song written by

Danny Elfman for Oingo Boingo titledTender Lumplings.”

The most difficult shot to film in the entire movie was the one that has Jack reaching for

the doorknob to Christmasland. Getting the reflection in the doorknob to look just right

took a staggering degree of time and effort.

During the films production, the crew came

up with two inventions to assist them with animating. The first was alight alarm

that warned animators if any stage lights failed to come on. The second was a system

that enabled a stop motion puppeteer to seamlessly replace a puppet mid-shot.

Dr. Finklestein isnt listed by name in the films cast credits. Instead, hes

included asEvil Scientist.”

Tim Burton and Danny Elfman may be buddies,

but that doesnt mean theyre immune tocreative differences.” In fact, the ones

they encountered while working on The Nightmare Before Christmas led to Burton selecting Howard

Shore to compose for the film Ed Wood instead of Elfman.

The opening overhead shot of trees in the forest and the shot of bugs falling into Oogie

Boogies molten pit are the only two in the film to have been shot at 24 frames per second.

Since 2001, Disneyland California and Disneyland

Tokyo have had a seasonal overlay for the Haunted Mansion ride called Haunted Mansion

Holiday in California and Haunted Mansion Holiday Nightmare in Tokyo. It combines the

original ride with characters and elements from The Nightmare Before Christmas.

An instrumental version ofKidnap the Sandy Clawscan be heard on The Haunted Mansion Holiday ride.

The Nightmare Before Christmas was originally going to be released under the Walt Disney

Pictures banner, which can be seen in its teaser trailer, but was moved to the Touchstone

Pictures label by the time its theatrical trailer was released. Michael Eisner, the

CEO and Chairman of The Walt Disney Company at the time, felt the film wastoo dark for kids.”

When the film was re-released in October 2006,

it was once again under the Walt Disney Pictures banner.

The Nightmare Before Christmas poem by Tim Burton only contained the characters Jack,

Zero, and Santa. All other characters were original to the movie, with the exception

of some of the children who had their names mentioned in the poem.

Sallys insides are composed of leaves.

The character Behemoth is based on the Swedish movie actor and wrestler Tor Johnson.

I'm not sure how Tor Johnson feels about that.

A crossed-out calculation on Jacks blackboard declares that three times pi squared, multiplied

by 12 equals a Santa hat.

Some presents Jack delivers are references to earlier Tim Burton films.

The snake toy resembles a Sandworm from Beetlejuice.

The shrunken head toy is taken from the afterlife

waiting room in Beetlejuice.

The cat toy resembles the mascot for Shrecks department store in Batman Returns.

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The duck toy is similar to a vehicle driven by the Penguin in Batman Returns.

The first home visited by Jack has what appear to be two commemorative Elvis Presley plates

hanging on a wall in the living room. This is likely a pointer to the iconic singers

songBlue Christmas,” in which he croonsIll have a blue Christmas without you.”

Jonathan Davis of Korn has created a metal cover ofKidnap the Sandy Claws.”

Each minute of The Nightmare Before Christmas took an entire week of filming.

There are around 60 different characters in the film, and each one has three or four duplicate puppets.

Despite the crazy number of puppets, the films

sculpture department only consisted of four people.

Jack Skellington had over four hundred different heads that were used during filming.

Because her long hair prevented animators

from swapping out her entire head, Sally had different masks for her various facial expressions instead.

There were ten different faces for Sally,

and each one had eleven different and unique expressions.

Many of the films sets required twenty to thirty lights to achieve its dramatic look.

The films sets may have been miniatures, but when they were being lit, they were given

the same treatment as full-sized movie sets.

Jack is available in the game LittleBigPlanet 2, as a DLC costume.

When Jack Skellington rides his sled on Christmas Eve, theres a full moon out. This fact

can be used to narrow down which year the film takes place in. Possibilities include

1950, 1958, 1969, 1977, and 1988. Not all of these years had full moons, but they were

close enough to count.

There were thirteen animators working on the film.

The film utilized eight different camera crews.

The set of Halloween Town was designed to

break into smaller pieces because the whole thing was too large to fit in one space all

at once. So even though the indivudal pieces were tiny, the actual set of Halloween Town was massive!

Each puppet for the film contains an armature, which allows for flexible movement.

In order to animate Jack blinking, different

wedges would be shoved into his eyes. His blinks were three frames long.

Greg Olson, the films set designer, built a quarter scale mockup of Halloween Town that served as a model for the actual set.

The films sets had trapdoors that allowed

animators to pop up and and animate from below the structures.

If even a single frame had an issue, the films crew would have to start over and re-photograph

the entire scene. That would be like today if working on a CGI film, a shot had a messed up thing,

and your computer just caught fire!

The film required a total of 230 sets.

The 230 sets were set up in 19 different sound stages.

When working on songs for the film, Danny Elfman wasnt given a script. Instead, Tim

Burton would describe scenes to him and Elfman would take over from there.

The films crew included over 100 specially trained camera operators, puppet makers, set builders, and prop makers.

The Nightmare Before Christmas almost got

made back in 1982. Disney was considering developing the concept into a short film or

30-minute TV special, but decided it wastoo weird.”

They ended up reviving the project once they

saw the success of Tim Burtons Beetlejuice and Batman films.

Jack Skellington actually makes his first film appearance in Beetlejuice. You can spot his head on Beetlejuices carnival hat.

Tim Burton was friends with Henry Selick and was the one who hired him to direct the film.

The Nightmare Before Christmas was Selicks directorial debut.

After The Nightmare Before Christmas, Selick

went on to direct two more well known stop-motion films. James and the Giant Peach and Coraline.

The visual style of the films sets was inspired by the ink illustrations of Ronald Searle and Edward Gorey.

In the films original ending, Oogie Boogie

was going to be Doctor Finklestein in disguise. This was changed before the film began shooting.

The Nightmare Before Christmas was only moderately successful at the box office. It only earned $50 million for its first theatrical run.

Re-releases have pushed its box office total up to around $75 million.

Disney planned on building a Nightmare Before

Christmas ride at Disneyland, next to the Its A Small World ride. Tim Burton, who

owns a portion of the rights to the films characters, supposedly shot down the idea.

If you want some more Jack Skellington in your life, watch James and the Giant Peach. He makes a cameo as a pirate skeleton.

You can also spot his shadow in The Princess and the Frog.

And if you watch Tim Burtons Alice in Wonderland,

hes been turned into the print on the Mad Hatters bow tie.

The Pumpkin King can also be found on the yolk of an egg in Coraline.

In Burtons original designs for Jack Skellington, he wore an all black suit. Selick is the one

who added the white stripes to Jacks outfit.

On top of adding a fashionable twist to the

characters clothes, the stripes also helped Jack stand out more against the films other

dark elements. In early camera tests, his black suit blended into the Halloween Town a little too well.

Animation and puppetry have a general rule

that eyes are important to connect to viewers. Because of this, and also probably because

missing eyeballs are a little terrifying, Disney insisted that Jack Skellington be given

eyes. But Burton and Selick stood firm on their stance that he didnt need them, and

they were right. I mean, not about the general principle but they were right in this one decision.

Eyes are actually really important, they're the windows to the soul...

Edward Ivory replaced Vincent Price as the

voice of Santa Claus. He also replaced Patrick Stewart as the films narrator.

Cut footage from the film revealed that creator Tim Burton was supposed to make a cameo! His

decapitated head would have been used as a hockey puck by the ice-skating vampires, instead

of the jack-o-lantern that appeared in the final version of the film.

They may have pulled their name off of the

film, but Disney still let Selick and Burton work a Hidden Mickey into the movie. When

Jacks presents are attacking, theres a flying stuffed animal thats meant to

be a Burton-ized Mickey Mouse. The girl it attacks is wearing a Mickey patterned nightgown,

and her brother has Donald Duck patterned PJs.

Behemoths previously mentioned resemblance to Tor Johnson was included as a reference

to Ed Woods Plan 9 From Outer Space. Tim Burton was working on a biopic about the filmmaker that was in pre-production at the time.

Tim Burton is known for repeated collaborations,

and the cast of The Nightmare Before Christmas is no exception. He brought on Catherine OHara

and Glenn Shadix, who he had worked with on Beetlejuice, and Paul Reubens, who he knew

from Pee-Wees Big Adventure.

One deleted scene from the film would have had featured Behemoth singing about pretty presents duringMaking Christmas.”

Another deleted scene had Oogie Boogie partying it up with the bugs that compose his innards.

Jack and Sally are both mentioned in the Blink

182 songI Miss You.” The specific verse isThe unsuspecting victim of darkness

in the valley, We can live like Jake and Sally if we want."

The films official soundtrack had an epilogue that wasnt included in the film.

The epilogue reveals thatmany years later”, Santa

visited Jack in Halloween Town to find that the Pumpkin King hadfour or five skeleton

children at hand.” Sounds like Jack and Sally sure got busy after the movie.

An early animation test made by Henry Selick had Jack voiced by the legendary voice actor Frank Welker.

Jack Skellington is the host of Disneylands Halloween Screams fireworks show.

Amy Lee, the singer of Evanescence, has coveredSallys Song.”

The films model artists would draw its

designs with their non-dominant hands to help give it that unnerving kick.

The films sets and costume designs were influenced by German Expressionism.

Caroline Thomas, the writer of the films screenplay, has said thatwhile Jacks

dilemma gives The Nightmare Before Christmas its plot, Sallys gives it its heart.”

Zero is definitely a ghost, but the movie seems to imply that he still needs to breathe.

When hes shown sleeping in his basket, his chest moves up and down.

Oogie Boogie is meant to be one of the worst things you could get on Halloween. A sack full of bugs.

Despite the fact that hes the antagonist

of the film, Tim Burton does not consider Oogie Boogie to be evil.

Santas naughty-or-nice list was fabricated by using two very thin sheets of paper to

sandwich a piece of aluminum voice. This enabled animators to keep it still, but flexible.

The world of The Nightmare Before Christmas was included in the Disney/Square Enix game, Kingdom Hearts.

The PlayStation game MediEvil is based on the visual style of The Nightmare Before Christmas.

Tim Burton did have plans to make a second

movie tied to The Nightmare Before Christmas, but decided it wouldspoil the magic of

the first movie.” Its title would have beenThe Unlucky Clover (presumably about St. Patrick's Day).

Obvious fact runner-up, Jacks last name is, of course, a play on the world skeleton.

The Jack Skellington puppets created for the film were made out of clay.

It was originally planned for Sally to have

trouble walking, but animators scrapped this idea because she came off looking like she was drunk.

Lock, Shock, and Barrels names are derived from the sayingLock, stock, and barrel.”

The trio were meant to emulate how actual children their age act.

Tim Burton has said, thatAlthough the title makes the film sound a little scary,

I see The Nightmare Before Christmas as a positive story, without any truly bad characters."

The characters are trying to do something good and just get a little mixed up."

Thanks for watching ToonedUp's 107 where we cover everything you ever wanted to know about your favorite cartoons.

If you like this, we have some other videos for you to check out!

On Friday, we have a very special Cartoon Conspiracy that also features Nightmare Before Christmas.

And if like this 107 Fact video, you might also enjoy 107 Facts about Inside Out!

So just go ahead and click one of those and check them out!

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The Description of 107 Facts About Nightmare Before Christmas! (ToonedUp #52) @ChannelFred